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ABSTRACT

ACCIDENT DETECTION USING GSM,GPS & MEMS

This project focuses on developing an embedded system to report information regarding


road vehicles accidents on highways automatically using MEMS and GSM modem and GPS.
The project consists of 8051 based micro-controller interfaced ADC, MEMS
accelerometer sensor, GSM Modem and GPS Module. The MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical
System) which consists of a 3-axis accelerometer which gives output based on three axis
movement. This setup is fixed on the vehicle and during normal movement (X-axis), the
accelerometer output is nearly constant. When any accident occurs the MEMS sensor gives
unbalanced or high axis output value (depends on vehicle tilt), and then the microcontroller
89S52 reads the value and expects for the normal movement output value again on same axis (Xaxis). The microcontroller commands the GSM modem and send a SMS to any predefined
numbers such as ambulance or police or any other numbers to intimate the accident. The location
parameters are also sent to predefined number using GPS Module.

HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS:
1

AT89S52

REGULATED POWER SUPPLY

MEMS Sensor MMA7260

ADC MCP3208

16*2 LCD Display

GSM MODEM

GPS MODULE

MUX CKT 74LS157

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS:
1

Keil Compiler

ucFlash

Embedded C Code

Block Diagram

MEMS
SENSOR
GSM
MODEM
GPS
MODULE

74LS15
7 MUX
CKT

ADC
MCP320
8
MAX232
INTERFAC
E

16*2 LCD
DISPLAY

89S52
MCU