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1
Atomic physics
1. Light from a hydrogen discharge tube is incident on the cathode of a photoelectric cell the work
function of the cathode surface is 4.2 eV. In order to reduce the photocurrent to zero the voltage of
the anode relative to the cathode must be made
1) 4.2 V 2) 9.4 V 3) 17.98 V 4) +9.4 V
2. Work function of lithium and copper are respectively 2.3 eV and 4.0 eV. Which one of the metal will
be useful for the photoelectric cell working with visible light ? (h = 6.6 x 10
34
J-s, c = 3 x 10
8
m/s)
1) Lithium 2) Copper 3) Both 4) none of these
3. An xray tube is operating at 50 kV and 20 mA. The target material of the tube has a mass of 1.0kg
and specific heat 495 J kg
1

0
C
1
. One percent of the supplied electric power is converted into x
rays and the entire remaining energy goes into heating the target. Then
1) A suitable target material must have a high melting temperature
2) A suitable target material must have low thermal conductivity
3) The average rate of rise of temperature of target would be 2
0
C/s
4) The minimum wavelength of the x-rays emitted is about 0.25 x 10
10
m.
4. The wavelength of K

x-rays produced by an xray tube is 0.76 AA


0
. The atomic number of the anode
material of the tube is
1) 20 2) 60 3) 40 4) 80
5. The K

x ray emission line of tungsten occurs at


0.021
nm. The energy difference between K
and L levels in this atom is about
1) 0.51 MeV 2) 1.2 MeV 3) 50 KeV 4) 13.6 eV
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