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What are the treatment options for depression?

What are the treatment options for depression? J.K. Rowling, author of Harry Potter stories, was diagnosed

J.K. Rowling, author of Harry Potter stories, was diagnosed with clinical depression.

What are the treatment options for depression? J.K. Rowling, author of Harry Potter stories, was diagnosed

The good news is …… ..

Depression is highly treatable - even in its most severe forms. The sooner a person is treated the more effective that treatment will be. Studies have also shown that prompt treatment

reduces significantly the likelihood of recurrence.

As some medications can cause the same symptoms as depression, you need to get your doctor to make sure this is not the cause.

The National Institute for Mental Health says the doctor needs to carry out a physical examination to rule out other possible causes for the signs and symptoms

The mental health specialist should carry out a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation. You will be asked whether there is any family history of depression, what your symptoms are and how long they have existed, how severe your symptoms are. You will also be asked whether you consume alcohol or drugs, and whether you have had any suicidal thoughts.

If you are diagnosed with some form of depressive illness, you will be offered treatment. Depression can be treated with a number of methods; the most common are drugs and/or psychotherapy.

There is evidence supporting the idea that exercise can help patients with depression, particularly if they have or are at high risk of developing other conditions such as obesity, cardiovascular disease or diabetes, which can often be the case.

Antidepressants medication

The aim of an antidepressant is to stabilise and normalise the neurotransmitters in our brain (naturally occurring brain chemicals), such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepeniphrine. According to various studies, these neurotransmitters play a vital role in regulating mood. We know they regulate mood, but we are not exactly sure how they do it.

SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) - are the newest antidepressants; they are also the most popular. Prozac (fluoxetine), Celexa (citalopram), and Zoloft (sertraline) are all SSRIs.

SNRIs (norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors) - are similar to SSRIs. Effexor (venlafaxine) and Cymbalta (duloxetine) are SNRIs.

But……….

But ………. Antidepressants take time to work - in the majority of cases patients will not(Http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/8933.php#what_causes_it) " id="pdf-obj-2-5" src="pdf-obj-2-5.jpg">

Antidepressants take time to work - in the majority of cases patients will not notice any really significant benefit from an antidepressant until they been taking it for a few weeks. It is important to continue taking them for this reason.

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Astronaut, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin suffered from clinical depression after his NASA career.

Electroconvulsive therapy

There are some patients who do not improve with medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. ECT, a term which replaced 'shock therapy' is sometimes useful for treatment-resistant depression. ECT has improved greatly over the years and does provide significant benefits for some patients. Side effects, such as memory loss, confusion and

disorientation generally go away not long after treatment is administered.

How can you help a friend with depression?

How can you help a friend with depression? <a href=9 Ways to Help a Friend or Family Member with Depression 1. Educate yourself. 2. Ask lots of questions.  When did you first start to feel bad?  Can you think of anything that may have triggered it?  Do you have suicidal thoughts?  Is there anything that makes you feel better? 3. Help her learn what she needs to know. 4. Talk about stress. 5. Talk about support. 6. Remind her of her strengths. 7. Make her laugh. 8. Pass on some hope. 9. Listen. (http ://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2014/07/16/9-ways-to-help-a-friend-or-family- member-with-depression/ ) " id="pdf-obj-3-6" src="pdf-obj-3-6.jpg">
  • 1. Educate yourself.

  • 2. Ask lots of questions.

When did you first start to feel bad?

Can you think of anything that may have triggered it?

Do you have suicidal thoughts?

Is there anything that makes you feel better?

  • 3. Help her learn what she needs to know.

  • 4. Talk about stress.

  • 5. Talk about support.

  • 6. Remind her of her strengths.

  • 7. Make her laugh.

  • 8. Pass on some hope.

  • 9. Listen.