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DEPARTEMEN PENDIDIKAN DAN KEBUDAYAAN

UNIVERSITAS HALU OLEO


FAKULTAS MATEMATIKA DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAM
PROGRAM STUDI TEKNIK GEOLOGI

LAPORAN MINGGUAN
PRAKTIKUM PETROGRAFI
ACARA 1
PENGENALAN MIKROSKOP, PENGAMATAN DMP, DAN
PENGAMATAN ANAPOL

O L E H:

NAMA

: MUH. NURHIDAYAT

STAMBUK

: F1G1 12 018

KELOMPOK : 3
ASISTEN

: ERICK SYARIFUDIN

KENDARI
2014

DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN SAMPUL ................................................................................... i


DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................................... ii
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
I.1 Latar Belakang .................................................................................. 1
I.2 Maksud dan Tujuan .......................................................................... 1
I.3 Alat dan Bahan .................................................................................. 2
BAB II LANDASAN TEORI
II.1 Pengertian Mikroskop ...................................................................... 4
II.2 Jenis-jenis Mikroskop ....................................................................... 5
II.2.1 Mikroskop Cahaya (Light Microscope) .................................. 6
II.2.2 Mikroskop Lapangan Gelap (Dark Field Microscope) ......... 7
II.2.3 Mikroskop Fluoresen (Fluorescence Microscope) ................. 7
II.2.4 Mikroskop Ultraviolet ............................................................. 8
II.2 5 Mikroskop Fase Kontras (Contranst phase Microscope) ...... 8
II.2.6 Mikroskop Elektron (Elektrone Microscope) ......................... 9
II.3 Mikroskop Polarisasi ....................................................................... 9
II.3.1 Illuminator ................................................................................ 10
II.3.2 Substage Assembly ................................................................... 11
II.3.3 Lower Polar .............................................................................. 11
II.3.4 Iris Diaphragm ......................................................................... 11
II.3.5 Condensor Lens (Lensa Kondensor) ...................................... 11

II.3.6 Auxiliary Condensor.............................................................. 11


II.3.7 Microscope Stage ................................................................... 12
II.3.8 Objective Lens ........................................................................ 12
II.3.9 Upper Polar ............................................................................ 12
II.3.10 Bertrand Lens ...................................................................... 13
II.3.11 Ocular Lens .......................................................................... 13
II.4 Diameter Medan Pandang .......................................................... 13
II.5 Analisator dan Polarisator (Anapol) ......................................... 14
BAB III HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN
III.1 Hasil Pengamatan ........................................................................... 16
III.1.1 Pengamatan Mikroskop Polarisasi ....................................... 16
III.1.2 Pengamatan DMP (Diameter Medan Pandang) .................. 17
III.1.3 Pengamatan Anapol ............................................................... 18
III.2 Pembahasan .................................................................................... 21
BAB IV PENUTUP
IV.1 Kesimpulan ..................................................................................... 24
IV.2 Saran ................................................................................................ 24
DAFTAR PUSTAKA