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Aiba An
Aigh
Scotland
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PSH0eRKq1lE
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What is the role of this song?
One of the nominees for Scotlands
National Anthem.
Published in 1911, although it has
been dated from around 1891-1895.
Lyrics written in 1951 by Cliff Hanley.
Along with The Flower of Scotland,
Scots Wha Hae! A Mans A Man
for A That, and Highland
Cathedral, it serves as Scotlands
main unofficial national anthems.
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Why is this song important for the
traditional music of Scotland?
Represents the spirit of Scottish people.
Traditional music revival by musicians.
Regarded as the second most popular Scottish unofficial
national anthem.
Represents Scotlands warriors and battles.
Might be also referring to Scots in the past while they
lived in Britain (or other countries), but unlikely.
A song almost every Scot know.
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Is it a good example of Scottish
music?
It is played on bagpipes and accompanied by snares.
It shares similar beat as Scots Wha Hae! and Highland Cathedral.
Shares similar two-bagpipes style of play as Flower of Scotland (bagpipe
version).
It is also monophonic (imitative polyphonic with tuba).
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Some differences with other
nominees
It does not share the same beat and style of play as
A Mans A Man for A That.
Also does not have the same texture (A Mans A
Man for A That has either Homophonic or non-
imitative Polyphonic).
Lacks the call and response style.
Overall tone and style of play is not the same as
Highland Cathedral (more orchestral and band-
like).
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What place does it have in the
society?
A song soccer players used to sing before a match.
Athletes celebrate medals with this song.
A popular song for Scottish sports teams in Commonwealth
games.
A very popular song amongst every Scottish people.
Has no actual time or place of singing.
Originally intended to be sung in Glasgows Empire Theater.
Played by Scottish bagpipers.
Often overshadowed by The Flower of Scotland.
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Lyrics
Verse 1:
Hark when the night is falling
Hear! The pipes are calling,
Loudly and proudly calling,
Down thro the glen.
There where the hills are sleeping,
Now feel the bond a-leaping.
High as the spirits of the old Highland men.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PSH0eRKq1lE
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Chorus:
Towering in gallant flame,
Scotland my mountain hame,
High may your proud standards gloriously wave,
Land of my high endeavour,
Land of the shining river,
Land of my heart forever,
Scotland the brave.
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Verse 2:
High in the misty Highlands,
Out by the purple islands,
Brave are the hearts that beat
Beneath Scottish skies.
Wild are the winds to meet you,
Staunch are the friends who greet you,
Kind as the love that shines
From fair maidens eyes.

Chorus
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Verse 3:
Far off in sunlit places,
Sad are the Scottish faces,
Yearning to feel the kiss
Of sweet Scottish rain.
When the tropic skies are beaming,
Love sets the heart a-dreaming,
Longing and dreaming for the homeland again.

Chorus
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Meaning of the lyrics
It is a patriotic song.
Praises Scotland for its beauty and
wonders.
An expression of Scottish citizens.
An expression of wanting home.
Touching hearts of many Scottish
people and reminded them.
Probably to remember Scotlands
brave warriors.
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Instruments
Scottish Bagpipes (unfamiliar), might be Great
Highland Bagpipes or Lowland Bagpipes.
Woodwind, played by blowing into reeds, or by
bellows strapped onto body.
Snare Drums. Percussion, played by tapping
sticks.
Tubas. Brass, played by buzzing into
mouthpieces.
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Why are they used?
Bagpipes: a traditional Scottish instrument.
Used to indicate Scottish armies.
Snares: Keeping the patriotic and steady
feel with light beats.
Tuba: Making a more majestic and uplifting
song. Serves as a background sound.
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Music Elements
Melody: Naturally flowing, catchy, and repetitive.
Tempo: A steady, fast-paced beat. Allegro.
Harmony: Tuba and Bagpipes creating major chords.
Complex harmony, non-simultaneously replying.
Meter: Simple duple.
Rhythm: The rhythm are steady and consistent. It
does not have much changes, and it is repetitive.
Complex bagpipe melodies. 2/4.
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Music Elements (cont.)
Dynamics: At first the volume is forte, but later on near
the end it becomes piano.
Texture: Imitative polyphonic.
Tone color: cheerful, light, lively music. Complex beats.
Text Setting: Syllabic.
Timbre: There are bagpipes, tubas, and drums.
Bagpipes: Woodwind. Loud and tapered sound.
Drums: Percussion. Light taps and beats. Untuned with no
definite pitch.
Tubas: Brass. Deep and quiet sound. Complex tuba playing
when bagpipes are silent. Rising notes.

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How does it affect the song?
The catchy and repetitive melody makes the song
easier to remember.
Makes the song lively with a loud start.
Creates variety in the song as the instruments are
non-simultaneously playing together, but still forms a
harmony.
The consistent rhythm and simple duple meter
makes a solid feeling song.
Bagpipes create an impression of loudness and
patriotism.
Tubas help creating the background song.
The snare drums keeps the beat going, without
making the song too complicated.
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Element Emphasizing
Melody: Has to be memorable and catchy.
Tempo: Fast pace makes for an uplifting song.
Harmony: The complex tube-bagpipe combination creates a
sophisticated yet cheerful tune.
Rhythm: Same as tempo, a fast and repetitive rhythm makes
this a more uplifting song.
Dynamics: Loudness at the beginning makes this song clear
and firm. It fades to piano for a smooth ending.
Tone Color: Cheerful tone is necessary for an uplifting and
joyous song.
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