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Autodesk Revit Architecture

Chiinu
ditura Tehnica-UTM
2014


Autodesk
Revit Architecture.

Arhitectura, Proiectare asistat
de calculator.
:

. .
. .

:
. , . .
:
. , . .

: .
_____________________________________________________
Bun de tipar 18. 06.14
Formatul hrtiei 60x84 1/16
Hrtie ofset. Tipar ofset
Tirajul 50 ex.
Coli de tipar 4,25
Comanda nr.70

MD-2004,UTM, Chiinu, bd.tefan cel Mare, 168


ditura Tehnica-UTM
MD-2068, Chiinu, str.Studenilor, 9/9

UTM, 2014


(. Building
Information Modeling, BIM)
. BIM
-

.

Autodesk Revit Architecture (Revit Architecture)


, , ,
.
(Building information modelling - BIM) , , .
Revit Architecture , ,
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Revit Architecture , , , .
Revit Architecture ,
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-
.
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3

1. REVIT ARCHITECTURE
1.1.
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1.1. Revit Architecture

1.2. Revit Architecture


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Revit Architecture, , , . Revit Architecture
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(Project). Revit Architecture , - . ,
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REVIT ARCHITECTURE
Revit Architecture , ,
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8

4
5

.2.1. Revit Architecture

1. , "", ""
"". , , "" "".
2. " " ,
. , .
3. .
,
.
4. - ,
, Revit. Revit
. ,
.
Modify ()>Properties
()>
Properties ().
View ()> Windows ()>User Interface ( )>Properties ().

Properties ().
Revit
.
5. .
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9

6.
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. 2.2.

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10

.
, . View ()> Windows ()

.
3.

>New>Project (>).
New Project ( ) (.3.1)
Tamplate file ( ) :
1. None ().
2. .
3. Create New ( )
Project ()
Project Template ( ) , .
"".
. , " ". .

.3.1.

,
, New Project (
).
.
11


. ,
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1.
>Options ().
2. File locations ( ).
3.
.
4. ( ).
5. ,
Open "". .
6. .

/.

4.
4.1.
. , .
,
.

-,
.

:
1. Architectura () Build () Wall ().
12

Place Wall ( )
(. . 4.1).

.4.1. Place Wall

2. Propeties ()
.
3. (.4.2) :
a) Location Line ( )
, :
Wall Centerline ( );
Core Centerline ( );
Finish Face: Exterior ( );
Finish Face: Interior (
);
Core Face: Exterior ( );
Core Face: Interior (
);
b) Height (). Unconnected () Unconnected
. ,
.
Depth ();
c) Offset () -
;
d) Chain (),
,
13

.4.2.

4. (Properties)
Base constraint. ,
. -,
Level ();
5. Draw () (.4.3),
:
,
, ;
Pick Lines ( )
, , , , , .
Pick Face ( ) ,
-,
.
- , <>.

.4.3. Draw

6. , ,
Selection () Modify ().
14


, , ,
.
.4.4.

.4.4.

4.1.

Constraints ()
Location Line

Location Line Offset


Base Constraint

. , Level 1.

Base Offset

Base Is Attached

,
.

Base Extension Distance


, .

Top Constraint

, " ".

Unconnected Height

, ,
.

15

4.1
Top Offset
( )

Top is Attached
( )

,
,

Top Extension Distance


( )

,
.

Room Bounding
( )

- . -
.

Related to Mass (
)

,
.

Structural

()

Structural Usage
( )

Dimensions ()
Length

()

( ).

Area ()

( ).

Volume ()

( ).

Identity Data

( )

Comments ()

Mark

, .

Categorize as
( )

, : .

Phasin

()

Phase Created ()

, .

Phase Demolished
( )

, .

16

4.2.
, ,


(.4.5).

.4.5.

/
, :
1. .
2. Modify Walls ( ) Modify
Wall Attach () Detach () .
3. - , ,
.

4.3.
,
,
:
1. Modify Walls
Edit Profile ( ).
, G View (
). Open View (
). . Modify Walls > Edit Profile.
17

2. ,
, .
3. , Wall
Finish Wall ( ).

.4.6.

,
Modify Walls
Reset Profile ( ).

4.4.
, () . :
1. Modify () Edit
Geometry ( ) Wall Joins ( ) (.4.7, ).
2. .
.
3. :
Butt () - (.4.7,);
Miter ()- . (.4.7,);
Squared off join ( ) . ,
(.4.7,)
18

4. , Modify.

.4.7.

, ,

(.4.8):
1. 1 2 .
2. Previous ()
Next (),
.
3.
Modify.

.4.8.


:
1. 1 2 .
2. Display () :
Clean Join ( )
. ,
19

. , ;
Dont Clean Join ( ) - ;
Use View Setting ( ) -
Wall Join Display ( )
.
,
Modify.
5.

5.1.
. . . -
.
.
:
1. Architectura () Build () Floor > Floor Architectural ( > ).
Create Floor Boundary ( ).
2. Draw (), : , Pick Walls ( ).
Offset ().
20

3. , Floor Finish Floor ( )


. .

5.2.
. .
(.5.1, ):
1. , 1 2 .
2. Create Floor Boundary Draw
Slope Arrow ( ) .
3.
Height Offset.
4. Finish Floor ( )

.5.1.

(.5.1, ):
, ,
:
1. , 1 2 .
2. , ,
21

Defines Slope ( )
Angle Slope ( ).
3. Floor Finish Floor. .5.1, .
2,
, .
Ceiling .

6.
.
, .
( , ,
) 600 600 600 * 1200 .
, (.6.1).

6.1.

:
1. .
2. Architectura ()>Build ()>Ceiling ().
Place Ceiling ( ).
3. Change Element
( ) .
4.
Height Offset From Level ( ).
5. Automatic Ceiling.
. .
22

.
, .

.6.1.

6.2.
, (.6.2):
1. 1-4 .
2. Ceiling Sketch Ceiling
(). Create Ceiling
Boundary ( ).
3. ,
Draw. .
4. Finish Ceiling
( ).

.6.2.

23

7.

7.1.
, , , .
.

.
1. < Ctrl>. .
2. . ,
, ,
. X Y
.
(). .
.
1. Modify
() ().
2. ,
Multiple ().
3.
, , .
4. 3 Multiple, Esc,
.
.
, 24

, .
Clipboard (
) .
:
1. , .
2. Modify <> Clipboard
:
Paste () .
.
Paste Aligned > Select Levels ( > )
. Select
Levels. , . Ctrl. .
Paste Aligned > Select Views (
> )
. Select Views. , .

<Ctrl>. .
Paste Aligned > Current View ( > . ,
.
Same Place ( )
.

, .
Paste Aligned > Pick Level Graphic (
> ).
.
, .
25

7.2.
.
Press & Drag ( ). ,
,
. ,
.
, , <Shift>. , .
,
,
.
, , <Shifl> .

, .

(
, ).
Move (). , ,
, .
1. Modify
Modify () Move ().
2. :
Constrain ( OPTO) -
.
26

Disjoin () - , , , .
,
. , Constraint.
() - .
Disjoin ()
Multiple (),

.
3. . .
. Cut (). .
( ) Cut ().

. , .
,
D-.

27

7.3.

, .
/ ,
.
, . D- .
:
1. Modify
Edit Rotate. .
2.
.
3. : (), ;
Disjoin (),
,
, .
4. .
5.

<Enter>. 4 5

Angle () <Enter>.

7.4.
.
:
1. Modify> Align ().
2. .
,
Prefer () : Wall faces ( c), Wall centerlines ( ), Faces Core
( ).
28

3. , .

7.5.
,
, .
1. Modify Offset ().
2. Graphical (), ,
Numerical (),
Offset. .
3. (), . ,
Ctrl.
4. , , . , .

7.6.
.
1. :
Modify > Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis ( >
), - ;
Mirror > Draw Mirror Axis (>
), .
, .
2. . , .
29

7.7.

.

.
1. ,
, Modify
Array ().
2. Linear ()
:
Group And Associate ( ) ,
.
, .
;
Number () - ;
Move () -
: 2nd- (.7.1,).
; Last () -
(.7.1,).
.

30

)
.7.1.

3. , (
).
,
.
,
(.7.1,).


.
1. , Modify Array ().
2. Radial ()
, , Associate,
Number Move to. , , .
3. ( ), (.7.2).

31

.7.2.

4. ,
Angle (),
.

,
. ,
(.7.3, ) (.7.3, ).
, .

.7.3.

7.8.
,
.
1. ,
Modify>Modify> Scale.
, ,
(.7.4).
2. .
32

3.
: Graphical () Numerical
().
4. 3 Graphical, ,
. , .
,
.
5. 3 Numerical (),

<t>.
6. . .
.

. 7.4.

7.9.

. Modify>Edit /:
1. Extend>Trim/Extend Single Element ( > /
) - / , .
, , / . 33

, .
.

.7.5. /

2. Extend>Trim/Extend Multiple Element ( > / ) - /


.
8.
.

.
, , .
.
, , .
, .

8.1.
Dimension ()
Annotate ().
34

.
Annotate Dimension :
1. Aligned () -
;
2. Linear () -
;
3. Radial (). , ;
4. Angular (). ,
;
5. Arc Length ( ). .
Baseline (.8.1.):
1. Annotate Dimension Aligned Linear.
Place Dimension.
2.
.
3. Dimension Styring Type Baseline.
4. .
5. .
6. ,
, .
7. , , ,
.

35

.8.1. Baseline


Continuous.
.

, ,
Dimension String ( ) -
Baseline. Dimension String (
) Continuous ().

.8.2. Continuous

8.2.
, , 3D (.8.3).
1. Annotate> Dimension>Spot Elevation.
36

2.
.
Leader (), Shoulder
(),
Display Elevations (
) - - .8.3.
: Actual
(Selected) Elevation ( ) -
; Top/Bottom Elevation
(/ ) - /
( ); & Bottom Elevation ( ) .
3. . Leader,
,
Shoulder .

8.3.
, , ,
, .

(.8.4). ( )
.
1. Annotate Dimension ()
Spot Slope ( ).

37

2.
:
Slope Representation ( ) - Arrow
Triangle.
.
Offset Reference (
) - - .8.4.

.
3. , ,
( ). - , ,
.
4. ,
.

8.4.
,
,
, , . ,
. , - .
.
(.8.5).
,
.
38

,
.

. 8.5.

(.8.6).

.

. , .
,
(.8.6, )

)
. 8.6.

(.8.7).
Aligned
LQ.
( EQ ). ( ) ,
, .
39

.8.7.

.
,
, EQ
.
,
Equality Display Value (.8.7,).


, ,
.

Unconstraint ( ).
,
.
Visibility/
Graphic (/) Annotation
Categories ( )
Constraints.
9. .

9.1.

,
, , , , .
(.9.1):
1. .
40

2. Architectura > Datum > Level


3. Line (Pick Line ) :
Make Plan View,
;
Offset
Lock (). .
4. . .
:
1.
() .
2. Plan
View Symbol End

Non Pan
View Symbol
.
3. .9.1.
:
,

.
,
,
Enter.
.
4. . , . .

9.2.

( ), 41

/. ,
.

.9.2.

:
1.
2. Architectura > Datum>Grid. , Grid.
3. .
4. , . Center
Segment:
Continue ;
None c ;
ustom c .
42

9.3. (,
)
3D,
.
2D,
. ,
3D 2D,
. 3D .
3D , Reset to 3D Extens ( 3
).
3 ,
2D
.
Maximize 3D Extents,
.
,
, Propagate
Extents, , .
10.
:
1. Architectura Build Column
Structural Column. ( > >
> ).
2. .
:
1. Multiple On Grids (>
).
, .
43

2. .
3. , , .
4. Multiple Finish (
> ).
5. (10.1).
6. Modify ().

.10.1.


Properties () ,
:
Base Level - ;
Base Offset - ;
Top Level - ;
Top Offset - ;
Type Properties .
:
1. Clipboard Copy ( >).
2. Clipboard > Paste > Aligned Select Levels (
> > ).
44

3. , Ctrl.
4. .
5. .
, ,
,
.
1. Modify
Columns Attach
().
2. , .
3. ,
Modify Columns
Detach ().
, .
11. ,

, - (.11.1):
1. Architectura () Build ()

Door/Window
(/). Place
Door/ Window ( /).
2.
Properties ().
, Mode >
Load Family ( ).
/ .
3. ,
45

.
<>.
,
.

.11.1. ,

, .
/ ,
(.11.2).

.11.2.

, / Modify Door/Windows Host ()


Pick Host ( ).
.
-
.
. .11.3, ,
.
46

, .
Host Pick Host
(. 11.3,).

.11.3.

()
Properties () ,
:
Level - , .
Sill Height - . () , .
.
Head Height ( ) -
, . .
Thickness () - .
Height () - ().
Width () - ().
(.11.4).

/ Tag on Placement ( )
, Leader (),
, . .
47

Type Mark (
),
/
,
/.
Mark (), /
.11.4. .


/.

12.
, .

.
12.1.

, , .
:
1. Architectura () Build () Roof > Roof by Extrusion
( > ).
2. Work Plane ( ) .
48

3. Roof Base Level and Offset (


)
.
. Create Extrusion Roof Profile ( ).
4. .
5. , Roof
() Finish Roof ( ).
6. ,
(.12.1).

, 2 , -
,
, .

.12.1.

, :
Reference Level ( ) - ,
;
Level Offset ( ) -
;
Extrusion Start/End (/ ) - /
49

. , . .
, .

12.2.
1. Architectura > Opening > Vertical
>Vertical
2. . Modify/Create Opening
Boundary.
3. Draw ,
.
4. ,
Mode > Finish Edit Mode. .

.12.2.

12.3.
, (.12.3). .

50

.12.3.

1. ,
.
2. Architectura () Build () Roof > Roof by Footprint
( > ).
3. ,
. . Create Roof Footprint ( ).
4. Defines Slope ( ), ,
.
5. , Draw (, , , , ).
: Pick Lines ( ), ick Walls (
).
6. 3 4 .
7. Selection Modify () ,
.

51

8. , .
,
.
9. , Roof
Finish Roof ( ).
.
, ,
, Slope Angle ( ),
, Specify (.)
Slope.
12.4.

, , .
,
.
.
, .
, , .
, , ,
. .
.
52

1. ( Define Slope
), Finish Roof.
2. Create Roof Footprint ( ) Draw Slope Arrow
( ) ,
Properties, Specify .
3. Height at Tail ( ) -
, Height Offset at Head
( ), , Length ();
4. Slope () -
Slope Angle ( ) Dimensions ().
5. , ,
. , ,
. , Slope,
. Height at Tail,
,
.

.12.4.

53

6. , Roof
Finish Roof ( ). .

(.12.5).
1. () , .
2. Create Roof Footprint Edit
Split ()
, . .
3. ,
, ,
Defines Slope ( ).

. 12.5.

4. Draw
Slope Arrow ( ) , ,
Properties ,
.
5.
, .
54

6. Finish Roof ( ).
.

12.5.

(.12.5):
1. ( Define Slope ).
2. Draw Slope Arrow
( )

.12.5.

Specify Height at Tail (


),
Height Offset at Head ( ).
3. , .
4. Roof Finish Roof. .

12.6.

1. Architectura Build
Roof by Footprint.
Create Roof Footprint.

55

2. , ( Define
Slope ).
3. Edit Split ()
, ,
.
4. Draw Slope Arrow
,
, :
Specify Slope ()
Slope;
Height Offset at Tail ( ) .
5. c , ce
.
6. Roof Finish Roof.

(.12.6).

.12.6.

13.
Revit Architecture .
( 56

, , .).

( L U-),
(.13.1).
,
()
.

, .

. 13.1. :
- ; - L-; U-;

13.1.
, , ,
(.13.2).
:
1. .
2. Architecture () Circulation
() Stair (). Create Stairs Sketch ( ).
57

3. , Draw ()
Line (), , Run ().
4.
. .
5. , .
. ,
, , , . , .
.
6. , Finish Stair ( ).

.13.2.

7. ,
Modify Stairs ( ) Modify Move (), .
8. Properties ( ) :
,
Base Level ( ) .
58

,
Base Offset ( ).
, Top
Level ( )
Offset ( )
. ,
, ,
Offset , .
:
a) (Width);
b) (Desired
Number of Risers);
c) (Actual read
Depth).

.13.3.

Edit Properties Risers, . Begin with


Riser ( ) End with Riser ( )
, (.13.3).
59

,

(Actual Number of Risers) ,

(Desired Number of Risers).
.

13.2.

,
(.13.4):
1. D-.
2. Architecture () Circulation
Stairs.
Create Stairs Sketch ( ).
3. Draw Run ()
Center-ends Arc ( ).

.13.4.

4. , .
360.
5.

.
6. , .
60

, .
7.
5 6.
8. ,
Stairs Finish Stairs. , (.13.4).

, .
, ,
.

13.3.

,
. , , . ,

(.13.5).
1. , .
, Modify Stair
( ) Edit () Edit Sketch ( ).
Modify Stair > Edit Sketch.
2. Draw () Sketch
() Boundary ()
.
3. Modify ,
, 2
, Delete .
61

4. , Finish Stair ( ). (.13.5) .

.13.5.

,
Multistory Level ( ). ,
.

, Create Stair Sketch
Tools Railings ( )
. , , .
.
14.

. .
, , , , .
, , .
, ,
62

, .
. , cpyypy
.

.
,
.
,
.
.
:
1.
Sheet (), New Sheet ( )
(.14.1,) View () Sheet
Composition ( ) Sheet
() (.14.1,).
2. New Sheet ( ) Select
a TitlBlock ( ) (.14.1,). , Load ()
Metric Library
Titleblocks .
3. . Sheets () , .

.14.1.
63

:
1. ,
.
2.
.
3. View Sheet Composition Place View. Views ()
Add View to Sheet (
).
.
.
2 3 . . ,
, .
,
.
,
.
. , .

, .
.
View Name ( ) - , , ;
Title in Sheet ( ) - ,
, ;
Detail Number ( ) -
. - 1;
Rotation on Sheet ( ) -
. 90 (90
64

Clockwise) (90 Counterclockwise).


, ;
View Scale ( ) - .

, .
Title () - .
, , .

Title in Sheet, View Scale Detail Number:
Show Title ( ) -
: Yes (), No (), When multiple
Viewports ( );
Show xtension Line ( ) - ;
Une Weight/Pattern (/ ) / , ;
Color () - .
,
.
.
Visibility/Craphic (/)
Annotation Categories ( )
View Titles ( ).
/ .
, (.14.3).
Activate View ( ) Modify
Viewports ( ) Viewport,
. . .

65

.14.2.

. 14.3. /

Deactivate View
( ) View
Sheet Composition.

1. , , .
. Autodesk Revit Architecture 2013-2014.
. .: , 2013.- 328 .
2. . Revit 2010:
. . .
. .: , 2009. - 628 .
3. Wing E. Autodesk Revit Architecture 2014: No Experience Re
quired. Autodesk Official Press/Sybex, 2013. - 984 .
66


...
1. Revit Architecture
1.1. .
1.2. Revit Architecture .
2. Revit Rrchitecture .
3.C
4. .
4.1.
4.2.
4.3.
4.4. ..
5. ..
5.1. ..
5.2.
6. ...
6.1. ..
6.2.
7. ...
7.1. .
7.2. .
7.3. ..
7.4.
7.5. ..
7.6. ..
7.7. ..
7.8.
7.9. ...
8. .
8.1. ..
8.2. ..
8.3.
8.4. .

67

3
4
4
5
8
11
12
12
17
17
18
20
20
21
22
22
23
24
24
26
28
28
29
29
30
32
33
34
34
36
37
38

9. . ..
9.1. ..
9.2. .
9.3. (, )..
10. ..
11. , .....
12. ..
12.1. .
12.2. ..
12.3. .
12.4. .
12.5. .
12.6.

13. .
13.1.
13.2. .
13.3.
14. .
.

68

40
40
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Autodesk Revit Architecture

Chiinu
2014
69