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PERSONAL CRITIQUE

What is a critique? Evaluating and analyzing artwork in order to increase the viewer’s understanding of it.

You will need to write a personal critique for EACH photograph that you print. Download the personal critique off of my website. Search “critique” in the search box. It’s called PERSONAL CRITIQUE 2011.

DIRECTIONS:

1) Fill in the grey boxes 2) When you analyze, you must state WHAT it is and WHERE it is in your picture 3) For your PERSONAL NARRATIVE, I want you tell me what you could work on, what’s your favorite part, what did you learn, what is your picture about, etc.

EXAMPLE

  • 1. ELEMENT OF ART/PRINCIPLE OF

DESIGN (1): SHAPE: The center chalkboard in the photo makes up a geometric shape. The chalkboard is a geometric shape, because the shape has

a name—square.

The doors on either

side are also rectangles and geometric shapes.

PERSONAL CRITIQUE What is a critique? Evaluating and analyzing artwork in order to increase the viewer’s
  • 2. ELEMENT OF ART/PRINCIPLE OF DESIGN (2): REPETITION: There is

repetition in the chairs in the center of this photograph. This is repetition

because the four chairs keep repeating in size, color, and value.

  • 3. COMPOSITION: This is symmetrical balance. This is symmetrical balance

because if I were to fold this photograph in half, what is on one side is the exact

same on the other.

  • 4. LIGHTING: There is natural and window lighting in this photograph. The

lighting is coming from the right and left side from the open doors (also known as

side lighting). Natural daylight is coming through the doors to illuminate the picture.

  • 5. PERSONAL NARRATIVE (What could you work on, what’s your favorite

part, what did you learn, what is your picture about, etc): This is a photograph taken when I was in a school in China. In a moment’s notice, the school shut down and all the kids began cleaning the school. The mop that is

leaning on the chair captures the moment right after the students were done cleaning.

ELEMENT OF ART

PRINCIPLE OF DESIGN

LINE

1) Man-made vs Natural

REPETITIO

1) When anything repeats

3) Usually nature made

2) Zig-zag, horizontal,

N RHYTHM

in a similar manner

vertical, curved, diagonal

2) You are pretty sure what the next thing would be

SHAPE

1) Organic (shapes without names) 2) Geometric (shapes with names like

PATTERN

1) You know exactly what the next thing would be ABABA 2) Usually man-made

square, triangle, circle)

SPACE/

1) Describe if you have

BALANCE

1) SYMMETRICAL

Everything is balanced

DEPTH

shallow or large depth

BALANCE: The right and

OF FIELD

of field (describe what

left side are exactly the

the background would look like for each)

same 2) ASYMMETRICAL BALANCE: The right and left side ARE NOT the same 3) RADIAL BALANCE:

around a center point

COLOR

1) Did you use manipulated or original colors? 2) What is your color scheme? (analogous:

UNITY

1) How a lot of little things make up a whole photograph (i.e. a bunch of flamingos together in a group)

colors next to each other on the color wheel, monochromatic: one color plus its tints and

2) The best way to show unity is to group objects together 3) How things fit together

shades, etc)

FORM

1) It is three-dimensional 2) You could walk around it 3) Organic Form (flowers)

VARIETY

1) When something is the same and something is different (i.e. all the coins are round, but

1) Geometric Form

some are pennies,

 

(cylinder, box, cone)

some are nickels, some

 

are quarters)

TEXTURE

1) Implied Texture 2) Describe how it would

EMPHASIS

1) Things that could be used for emphasis:

feel (smooth, rough, hard, soft)

Lighting and Depth of Field 2) Why is your eye drawn

to this?

MOVEME

1) Slow/Blurred

3) Light Movement

PROPORTI

1) The relationship

NT

Movement (slow

ON

between sizes of

shutter speed) 2) Fast Movement (fast shutter speed)

objects

COMPOSITION

SELECTION/CHOOSING A BACKGROUND

Why did you select this object, model, scene, etc? What makes this interesting? Why did you select this background? What is interesting about it?

ESTABLISH A CENTER OF INTEREST

Light against dark Dark against light Large object among small Small object among large Detail vs. Simple

DRAWING THE VIEWER’S EYE/ VISUAL MOVEMENT

•How does your eye move throughout the photo? •Lines or objects should move your eye to certain areas? What areas? •What area is your eye drawn to first?

SPACE

•The space that is occupied by the object •The space that is surrounding the object

RULE OF THIRDS

DO NOT position the subject in the center of the picture Divide the picture into 9 even boxes The 4 places where the lines cross is ideal for subject placement

 

The objects should be off to the side or at the top or the bottom of the photograph. Nothing should be in the CENTER

INTERESTING ANGLE

Worm’s eye (taken from the ground) Bird’s eye (taken from above)

MOVING IN CLOSE/VISUAL CROPPING/FILLING THE FRAME

Crop your photos visually before you take them Is the whole photograph filled with your object (filling the frame)

FRAMING

How or what is your subject framed by? Is it Natural, Architectural, or Human?

LIGHTING

FRONT LIGHTING

Lighting that hits the FRONT of the subject Sun is behind the photographer Sometimes this will allow you to see the shadow of the photographer on the ground or subject

SIDE LIGHTING

Lighting that comes from the right or left side What is the light coming from (window, door, etc) What type of light source is it (sun, desk lamp, etc) Is the shadow off to the side too?

WINDOW

Lighting from a window

LIGHTING

Is the window in the photograph or cut out of the photograph?

SILHOUETTE/BAC K LIGHTING

Lighting that comes from in front of the photographer, and outlines the subject in front of them The light source hits the back of the subject The subject will be completely black or close to completely black

SHAPE LIGHTING

Lighting that forms a shape A shadow that forms a shape

What type of shape (geometric, organic, the shape of the

 

object)?

ARTIFICIAL/STUDI O LIGHTING

Lighting that does not come from the sun Lamps, flames, cell phones, studio lights, etc

NATURAL LIGHTING (soft or hard quality)

Lighting from the sun when you are outside SOFT LIGHTING: you don’t see definitive highlights or shadows, but you were outside HARD LIGHTING: in the bright sunlight, you see harsh shadows and highlights

DRAMATIC

When lighting is used in a way to add drama

LIGHTING

HIGH CONTRAST

When your highlights are really white and your blacks are

LIGHTING

really black

NIGHT LIGHTING

Using the bulb setting and lights at night to illuminate your photo Using a tripod

LIGHTS IN MOTION/LIGHT

Using the B setting to capture light movement or light writing

WRITING

Using a tripod for light writing