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APWH Chapters 12-15 Review Questions

1- The responsibilities pf the samurai to the shogun

A- Were based on individual, rather than group, loyalties
B- Involved a contractual relationship similar to that of feudal Europe
C- Provided an honorable alternative to retreat or defeat
D- Promoted centralized government in Japan
2- Which was true of the Mongol Empire?
A- It was characterized by efficient administrators
B- It did not interfere with Islamic societies
C- It caused Eurasian trade routes to move farther north
D- It opened up trade relations between Russia and the West
3- Compared to European exploration in the Indian Ocean, that of the Chinese
A- Used fewer and smaller ships
B- Covered shorter distances
C- Was designed to establish a military presence
D- Gained strength after the mid-1430s
4- Before the European Renaissance, most philosophies in Europe and Asia
A- Were spread through the printing press
B- Were spread through conquest
C- Relied on religious faith
D- Involved the social contract
5- The Mongols
A- Were capable administrators
B- Persecuted Christians and Muslims within territories they conquered
C- Were interested only in Asian territories
D- Moved main trade routes farther north
6- A thirteenth century traveler describer the city he was visiting as one with numerous craft guilds
and wealthy merchants. Its people used paper money and the city showed signs of highly
efficient administration. The traveler was describing a city in
A- India
B- Persia
C- England
D- China
7- In the thirteenth century the most urbanized region in the world was
A- Europe
B- Russia
C- Middle East
D- China
8- The term shogun describes a role in feudal Japan most like what role in feudal Europe?
A- Serf
B- Lord









C- Free peasant
D- Guild member
The Mongols
A- Brought foreign administrators into China
B- Expanded their rule into Japan in the thirteenth century
C- Persecuted Christians within their empire
D- Encouraged intermarriage between themselves and the Chinese
Which of the following is true concerning the Chinese and European presence in the Indian
Ocean in the fifteenth century?
A- Europeans were concerned with demonstrating their military might
B- The Chinese intended to establish harmony in the Indian Ocean
C- European trade decreased in the latter part of the century
D- The Chinese intended to impose their control over foreign trade
The Mongols
A- Mastered Asian territories by blocking trade routes
B- Added Vietnam to their territorial possessions
C- Promoted commercial ties between Russia and the West
D- Created the largest land empire
Which of the following was the most isolated from world trade during the period 600CE to 1450?
A- Russia
B- Japan
C- China
D- East Africa
Japanese and European feudalism were similar in that
A- Bushido and chivalry involved reciprocal relationships
B- Both were based on group loyalties
C- Both involved the receipt of contracts
D- Both ended as their respective regions developed centralized governments
Which is true of the Mongol empire?
A- It was responsible for spreading Buddhism to Japan
B- It was based upon tribute
C- The Mongols displayed their efficient administrative skills in Persia
D- It imposed harsh rule over Russia
The Mongol Empire was divided into four khanates which governed all of the following lands
A- Russia
B- Persia
C- Japan
D- Ukraine
Which of the following is accurate about the Heian period in Japan in the ninth century?
A- Time of exploration and conquest for Japan
B- Focus was on cultural independence








C- Mongol invaders under the the rule of Chinggis Khan ruled Japan.
D- Shintoism was replaced by Confucianism
Which of the following statements about Neo-Confucianism is NOT correct?
A- Additional restrictions were placed on the power of the merchant class
B- It gained prominence not only in China but also in Korea and Japan
C- It synthesized elements of Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism
D- Loyalty to government became more important than familial ties
Which of these are true about the Mongols?
A- While the Mongols were able to convert Russia to Islam, they failed to spread Muslim
beliefs throughout India
B- Mongols adopted elements of Chinese culture which were then spread to other parts of Asia
C- Mongol invasions were successful in China and Japan, but unsuccessful in Korea
D- Mongol rule in Russia helped build a peaceful society based on Russian traditions
Japanese feudal society comprised all of the following except:
A- Shinto
B- Shogun
C- Samurai
D- Taikun
Between 600 and 1450, the impact of Neo-Confucianism in China and Catholicism in Europe
included all the following EXCEPT:
A- The reinforcement of social hierarchies
B- The legitimation of political authority
C- The elevation of the status of women
D- The provision of spiritual reassurance to worshippers
Which of the following best justifies the argument that the aftermath of Zheng Hes voyages
mark a turning point in Chinese History?
A- The fold and silver brought back by Zheng He bestowed upon Ming China a new economic
superiority throughout the region
B- By failing to follow up on Zheng Hes campaigns of exploration, Ming China missed the
opportunity to lead the world in maritime expansion
C- Zheng Hes ships brought back bubonic plague, resulting in a medical disaster that
permanently weakened Ming China
D- Many neighboring states were forced into Ming Chinas tributary system by Zheng Hes fleet,
greatly strengthening it as a regional hegemon
A- Became more popular in Vietnam than in Korea
B- Was rejected as an acceptable philosophy by the Japanese
C- Combined with Buddhism to create a cultural bridge between Korea and China
D- Brought greater freedom to Vietnamese women
E- Blended well with Shintoism to forge Japanese artistic traditions
Which was NOT an achievement of the Tang dynasty?
A- The solution to the problem of nomadic people s along Chinas border








B- The adoption of products from Vietnam

C- An emphasis on long distance trade
D- Irrigation
E- Advances in the technology of warfare
The position of Chinese women
A- Resulted in greater freedoms under Neo-Confucianism
B- Changed markedly between the seventh and thirteenth centuries
C- Was defined by Confucianism
D- Was more restrictive under the Tang than under the Song
E- Declined in regions where Buddhism was popular
Japanese feudalism
A- Brought a temporary end to internal conflicts
B- Increased the power of the emperor
C- Revolved around the power of the samurai as warlords
D- Saw the beginnings of a centralized Japan
E- United peasant and elite classes
Compared to the Viets, the Chinese were
A- Agrarian
B- Ethnically diverse
C- Interested in trade
D- Urbanized
E- Interested in preserving their own culture
Compared to Korean attitudes towards the Chinese, the Japanese
A- More greatly appreciated the centralization of the Chinese government
B- Were more devoted to Confucianism
C- Were more favorable to the civil service exam
D- Demonstrated a desire to show respect to the Chinese emperor
E- Were similar in their desire to become part of the Chinese trading system
The position of the Chinese scholar gentry
A- Was mimicked by the Japanese
B- Was admired by the Vietnamese
C- Weakened efforts to curb nomadic invasions
D- Declined during the Song dynasty
E- Was not supported by Confucian philosophy
Buddhism became more popular among Chinas neighbors than in China itself because
A- Buddhism reinforced Confucian gender roles
B- Buddhism weakened the power of the Chinese emperor
C- Buddhism did not originate in China
D- Buddhism reinforced a stratified society
E- Buddhism emphasized centralized government
The era of Tang and Song rule is called a golden age of China because
A- It is the only period of Chinese rule in which foreign trade and ideas had little influence








B- Chinese abandoned naturalistic subjects like landscapes in favor for more modern abstract,
non representational art
C- The Chinese government seized the wealth and land controlled by Buddhist monasteries
D- This was the era of the discovery of explosive powder, the abascus, moveable type and the
first use of coal for energy
The primary function of the scholar gentry class in Tang and Song China was
A- To teach in the Confucian based university system
B- To spy on the land based eli9tes in the distant provinces
C- To administer the imperial, provincial and local governments
D- To create innovative scholarship, artwork and technological advances
Why did Buddhism become a significant belief system in Tang China?
A- Confucian scholars preferred it to Islam which was banned as a foreign religion
B- The scholar gentry embraced it as a means of insuring their dominance over women
C- It offered social opportunities to commoners, to women, easily mixed with Daoist and
Confucian ideals and had royal patronage
D- It was brought to China by humble slaves whose behavior the Chinese admired
Tang military expansion into Central Asia
A- Led to constant warfare between the Chinese and the Muslims
B- Promoted renewed commercial contacts between China and west Asia
C- Obtained land to settle large Chinese population surpluses
D- Was easily defeated by the Turks and other pastoral nomads
What were the long term consequences of new maritime technological advances such as the sea
going junk and the magnetic compass?
A- Renewed focus on engineering and scientific work in the universities
B- Combined with the Grand Canal, they dramatically increased north-south trade within China
C- They facilitated dramatic increases in overseas trade in the eastern hemisphere
D- The scholar-gentry became worried about the power of the rising merchant class in the
coastal urban area
Tang rulers were able to control potential nomadic threats to China by
A- Bribery
B- Playing one nomadic group against another
C- Settling the nomads within the Chinese borders on land to farm
D- Intermarriage between the nomadic and Chinese ruling families
Which sect of Buddhism became popular in China for its focus on prayer and personal salvation?
A- Pure land
B- Chan
C- Tibetan
D- Mahayana
The only indigenous aspect of Japanese culture during the Heian era was
A- The imperial administration
B- Written characters
C- Shinto








D- Court etiquette and protocol

The group which most directly challenged Chinese influences in Japan and Vietnam during the
post classical era was
A- Buddhist monks and priests
B- The emperor
C- The imperial bureaucracy
D- Aristocrats, landowners and local provincial administrators
The influence of Chinese culture in Korea produced all of the following EXCEPT:
A- Legal reform
B- Chinese forms of Buddhism
C- Unified resistance from the 3 kingdoms
D- Adoption of the Chinese writing system
As the power of the Heian emperors declined,
A- Chinese trained scholar officials assumed control of the government.
B- Civil war broke out between branches of the imperial family.
C- Local nobles carved out estates and reduced the peasants to serfdom.
D- China conquered Japan.
E- Religious groups and the clergy
The typical pattern for relations between China and its neighbors during the postclassical period
A- Military occupation by the Chinese armies.
B- For these states to acknowledge Chinese superiority and pay tribute but remain
C- Incorporation of these states as provinces in the Chinese empire.
D- Form equal alliances as partners against nomadic invaders.
E- To maintain no formal relations or treaties with neighboring states.
Local Vietnamese officials identified most with the interests of
A- Confucian scholar officials
B- The imperial court and high administrators
C- The peasants and local village culture
D- Merchants
After independence, geography, environment, and movement in Vietnam
A- Successfully fostered the growth of a uniform Vietnamese culture
B- Having increasingly isolated Vietnam from its neighbors
C- Led to cultural divisions (one in the south along the Mekong River and the other in the north
along the Red River)
D- Led to the spread of Christianity and Islam throughout the country
In Japan, Korea and Vietnam, the class that most welcomed Chinese influence and culture was
A- Local aristocrats
B- Court bureaucracy (scholar gentry)
C- Peasants
D- Buddhists

45- What is the main purpose of the Ming maritime expeditions in the 15th century?
A- To create Chinese dominance in the Indian Ocean Basin trade network by defeating the
Ottoman naval power
B- To map unknown realms of the Indian Ocean Basin and possibly the Atlantic Ocean
C- To demonstrate Chinas power as to more easily maintain its tributary empire along the
Indian Ocean Basin
D- To eliminate pirates from the eastern seas and the Indian Ocean
46- One problem facing historians who study the Mongols is
A- Debate over whether Chinggis Khan really existed
B- The inability of scholars to translate the Mongolian language and its literature
C- All contemporary chroniclers used exaggeration and hyperbole to describe the Mongols
D- The Mongols never wrote anything down, leaving no direct records
47- Although the Mongols were brutal
A- Chinggis Khan himself admired the peaceful pattern of urban life
B- They were tolerant of religions
C- They were careful to leave women and children unharmed
D- Apt to leave some rebellious cities unpunished to spare works of art and monumental
48- Pastoral nomads from the central Asian steppe who had threatened sedentary cultures included
all of these except:
A- Indo-Europeans
B- Hsiun-ni (Huns)
C- Scythians
D- Bantu
49- The major concern of the Mongols upon conquering China was
A- The integration of Chinese military forces into the Mongol forces
B- Conversion of the Chinese to Islam
C- Reestablishment of Confucian exam system
D- Avoiding assimilation into Chinese culture
50- Which of the following accurately illuminates the place of women in Mongol society?
A- Hulagus choice of a woman warrior to lead the attack on Baghdad
B- The Mongol practice of binding feet of women
C- Kublai Khan abiding by his wife Chabis advice to drop his plans to harshly punish Song
dynasty officials and turn cultivated land near capital into pastures to feel Mongol ponies
D- Banning of Mongol women from fighting or hunting
51- The greatest impact of the Mongol unification of much of central Asia was
A- Facilitation of trade which also enabled the spread of Black Death from China to Europe
B- Stoppage of trade and ideas between China and Europe
C- Spread of new Mongol military technologies to China and Europe
D- Conversion of Mongols to Islam
52- The transformative power of pastoral nomads over sedentary states finally came to an end
A- When nomadic populations grew too large to be supported by pastorialism







B- With advances made by sedentary states in centralization and in production of advanced

military technology
C- With the conversion of most nomads to Christianity
D- Due to steady advance of literacy and education in nomadic heartlands
Why did Ming maritime expeditions end?
A- The Chinese fleets were defeated by the Ottoman naval forces
B- Confucian administrators decided other investments were more important
C- The emperor concluded that imperial tributary system was outdated
D- China decided to isolate itself
The long term importance of the cultural and political movement (Renaissance) in W. Europe
lies in its
A- Influencing global trends in visual art, architecture and literature
B- Emphasis on secularism and individual human capacities in arts and politics
C- Close alliance with Catholic church and Catholic monarchs such as Ferdinand and Isabella
D- Combination of Greco Roman, Indian and Islamic knowledge to create new political theories
of power
The major barrier to W. European maritime expansion prior to the 15th century was the
A- Comparatively low level of European maritime technology
B- Lack of interest by W. European rulers in getting territory not physically attached to
C- Defensive alliances formed between Arab and Mongols to prevent intruders in Indian Ocean
D- Preoccupation and expenses related to the religious civil wars that wrecked W. Europe
The first W. European nation to establish an overseas empire in the 15th century was
A- Netherlands
B- Portugal
C- England
D- Spain
A series of complex coincidences in the 1400s would help a group of relatively weak W.
European countries to be able to expand and conquer vast tracts of land. Which of the following
is not one of those complex coincidences
A- Rapid population growth in W Europe
B- Integration and adaptation of technologies from Asia in Mongol period
C- Political crisis and weaknesses in Aztec and Incan empires
D- Power vacuum in Indian Ocean Basin trade network
Mongol rule in Russia and China differed in that
A- China: Mongols maintain Chinese traditions of isolation from foreigners
B- Eurasian trade routes under Mongol protection connected Russia more than China to
Western European trade routes
C- Mongols become more involved in administration in China than in Russia
D- Mongols are more interested in controlling trade in China than in Russia
E- Russia advanced culturally under Mongol rule while China became backward

59- The Yuan dynasty was brought down by all of the following except:
A- Foreign resistance to Mongol peace
B- Bubonic plague
C- Economic distress
D- Inefficient administration
E- Breakdown in internal security
60- The Renaissance
A- Was a movement of uniquely Western origins
B- Began in Eastern Roman Empire
C- Was a result of Crusades
D- Represented a complete break from medieval traditions
E- Was a period of classical tradition rather than independent innovation
61- European exploration through the mid fifteenth century
A- Produced intense rivalries with East Asian civilizations
B- Placed merchants in conflict with monarchs
C- Suffered from lack of technological expertise
D- Depended on knowledge of Eastern World
E- Created trade connections that increased Europes gold supply
62- Under Mongol rule in China
A- Japan and Vietnam were brought under Mongol control
B- Chinese women were placed in a more subordinate position
C- Chinese regional rulers were allowed to govern
D- Chinese educational traditions were maintained
E- In contrast to Chinese tradition, scholars were despised