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Data processing

Data matrix

Coding of data

A class of programs that organize

After

the

have

been

Presentation of data is usually in tabular

groups

and

form. This is called data matrix and the

subjects

categorized

into

and manipulate data, usually large

subgroups, data are next coded by the

amounts of numeric data.

researcher

questionnaires,

3 Basic Steps of Data processing:

Refers to the grouping of subjects


study

objectives

or

interview

from

the

schedules,

rating scales, etc., must be transformed

Categorization of data

under

Information

according

to

the

purposes

of

the

Kerlinger (1986) gave five rules in

numerical or alphabetical. The former is


commonly used because of sufficient

computer processing.
The researcher has the option to use

the number of digits to be used in


codes is ascertained by the number of
categories and total number of cases.

2. The categories are exhaustive.

Tabulation of data

3. The

Once the raw data have been given

are

mutually

numerical codes, they are ready for

exclusive and independent.


4. Each

category

(variable)

is

tabulation which means tallying and


counting the raw data to arrive at a

derived from one classification

frequency distribution and facilitate in

principle.

organizing them in a systematic order

5. Any

categorization

scheme

either

quantitative or qualitative.
Data matrices are useful in analysis and

picture of the results of the study.

These are as follows:

categories

is

of the data. The codes maybe either

his own codes, provided, however, that

to the research problem.

output

interpretation because they give a clear

categorizing research information.

1. Categories are set up according

processing

into coded items to facilitate tabulation

number coverage and is fitted for

study.

data

in a table or several tables. Tabulation