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Chapter 1 - IT Essentials - PC Hardware & Software

1 Which CPU architecture uses a small set of instructions that are designed to be

executed rapidly?

CISC

RAID

RISC

RISK

SCSI

2 Which type of memory is primarily used as cache memory?

DRAM

RAM

ROM

SRAM

3 Which three devices are considered output devices? (Choose three.)

fingerprint scanner

headphones

keyboard

monitor

mouse

Printer

4 Which type of ROM can be reprogrammed with software while it is still physically

installed in the computer?


EEPROM

EPROM

PROM

ROM

5 Which two characteristics are determined by the chip set on a motherboard?


(Choose two.)

maximum amount of memory that can be installed

operating system compatibility

type of connectors that will be on the motherboard

keyboard layout

6 Refer to the exhibit. Which type of cable is shown in the graphic?

FireWire

Parallel

Serial

USB

7 Which important feature is offered by the USB standard?

A single USB connection to a computer can support up to 255 separate devices.

It offers rates of around 580 Mb/sec in low-speed mode.

It allows up to 920 Mb/sec in the 2.0 version.

It can supply power from the computer to devices.

8 What are the two connector types for the 1394a interface? (Choose two.)

2-pin
4-pin

6-pin

8-pin

9-pin

15-pin

9 Which type of memory is unable to have the contents modified?

DRAM

RAM

ROM

SRAM

10 Refer to the exhibit. What is the maximum length of the cable presented in the

graphic, which is commonly used for connecting a computer to a printer?

15 ft (4.5 m)

20 ft (6 m)

27 ft (8 m)

30 ft (9 m)

11 Which type of computer resources are direct lines to the processor used by
computer components to request information from the CPU?

DMAs

I/O addresses

IRQs

memory addresses
12 Which two activities are normally controlled by the Northbridge part of the chip
set?

(Choose two.)

communication between the CPU and the I/O ports

access to the RAM

communication between the CPU and the hard drive

access to the video card

communication between the CPU and the sound card

13 Which two devices are considered input devices? (Choose two.)

biometric authentication device

printer

digital camera

projector

speakers

14 A technician needs to back up 4 GB of data using a single storage medium.


Which

medium can hold the entire 4 GB on a single disc?

floppy disc

CD-RW

CD-R

DVD+/-R

15 A technician is helping a customer compare two hard drives. Which unit of

measurement is used for the hard drive speed?

revolutions per minute


gigabytes

pages per minute

clusters per minute

16 Which two form factors are commonly used to build a new computer? (Choose
two.)

BTX

NLQ

ATX

CLV

ECC

17 Which two categories are used to classify CPU architecture? (Choose two.)

ATX

BTX

CISC

PnP

RISC

ZIF

18 Which two characteristics of a motherboard can be determined by the form


factor?

(Choose two.)

type of processor supported

color

size

maximum memory supported


shape

19 PATA data cables are available in two different types. The types are
distinguished by the number of conductors. Which two types are available? (Choose
two.)

40

68

80

120

20 How many conductors are found in a SATA data cable?

10

12

21 Which three system resources are commonly used for communication between
the

CPU or memory and other components in the computer? (Choose three.)

IRQ

DMA

UDP

I/O address

USB

PnP
22 A technician has been asked to install memory that detects multiple bit errors
and corrects single bit errors in memory. Which type of memory should be installed
if the motherboard supports these features?

parity

ECC

fault tolerant

CRC