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:

[ .
[ .
[ 1 .
[ .
[ ooke.
[ .
[ 2 .

[ F = m (2 ).
[ .
[ ,
, .

[
.

[ .
[
.

[ F(t)
.

32.

F = F1 + F2

F = F1 F2


2 F = m



. F = 0 = 0 = ( x = t )
:

= 0 t




. F = =
x = 0 t 1 t 2
2



. F = =


= mg

 
: = g

F
,

m=
g

: m =

= gt

1
s = gt 2
2

: -
;
.
.
, ( ) .
1N = 1kg m / s 2 .
;


.

.

33.

Hooke.
Hooke
.
F= x
x: :
/m.
; ;
.
.
.
:
  

F = F1 + F2 + ...F

1. ()
  
: F = F1 + F2 F = F1 + F2
.
2. ()
  
: F = F1 + F2 F = F1 F2
.
3. .
   
: F = F1 + F2 + F3


.
. . .

34.

1 .

.

   


: F = 0 F1 + F2 + ... = 0 = 0 =
     

: F = 0 F1 + F2 = 0 F1 = F2
F = 0 F1 F2 = 0 F1 = F2 ()

  
 

: F = 0 F1 + F2 + F3 = 0 F1 + F2 = F3
F = 0 F1 + F2 F3 = 0 F1 + F2 = F3

;

.
.



. .
m =

.


 F

F = m =
m


.
.
, .


B

= mg m m =
g
.

35.

;
. .
-t, -t, s-t ;


;

2
(g = 9,78m / s )
2
(g = 9,83m / s ) .

h .

36. M



F = m (2 ).


1. F = 0 = 0 . . (1
).


2. F = = .


F () .


F ()
.


3. F . .

2
.






 
: F = m = m mg = m g =
( )

g .
3
;
= t
=gt
=g

s = t2
1
2
2
s = gt
2

=g

=gt

( )
1
2
s = gt
2

:
1
2H
H = g t2 t =
= g t = 2 g H
2
g

2
1

.
2003.
.. 101 - 105: 13, 15, 17, 18, 34, 37, 38, 41
.. 107 - 108: 4, 5, 12, 13, 16, 18

.


.. 49 - 50: 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11
.. 51 - 54: 5, 7, 10, 12, 20, 21
.. 55 - 56:

37.

38.

3
2
1

1.

m = 2kg 10m/s. F = 10N . 20s :


.
.

:
. :

F = m =

F 10N
=
= 5m / s 2 . . . .
m 2kg

H : = 0 + t = 10m / s + 5m / s 2 20s = 110 m / s


. :

F 10N
=
= 5m / s 2 . (
m
2kg
). F = m =

: = 0 + t = 10m / s 5m / s 2 20s = 90 m / s
90m/s.

2.

m = 2kg .
F1 = 20N 4s.
6s F2
F1 ,
70m/s. F2
.

39.

0 4s ,
. :

F1 = m 1 1 =

F1 20N
=
= 10 m / s 2 : 1 = 1 t1 = 10m / s 2 4s = 40 m / s
m1 2kg

1
1
x1 = 1 t12 = 10m / s 2 42 s 2 = 80 m .
2
2
4 10s .
2 : 2 = 1 + 2 t 2 2 =

2 1 70m / s 40m / s
=
= 5m / s 2
t2
6s

.
: F = m 2 F = 10N
F2 F1 :
F = F1 F2 F2 = F1 F F2 = 20N 10N F2 = 10N

1
1
x2 : x 2 = 1 t 2 + 2 t 22 x 2 = 40m / s 6s + 5m / s 2 62 s 2 = 330 m
2
2
: x = x1 + x 2 = 80m + 330m = 410 m

3.

.
m = 2kg t = 0 , x0 = 0 x-t
F-t .

40.

:
.
0 2s :

1 =

20m / s 0m / s
=
= 10 m / s 2 F1 = m 1 = 2kg 10m / s 2 = 20
t
2s 0s

2s 20m / s
= 20 m
2
2 4s :
x1 = E ( ) x1 =

2 = 0 , F2 = 0 x 2 = E (.) x 2 = 20m / s ( 4s 2s ) = 40 m

4 5s :

3 =

0m / s 20m / s
=
= 20 m / s 2 F3 = m 3 = 2kg 20m / s 2 = 40
t
5s 4s

x 3 = E ( ) x 3 =

4.

20m / s (5s 4s )
2

= 10 m

m1 = 10kg m 2 = 20kg
- . m1 F1 = 100N
m 2 F2 = 400N F1 . 125m.

F1 = m1 1 1 =

F1
F
= 10 m / s 2 F2 = m 2 2 2 = 2 = 20 m / s 2
m1
m2

1
1
: x = x 2 x1 x = 2 t 2 1 t 2
2
2

41.

1
1
125 = 20 t 2 10 t 2 125 = 10t 2 5t 2 t = 5s
2
2
1 = 1 t = 10m / s 2 5s = 50 m / s 2 = 2 t = 20m / s 2 5s = 100 m / s .

5.

m = 0,03kg ,
0 F = 0,6N
.
t = 5s . :
. 0
.
. ;

:
:

F = m =

F
0,6
=
= 20 m / s
m
0,03kg

. : ( = 0 ) = 0 t 0 = 100 m / s
. t = 5s .
. :
2 = 02 2x x =

6.

2 02
x = 250m
2

m = 1kg -

0
.

F = 0, 2N , 16s
F. 0 .

42.

F = m =

F
= 0, 2 m / s 2
m

: 0 = 0 .

= 0 t1 0 = 0 t1 t1 =

(1)

(1)

2
1
1
s = 0 t1 t12 s = 0 0 0 s = 0
2
2
2
2

(2)

: .

1
: F = m = 0, 2 m / s 2 s = t 22
2
(2) (3)
t1 =

7.

(3 )

02 1

= t 22 t 2 = 0
2 2

t
0
: t1 = t 2 = = 8s 0 = t1 = 0, 2m / s 2 8s = 1,6 m / s
2

m1 = 1kg
m 2 = 3kg
 = 4m . t 0 = 0 m1 F = 8N .
t1 = 3s , m1 ,
t 2 = 5s .

3s F = m =

m1 + m 2

8N
= 2 m / s 2 1 = 2 = t1 1 = 2 = 6 m / s .
4kg

43.

F
= 8m / s 2
m1
m 2 2 . : t = t 2 t1 t = 2s .
1
: d + x 2 =  + x1 d =  + 1 t + t 2 2 t d = 20m
2
t1 = 3s m1 : F = m1 =

8.

25m
0 = 20m / s . :
.
.
. t1 = 1s , t 2 = 3s t 3 = 5s .
;
g = 10m / s 2 .

:
. = 0 g t 0 = 0 g t 0 = g t t =

20m / s
t = 2s
10m / s 2

1
1
2
h max = 0 t g t
= 20m / s 2s 10m / s 2 22 s 2 = 20m
2
2
. t = t = 2s t = t + t = 4s

= 0 g t = 20m / s 10m / s 2 4s = 20m / s


. t1 = 1s
1 = 0 g t = 20m / s 10m / s 2 1s 1 = 10 m / s

1
1
y1 = 0 t1 y t12 = 20m / s 1s 10m / s 2 12 s 2 y1 = 15m
2
2
t 2 = 3s
2 = 0 g t 2 = 20m / s 10m / s 2 3s 2 = 10 m / s .

1
1
y 2 = 0 t 2 y t 22 = 20m / s 3s 10m / s 2 32 s 2 y 2 = 15m
2
2
t 3 = 5s
3 = 0 g t 3 = 20m / s 10m / s 2 5s 3 = 30 m / s .

1
1
y3 = 0 t 3 y t 32 = 20m / s 5s 10m / s 2 52 s 2 y3 = 25m 2
2
25m ( ) .

44.

9.
0 = 20m / s . H = 300m
.
:
.
.

.
. .
: g = 10m / s 2
:
0 .
h:
2 = 02 2gh 0 = 02 2gh h =

02
h = 20m
2g

= 0 gt1 0 = 0 gt1 t1 =

0
t1 = 2s
g

. :
H o = + h = 300m + 20m = 320 m

. : t = t1 + t 2

(1)

+ h
t 2 , :
2 (H + h )
1
t 22 = 64s 2 t 2 = 8s . t = 2s + 8s = 10s .
+ h = gt 22 t 22 =
2
g

. , t
h1 = 0 t = 20m / s 10s h1 = 200m .

: H = + h1 = 300m + 200m H = 500 m .
. :
= g t 2 = 10m / s 2 8s = 80 m / s .

10.

45.

H = 100 .

0 = 50m / s . ; : g = 10m / s 2 .

:
.

1
: h1 = g t 2
2
1
: h 2 = 0 t g t 2
2
1
1
: H = h1 + h 2 H = gt 2 + 0 t gt 2
2
2
H = 0 t t =

H 100m
=
t = 2s
0 50m / s

1
: h 2 = 0 t g t 2 h 2 = 80m
2
2s 80m .

46.

4
3
2
1

1.

m = 1kg 0 = 20m / s .

. F = 10N
0 .
2s.
. F = 10N
0 .
.
20m/s;

2.

t 0 = 0 x0 = 0 -

m = 1kg

,

-t, -t, x-t.

3.

m = 100kg , -

36m/h, F = 200N t = 10s .


.
. .
. .

4.


T = 50 .
F
.

5.

47.

m M = 10tn m B = 60tn .
1 = 1,5m / s 2 .
2 , m = 17,5tn ; .
1 2 m1 = 30kg m 2 = 20kg
. F = 80N

6.

m 2 . t1 = 5s
, t = 5s , F
m 2 . .

7.

0 = 30m / s

.
. .
. t1 = 2s ,
t 2 = 4s , t 3 = 8s .
. h = 200m
; g = 10m / s 2 .
h = 180m

8.

0 = 25m / s .
. .
. .
g = 10m / s 2 .

9.

,
0 = 40m / s , , , , .

. = 340m / s , g = 10m / s 2
.

48.

5
4
3
2
1

1
. . ;
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
- .

. F = 0 .
. .
. .
. .
. .

49.

. .

1.

2.

. = 0

3.

. = 0

4. .
5. .

. () () .
. . ( )
. 1 = 1kg m / s 2 . ( )
. , . ( )
. ,
. ( )
.
. ( )
2


. F = m :


. F =
. F = 0


. F =

. .
m = 2kg :
. :
. 2s:
. 2s 4s:
. 4s 6s:
. :
t1 = 1,89s : 1 =
t 2 = 2,05s : 2 =
t 3 = 5s : 3 =

. t = 1s :
. 2m,
. 3m,
. 5m,
. 6m

50.

. ,
, .
3
.
8 5. 3s
18m. ;
4

40m/s 150m/s. . g = 10m / s 2 .