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2/3/2015

PERHITUNGANPONDASI|KomunitasMahasiswaTeknikSipilUSMKelasKaryawan

KomunitasMahasiswaTeknikSipilUSMKelas
Karyawan

PERHITUNGANPONDASI
PostedonMaret8,2010byhandoko10
AnalisaDatadanPenyelidikanTanah
Pondasi merupakan struktur bawah yang berfungsi untuk meletakkan bangunan di atas tanah
danmeneruskanbebanketanahdasar.Untukituperludilaksanakanpenyelidikankondisitanah
padalokasiyangakandibangun.
DariHasilTesBoring(BoringLog)
Kedalaman0,00ms/d0,20mberupatanahuruganbatudansirtu.
Kedalaman0,20ms/d3,00mlapisantanahberupajenislempungkelanauanberwarnaabu
abu.
Kedalaman3,00ms/d5,00mlapisantanahberupapasirkelanauanberwarnaabuabu.
Kedalamanselanjutnyaberupalempungberwarnaabuabu.
DariHasilTesSondir
Sondirdilakukanpadalimatitiksondir,denganhasilsebagaiberikut:
Titiksondir1(S1)tanahkeras(qc=55kg/cm2)dikedalaman18,60m.
Titiksondir2(S2)tanahkeras(qc=50kg/cm2)dikedalaman18,60m.
Titiksondir3(S3)tanahkeras(qc=50kg/cm2)dikedalaman19,60m.
Titiksondir4(S4)tanahkeras(qc=50kg/cm2)dikedalaman18,60m.
Titiksondir5(S5)tanahkeras(qc=50kg/cm2)dikedalaman19,40m.
Dilihatdarilimamacamanalisadatatanahdiatas,makalapisantanahkerasyangpalingdalam
yaitupadakedalaman19,60mberupatanahlempungkelanauanberwarnaabuabu.
PemilihanJenisPondasi
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Dalammerencanakansuatustrukturbawahdarikonstruksibangunandapatdigunakanbeberapa
macamtipepondasi,pemilihantipepondasididasarkanpadahalhalsebagaiberikut:
Fungsibangunanatas
Besarnyabebandanberatdaribangunanatas
Keadaantanahdimanabangunantersebutakandidirikan
Jumlahbiayayangdikeluarkan
Pemilihantipepondasidalamperencanaaninitidakterlepasdarihalhaltersebutdiatas.Dari
pertimbanganhasilpenyelidikantanahdariaspekketinggiangedungdanbebandaristrukturdi
atasnya,makajenispondasiyangdigunakanadalahpondasitiangpancangdenganpenampang
bebentuklingkaran.
Adapunspesifikasidaritiangpancangtersebutadalah:
Mutubeton(fc)=25Mpa
Mutubaja(fy)=400Mpa
Ukuran=50cm

Luaspenampang=1962,5cm2
Keliling=157cm
PerhitunganDayaDukungTiangPancang
BerdasarkanKekuatanBahan
Tegangantekanbetonyangdiijinkanyaitu:
b=0,33.fc;fc=25Mpa=250kg/cm2
b=0,33.250=82,5kg/cm2
Ptiang=b.Atiang
Ptiang=82,5.1962,5=161906,25kg=161,906t
dimana:Ptiang=Kekuatanpikultiangyangdiijinkan
b=Tegangantekantiangterhadappenumbukan
Atiang=Luaspenampangtiangpancang
BerdasarkanHasilSondir
Dayadukungtiangdihitungdenganformulasebagaiberikut:

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image002.gif)
Dimana:qc=Nilaikonushasilsondir(kg/cm2)
Ap=Luaspermukaantiang(cm2)
Tf=Totalfriction(kg/cm)
As=Kelilingtiangpancang(cm)
DatahasilsondirS3untukkedalaman19,60m,didapatkan:
qc=50kg/cm2
Tf=1376kg/cm

Ptiang=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image004.gif)
=75914,733kg=75,915t
Sehinggadayadukungyangmenentukanadalahdayadukungberdasrkandatasondir,Ptiang=
75,915t~76t.
MenentukanJumlahTiangPancang
Untukmenentukanjumlahtiangpancangyangdibutuhkandigunakanrumusacuansebagai
berikut:

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image0021.gif)
Dimana:n=jumlahtiangpancangyangdibutuhkan
P=gayavertikal(t)
Ptiang=dayadukung1tiang(t)

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image0041.gif)
Gambar4.37DenahPondasi
Tabel4.39PerhitunganJumlahTiangPancang
Tiang

P(t)

Ptiang
(t)

Pembulatan

P1

139.897

76

1.841

P2

244.489

76

3.217

P3

221.046

76

2.909

P4

182.926

76

2.407

P5

155.869

76

2.051

P6

223.195

76

2.937

P7

337.106

76

4.436

P8

307.909

76

4.051

P9

294.281

76

3.872

211.856

76

2.788

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P10
P11

220.124

76

2.896

P12

318.799

76

4.195

P13

218.344

76

2.873

P14

182.241

76

2.398

P15

213.336

76

2.807

P16

196.017

76

2.579

P17

133.608

76

1.758

P18

234.393

76

3.084

P19

282.346

76

3.715

P20

185.102

76

2.436

P21

130.565

76

1.718

P22

230.095

76

3.028

P23

270.542

76

3.560

P24

160.972

76

2.118

P25

136.840

76

1.801

P26

241.257

76

3.174

P27

289.285

76

3.806

P28

157.370

76

2.071

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P29

95.562

76

1.257

P30

146.670

76

1.930

P31

167.866

76

2.209

P32

96.012

76

1.263

MenghitungEfisiensiKelompokTiangPancang

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image006.gif)
dimana:m=Jumlahbaris
n=Jumlahtiangsatubaris

=Arctan

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image008.gif)dalamderajat

d=Diametertiang(cm)
S=Jarakantartiang(cm)
syaratjarakantartiang
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image010.gif)atau
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image012.gif)
syaratjaraktiangketepi
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image014.gif)
Tipetipepoer(pilecap)yangdigunakandapatdilihatpadagambardibawahini:

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image016.gif)
Gambar4.38TipePondasi
Tabel4.40PerhitunganEfisiensiKelompokTiang
Poer

d
(cm)

S
(cm)

P1

50

125

21.801

0.242

P2

50

125

21.801

0.242

P3

50

125

21.801

0.242

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image018.gif)

Tabel4.41PerhitunganDayaDukungKelompokTiang
satu
tiang
(ton)

jumlah
tiang

dayadukung
group(ton)

cek

Poer

efisiensi

Ptiang
(ton)

Tipe1

0.758

76

57.590

230.360

>223.195
ton

Tipe2

0.717

76

54.522

327.129

>318.799
ton

Tipe3

0.677

76

51.453

463.079

>337.106
ton

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PerhitunganBebanMaksimumYangDiterimaOlehTiang

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image022.gif)
dimana:
Pmak=Bebanmaksimumyangditerimaolehtiangpancang(t)
SPv=Jumlahtotalbeban(t)
Mx=Momenyangbekerjapadabidangyangtegaklurussumbux
My=Momenyangbekerjapadabidangyangtegaklurussumbuy
n=Banyaknyatiangpancangdalamkelompoktiangpancang(pilegroup)
Xmak=Absisterjauhtiangpancangterhadaptitikberatkelompoktiang
Ymak=Ordinatterjauhtiangpancangterhadaptitikberatkelompoktiang
nx=Banyaknyatiangpancangdalamsatubarisdalamarahsumbux
ny=Banyaknyatiangpancangdalamsatubarisdalamarahsumbuy
Sx2=Jumlahkuadratabsisabsistiangpancang(m2)
Sy2=Jumlahkuadratordinatordinattiangpancang(m2)
PondasiTipe1

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image024.gif)
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Bebanmaksimumyangditerimapadapondasitipe1
SPv=223,195t
Mx=1,671tm
My=0,455tm
Xmak=62,5cm=0,625m
Ymak=62,5cm=0,625m
Sx2=(0,6252)+(0,6252)
=0,781m2
Sy2=(0,6252)+(0,6252)
=0,781m2
n=4
nx=2
ny=2
Pmak=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image026.gif)
=56,649t<P1tiang=57,590t
PondasiTipe2
Bebanmaksimumyangditerimapadapondasitipe2

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image028.gif)
SPv=318,799t
Mx=0,096tm
My=0,058tm
Xmak=125cm=1,25m
Ymak=62,5cm=0,625m
Sx2=(1,252)+(1,252)
=3,125m2
Sy2=(0,6252)+(0,6252)
=0,781m2
n=6
nx=3
ny=2

Pmak=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image030.gif)
=53,179t<P1tiang=54,522t
PondasiTipe3
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Bebanmaksimumyangditerimapadapondasitipe3

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image032.gif)
SPv=337,106t
Mx=0,022tm
My=2,062tm
Xmak=125cm=1,25m
Ymak=125cm=1,25m
Sx2=(1,252)+(1,252)
=3,125m2
Sy2=(1,252)+(1,252)
=3,125m2
n=9
nx=3
ny=3

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Pmak=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image034.gif)
=37,734t<P1tiang=51,453t
KontrolTerhadapGeserPons
4.8.7.1PileCapTipe1danTipe2
Karenakolomtidaktertumpupadapile,makaPyangdiperhitungkanadalahPkolom.
P=318,799t
h=0,7m

t=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image036.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image038.gif)

=87,582t/m2
=8,76kg/cm2<10,28kg/cm2
t<tijin=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image040.gif)(tebalpilecapcukup,sehingga
tidakmemerlukantulangangeserpons).
4.8.7.2PileCapTipe3
Karenakolomtertumpupadapile,makaPyangdiperhitungkanadalahPtiangpancang.
P=37,734t
h=0,7m

t=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image042.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image044.gif)

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=14,31t/m2
=1,431kg/cm2<10,28kg/cm2
t<tijin=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image0401.gif)(tebalpilecapcukup,sehingga
tidakmemerlukantulangangeserpons).
PenulanganTiangPancang
Penulangantiangpancangdihitungberdasarkankebutuhanpadawaktupengangkatantersebut
adaduakondisi,yaitusatutumpuandanduatumpuan.
KondisiI(DuaTumpuan)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image046.gif)
Gambar4.39KondisiPengangkatan1danMomenyangDitimbulkan
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image048.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image050.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image052.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image054.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image056.gif)
Dimana:q=Berattiangpancang
=
kg/m

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image058.gif)=471

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L=6m
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image060.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image062.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image064.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image066.gif)

Didapatkan:a=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image068.gif)
=1,243m
M1=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image070.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image072.gif)

=363,86kgm
Dmak=
=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image074.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image076.gif)

=1413kg
KondisiII(SatuTumpuan)

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image078.gif)
Gambar4.40KondisiPengangkatan2danMomenyangDitimbulkan
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image080.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image082.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image084.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image086.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image088.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image090.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image092.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image094.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image096.gif)

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image098.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image0521.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image101.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image103.gif)
Maka:
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image105.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image107.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image109.gif)

Didapatkan:a=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image111.gif)
=1,75m
M1=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image0701.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image113.gif)

=721,219kgm

D1=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image115.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image117.gif)

=831,176kg
Darikeduakondisidiatasdiambilyangpalingmenentukanyaitu:
M=721,219kgm
D=1413kg
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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image119.gif)
Gambar4.41PenampangTiangPancang
Datayangdigunakan:
Dimensitiang=50cm
Beratjenisbeton=2,4t/m3
fc=25Mpa
fy=400Mpa
h=500mm
p=70mm
tulangan=22mm
sengkang=8mm
d=hpsengkangtulangan
=50070811=411mm
d=p+sengkang+tulangan
=70+8+11=89mm
4.8.8.3TulanganMemanjangTiangPancang
Mu=721,219kgm=7,212kNm

kN/m2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image121.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image123.gif)
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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image125.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image127.gif)
Denganrumusabcdidapatkannilai=0,00027
Pemeriksaansyaratrasiopenulangan(min<<max)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image129.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image131.gif)
karena<minmakadipakaimin
As=.b.d.106
=0,0035.0,500.0,411.106
=719,25mm2
Digunakantulangan2D22(As=760mm2)
CekTerhadapTekuk
Dianggapkeduaujungsendi,diperolehhargak=1
r=0,3.h=0,3.500=150mm
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image133.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image135.gif)(K>20
makakelangsingandiperhitungkan)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image137.gif)

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image139.gif)
Ec=4700(fc)0.5=23500Mpa

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image141.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image143.gif)
Pu=56,649T=566,49KN

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image145.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image147.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image149.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image151.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image153.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image155.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image157.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image159.gif)
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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image161.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image163.gif)
a<ab,dipakairumus

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image165.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image167.gif)
DigunakanAsmin1%Ag=0,01.(1/4..(500)2)=1962,5mm
Digunakantulangan6D22(Asterpasang=2281mm2)
PenulanganGeserTiangPancang
Vu=1413kg=14130N

Vn=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image169.gif)N

Vc=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image171.gif)N
Periksavu>fvc:

vu=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image173.gif)MPa

vc=
MPa

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image175.gif)

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fvc=0,6x0,8333=0,50
vu<fvcdipakaitulanganpraktis
Digunakantulangansengkang8200.

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image177.gif)
Gambar4.42PenulanganTiangPancang
PenulanganPileCap
PileCapTipe1
Penulangandidasarkanpada:
P1=Pmak=56,649t
Mx=My=
35,406tm

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image179.gif)=

PenulanganArahx

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image181.gif)
Mu=35,406tm=354,06kNm
Tebalpelat(h)=700mm
Penutupbeton(p)=70mm
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Diametertulangan(D)=16mm
Tinggiefektifarahx(dx)=hpD
=70070.16
=622mm

kN/m2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image183.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1231.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image186.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image188.gif)
Denganrumusabcdidapatkannilai=0,00294
Pemeriksaansyaratrasiopenulangan(min<<max)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image190.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image192.gif)
<minmakadipakaimin
As=.b.d.106
=0,0035.1.0,622.106
=2177mm2
DipakaitulanganD1675(Asterpasang=2681mm2)
PenulanganArahy
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Mu=35,406tm=354,06kNm
Tebalpelat(h)=700mm
Penutupbeton(p)=70mm
Diametertulangan(D)=16mm
Tinggiefektifarahy(dy)=hpDxD
=7007016.16
=606mm

kN/m2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image194.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1232.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image196.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image198.gif)
Denganrumusabcdidapatkannilai=0,0031
Pemeriksaansyaratrasiopenulangan(min<<max)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1901.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1921.gif)
<minmakadipakaimin
As=.b.d.106
=0,0035.1.0,606.106
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=2121mm2
DipakaitulanganD1675(Asterpasang=2681mm2)
PileCapTipe2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image200.gif)
Penulangandidasarkanpada:
P1=Pmak=53,179t
Mx=
My=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image202.gif)=66,474tm
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image204.gif)=33,237tm

PenulanganArahx
Mu=66,474tm=664,74kNm
Tebalpelat(h)=700mm
Penutupbeton(p)=70mm
Diametertulangan(D)=19mm
Tinggiefektifarahx(dx)=hpD
=70070.19
=620,5mm

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image206.gif)

kN/m2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1233.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image208.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image210.gif)
Denganrumusabcdidapatkannilai=0,0057
Pemeriksaansyaratrasiopenulangan(min<<max)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1902.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1922.gif)
min<<maxmakadipakai
As=.b.d.106
=0,0057.1.0,6205.106
=3538,62mm2
DipakaitulanganD1975(Asterpasang=3780mm2)
PenulanganArahy
Mu=33,237tm=332,37kNm
Tebalpelat(h)=700mm
Penutupbeton(p)=70mm
Diametertulangan(D)=19mm
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Tinggiefektifarahy(dy)=hpDxD
=7007019.19
=601,5mm

kN/m2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image213.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1234.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image215.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image217.gif)
Denganrumusabcdidapatkannilai=0,00295
Pemeriksaansyaratrasiopenulangan(min<<max)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1903.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1923.gif)
<minmakadipakaimin
As=.b.d.106
=0,0035.1.0,6015.106
=2105,25mm2
DipakaitulanganD19125(Asterpasang=2268mm2)

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image219.gif)
PileCapTipe3
Penulangandidasarkanpada:
P1=Pmak=37,734t
Mx=My=
tm

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image221.gif)=47,168

PenulanganArahx
Mu=47,168tm=471,68kNm
Tebalpelat(h)=700mm
Penutupbeton(p)=70mm
Diametertulangan(D)=19mm
Tinggiefektif(d)=hpD
=70070.19
=620,5mm

kN/m2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image223.gif)

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1235.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image225.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image227.gif)
Denganrumusabcdidapatkannilai=0,00398
Pemeriksaansyaratrasiopenulangan(min<<max)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1904.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1924.gif)
min<<maxmakadipakai
As=.b.d.106
=0,00398.1.0,6205.106
=2467,68mm2
DipakaitulanganD19100(Asterpasang=2835mm2)
PenulanganArahy
Mu=47,168tm=471,68kNm
Tebalpelat(h)=700mm
Penutupbeton(p)=70mm
Diametertulangan(D)=19mm
Tinggiefektifarahy(dy)=hpDxD
=7007019.19
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=601,5mm

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image229.gif)

kN/m2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1236.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image231.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image233.gif)
Denganrumusabcdidapatkannilai=0,00424
Pemeriksaansyaratrasiopenulangan(min<<max)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1905.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1925.gif)
min<<maxmakadipakai
As=.b.d.106
=0,00424.1.0,6015.106
=2553,06mm2
DipakaitulanganD19100(Asterpasang=2835mm2)
PerhitunganTieBeam

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image235.gif)
Ukuransloof600x400cm
Datatanah:f=29,326o
c=0,115kg/cm2=1,15t/m2=11,5kPa
g=1,758t/m3
Tanahtersebutdidefinisikansebagaitanahsangatlunakkarenac<18kPa,sehinggauntuk
menghitungqudigunakanrumussebagaiberikut:
qu=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image237.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image239.gif)t/m2

c=
go=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image241.gif)=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image243.gif)=17,246t/m3
Daritabelfaktorkapasitasdukungtanah(Terzaghi),diperoleh:
f=29,326oNc=18,4
Nq=7,9
Ng=5,4
qu=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image245.gif)
=16,185t/m2
Beratsendiri=
0,576t/m

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image247.gif)=

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q=
t/m

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image249.gif)=7,054

PerhitunganGayaDalam

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image251.gif)
Gambar4.43DenahTieBeam
PerhitungangayadalamuntukS1
Perhitunganmomen
Mtump=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image253.gif)=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image255.gif)=26,388tm

Mlap=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image257.gif)=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image259.gif)=13,194tm
Perhitungangayalintang
Dtump=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image261.gif)=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image263.gif)=23,631t
Dlap=Dberjarak1/5Ldariujungbalok

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image265.gif)=14,179t

Untukperhitungangayadalamtiebeamlainnyaditabelkansebagaiberikut:
Tabel4.42GayaDalampadaTieBeam
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Sloof

PERHITUNGANPONDASI|KomunitasMahasiswaTeknikSipilUSMKelasKaryawan

L
(m)

0.5*L

1/5*L

q
(kg/m)

Momen

Gaya
Lintang

Mtump

Mlap.

Tump.

Lap.

(kgm)

(kgm)

(kg)

(kg)

S1

6.7

3.35

1.340

7.054

26.388

13.194

23.631

14.179

S2

5.45

2.725

1.090

7.054

17.460

8.730

19.222

11.533

S2

5.25

2.625

1.050

7.054

16.202

8.101

18.517

11.110

S3

1.600

7.054

37.621

18.811

28.216

16.930

S4

1.200

7.054

21.162

10.581

21.162

12.697

S5

3.5

1.75

0.700

7.054

7.201

3.600

12.345

7.407

S5

2.75

1.375

0.550

7.054

4.445

2.223

9.699

5.820

S5

2.5

1.25

0.500

7.054

3.674

1.837

8.818

5.291

PerhitunganPenulanganTieBeam
PenulanganS1
a)TulanganLentur
Mtump=26,388kgm=263,88kNm
Mlap=13,194kgm=131,94kNm
Tinggisloof(h)=600mm
Lebarsloof(b)=400mm
Penutupbeton(p)=40mm
Diametertulangan(D)=22mm
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Diametersengkang()=10mm
Tinggiefektif(d)=hpD
=6004010.22
=539mm
d=p++D
=40+12+.22
=61mm
fc=25Mpa
fy=400Mpa
TulanganTumpuan
Mu=263,88kNm

kN/m2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image267.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1237.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image269.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image271.gif)
Denganrumusabcdidapatkannilai=0,0076
Pemeriksaansyaratrasiopenulangan(min<<max)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1291.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1311.gif)
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karenamin<<maxmakadipakai
Dipakaitulangantekan2D22(Asterpasang=As2=760mm2)
As1=.b.d.106
=0,0076.0,40.0,539.106
=1648,490mm2
As=As1+As2
=1630,835+760
=2408,490mm2
Digunakantulangantarik7D22(As=2661mm2)
TulanganLapangan
Mu=13,194kNm

kN/m2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image273.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1238.gif)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image275.gif)
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image277.gif)
Denganrumusabcdidapatkannilai=0,0037
Pemeriksaansyaratrasiopenulangan(min<<max)

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1292.gif)

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(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1312.gif)
karenamin<<maxmakadipakai
Dipakaitulangantekan2D22(Asterpasang=As2=760mm2)
As1=.b.d.106
=0,0037.0,40.0,544.106
=792,349mm2
As=As1+As2
=792,349+760
=1552,349mm2
Digunakantulangantarik5D22(As=1901mm2)
Periksalebarbalok
Maksimaltulanganyanghadirsepenampangadalah7D22,denganposisi2lapis(5D22untuk
lapisdasardan2D22untuklapiskedua)
Jarakminimumtulanganyangdisyaratkanadalah25mm.
Lebarbalokminimum:
2xp=2x40=80mm
2xsengkang=2x10=20mm
5xD22=5x22=110mm
4xjrkmintul=4x25=100mm
Total=310mm
Jadilebarbaloksebesar400mmcukupmemadai.
b)TulanganGeser
TulanganGeserTumpuan
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Vu=23,631t=236309,00N

Vn=
MPa

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image279.gif)

Vc=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image281.gif)MPa
Vs=VnVc=393848,33179666,67=214181,67N
Periksavu>fvc:
vu=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image283.gif)

MPa
vc=
MPa

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1751.gif)

fvc=0,6x0,8333=0,50
vu<fvcperlutulangangeser
Periksafvs>fvsmak:
fvs=vufvc=1,0960,50=0,596Mpa
fc=25MPafvsmaks=2,00(Tabelnilaifvsmaks,CUR1hal129)
fvs>fvsmakOK
Perencanaansengkang

mm2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image285.gif)

Digunakantulangansengkang=10mm,luasduakakiAs=557mm2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image287.gif)mm
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smax=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image289.gif)mm

Digunakantulangansengkang10150.

Sengkangminimumperlu=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image291.gif)mm2
Luassengkangterpasang157mm2>50mm2
Tulangansengkang10150bolehdipakai.
TulanganGeserLapangan
Vu=14,178540t=141785,40N

Vn=
MPa

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image293.gif)

Vc=
(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image2811.gif)MPa
Vs=VnVc=236309,00179666,67=56642,33N
Periksavu>fvc:
vu=
MPa

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image296.gif)

vc=
MPa

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image1752.gif)

fvc=0,6x0,8333=0,50
vu<fvcperlutulangangeser
Periksafvs>fvsmak:
fvs=vufvc=0,6580,50=0,158Mpa
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fc=25MPafvsmaks=2,00(Tabelnilaifvsmaks,CUR1hal129)
fvs>fvsmakOK
Perencanaansengkang

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image299.gif)

mm2

Digunakantulangansengkang=10mm,luasduakakiAs=157mm2

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image301.gif)mm
smax=
mm

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image2891.gif)

Digunakantulangansengkang10250.

Sengkangminimumperlu=

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image304.gif)mm2
Luassengkangterpasang226mm2>83,33mm2
Tulangansengkang10250bolehdipakai.

(https://sipilusm.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/clip_image306.gif)
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