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Scribble Stage
(Ages 2 to 4)

Art and Creative Development for Young Children (Fox and Schirrmacher), label the scribble
stage as the beginnings of self-expression. Scribbling is developmentally appropriate for this
stage because children are developing artistically important kinesthetic behaviors as well as
learning how to express themselves. There are four important sub-stages that make up the
scribble stage:
1) Disordered: The child uses large muscle and whole arm movements (Fox and
Schirrmacher, p.100). Marks during this stage are uncontrolled. Depending on the
childs personality, the marks may also be bold or light ( Scribbles may go
beyond the boundaries of the paper; actually, the child might not even look at the paper
while drawing (Fox and Schirrmacher, p.100).
2) Longitudinal: During this sub-stage, the child has better control of their movements.
The young artist is better organized and stays within the boundaries of the paper. Most of
the marks are repeated and in one direction.
3) Circular: The child has much better control over writing tool and hand-eye development
( They can now demonstrate shapes and complex forms. A child at this sub-
stage keeps their marks on the paper. More lines and directions are also created during
this sub-stage. Also, the child has developed the visual awareness as of where to make
lines (Fox and Schirrmacher, p.101).
4) Naming: During this sub-stage, the child creates images he or she has seen in his or her
environment. The marks made on the paper now have a name. The child now has a
better perception as to where marks gothe placement is controlled. Their concentration
is also more inclined during this sub-stage (Fox and Schirrmacher, p.101).
2. Preschematic
(Ages 4 to 7)

The textbook, Art and Creative Development for Young Children (Fox and Schirrmacher), says
that during this stage, a child now has a good generalization as to what a figure looks like.
Although their drawing of a person might look distorted or not very detailed, they have
developed the ability (visual schema) to recreate an image they see. Details that a child artist
will include, overtime, during this sub-stage are arms, body, fingers, clothes, hair, and toes.
Color is not a major detail yeta child will usually use a color they like during this stage, not
what color the object should be. When drawing an object or person, the child will draw what
they see as the most apparent thing about the object or person, states an article at
The objects they might draw at this stage are always drawn facing forward, not sideways. The
child has developed the ability to turn the paper as they draw (Fox and Schirrmacher, p.101-102).
Drawings during this sub-stage relate to emotions and feelings that a child might have or relate to
things that are important to them like their mommy and daddy, siblings, house, or family pet.

3. Schematic
(Ages 7 to 9)

In the text, Art and Creative Development for Young Children, this stage is described as
achievement of a form concept. (Fox and Schirrmacher, p.102) A child developing the
schematic stage of art has developed concept of creating a form. A child at this stage can
develop a drawing from conceptimages they see in their head, not what the perception of an
object is. Awareness of where an object is drawn on the paper is developed. For example, if a
child draws a person, the child now knows to draw a skyline about the person. A baseline is also
drawn to portray space. Objects in the picture portray appropriate space. Artwork at this stage is
more detailed and is more decorative (Fox and Schirrmacher, p.102). Unlike the preschematic
stage, a child at this stage has uses color that is appropriate to what he or she is drawing, not
simply by what his or her favorite color is.

4. Dawning Realism: The Gang Age
(Ages 9 to 12)

During this stage, children are a lot more self-conscious of their artwork. The child has
developed a sense of awareness of detail during this stage. Images that a child draws at this
stage represent how things really look, not just a generalized idea of an object
( Objects during this stage are less distorted. Although children at this
stage have developed the visual schema, objects might overlap. Children might attempt drawing
objects in three-dimension.

5. Pseudonaturalistic Stage
(Ages 12 to 14)

According to, art during the Pseudonaturalistic Stage becomes more
adult-like. At this stage, the artist is able to create three-dimensional images. They can
also shade things to give their drawing a visual effect. Children at this stage have the
capability to create things that visually look further away. Giving an object motion in
their drawing is also a skill that is developed at this stage.

6. Artistic Decision: Adolescent Art
(Ages 14 to 17)

During this stage, a child will know their artistic skills and capabilities. They will either
choose to go forward with their artistic skills or stop. The natural development of art that
one might possess will stop unless he or she continues to advance and improve their
skills. A lot of children wont feel confident with their work, so they will stop drawing.

Drawing Development in Children. (n.d.) Retrieved March 3, 2014
Fox, J. and Schirrmacher, R. (2012) Art and creative development for young children. Stamford,
CT: Cengage Learning
Lowenfelds Stages of Artistic Development. (n.d.) Retrieved March 3, 2014 from