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Composition of Matter

Elements, Compounds &


Mixtures
Composition of Matter
Composition of Matter
Pure Substances: a form of matter that has a
definite composition and distinct properties.
Elements
Fe(s), N
2
(g), S
8
(s)
All the atoms are alike.
Indivisible substances.
90 Atoms found in nature.
All listed on the Periodic
Table of the Elements.
Represented by a chemical
symbol.
Gold
Element #79
Symbol: Au
Cannot be created or
destroyed.
Composition of Matter
Pure Substances: a form of matter that has a
definite composition and distinct properties.
Compounds
FeS(s), CH
4
(g), NaNO
3
(s),
H
2
O(l)
Two or more kinds of
atoms chemically
combined.
Can be broken down into
two or more elements.
Represented by a
chemical formula
describing the ratio of
elements.
Salt
Chemical Compound
of Sodium (metal) and
Chlorine (gas)
Formula: NaCl
Composition of Matter
Mixtures
Various physical
combinations of
substances.
Indistinguishable
ingredient mixtures are
homogeneous.
Distinguishable
ingredients mixtures are
heterogeneous.
Composition of Matter
Homogeneous Mixtures
Two or more solid, liquid, or gaseous
substances blended evenly throughout.
Solutions
Particles too small to be
seen, that never settle.
Constantly uniformly
mixed.
Appears to be a pure
substance.
Mixed substances can
be separated.
Composition of Matter
Heterogeneous Mixtures
80% Cotton
20% Polyester
Composition of Matter
More Heterogeneous Mixtures
Colloids
Large particles that dont
settle.
Scatters Light the
Tyndall Effect.
Examples:
Fog / Clouds
Milk
Orange Juice
Jell-O

Composition of Matter
More Heterogeneous Mixtures
Suspensions
Large particles
Settles when not
disturbed.
Examples
Muddy water
Italian salad dressing
Dusty air