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Reference

Column Clasification
175
525
Loy Lox
Upper Floors L 3500
175
525
Ground Floor
Lox
Loy L 5350
3.8.1.7
Type of column
Column braced or un braced = ub (Braced-B, Unbraced-UB)
BS 8110-1 End Condition
X Direction Top = 1
Bottom = 1
Y Direction Top = 2
Bottom = 1
BS 8110-1 X Direction = 0.75
Y Direction = 0.8
Table-3.21
Table-3.22 L
ex
= x L
ox
L
ex
= 2,400
L
ey
= x L
oy
L
ey
= 2,800
BS 8110-1 Hence
3.8.1.3 L
ex
/ h = 8.00 < 10
Design of Column - (Column Classification)
L
ey
/ b = 14.00 > 10
Column is Un-Braced and Slender
Y
L
ox
= 3,200 Input
L
oy
= 3,500 Input X
h= 300
60 x h= 18000
b = 200
60 x b= 12000
Slenderness limit of Column, Lo <= 12,000 mm
If the Column is Un braced, Lo 100b'
2
9,000 mm
h'
(Braced-B, Unbraced-UB) 60b' 12,000 mm
Input
Input
Input
Input
Input
Input
Design of Column - (Column Classification)
Results
Reference
Column Clasification
175
525
Loy Lox
Upper Floors L 3500 L
ox
L
oy
175
525
Ground Floor
Lox
Loy L 5350
3.8.1.7
Concrete grade C = 25
Reinforcement = 460
Type of column
Column braced or un braced = b (Braced-B, Unbraced-UB)
Column is Braced and Short
Load Calculation
Grid of Column = Roof Floor 4
3.48
Floor 3
Floor 1
Design of Column - Short Column
Floor Ground
Areas,
C1 = 6.25 Squ.m
C2 = 12.5 Squ.m
C3 = 25 Squ.m
Beam Volumn
C1 = 0.4063 Cub.m
C2 = 0.6688 Cub.m
C3 = 0.5250 Cub.m if One beam only/2
Selected Column = C3 Input
No.of Floors = 4 Input
Dead Load
From Slab = 420.00 kN 25 Input
From Beam = 50.40 kN 0.5250 Input
From Column = 30.08 kN
From Finishes = 100 kN
600.48 kN
Impose Load
From roof = 25.00 kN
From Floors = 187.50 kN
From Partition = 75 kN
287.50 kN
Deduction = 86.25 kN
Design Axial load N,
N = 1,162.669 kN
Design For Main Steel,
BS 8110-1 For short column resisting axial load,
3.8.4.3 N = (0.4) f
cu
.A
c
+ (0.75) A
sc
.f
y
Equ.-38
Assume we use
Provi. A
sc
= 804.57 Squ.mm
Then,
A
c
= 89,195.43 Squ.mm
Then, Eq-38
Requ A
sc
= 784.68 Squ.mm
Provide > Required
Hence OK
Minimum Steel area
100 Asc = 0.90 > 0.4
Ac
Hence OK
Y
= 5,000 Input
= 5,350 Input X
h= 300
60 x h= 18000
b = 300
60 x b= 18000
Slenderness limit of Column, Lo <= 18,000 mm
If the Column is Un braced, Lo 100b'
2
25,000 mm
h'
60b' 18,000 mm
C1 250 500 250 500
5.00
5.00 5.00
250 500 300 525
C2 300 525 C3 300 525
5.00
Design of Column - Short Column
Results
5.00 5.00
5.00 5.00
250 500 300 525
250 500 250 500
Slab thickness = 175
Load Factors
Finishes = 1.0 kN/m
2
Partition = 1.0 kN/m
2
Impose-Room = 2.5 kN/m
2
Impose-Roof = 1.0 kN/m
2
BS 6399-1 : 1999
Table-2 Table-3
Impose load reduction
No.of Floors Reduct. % Area suported Redu.%
1 0 0%
2 50 5%
3 100 10%
4 150 15%
5-10 200 20%
Over 10 above 250 25%
Impose load reduction due to No.of Floors
Redu.= 30% 86.25 kN
Impose load reduction due to Floor area
Redu.= 5% 28.75 kN
Assume we use ,
No of bar = 4
Type T 16
5.00 5.00
50%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
Results
Reference
Column Clasification
175
525
Loy Lox
Upper Floors L 3500 L
ox
L
oy
175
525
Ground Floor
Lox
Loy L 5350
3.8.1.7
Concrete grade C = 25
Reinforcement = 460
Type of column
Column braced or un braced = b (Braced-B, Unbraced-UB)
Column is Braced and Short
Axial Load,
N = 12812.64 kN Input
Then, N = 20.34 N/mm
2
bh
Moments,
About major axis = 30 kNm Input
About minor axis = 20 kNm Input
Design of Column - Short Column with axizl and moments
b = 600 mm
h = 1050 mm
d/h = 0.95
then, M
=
0.05 N/mm
2
bh
2
BS-8110-3
Chart-23 100A
sc
= 3 Input from Chart
bh
then, A
sc
= 18,900 mm
2
32 30 24137.14
25 0 0.00
20 0 0.00
16 0 0.00
12 0 0.00
10 0 0.00
24137.14
b = 1050 mm Here b & h Values changed with axis
h = 600 mm
then, M = 0.05 N/mm
2
bh
2
BS-8110-3
Chart-23 100A
sc
= 0.8 Input from Chart
bh
then, A
sc
= 5040 mm
2
32 0 0.00
25 0 0.00
20 4 1257.14
16 0 0.00
12 0 0.00
10 0 0.00
1257.14
b = 600 mm
h = 1050 mm
3.8.4.5 then, M
x
/h' = 30,000.00 N
M
y
/b' = 36,363.64 N
Minor Axis bending,
Biaxial bending,
Major Axis bending,
Hence, M
x
/h' < M
y
/b'
Equa.-41 M
x
' = M
x
+ .(h'/b').M
y
Don't use
= 52.938 kNm
M
y
' = M
y
+ .(b'/h').M
x
Use this
30.408 kNm
Then, M = 30.408 kNm
N = 12812.640 kN
b = 1050 mm
h = 600 mm
M = 0.08 N/mm
2
bh
2
and N = 20.34 N/mm
2
bh
d/h = 0.900
Chart-24 100A
sc
/bh = 2.8 Input from Chart
Requ. A
sc
= 17,640 mm
2
32 0 0.00
25 0 0.00
20 4 1257.14
16 4 804.57
12 0 0.00
10 0 0.00
2061.71
Design of Links
3.12.7.1 Size Of Links
Maximum size of R/F = 20 mm Input
1/4 Of Max R/F = 5 mm
Provide R = 6 mm Input
Link Size is OK
3.12.7.1 Spacing of Links
Minimum size of R/F = 16 mm Input
12 times Of Min R/F = 192 mm
Provide R 6 @ 175 mm Input
Link Spacing is OK
Check for Shear
3.8.4.6 M = 2 mm
N
0.75h = 450 mm
Shear is not Critical
If Critical, v
c
' = v
c
+ 0.75 (N/A
c
) (Vd/M)
100As/(bh') = 0.357
400/h' = 1.00
Table-3.9 Then, v
c
= 0.79 ((100As/(bh'))^
1/3
(400/h')^
1/4
/
m
= 0.45
Crack Control,
0.2 f
cu
A
c
= 3140 kN
Axial load = 12813 kN
Check is not required
Y
= 3,350 Input
= 3,575 Input X
h= 1050
60 x h= 63000
b = 600
60 x b= 36000
Slenderness limit of Column, Lo <= 36,000 mm
If the Column is Un braced, Lo 100b'
2
30,250 mm
h'
60b' 36,000 mm
Design of Column - Short Column with axizl and moments
Results
Here b & h Values changed with axis
Table 3.24 - Value of the Coefficeient
N 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 >=0.6
b h f
cu
1 0.88 0.77 0.65 0.53 0.42 0.3
From Table,
N 0.814 Hence, = 0.631 Calculate from Chart
bhf
cu
=
Results
Reference
Column Clasification
125
350
Loy Lox
Upper Floors L 3500 L
ox
L
oy
125
350
Ground Floor
Lox
Loy L 3600
3.8.1.7
Concrete grade C = 25
Reinforcement = 460
Type of column
Column braced or un braced =
ub
(Braced-B, Unbraced-UB)
BS 8110-1 Hence
3.8.1.3 L
ex
/ h = 9.92 < 10
L
ey
/ b = 11.82 > 10
Column is Un-Braced and Slender
l
e
= 2,975 mm
Axial Load,
N = 350 kN
Then, N = 6.91 N/mm
2
bh
Design of Slender Column - slender column, single axis bending
Moments,
About major axis M
2
= 40 kNm Double Curvature
M
1
= -20 kNm
About minor axis M
2
= 0 kNm
M
1
= 0 kNm
3.8.3.3 h/b = 1.00 < 3 Hence, Single Axis Bending
Design Moments,
M
1
= -20.00 kNm
M
2
= 40.00 kNm
Equ-36 M
i
= 0.4 x M
1
+ 0.6 x M
2
=> 0.4 x M
2
M
i
= 16.00 => 16.00
3.8.2.4 e
min
= 0.05 x Overal demension in the plane of Bending
Deme.in the plane of B. = 225.00 mm Input
Hence, e
min
= 11.25
e
min
should not be exceed 20
Hence,
e
min
= 11.25 mm
Check Max. Moments,
M
add
= N.a
u
a
u
=
a
.K.h

a
= (1/2000) (l
e
/b')
2
b'=Smaller dimension of column
Then,
a
= 0.087
a
u
= 19.67 mm k is taking as 1
M
add
= 6.88 kNm
Hence,
a. M
2
= 40.00 kNm
b. M
i
+ M
add
= 22.88 kNm
c. M
1
+ M
add
/2 = -16.56 kNm
b. N.e
min
= 3.94 kNm
use,initially M = 40.00 kNm
Design of Reinforcements
Single Axis Bending
BS-8110-1 Cover, Cover = 30 mm Input
Table-1 Bar Dia. = 16 mm Input
Links = 6 mm Input
d = 181.00 mm
d/h = 0.804
BS-8110-3 Then use Chart,
Chart No. = 23.00
N/bh = 6.91 N/mm
2
M/bh
2
= 3.51 N/mm
2
Do not Follow
BS-8110-3
Chart K = 0.87
Now, M
add
= 5.99 kNm
Then, M = M
i
+ M
add
= 21.99 kNm
M/bh
2
= 1.93 N/mm
2
BS-8110-3
Chart K = 0.82
Now, M
add
= 5.64 kNm
Then, M = M
i
+ M
add
= 21.99 kNm
M/bh
2
= 1.93 N/mm
2
BS-8110-3
Chart K = 0.82 Same with above
Then,
100A
sc
= 0.60
bh
A
sc
= 303.75 mm
2
Use, 32 0 0.00
25 0 0.00
20 0 0.00
16 1 201.14
12 1 113.14
10 1 78.57
392.86
Design of Links
3.12.7.1 Size Of Links
Maximum size of R/F = 20 mm Input
1/4 Of Max R/F = 5 mm
Provide R = 6 mm Input
Link Size is OK
3.12.7.1 Spacing of Links
Minimum size of R/F = 20 mm Input
12 times Of Min R/F = 240 mm
Provide R 6 @ 150 mm Input
Link Spacing is OK
Check for Shear
3.8.4.6 M = 63 mm
N
0.75h = 168.75 mm
Shear is not Critical
If Critical, v
c
' = v
c
+ 0.75 (N/A
c
) (Vd/M)
100As/(bh') = #REF!
400/h' = #REF!
Table-3.9 Then, v
c
= 0.79 ((100As/(bh'))^
1/3
(400/h')^
1/4
/
m
= #REF!
Crack Control,
0.2 f
cu
A
c
= 251 kN
Axial load = 350 kN
Check is not required
Y
= 2,975 Input
= 3,325 Input X
h= 225
60 x h= 13500
b = 225
60 x b= 13500
Slenderness limit of Column, Lo <= 13,500 mm
If the Column is Un braced, Lo 100b'
2
17,500 mm
h'
60b' 13,500 mm
Design of Slender Column - slender column, single axis bending
Results
Single Axis Bending
M
i
=
(1/2000) (l
e
/b')
2
b'=Smaller dimension of column
6
250
24
9.80392
Results
16.00
Reference
Column Clasification
175
600
Loy Lox
Upper Floors L 3500 L
ox
L
oy
175
525
Ground Floor
Lox
Loy L 6000
3.8.1.7
Concrete grade C = 30
Reinforcement = 460
Type of column
Column braced or un braced =
ub
(Braced-B, Unbraced-UB)
BS 8110-1 End Condition
X Direction Top = 2 Input
Bottom = 1 Input
Y Direction Top = 2 Input
Bottom = 1 Input
BS 8110-1 X Direction = 0.8 Input
Y Direction = 0.8 Input
Table-3.21
Table-3.22 L
ex
= x L
ox
L
ex
= 2,560
L
ey
= x L
oy
Design of Slender Column - biaxial bending
L
ey
= 2,800
BS 8110-1 Hence
3.8.1.3 L
ex
/ h = 10.24 > 10
L
ey
/ b = 18.67 > 10
Column is Un-Braced and Slender
l
e
= 2,800 mm
Axial Load,
N = 200.00 kN
Then, N = 5.33 N/mm
2
bh
Moments,
About major axis M
2
= 38 kNm Double Curvature
M
1
= 0 kNm
About minor axis M
2
= 30 kNm
M
1
= 0 kNm
3.8.3.3 h/b = 1.67 < 3 Hence, Single Axis Bending
3.8.3.4
3.8.3.5 Design as Bi-Axial Bending Method due effect of slenderness about minor axis
Design Moments,
About Major Axis,
M
1
= 0.00 kNm
M
2
= 38.00 kNm
Equ-36 M
i
= 0.4 x M
1
+ 0.6 x M
2
=> 0.4 x M
2
M
i
= 22.80 => 15.20
3.8.2.4 e
min
= 0.05 x Overal demension in the plane of Bending
Deme.in the plane of B. = 250.00 mm Input
Hence, e
min
= 12.50
Bi-Axis Bending
e
min
should not be exceed 20
Hence,
e
min
= 12.50 mm
Check Max. Moments,
M
add
= N.a
u
a
u
=
a
.K.h

a
= (1/2000) (l
e
/b')
2
b'=Plan of bending dimension of column
Then,
a
= 0.063
a
u
= 15.68 mm k is taking as 1
M
add
= 3.14 kNm
Hence,
a. M
2
= 38.00 kNm
b. M
i
+ M
add
= 25.94 kNm
c. M
1
+ M
add
/2 = 1.57 kNm
b. N.e
min
= 2.50 kNm
use,initially M
x
= 38.00 kNm
About Minor Axis,
M
1
= 0.00 kNm
M
2
= 0.00 kNm
Equ-36 M
i
= 0.4 x M
1
+ 0.6 x M
2
=> 0.4 x M
2
M
i
= 0.00 => 0.00
3.8.2.4 e
min
= 0.05 x Overal demension in the plane of Bending
Deme.in the plane of B. = 250.00 mm Input
Hence, e
min
= 12.50
e
min
should not be exceed 20
Hence,
e
min
= 12.50 mm
Check Max. Moments,
M
add
= N.a
u
a
u
=
a
.K.h

a
= (1/2000) (l
e
/b')
2
b'=Smaller dimension of column
Then,
a
= 0.174
a
u
= 26.13 mm k is taking as 1
M
add
= 5.23 kNm
Hence,
a. M
2
= 0.00 kNm
b. M
i
+ M
add
= 5.23 kNm
c. M
1
+ M
add
/2 = 2.61 kNm
b. N.e
min
= 2.50 kNm
use,initially M
y
= 5.23 kNm
M
x
= 38.00 kNm
M
y
= 5.23 kNm
b = 150 mm 51
h = 250 mm 51
3.8.4.5 then, M
x
/h' = 190,954.77 N
M
y
/b' = 52,794.61 N
Hence, M
x
/h' > M
y
/b'
Equa.-41 M
x
' = M
x
+ .(h'/b').M
y
Use this
= 46.547 kNm
M
y
' = M
y
+ .(b'/h').M
x
Don't use
20.683 kNm
Then, M = 46.547 kNm
N = 200.000 kN
b = 150 mm
h = 250 mm
Design of Reinforcements
BS-8110-1 Cover, Cover = 30 mm Input
Table-1 Bar Dia. = 25 mm Input
Links = 8 mm Input
d = 199.50 mm
d/h = 0.798
BS-8110-3 Then use Chart,
Chart No. = 23.00
N/bh = 5.33 N/mm
2
M/bh
2
= 4.96 N/mm
2
Biaxial bending,
BS-8110-3 Use This Value
Chart K = 0.90
Now, M
add
= 41.89 kNm
Then, M = M
i
+ M
add
= 64.69 kNm
M/bh
2
= 6.90 N/mm
2
Use This Value
BS-8110-3
Chart K = 0.85
Now, M
add
= 39.56 kNm
Then, M = M
i
+ M
add
= 62.36 kNm
M/bh
2
= 6.65 N/mm
2
Use This Value
BS-8110-3
Chart K = 0.80
Now, M
add
= 37.24 kNm
Then, M = M
i
+ M
add
= 49.74 kNm
M/bh
2
= 5.31 N/mm
2
Don't Use
BS-8110-3
Chart K = 0.85 Same with above
Then,
100A
sc
= 0.40 Input
bh
A
sc
= 150.00 mm
2
Use, 32 0 0.00
25 0 0.00
20 0 0.00
16 0 0.00
12 4 452.57
10 0 0.00
452.57
Design of Links
3.12.7.1 Size Of Links
Maximum size of R/F = 20 mm Input
1/4 Of Max R/F = 5 mm
Provide R = 6 mm Input
Link Size is OK
3.12.7.1 Spacing of Links
Minimum size of R/F = 20 mm Input
12 times Of Min R/F = 240 mm
Provide R 6 @ 225 mm Input
M
x
' selected as M
Link Spacing is OK
Check for Shear
3.8.4.6 M = 312 mm
N
0.75h = 187.5 mm
Shear is Critical
If Critical, v
c
' = v
c
+ 0.75 (N/A
c
) (Vd/M)
100As/(bh') = #REF!
400/h' = #REF!
Table-3.9 Then, v
c
= 0.79 ((100As/(bh'))^
1/3
(400/h')^
1/4
/
m
= #REF!
Crack Control,
0.2 f
cu
A
c
= 222 kN
Axial load = 200 kN
Check is required
Y
= 3,200 Input
= 3,500 Input X
h= 250
60 x h= 15000
b = 150
60 x b= 9000
Slenderness limit of Column, Lo <= 9,000 mm
If the Column is Un braced, Lo 100b'
2
5,000 mm
h'
60b' 9,000 mm
Design of Slender Column - biaxial bending
Results
Single Axis Bending
Design as Bi-Axial Bending Method due effect of slenderness about minor axis
M
i
=
(1/2000) (l
e
/b')
2
b'=Plan of bending dimension of column
M
i
=
(1/2000) (l
e
/b')
2
b'=Smaller dimension of column
Table 3.24 - Value of the Coefficeient
N 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 >=0.6
b h f
cu
1 0.88 0.77 0.65 0.53 0.42 0.3
From Table,
N 0.178 Hence, = 0.818
bhf
cu
=
Don't Use
K = 1.00
M
add
= 20.68 kNm
M
i
+ M
add
= 20.68 kNm
M/bh
2
= 2.21 N/mm
2
Use this Value
K = 1.00
M
add
= 20.68 kNm
M
i
+ M
add
= 20.68 kNm
M/bh
2
= 2.21 N/mm
2
Use this Value
K = 0.93
M
add
= 19.24 kNm
M
i
+ M
add
= 19.24 kNm
M/bh
2
= 2.05 N/mm
2
Use this Value
K = 0.93 Same with above
M
y
' selected as M
Results
22.80
0.00
1 0.11
32727.27273 3600
78,545,454.55
78,545.45
82,145.45
39.525
276
138
79.05
39.525