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Running head: NEW WORLD ROBOTS

New World Robots

Quanterra N Foster
Winston-Salem State University


New World Robots

The Robots are coming and are here to stay. Recently scientists have started creating
different robots for different jobs. Robots are improving the life of humans. Scientist Allan Hop
stated "By 2025, technologists believe artificial intelligence will occur from day-to-day life"
(Hop, 2014). A way provided to make human
beings' lives easier and safer. The science of robotics
shows promising potential for the future, which is
why the production of robots should be increased to
benefit society.
Surgery can be done at it best when
performed by robots. Lindsay Tanner (2014) stated
"Robotic surgery is being done more and more often

^'^ure 1 Ray, P. (2004). Robotic

surgery [photograph]. Retrieved trom

for a variety of operations." Shown in Figure 1 is

robotic surgery. Surgery such as removal of uterus, gallbladder, certain complex cancer surgeries
and weight-loss operations. Robot hands do not shake and they can twist and rotate in more
directions than human hands. In Robotic surgery, patients often spend less time in the hospital.
Nevertheless, robots in surgery are not perfect. During the surgery, robots tend to take a
bit longer. Tanner argued, "Robotic operations often cost much more than more conventional
surgery" (Tanner, 2014). In a longer surgery, the patient is under anesthesia for longer and it
costs more to staff the procedure. Another issue with costs is the problem with upgrading the
systems as they improve. Doing this will actually cost more time and money in which the people
do not have.


Robots in the battlefield can benefit the military during times of need. The advantages are
endless. The robots can replace soldiers in dangerous missions and crawl through caves. Also
reduce casualties. One important benefit is they make faster decisions than humans, an important
advantage on the modern battlefield. Lamb (2010) declared, "The machines are unaffected by
anger, revenge, hunger, fear, fatigue, or stress." Human's soldiers are affected by PSD.
At the same time, one may wonder whether robot could distinguish between a soldier and
a civilian. The common robot in the military today is a
drone, shown in Figure 2. Drones have limited abilities
(Phil, 2014) implied "They cannot communicate with
civilians for more detailed intelligence." They cannot
capture surrendering military personnel, abandoned
hardware, or military bases. Drones causes damages in
Figure 2 Smith, J. (2013). Drone
[photograph]. Retrieved from

civilian lives and property, as well as traditional warfare

too. Drones can easily be taken control by the enemy at
worst case scenario.

Space exploration to the other planets is mostly done with robots and computers that are
controlled by humans from the Earth. An advantage is the humans are still involved and
controlling the missions but without risking precious lives. Simmisimmiandand (2012) noted,
"Robots are faster and more efficient in observations and conclusions, they do not need
computers to certify information, they have it programmed." Unlike robots, humans cannot
retain so much information. It is much cheaper and easier to maintain robots in space than a
living being.


Equally important, are the negative effects. The article stated, "Sending robots into space
doesn't catch the public attention in the same way human exploration does"
(Simmisimmiandand, 2012). Countries are in consist competition with one another to see who
can go further in space. I f something goes wrong in space and the robot's system depletes,
without a human it will take a lot to get the robot's system rebooted again from Earth. Another
is they do not have human reasoning. The robots might do things and go places that are unknown
and are danger to them.
In conclusion, though some believe robots are costly, easy manipulated, and lack skills of
human communication, they do more good than harm. Without robots, the world could not
advance with new technology. They may be imperfect, but the benefits are endless. Instead of
harming potential lives the military send robots to war, help patients at the hospital have a better
chance of recovery and can be human eyes in space. Robots will continue to help and protect the
human world.


Hop, A. (2014). The robots are coming, but are they really taking our jobs? The Atlantic, 12,
18-21. Retrieved from
Lamb, G. (2010) The pros and cons of a robot army. Retrieved from
Phil. C. (2014) Phil for Humanity. Retrieved from
Tanner, L. (2014). Weighing the pros and cons of robotic surgery. Retrieved from
Simmisimmiandand, A. (2012). Summary of the Pros and Cons of Robotic Space Exploration.
Retrieved from