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Ancient Egypt and Nubia

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Egypt Under the Pharaohs
Water in the Desert

Seat work
Students will quietly enter the room, find your
seats and discuss your three sticky notes on
pages 144-151 with your row group.


Central Question:
How did the Nile River effect the development of
Egyptian society? (3.5e)
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Introduction
This chapter will introduce you to Ancient Egypt
and Nubia. You will learn all about the cultures of
those two regions, as well as the way geography
affected peoples lives.

Section 1: Egypt Under the Pharaohs

Section 3: Egypt and Nubia
Chapter Introduction
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Egypt Under the Pharaohs
Egypts unique geography helped shape
its civilization and farming methods.

Pharaohs belonging to dynasties ruled Egypt
and were seen as gods.

Egyptians worshiped many gods.

Key Ideas
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Egypt Under the Pharaohs
cataractgroup of rocky rapids

deltaa flat plain formed on a seabed where
a river deposits material over many years

artisanskilled worker who practices a
handicraft

pharaohking of ancient Egypt
Key Terms
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Egypt Under the Pharaohs
dynastya series of rulers from the
same family

bureaucracya system of
government officials who carry out
government rules and regulations

mummya body that has been preserved
so it will not decompose


Key Terms
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Egypt Under the Pharaohs
At about 3,500 miles (5,400km), the Nile River is the
worlds longest river. Its sources are the Blue Nile and
White Nile.

The Nile divides Egypt into Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt.
Cataracts separate the two parts.

Egyptians called the fertile area along the river the black
land. Floods renewed the Black Land for farming.
Floods could also cause much destruction.

Egyptians called the deserts the Red Land.
The Nile River Valley
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
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Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Egypt Under the Pharaohs
Civilization Develops
How did technology aid Egypts food production?

How did increased food production
affect peoples livelihoods?

What are artisans?
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Egypt Under the Pharaohs
The Kingdoms of Egypt
Egypt was first united in about 3000 B.C. The
pharaoh then wore a double crown.

The Old Kingdom lasted several hundred years.
The Middle Kingdom lasted about 400 years and
ended in civil war. The New Kingdom was the high
point of Egyptian power and prosperity. It was
destroyed by foreign invaders.

The Egyptian bureaucracy handled government
business. It was a model for later governments.

Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Egypt Under the Pharaohs
Two Great Rulers
How were the reigns of Hatshepsut and
Ramses II different from each other?
Hatshepsut Ramses II
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Egypt Under the Pharaohs
Egyptian Society
How was Egyptian society structured?

What does it mean that the pharaoh is
at the top of the pyramid?

Which social group was at
the bottom of the social pyramid?
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Mummification
What was the significance of
mummification for the ancient Egyptians?

How did the process of mummification
advance the Egyptians knowledge of anatomy?

How did mummification
advance the arts in ancient Egypt?
Egypt Under the Pharaohs
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Art, Architecture, and Learning in Egypt

Egyptians developed one of the first systems
of writing and some of the worlds earliest
literature.

What was it?

Egyptian Writing
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
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Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Citation
A beginning
Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Rotations
Rotation 1 Rotation 2
Not today
Group 1
Handheld Device
Group 3
Handheld Device
Group 2
Handheld Device
Group 4
Research Station
Group 1 Group 3
Group 2 Group 4