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ANATOMI dan FISIOLOGI

HIDUNG MANUSIA
Gestano
Victor Bandana
Dian Prima
HIDUNG LUAR
HIDUNG LUAR
HIDUNG DALAM
PENDARAHAN
PERSARAFAN
SINUS
The nasal epithelium lies on a basement membrane and a lamina
propria. Different types of epithelium can be found in the
nasal cavity:
1. A pseudostratified columnal epithelium (respiratory
epithelium), which is composed of four major types of cells;
ciliated (columnar) cells, nonciliated (columnar) cells, goblet
cells and basal cells. This epithelium is found in the posterior
two-thirds of the nasal cavity
2. A squamous and transitional epithelium (stratified epithelium
containing cuboidal cells with microvilli) is found in the first
third of the nasal cavity (26).
3. The epithelium of the paranasal sinuses is of the simple
ciliated columnar type with a few goblet cells and glands.

Fungsi hidung
Respirasi
Penghidu
Mengatur
kondisi udara
Penyaring dan
pelindung
Resonansi
suara
Proses bicara
Reflex nasal
Sel neuroepitel olfaktorius
Bulbus olfaktorius
Korteks olfaktorius
Korteks (persepsi)
Hipotalamus dan amygdala
(emosional)
Enthorinal (memori)
consist of serous,
mucous or mixed
glands
The mucus contains 95%
of water, 3% of organic
elements and 2% of
mineral elements
(0.3 ml/kg/day )
Albumin, IgA, lactoferrin,
lyzozyme