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You will learn what conjunctions are and how they

are used in writing.


You will learn how to use conjunctions in order to
combine groups of words and simple sentences.
and, or, and but are some
examples of conjunctions
these words join words, groups of
words, or whole sentences
Have you ever seen a jack-o-lantern
or a witch?


In the sentence above, the
conjunction or connects or joins
the nouns jack-o-lantern and witch.
On Halloween, Lexi likes
trick-or-treating and
eating candy.

In the sentence above, the
conjunction and connects or joins
two groups of words.
Zoi wanted to be a princess for
Halloween, but the store didnt
have any more costumes.
In the sentence above, the
conjunction but connects or joins
two simple sentences this is a
compound sentence.
IMPORTANT: When a conjunction connects
two sentences, a comma is needed before
the conjunction.
List three examples of conjunctions.

Explain the purpose or point of using
conjunctions.

List three different times when the use
of conjunctions would be helpful in
writing.
Independent Clause
versus
Dependent Clause
You will learn what independent clauses are.
You will learn what dependent clauses are.
You will learn how to identify independent and
dependent clauses in complex sentences.
A group of words that contain a
subject and predicate

Can stand alone as a sentence


A group of words that contain a subject
and a predicate
Cannot stand alone usually because of a
key word
Key words include: before, after, because,
since, in order to, although, though,
whenever, wherever, whether, while, even
though, even if
Key words may also include conjunctions
Even though the students
couldnt have candy in school
on Halloween, they happily ate
candy when they went home!

Helpful Strategy: Read each part of the
sentence separately. Remember, only an
independent clause can stand on its own.


After the kids went trick-or
treating, they looked through
their bags to see what kind of
candy they got!

Helpful Strategy: Read each part of the
sentence separately. Remember, only an
independent clause can stand on its own.


While Danny was at the store
looking for a Halloween
costume, he saw his friend,
Jay.

Helpful Strategy: Read each part of the
sentence separately. Remember, only an
independent clause can stand on its own.


Halloween was on a school
night, so the fifth graders could
only trick-or-treat until 8pm.

Helpful Strategy: Read each part of the
sentence separately. Remember, only an
independent clause can stand on its own.


Since the old woman who lived
in the woods freaked the
children out, they decided to
skip trick-or-treating at her
house.
Helpful Strategy: Read each part of the
sentence separately. Remember, only an
independent clause can stand on its own.