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Group Practice #1

STOICHIOMETRY PROBLEMS
Directions: Be sure to show and include ALL of your work. Also, please
UNDERLINE what you are given to start with and CIRCLE what you are trying to
find.
1. Nitric acid and nitrogen monoxide are manufactured by the Ostwald process,
in which nitrogen dioxide react with water. How many grams of nitrogen
dioxide are requited in this reaction to produce 5.00 grams of nitric acid?

2. Tungsten metal is used to make incandescent bulb filaments. The metal is


produced, alongside water, from a yellow tungsten (IV) oxide reaction with
hydrogen. How many grams of tungsten can be obtained from 4.81 kg of
hydrogen with excess tungsten (IV) oxide?

3. When nitrogen pentoxide, a white solid, is heated, it decomposes to nitrogen


dioxide and oxygen. If a sample of dinitrogen pentoxide produces 1.618
grams of oxygen, how many grams of nitrogen dioxide are formed?

4. White phosphorus is prepared by fusing calcium phosphate with carbon and


sand (silicon dioxide) in a furnace. Other byproducts include calcium silicate
and carbon monoxide. How many grams of calcium phosphate are required
to give 5.00 grams of phosphorus?

5. Acrylonitrile, C3H3N is the starting material for the production of a kind of


synthetic fiber (acrylics). It can be made from propylene reacting with
nitrogen monoxide. Other byproducts include water and nitrogen gas. How
many grams of acrylonitrile are obtained from 651 kg of propylene and
excess nitrogen monoxide?

6. Solutions of sodium hypochlorite are sold as bleach (such as Clorox). They


are prepared by the reaction of chlorine with sodium hydroxide. Other
byproducts are sodium chloride and water. If chlorine gas is bubbled into a
solution containing 54.2 grams sodium hydroxide, how many grams of
chlorine will eventually react?

MOLARITY PROBLEMS
Directions: Complete the following questions with proper units and significant
figures. Be sure to show ALL of your work.
7. A sample of 0.0341 mol iron(III) chloride was dissolved in water to give 25.0
mL of solution. What is the molarity of the solution?

8. An aqueous solution is made from 0.798 g of potassium permanganate. If the


volume of solution is 50.0 mL, what is the molarity of the solution?

9. An experiment calls for 0.0353 g of potassium hydroxide. How many


milliliters of 0.0176 M potassium hydroxide solution is needed?

10. Heme, obtained from red blood cells, binds oxygen. How many moles of heme
are there in 25 mL of 0.0019 M heme solution?

11. A 50.0 mL volume of silver nitrate solution contains 0.0285 moles of silver
nitrate. What is the molarity of the solution?

12. A sample of oxalic acid, H2C2O4, weighing 1.274 gram is placed in a 100.0 mL
volumetric flask, which is then filled to the mark with water. What is the
molarity of the solution?

13. Insulin is a hormone that controls the use of glucose in the body. How many
moles of insulin are required to make up 28 mL of 0.0048 M insulin solution?

EXTRA PRACTICE WITH BALANCING EQUATIONS


Directions: Balance the following chemical equations.
14. _____ C6H6 + ____O2 ____ CO2 + ______ H2O

15. _____ Al2S3 + _____ H2O ____ Al(OH)3 + ____ H2S

16. _____ V2O5 + _____ H2 _____ V2O3 + _____ H2O

17. _____ Ca3(PO4)2 + _____ H2SO4 _____ CaSO4 + ______ H3PO4