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MNT 4100

Carlie Rider

Biochemical Values for patients

diagnosed with aids

What is AIDS/HIV?
AIDS (Acquired immune
deficiency syndrome or
syndrome) is a disease
caused by a virus called
HIV (Human
Virus). The illness alters
the immune system,
making people much
more vulnerable to
infections and diseases

Given Biochemical Values:

Serum Albumin: 2.2g/dL
CD4+: 238/mm3
Should Request for these Biochemical Values for a patient that may

Interpretation: Albumin is very

have AIDS:

low. Normal Albumin is 3.4-5.4

g/dL. This test can help determine
if a patient has liver disease or
kidney disease, or if the body is
not absorbing enough protein (2).

1. HIV viral load: measure the amount of HIV in the blood. Lower levels
are better than higher levels. The main goal of HIV drugs is to reduce
viral load as much as possible for as long as possible (3).
2. Resistance test: This test determines whether the particular virus in
your body is resistant to anti-HIV medications (3).

CD4+: In a healthy adult, a normal

3. Complete blood count: This test looks at the different cells in your

CD4 count can vary a great deal

blood, including red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells. High

but is typically 500 to 1500 cells

white blood cell counts may indicate that you are fighting an infection.

per cubic millimeter of blood. The

Low counts may put you at risk of getting an infection (3).

immune system is severely

weakened, and the HIV+ person is
at a much greater risk of
opportunistic infections (2).


1. HIV, H., & LONG, H. (2002). What is AIDS?.

Medical Care, 916, 874-7720.
2.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC. (2003). Advancing HIV prevention:
new strategies for a changing epidemic-United States, 2003. MMWR. Morbidity
and mortality weekly report, 52(15), 329.
3.Fischbach, F. T., & Dunning, M. B. (2009). A
manual of laboratory and diagnostic
tests. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

4. Blood chemistry tests: examine the levels of different elements and

waste products in the blood and help determine how well different
organs are functioning (3).
5. Fasting lipid profile: High cholesterol and high triglycerides can occur
in people living with HIV for many years. They can also be a side effect of
some HIV medications (3).
6. STD screening: If you got infected with HIV from unprotected sex,
there is a chance you may have become infected with other sexually
transmitted diseases, too (3).
7. Hepatitis A, B, and C: If you have both HIV and hepatitis B or C, your
treatments for either disease can be affected. If you have HIV, your
hepatitis may progress faster. If your liver is damaged from hepatitis, it
may be harder for your body to process your HIV medications (3).

Lorem Ipsum

Disaster organizations, such as Red
Cross and The Salvation Army, request
food through State agencies. State
Distributing Agencies are responsible for
reviewing applications for disaster relief
food assistance and notifying USDA of
the types and quantities of food that
relief organizations need.
Some state positions that hold these

Funding: the Secretary of Agriculture RECIEVES SPECIAL

FUNDS FROM THE GOVERNMENT to buy and replenish food
stocks used in emergencies

responsibilities are Coordinators or

directors of Food Distribution Programs,


Child Nutrition Programs, Nutrition and

Physical Activity programs, Adult

Services Division/Food Stamp Units,

During the response to Hurricane Katrina, the USDA

provided 22 million lbs. of food for meal service and

Food and Nutrition Units, and

distribution of household food packages. Altogether,

Community Services.

over $680 million in D-SNAP benefits were provided

to households in need.

In response to Hurricane Sandy, over $43.7 million in

D-SNAP benefits and more than 1.1 million lbs. of
USDA Foods for meal service and household feeding
were provided in New York and New Jersey.

The Food Stamp Act of 1977 and the Robert T. Stafford
Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act of 1988
give the Secretary of Agriculture the right to issue DSNAP benefits during emergencies. The Stafford Act
also directs the President to guarantee that adequate
food will be available for mass feeding in a disaster