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Modul 3:

Penulisan Berdasarkan APA dan Plagiarisma

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1. Pengenalan
Tugasan

yang baik bukan hanya bergantung kepada


isi kandungan yang baik

Kandungan

yang diambil dari sumber lain tidak seharusnya


disalin bulat-bulat

Pengarang asal mestilah diberi kredit dalam rujukan

Isi

kandungan mestilah disampaikan dengan


menggunakan sistem rujukan APA

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2. Apa itu Plagiarisma?

Plagiarisma berlaku bila seorang penulis dengan sengaja


menggunakan bahan orang lain sebagai kerja sendiri
atau tanpa memberi kredit kepada penulis

Source: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_plagiar.html
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PLAGIARISME: POTONGAN MARKAH /


PLAGIARISM: MARKS DEDUCTION
Similarity /
Overlapping (%)
Persamaan /
Pertindihan (%)

Penalty / Deduction of marks


(from the total marks obtained)
Penalti / Potongan markah (%)
(daripada jumlah markah diperolehi)

10% 30%

20 %

31% 50%

40 %

More than / Melebihi


50%

0 marks to be given
Markah sifar 0 akan diberikan

Prepared by Assoc. Prof. Dr Richard Ng (2013)

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3. Sistem Rujukan APA


Apa

itu APA?

Gaya penulisan APA telah di


bangunkan oleh Persatuan
American Psychological
Association untuk menetapkan
penulisan piawai yang difahami
pembacanya tanpa rasa ragu

Untuk memberi penghargaan


kepada penulisnya

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4. Cara membuat rujukan APA?


Lima perkara yang perlu dititikberatkan:
Buku:

a) Siapa Pengarang

d) Penerbitnya

b) Tahun terbitan

e) Lokasi Penerbit

c) Tajuk Buku
Contoh:
Yager, J. (1999). Creative time management for the new
millennium. (2nd ed.). Stamford, USA: Hannacroix Creek
Books.
Prepared by Assoc. Prof. Dr Richard Ng (2013)

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Jurnal:
a) Siapa Pengarang

d) Tajuk Jurnal

b) Tahun terbitan

e) No. Siri dan Muka Surat

c) Tajuk artikel
Contoh:
Malouf, D. (1995). The seven deadly sins of speakers.
Training & Development, 49(2), 13-15.

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Contoh Rujukan
Discenza, R., Howard, C., & Schenk, K. (2002). The design &
management of effective distance learning programs.
Hershey, PA: IGI Global. In Books24X7 (OUM Digital Collection)

Roberts, T. S., & McInnerney, J. M. (2007). Seven problems of


online group learning and their solutions. Educational Technology
& Society, 10 (4), 257-268.
Song, L., Singleton E. S., Hill, J. R., & Koh, M. H. (2004). Improving
online learning: Student perceptions of useful and challenging
characteristics. The Internet and Higher Education, 7(1), 59-70

Yager, J. (1999). Creative time management for the new


millennium. (2nd. Ed.). Stamford: Hannacroix Creek Books.
In Books24X7 (OUM Digital Collection)

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4.1 Rujukan Seorang Pengarang


Teks:

According to Yager (1999), time management .

Open and Distance learners must learn to manage their


time . (Yager, 1999)
Rujukan:

Yager, J. (1999). Creative time management for the


new millennium. (2nd ed.). Stamford, USA:
Hannacroix Creek Books.

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4.2 Rujukan Dua Orang Pengarang


Teks:

According to Robbins and Coulter (2002), management


today ..
Management role (Robbins & Coulter,
2002).
Rujukan:

Robbins, S. & Coulter, M. (2002). Management.


(7th ed.). New Jersey, USA: Prentice Hall

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4.3 Rujukan Tiga orang atau lebih pengarang


Reviews of research on religion and health have concluded
that at least some types of religious behaviors are related to
higher levels of physical and mental health (Payne, Bergin,
Bielema & Jenkins, 1991).
Payne et al. (1991) opined that ...

When a source that has three, four, or five authors is cited,


all authors are included the first time the source is cited.
When that source is cited again, the first author's surname
and "et al." are used.

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4.4. Buat rujukan pada artikel yang telah dibaca


Grayson (as cited in Murzynski & Degelman, 1996)
identified four components of body language that were
related to judgments of vulnerability.

4.5. Rujukan Quotation


When a direct quotation is used, always include the
author, year, and page number as part of the citation

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4.5. Rujukan Quotation . (continue)

A quotation of fewer than 40


words should be enclosed in
double quotation marks and
should be incorporated into the
formal structure of the sentence.

Patients receiving prayer had "less congestive heart


failure, required less diuretic and antibiotic therapy, had
fewer episodes of pneumonia, had fewer cardiac arrests,
and were less frequently incubated and ventilated" (Byrd,
1988, p. 829).
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4.5. Rujukan Quotation . (continue)


Xxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx
xxxxxxx xxxxxxxv xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxv xxxxxxx xxxxxxx
All too often the official communication consists of press
releases designed for the financial markets. There is also a
prevalent communication habit called cascading information.
Whether or not this is successful depends on the degree to
which Chinese Whispers influences what is heard and then
repeated. Not all managers are good communicators. For the
most part both cascading and press releases are one-way
communications. Unless you invite a conversation in which the
wider staff and the people heading up your mission are equal
participants, all that will be going on is a great deal of telling
with very little real feedback from those being told. (Andrews &
Langmaid, 2004, p. 125)
Xxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx
xxxxxxx xxxxxxxv xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxv xxxxxxx xxxxxxx
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5. Lain-lain contoh rujukan APA

Rujukan dari buku bercetak:

Fred, D. (2004). Strategic management. (10th ed.)


New Jersey: Prentice Hall
Cloke, K. & Goldsmith, J. (1997). Thank God it's
Monday: 14 values we need to humanize the way
we work. Toronto: Irwin Professional Publishing

Turban, E. et. al. (2001). Electronic commerce. A


managerial perspective. New Jersey: Prentice
Hall

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Rujukan e-Buku dari perpustakaan Digital OUM


Yager, J. (1999). Creative time management for the new
millennium. (2nd. Ed.). Stamford: Hannacroix Creek
Books. In Books24x7 (OUM Digital Collection)

Rujukan Jurnal:
Malouf, D. (1995). The seven deadly sins of speakers.
Training & Development, 49(2), 13-15.

Rujukan e-Jurnal dari perpustakaan Digital OUM


Hien, D., & Honeyman, T. (2000). A closer look at the
drug abuse-maternal aggression link. Journal of
Interpersonal Violence, 15, 503-522. In ProQuest
(OUM Digital Collection)
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Rujukan dari Pengarang Korporat


American Psychological Association (APA). (1992).
Ethical principles of psychologists and code of
conduct. American Psychologists, 47, 1597-1611

Rujukan dari Laman Web


Marzuki, N. (2002). Look East to Japan. Japan
Economic Foundation. Retrieved: December 28,
2003 from
http://211.128.99.155/en/jti/200211_015.html

Rujukan dari Laman Web tanpa tarikh


Nielsen, M. E. (n.d.). Notable people in psychology of
religion. Retrieved: August 3, 2001 from
http://www.psywww.com/psyrelig/psyrelpr.htm
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Soalan?
Soalan?
Soalan?
Tamat
Modul 3

Prepared by Assoc. Prof. Dr Richard Ng (2013)

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