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Exercise SP Log

Problem
0

100

From Logging data :


Temperature @ Surface = 25 C
Temperature @ 1500 TVDm = 75 C
SP curve as shown picture on the left side
1375TVDm

From Mud Logging data :


Rmf @ 25 C = 0.09 ohm-m

1400TVDm

1425TVDm

Questions :
Find Rw@ depth 2000 MDm (1390 TVDm) ?
Find Rw@ depth 2050 MDm (1420 TVDm) ?
Do they use Fresh mud, Salt mud or Oil based mud ?

Notes :
TVD m = meter True Vertical Depth
MD m = meter Measured Depth

Solution

Determine the temperature at the depth were asked


25 C

?? 75 C

Surface

Temperature gradient
calculation is always
using TVD !!

Temperature gradient = (75-25)/(1500-0) = 0.033 C/m


1390 m
1420 m
1500 m

Temperature@ 1390 TVDm = 25+(0.033*1390)


= 71.33 C
Temperature@ 1420 TVDm = 25+(0.033*1420)

= 72.33 C

1390 TVDm
Rmf @ 25 C = 0.09 ohm-m

Temperature@ 1390 TVDm = 71.33 C


Rmf @ 71.3 C = 0.045 ohm-m

Halliburton Solution

1390 TVDm
Rmf @ 25 C = 0.09 ohm-m
Temperature@ 1390 TVDm = 71.33 C
Rmf @ 71.3 C = 0.045 ohm-m
SSP = -25 mV
Rw @ 1390 TVDm
= 0.028 ohm-m

Schlumberger Solution

@ 1390 TVDm

SSP = -K log (Rmfe/Rwe)


K = 60+0.133T (F)
T @ 1390 TVDm = 71.3 C = 160.4 F
K = 60+(0.133x160.4) = 81.33
We need Rmfe and Rwe data !!!!!!!!!!!

Determination of Rmfe
T @ 1390 TVDm = 71.3 C
= 160.4 F
Rmf @ 71.3 C = 0.045 ohm-m
Rmfe @ 160.4 F = 0.035 ohm-m

Determination of Rwe
T @ 1390 TVDm = 71.3 C
= 160.4 F
Rmfe @ 160.4 F = 0.035 ohm-m
SSP = -25 mV

Rwe @ 160.4 F = 0.017 ohm-m

Determination of Rwe
T @ 1390 TVDm = 71.3 C
= 160.4 F
Rwe @ 160.4 F = 0.017 ohm-m

Rw @ 160.4 F = 0.03 ohm-m

Exercise SP Log
From log header, Rmf = 0.09 -m @ 75 F
From interpolation, formation temperature = 150 F

From log, SSP = 50 mV


Determine : Rmf @ 150 F and Rw @ depth