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A definition

Laryngitis is inflammation (soreness and swelling) of the vocal cords and the area around them
(the larynx, or voice box). It causes hoarseness. Sometimes it's hard to speak at all.
Laryngitis may be acute or chronic. Acute laryngitis occurs suddenly and lasts no more than a
few days. Laryngitis is chronic if the hoarseness in your throat lasts for a long time.
Laryngitis can be a symptom of a cold, flu, bronchitis, sinusitis, and other respiratory infections
or allergies. Acute laryngitis is usually caused by a virus, but it can also result from a bacterial
Chronic laryngitis can be caused by:
1. Heavy smoking
2. Shouting, singing, or excessive use of the voice, such as in teaching or public speaking
3. Coughing forcefully
4. Exposure to dust or chemicals.
5. Tuberculosis
Medical conditions that can cause symptoms similar to laryngitis or cause a change in
the voice over the course of a few weeks are:
1. Thyroid disease
2. Noncancerous growths on the vocal cords
3. Acid reflux from the stomach
4. Cancer of the vocal cords.
Symptoms of both acute and chronic laryngitis may include:
1. Low, raspy voice and hoarseness. A cough that is dry (meaning that you usually aren't
coughing up mucus)
2. A throat that feels dry
3. A sore throat
4. A voice that weakens as the day progresses.
Sometimes you may lose your voice completely and only be able to whisper
Laryngeal TB
Laryngeal TB, caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis is usually a complication of pulmonary
TB, and most patients with laryngeal TB have coexisting active pulmonary TB, sputum-positive
rate being 90-95%. Their medical history can include an absence of BCG vaccination, the
presence of promiscuity, malnutrition, and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).