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Cahyo Iman

Soal No.1
Santoso
Diketahui :
Nomor Absen : 36
Persamaan
:
8 x1 6 x 2 12 x 3 1,36 ..........................(1a )
7 x1 5 x 2 10 x 3 0,36 ............................(1b)
2 x1 x 2 x 3 36,01 ........................(1c)
A.

Penyelesaian dengan metode Eliminasi Gauss


Persamaan Ia ( : ) elemen pivot 1a
x1 0,75 x 2 1,5 x 3 0,17 ..........................(2)
Persamaan 2 ( x ) elemen pivot 1b
7 x1 5,25 x 2 10,5 x 3 1,19 .......................(3)

Persamaan 1b ( - ) persamaan 3
7 x1 5 x 2 10 x 3 0,36
7 x1 5,25 x 2 10,5 x 3 1,19( - )

10,25 x 2 20,5 x 3 1,55..........................(4)

Persamaan 2 ( x ) elemen pivot pers. 1c


2 x1 1,5 x 2 3 x 3 0,34 .............................( 5)

Persamaan Ic Persamaan 5
2 x1 x 2 x 3 36,01
2 x1 1,5 x 2 3 x 3 0,34

(-)

2,5 x 2 4 x 3 35,67.............................( 6)

Sistem persamaan menjadi


8 x1 6 x 2 12 x 3 1,36 ....................(7 a )
10,25 x 2 20,5 x 3 1,55.......................( 7b)
2,5 x 2 4 x 3 35,67.....................( 7c)

Persamaan 7b ( : ) elemen pivot 7b


x 2 2 x 3 0,151219122.......................( 8)

Persamaan 8 ( x ) elemen pivot 7c


2,5 x 2 5 x 3 0,3780487805................( 9)

Persamaan 7c + persamaan 9
2,5 x 2

2,5 x 2

4 x 3 35,67

5 x 3 0,3780487805 (+)
x 3 36,04804878

Dari persamaan 7b
Dari persamaan 7a
8 x1 6 x 2 12 x 3 1,36
10,25 x 2 20,5 x 3 1,55
10,25 x 2 20,5( 36,04804878) 1,55
Dengan cara substitusi maka didapat harga
x1

10,25 x 2 737,435
x 2 71,94487805

Sebesar -0,0565853675
maka :
x1 = -0,0565853675
x2 = 71,94487805

Cahyo Iman

Soal No.1
Santoso
x3 = -36,04804878
B.

Penyelesaian dengan metode L.U Factoritation


8 x1 6 x 2 12 x 3 1,36 ..........................(1a )
7 x1 5 x 2 10 x 3 0,36 ............................(1b)
2 x1 x 2 x 3 36,01 ........................(1c )

A L . U
a11
a
21
a 31

a13 1
0 0

a 23 L21 1 0
a 33 L31 L32 1
12 1
0 0
8 6
7 5 10 L

21 1 0
2 1 1 L31 L32 1
a12
a 22
a 32

U 11 U 12 U 13
. 0 U 22 U 23
0
0 U 33
U 11 U 12 U 13
. 0 U 22 U 23
0 U 33
0

Baris I
a11 = U11 = 8

a12 = U12 = 6

a13 = U13 = 12

Baris II
a21 = L21 .U11

a
7
L21 21 0,875
U 11 8

a22 = L21.U12 + 1. U22


U22 = a22 - (L21 .U12)
= -5-(0,875 . 6) = -10,25
a23 = L21.U13 + 1. U23
U23 = a23 - (L21. U13)

= -10-(0,875 . 12) = -20,5


Baris III
a31 = L31 .U11

a
2
L31 31 0,25
U 11 8

a32 = L31.U12 + L32. U22


L32

a 32 ( L31. U 12 )
U 22

1 (0,25. 6)
10,25

0,243902439

a33 = L31.U13 + L32. U23 + 1. U33


U33 = a33 - (L31. U13) - (L32. U23)
= -1-(0,25 . 12) (0,243902439.(-20,5))
= 0,99999999995

Dengan Forward Substitution

L . Y b

y1 1,36
. y 2 0,36
y 3 36,01
1
0
0
y1 1,36

0,875
1
0 . y 2 0,36
y 3 36,01
0,25 0,24390 1

1
L
21
L31

0
1
L32

0
0
1

(1.y1) + (0.y2) + (0.y3) = -1,36


y1 = -1,36
(0,875.y1) + (1.y2) + (0.y3) = 0,36
y2 = 1,55

Dengan Backward substitution

U . x y

U11 U12
. 0 U 22
0
0

U13
U 23
U 33

x1 y1
x y
2 2
x3 y3
6
12 x1
1,361
8

. 0 10,25 20,5 x

1,55

0
36,04804878
0
0,999 x3
0,9999999995 x 3 36,04804878
x 3 36,0480488
10,25 x 2 20,5 x 3 1,55

(0,25.y1) + (0,2439.y2) + (1.y3) =


-36,01
y3 = -36,04804878

10,25 x 2 20,5(36,0480488) 1,55


x 2 71,94487809

Soal No.1
Santoso

8 x1 6 x 2 12 x 3 1,36

8 x1 6(71,94480488) 12(36,0480488) 1,36


x1 0,0565853675

Cahyo Iman