Anda di halaman 1dari 2

EE220 Economic Operations and Control of Power Systems

AY2014-2015, Q2 Exam 2

1. Given the 5-bus system below, formulate the LP-OPF standard form

Branch No.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Nominal Flow
From Bus
To Bus
1
2
1
3
1
5
2
4
3
4
4
5

Admittance, p.u.

Capacity, p.u.

- j20
- j10
- j10
- j10
- j20
- j10

3
5
5
5
3
5

Table 1. Line Data

Generator
1
2

Pmin, p.u.
5
10

Pmax, p.u.
15
25

Cost per MWh


1000
1400

Table 2. Generator Data

Note: Base MVA is 100 MVA

Page 1 of 2

EE220 Economic Operations and Control of Power Systems

AY2014-2015, Q2 Exam 2

2. The table below represents the unit characteristics and load pattern for a five-unit, four-time-period
problem. Each time period is 2 hours long. The input-output characteristics are approximated by a
straight line from min to max generation, so that the incremental heat rate is constant. Unit noload and start-up costs are given in terms of heat energy requirements.

Find the optimum unit commitment schedules covering the 8-hour period for the following conditions
using Dynamic Programming.
a. Ignore min/max down and up times
b. Consider up and down times

Page 2 of 2