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# TUGAS RESPONSI

GEODESI GEOMETRIK
MENGHITUNG PANJANG GARIS PANTAI PULAU AUSTRALIA

OLEH

EKA FITRIANI

(15112093)

HANANDYA AJENG

(15112097)

## PROGRAM STUDI TEKNIK GEODESI DAN GEOMATIKA

FAKULTAS ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI KEBUMIAN
INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI BANDUNG
2013

## Perhitungan menggunakan MATLAB :

>> a=6378137;
>> b=6356752;
>> e=sqrt(((a^2)-(b^2))/(a^2))

e=

0.0818197909921144

>> N=a/(1-((e^2)*(sin(L))^2))^0.5

N=

6384882.29577966

>> h=0;
>> x=(N+h)*cos(L)*cos(B)

x=

-2246757.15042387

>> y=(N+h)*cos(L)*sin(B)

y=

4781098.33076807

>> N1=a/(1-((e^2)*(sin(L1))^2))^0.5

N1 =

6384678.1905917

>> x1=(N1+h)*cos(L1)*cos(B1)

x1 =

-2262270.84048368

>> y1=(N1+h)*cos(L1)*sin(B1)

y1 =

4814111.45710219

>> d=sqrt((x-x1)^2+(y-y1)^2)

d=

36476.5827569475

>>
>> N2=a/(1-((e^2)*(sin(L2))^2))^0.5

N2 =

6384650.65062128

>> x2=(N2+h)*cos(L2)*cos(B2)

x2 =

-2298778.47257167

>> y2=(N2+h)*cos(L2)*sin(B2)

y2 =

4802221.90660673

>> d=sqrt((x1-x2)^2+(y1-y2)^2)

d=

38394.9034593942
Setelah dihitung, jarak antara dua titik adalah :

36476.5826
38394.90346
27818.644
21329.21754
36065.57035
34119.55504
30501.52478
28543.16073
37098.50698
32363.51479
27502.27761
24065.07316
42605.03246
48040.12037
21242.89379
42121.65054
44892.00948
29919.31154
53824.44526
55316.53613
31948.75983
0
45146.37241
28782.57134
31879.22812
32054.11036
31892.69856
24088.34768
45803.97828
18390.98334
24105.5541
24226.18078
31154.84202
33148.36888
30945.66133
52716.27642
44042.78262
38179.66132

44788.05546
52447.89706
52098.4384
52098.4384
53796.04846
52213.47571
45676.00594
60695.05126
61064.89446
61895.6261
44725.28681
37837.6749
31833.62544
45628.49394
0
14387.7583
16151.0493
45727.02346
47536.93249
32465.8079
29955.74195
47582.76375
37748.55919
23964.95193
62471.75349
29712.73126
17848.55613
55082.17794
14482.35845
72167.73838
19651.66871
53992.60632
28422.94848
63786.51654
45699.57184
37772.6523
14318.95073
54587.06573

44111.95796
64137.00147
21010.23993
54645.17261
46745.44141
21353.89678
54154.06832
0
21193.88525
29058.08707
63836.46997
72874.40419
72874.40419
7415.856424
7401.377234
7386.942523
7372.753936
9558.70227
9550.696132
9542.802412
9534.788205
18291.43707
18294.03309
18296.73284
18299.31637
55036.11647
63199.16384
64352.56382
63216.05257
63216.05257
28872.65062
47184.44453
54982.45937
37198.04422
15873.82142
62836.71802
12988.72594
11273.23527

28450.23998
21809.76838
46135.77918
45359.18618
22793.59675
80275.21626
46053.28592
36101.01122
63424.21123
0
53547.14412
29937.33259
63067.52267
53083.60978
53720.26805
16409.37204
29841.746
30913.83953
17356.02192
17531.3536
17156.57205
13692.29752
16417.5161
17109.20103
8109.938169
11896.43837
36778.60684
12835.05592
38202.76199
45121.55435
16192.02631
20839.74003
29671.75931
30705.96646
12913.55227
24073.45251
35892.9583
54121.35672

37841.49639
45108.4484
0
14552.30688
23610.30646
18003.42464
37654.02668
28698.8133
19251.78021
19640.06317
28975.46253
15134.2044
62175.81786
52630.64459
37822.20801
53883.5221
53100.0533
15989.29976
36719.8336
21493.24618
26972.20913
33186.42814
29450.25859
45580.09545
43488.83444
21564.09274
25032.30434
36902.85212
51383.72718
41367.72278
47525.456
32077.65343
37552.50206
0
20610.02986
30316.14654
29962.47003
34852.63374
31192.07394

24215.91059
28173.6844
28847.15205
40374.93832
23835.55721
32547.76226
29306.08924
33779.2386
34338.36282
42088.0623
39968.22491
29714.63076
38707.35116
43687.56769
31025.68722
43979.31465
33398.12549
36347.86805
28024.71915
28516.38196
47244.40008
58983.0015
51396.15808
31801.62726
55887.28408
0
40492.99089
49802.08289
40344.70946
40418.98915
29826.26214
45255.28312
43091.70267
46050.10644
40543.15122
49167.88618
38165.75184
39706.45597
37221.24353

44087.30242
31136.00071
32012.32741
44231.96743
43262.96785
37137.46532
26785.98098
22514.18991
35653.04348
40695.74664
50308.30946
38600.86696
30562.16865
25524.39846
40876.99306
34682.65202
0
30885.291
38261.48011
37681.29283
17545.13705
39869.57904
22075.38098
32073.01507
40776.53187
46319.04748
37051.72787
38386.78363
48804.1079
43856.24402
42997.25489
35074.8035
35074.8035
30064.64887
34802.00044
34444.35378
63427.76495
29341.59973
41320.70448

48059.50576
56592.02661
54805.78901
42351.01994
48438.80513
47460.51922
47460.51922
62647.7378
0
56220.43877
48285.19671
56761.30475
47479.72105
54884.56296
63342.04564
40695.55062
58149.02498
47830.83107
63504.98971
31305.80986
43920.56472
46284.06202
46284.06202
61094.81795
54615.12519
53689.45307
62237.17666
30901.38408
40136.72883
38609.51543
43779.07172
27819.22108
52946.91318
52946.91318
45643.94073
54985.31064
49052.04258
47127.17429
5282690.502

## Jarak keseluruhan atau panjang garis pantai benua Australia adalah :

d = jumlah seluruh jarak
d = 16534599.06

## Panjang garis pantai pulau Australia :

148890 x 111 = 16526790

Analisis :
Hasil perhitungan panjang garis pantai pulau Australia dengan menggunakan MATLAB dan
Quantum GIS berbeda. Pada saat menggunakan Quantum GIS, saat menggabungkan titiktitiknya tidak tepat sehingga menyebabkan sudut yang didapatkan juga berbeda. Hal ini akan
mempengaruhi pada panjang keseluruhan garis pantai pulau Australia. Untuk hasil
perhitungan, hasil perhitungan menggunakan MATLAB lebih akurat bila dibandingkan
dengan hasil dari Quantum GIS. Hal ini dikarenakan saat menggunakan Quantum GIS,
diperlukan ketelitian tinggi saat menghubungkan antar titik.