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Name:

_________________________________________ Hour: _________

Chemical Energy Lab


Lab Procedure

1. Obtain an Erlenmeyer flask and a balloon. Stretch out the balloon several times so its not so tight.
2. Pour 20 mL of Vinegar into the flask.
3. Put one flattened teaspoon of baking soda into the balloon using the funnel.
4. Stretch the balloon over the mouth of the flask WITHOUT letting baking soda fall into the flask.
5. Tip the balloon up so the baking soda falls into the vinegar.
6. Describe all of the changes you see in the bottle and the balloon in the space below. Be particularly careful
to look for signs that a chemical reaction has taken place.

Questions (Use complete sentences when applicable)


1. Using your notes, list at least 2 forms of energy that were involved. Explain each one.
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2. Based on your observations, how could you use this experiment to prove to someone that baking soda and
vinegar contain potential energy? What kind of potential energy does it have?
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3. Study the chemical equation for the reaction between baking soda and vinegar, which is written below. Label
the reactants and the products.

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reactants / products

reactants / products

Count up the number of the following atoms/molecules in the equation above.


Hydrogen atoms in the reactants: _____________

Hydrogen atoms in the products: ______________________

Carbon atoms in the reactants: ________________

Carbone atoms in the products: ________________________


Oxygen atoms in the reactants: ________________

Oxygen atoms in the products: _________________________

Sodium atoms in the reactants: ________________

Sodium atoms in the products: _________________________

4. Compare the number and type of atoms in the reactants with the number and type of atoms in the products.
What do you notice about them? _____________________________________________________________________
5. Is mass created or destroyed when baking soda is mixed with Vinegar? Yes / No
Explain. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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6. What is a chemical reaction? _____________________________________________________________________________________________
7. What kind of change occurs as a result of a chemical reaction? _______________________________________________________
8. What are the atoms/molecules on the left side of a chemical equation called? ______________________________________
9. What are the atoms/molecules on the right side of a chemical equation called? ____________________________________
10. Where do the atoms in the products come from? ______________________________________________________________________
11. Big numbers written before atoms/molecules are called _________________________________________ and they tell you
how many of a certain type of __________________________________________ there are.
12. Small numbers written after atoms/molecules are called _____________________________________________________ and
they tell you how many _______________________________________________ of a certain element are in a molecule.
13. Chemical equations must be _________________________________________________. This means that if you have 1
carbon atom in the reactants, you should also have ___________ carbon atom in the products.
14. Another way of saying an equation is balanced is that ________________________________ is conserved. When you
look at a balanced chemical equation, how do you know that mass is indeed conserved?
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15. List four things that provide evidence a chemical reaction has taken place.

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