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Activity 5.

1
Classifying materials
You will need:
a range of substances as supplied by your teacher
CARE Wear eye protection when using the hammer.
1 Investigate the physical properties of these substances:
Appearance
Hardness and brittleness (by hitting the sample with a hammer)
Solubility in water
Electrical conductivity of both the solid and the solution if the substance is soluble
How easily the substance melts when it is heating.
Design your own equipment for carrying out these investigations. Write down your observations in a
table such as the one below:
Object

Brittle?

Conducts
electricity?

Dissolves in
water?

2 Classify the substances according to their properties.

Pearson Education Limited 2009

Melts easily?

Rigid or
flexible?