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Momentum and Collisions


Many people have heard of Newton balls, the swinging balls transfers momentum
through one or more balls onto the other side. What people don't realize is that Newton balls also
give an excellent example of collision, the transfer of energy from one object to another. These
two qualities apply to most moving objects or anything hitting another. The momentum and
collision of two objects are important to see how much it impacts and the space of which it will
take to preform an experiment before hand with formulas.
Momentum is the result of mass multiplied by its velocity (S. Pfund, ch. 5). There are
three major types of momentum impulse, momentum change, and linear momentum. Linear
momentum uses the basic momentum formula 'p=mv' with 'p' as the amount of momentum 'm'
representing the mass of the or the object and 'v' representing the volume of the object (S. Pfund,
ch. 5). This formula works with most objects, while the impulse momentum is for a product of
force and time rather then the product of mass and velocity (Mechanics: Momentum and
Collisions). Impulse momentum which is the relation is also commonly confused with
momentum change which is when one object transfers its momentum to a mouth
object(Mechanics: Momentum and Collisions). The momentum change formula consists of
'm1*deltav1= -m2*deltav2' which basically states that one object gains momentum while the
other looses momentum (Mechanics: Momentum and Collisions). The impulse momentum
formula states that 'f*t=mass*delta v' this formula states that force multiplied by mass would be
equal to momentum change(Momentum).
Collision is what happens when two objects collide or one object hits an object that was
not in motion. There are three major types of collision: elastic, inelastic, and completely inelastic
(Momentum). An elastic collision is when the kinetic energy from the collision is conserved,
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inelastic energy is when kinetic energy is not conserved, and completely inelastic energy is when
kinetic energy is not conserved and they stick together (Momentum). The four formulas for
collision are: collision, head on collisions, collision of two objects, and collision time. The most
basic formula is 'FA(delta t)=-FAB(delta t)' which basically says that the impulse of the two
objects will be equal to that of the collision(S. Pfund, ch. 5). The formula for a head on collision
is 'V'1= (m1-m2)/(m1+m2)v1' or 'v'2=2m1/(m1+m2)v1' which basically says that the mass of an
object is half of the mass of the two objects(S. Pfund, ch. 5). The formula for a collision of two
objects is 'F1* t1=-F2*t2' this states that the force of one object multiplied by the time of the first
object is equal to that of a loss of the second objects momentum that was multiplied by the time
if that object (Mechanics: Momentum and Collisions). The formula for object collision time is
't1=t2' it means that the time of both objects will be the same (Mechanics: Momentum and
Collisions). With these formulas it becomes possible to find the collision of two objects.
The major items to take away from the previous paragraphs is that the formulas are to be
used independently. Each formula offers a chance to figure out the thing that is missing form the
equation or in the chance of solving the problem it becomes easy to solve the formula by using
algebraic rules. A few good formulas to remember if such an occasion were to occur where a
person could not remember weather or not F1 is equal to F2 when actuality it is that F1 is equal to
a negative F2 (Mechanics: Momentum and Collisions). A formula that is helpful to finding the
kinetic energy if such a case would arise would be '1/2(2mv^2)' which could happen is some
such cases (S. Pfund, ch. 5). These formulas can be useful in some cases.
The momentum and collision of two objects are important to see how much it impacts
and the space of which it will take to preform an experiment before hand with formulas. The
purpose of this paper was simply because a lovely Franklin Academy teacher by the name Mrs.
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Kaufman assigned a paper on a topic of choice to her seventh period honors physics class. The
student who wrote this paper full heartedly believes that this paper was truly educational piece,
for both the student and the reader.
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Works Cited
Momentum. physics.bu.edu., 20 october 1999. Web. 20 August 2014.
Pfund, Steve. Physics. epubbud.com, 2011. web.
The Physics Classroom, 1996-2014. Web. 20 August 2014.