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Modul : 01

TESEL_ELA153
TELEKOMUNIKASI SELULAR

Pengenalan Sistem Cellular

by :
Yasdinul Huda
Lab Elektronika Komunikasi FT UNP
Yhud4_one@telkom.net
yhud4_one@telkom.netSISKOMBER-MODUL:01

Klasifikasi WIRELESS
Non
Cellular
Fixed
Wireless

contoh :
point to point communication, infra
red communication, LMDS,
Microwave communication
contoh :

Cellular
Wireless
Communication
Non
Cellular
Mobile
Wireless

PHS, CT2, PACS, DCS1800,


DECT
contoh :
paging system (ERMES, NTT, NEC)
, dispatching system, PAMR (Public
Access Mobile Radio) dsb
contoh :

Cellular

GSM, CDMA/IS-95, AMPS, UMTS,


PHS, DCS1800, NMT450, TACS,
C-450, dsb

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Sistem Komunikasi Bergerak


Syarat
Ada sedikitnya satu terminal bergerak di dalam komunikasi
Pada awalnya

Daya pancar tinggi


Antena setinggi-tingginya
Cakupan sel sebesar-besarnya

Konsep Handoff tidak ada

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Generasi Awal Sistem Komunikasi


Bergerak
Radio tower
Radio tower

Kelemahan

Biaya mahal karena perlu penguat


daya tinggi dan antena tinggi
Kenyamanan pelanggan terganggu
saat berpindah cakupan

Kapasitas rendah
Efisiensi spektrum rendah
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Perkembangan Siskomber
Satelit

Sistem Komunikasi
bergerak

GMPCS (Global Mobile


Personal Communication
System)
Iridium,Globalstar

Terestrial

Siskomber Selluler

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Klasifikasi Sistem Cellular


Menurut Daerah Jangkauan
(Coverage)

1. Large Zone (Single


Cell/Convensional).
* Radius +/- 20 miles.
* STKB Inti.
2. Multi Zone (Cellular).
* STB ( NMT, GSM,
CDMA.
3. Global System (Mobile
Satelite).
* Iridium,
Globalstar,GMPCS

Menurut Sistem Transmisi


yang digunakan
1. STB dgn Transmisi
Tereterial.
* Radio Teresterial
(VHF/UHF).
* Single Cell
Convensional & Cellular.
2. STB dgn Transmisi
Satelite.
* Iridium , Globalstar,
GMPCS

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Standar Sistem Seluler


Sistem Seluler Analog Generasi Pertama
AMPS ( Advanced Mobile Phone System )
NMT 450 ( Nordic Mobile Phone )
TACS ( Total Access Communication System )

Sistem Seluler Digital Generasi Kedua


GSM ( Global System for Mobile Communication )
DAMPS ( Digital AMPS )
CDMA/IS-95

Generasi Ketiga
IMT 2000
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Technology Cellular.
1G
wireless
2G
wireless

3G
wireless

AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone Service)

CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)


TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access)
GSM
(Global System for Mobile
Communications)
PDC (Personal Digital Cellular)
W-CDMA
(Wide-band Code Division Multiple
Access)
CDMA-2000

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- Analog voice service


- No data service

- Digital voice service


- 9.6K to 14.4K bit/sec.
- CDMA, TDMA and PDC offer
one-way data transmissions only
- Enhanced calling features
like caller ID
- No always-on data connection

- Superior voice quality


- Up to 2M bit/sec.
- always-on data
- Broadband data services
like video & multimedia
- Enhanced roaming

Cellular Evolution : European ways

1G
TACS,
NMT, etc
Analog
speech

2G

2.5G

GPRS &
GSM
EDGE
Digial speech,
low speed data

3G
IMT-2000/
UMTS

Digial speech,

4 QoS Class :

low speed data,

Conversational,
streaming,
interactive, &
background

medium speed
up to 384 kbs

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2G Vs 3G
2G
Layanan

3G
Aplikasi

Suara+
Low data rate

Multimedia

Kapasitas
Transmisi
Switching/ Routing

22,8 kb/s

2 Mb/s

Pentarifan

Time and Location


based

Volume Based

1980:
sts
Generasi
Analog

Circuit

1990:
s

nd
Generasi
Digital

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Packet

2000:
s
rd
Generasi
pita lebar

Advanced Mobile Phone Service.


Pioneer of cellular telecommunications
FDMA-based analog system
Low capacity of subscriber per cell

Unsecure
Phone number can be scanned and copied
Voice conversation is not encrypted

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Global System for Mobile Communications.


The most popular of cellular technologies
Supported in nearly all countries

TDMA-based digital system


8 times capacity of AMPS per frequency band

Secure
All information exchange between Mobile
Station (MS) and Base Station (BS) are
encrypted
A5
Algorithm

A5
Algorithm

BS/MSC/AU
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Cellular System Architecture.


Mobile Stations
(MS)
Base Transceiver
Station (BTS)

A interface
Base Station
Controller (BSC)

Base Transceiver
Station (BTS)

Abis interface

Base Station (BS)


Mobile
Switching
Centre
(MSC)

Um interface

Base Transceiver
Station (BTS)

Base Station
Controller (BSC)

Base Transceiver
Station (BTS)

Abis interface

Base Station (BS)

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CCITT
Signalling
System No. 7
(SS7)
interface

Public Switche
Telephone Netw
(PSTN)

CDMAOne.
Newest cellular phone standard
Developed by Qualcomm
Supported mainly in the Americas and East Asia

CDMA-based digital system


Up to 18 times capacity of AMPS per frequency
band

Very Secure
Listeners need the right descrambler key
Optional encryption is also available

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Perbandingan
AMPS

GSM

CDMA/IS-95

FDMA

TDMA

DS-CDMA

FM

GMSK

QPSK

30 kHz

200 kHz

1,25 MHz

Kanal / carrier RF

20 30

Frekunsi Uplink

824 849
MHz
869 894
MHz

890 915
MHz
935 960
MHz

824 849
MHz
869 894
MHz

Akses jamak
Modulasi
Bandwidth RF

Frekuensi Downlink

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Trend Teknologi Seluler


Syarat Pelayanan
Aplikasi multimedia baru
Arsitektur layanan terpadu
Layanan berbasis Internet Protocol
Data Kecepatan tinggi
Suara kualitas tinggi

Teknologi Akses
WCDMA ( Wideband Code Division Multiple
Access)
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Cellular Evolution and 3G Roadmap.


GSM

Europe

GSM

GPRS

HSCSD
PDC
Japan

D-AMPS

North America

IS-95
North America

PDC

W-CDMA

HSDPA
UMTS

EDGE

PDC+
CDMA2000

D-AMPS
IS-95

1X-RTT
IS-95B

EV-DV

EV-DO

2G
2.5G
9.6-14 kbps yhud4_one@telkom.net114-384 kbps
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3G
0.384-2 Mbps

3G+
>5 Mbps

Data Rate and Mobility.


Mobility

Vehicle

4G
Mobile

Pedestrian

3G
Mobile

IEEE802.11a
HIPERLAN/2

IEEE802.11g
IEEE802.11b
Stationary

Future high
speed RLAN

IEEE802.15.3
Bluetooth
0.1

10

Data Rate [Mbps]

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100

1000

3G Open Systems Technology Platform

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Visi dari Teknologi Wireless 3G


Global
Satellite
Suburban

Urban

In Building
Picocell

Microcell
Macrocell

PDA Terminal

Basic terminal

Audio Visual
Terminal

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yhud4_one@telkom.netSISKOMBER-MODUL:01

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GMPCS
Global Mobile Personal Communication System
Definisi awal : Sistem satelit orbit non
geostasioner , disebut juga Big Leo
Frekuensi diatas 1 GHz
Layanan suara dan data narrow band
Dianggap sebagai komponen IMT 2000 , yang
menyatukan berbagai sistem dalam satu
infrastruktur radio terpadu
Komunikasi anywhere and anytime
Definisi sekarang : Semua sistem yang
memberikan layanan telekomunikasi dari
gugusan satelit baik trans-nasional, regional,
maupun basis global
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