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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL ............................. i


LEMBAR PENGESAHAN .................................. ii
PERNYATAAN ................................................................................................... iii
PEDOMAN PENGGUNAAN SKRIPSI ............................................................. iv
KATA PENGANTAR .......................................................................................... v
DAFTAR ISI....................... vii
DAFTAR SINGKATAN DAN LAMBANG ....................................................... x
DAFTAR GAMBAR .......................... xi
DAFTAR TABEL ..................... xii
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN.......................... xiii
ABSTRAK......................................................................................................... xiv
ABSTRACT........................................................................................................ xv
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang ....................... 1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah ...................... 3
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ........................... 3
1.4 Manfaat Penelitian.......................... 3
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA
2.1 Limbah Cair Tahu .......................... 4
2.2 Nata de Soya........................... 5
2.3 Membran ........................ 6
2.4 Selulosa Asetat ........................... 7
2.5 Karakterisasi Selulosa Asetat ..................................................................... 9
2.5.1 Analisis kadar asetil .............................. 9
2.5.2 Analisis gugus fungsi.............................. 10
2.5.3 Penentuan massa molekul relatif ........................... 10
2.6 Membran Selulosa Asetat ........................ 11
2.7 Polistirena......................... 12
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2.8 Poli(etilena glikol)............................ 13


2.9 Membran Komposit ............................. 14
2.10 Pencirian Membran ........................ 14
BAB III METODE PENELITIAN
3.1 Waktu dan Tempat Penelitian ......................... 18
3.2 Alat dan Bahan ............................. 18
3.2.1 Alat ........................... 18
3.2.2 Bahan ............................ 18
3.3 Prosedur Penelitian........................... 18
3.3.1 Pembuatan nata de soya............................. 18
3.3.2 Pembuatan serbuk SB/selulosa bakteri .............................. 19
3.3.3 Penetapan kadar air................................ 19
3.3.4 Pembuatan selulosa asetat.............................. 20
3.3.5 Karakterisasi selulosa asetat............................................................... 20
3.3.5.1 Penetapan kadar asetil .............................. 20
3.3.5.2 Analisis gugus fungsi ....................... 21
3.3.5.3 Penentuan massa molekul relatif selulosa asetat ...........................21
3.3.6 Pembuatan membran komposit SA-PS-PEG ........................... 22
3.3.7 Karakterisasi membran komposit SA-PS-PEG .................................... 22
3.3.7.1 Uji fluks air................................ 22
3.3.11 Uji kekuatan tarik ............................... 23
BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN
4.1 Selulosa Mikrobial Nata de Soya ............................................................ 24
4.2 Selulosa Asetat ......................................................................................... 27
4.3 Karakteristik Selulosa Asetat .................................................................. 30
4.3.1 Kadar asetil selulosa asetat ................................................................. 30
4.3.2 Gugus fungsi ....................................................................................... 31
4.3.3 Massa molekul relatif selulosa asetat.................................................. 34
4.4 Membran Komposit Selulosa Asetat-Polistirena-PEG ............................ 35
4.5 Karakterisasi Membran Komposit SA-PS-PEG....................................... 38
4.5.1 Uji fluks air ......................................................................................... 38
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4.5.2 Uji kuat tarik ...................................................................................... 39


BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN
5.1 Kesimpulan ................................................................................................... 41
5.2 Saran.............................................................................................................. 41
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ........................ 42
LAMPIRAN .................................. 48
CURICULUM VITAE........................................................................................ 71

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DAFTAR SINGKATAN DAN LAMBANG


SINGKATAN

Nama

Pemakaian
pertama kali
pada halaman
9

DS

Derajat Substitusi

CH3COOH

Asam asetat

18

FTIR

Fourier Transform Infra Red

10

HCl

Asam klorida

10

H2SO4

Asam sulfat

KBr

Kalium bromida

NaOH

Natrium Hidroksida

SA

Selulosa Asetat

SB

Selulosa Bakteri

SNI

Standar Nasional Indonesia

PEG

Poli Etilen Glikol

PS

Polistirena

(NH4)2SO4

Ammonium Sulfat

8
21

31

18

LAMBANG

Lamda

21

Derajat celcius

12

Eta

10

DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar 2.1

Struktur selulosa ....................................................... 8

Gambar 2.2

Struktur polistirena ......................... 12

Gambar 2.3

Struktur poli(etilena glikol) .................... 13

Gambar 2.4

Skema uji tarik.................................... 16

Gambar 2.5

Kurva standar uji tarik ........................... 17

Gambar 4.1

Nata de soya ........................................................................... 26

Gambar 4.2

Serbuk selulosa mikrobial kering ........................................... 27

Gambar 4.3

Mekanisme reaksi asetilasi ..................................................... 29

Gambar 4.4

Serbuk aelulosa asetat............................................................. 30

Gambar 4.5

Spektrum FTIR selulosa mikrobial nata de soya.................... 32

Gambar 4.6

Spektrum FTIR selulosa asetat nata de soya .......................... 32

Gambar 4.7

Membran komposit selulosa asetat-polistirena-PEG.............. 37

Gambar 4.8

Grafik fluks air membran komposit perendaman air


suhu kamar, 45C, dan 60C ................................................... 39

Gambar 4.9

Potonga dayung membran komposit SA-PS PEG ................. 40

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DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel 2.1

Kelarutan Selulosa Asetat................................. 9

Tabel 2.2

Kasifikasi Membran berdasarkan Nilai Fluks dan Tekanan ...15

Tabel 4.1

Hasil Analisis Selulosa Mikrobial dan Selulosa Asetat


Nata de Soya........................................................................... 34

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN
Lampiran A Skema Kerja ............................... 48
Lampiran B Pembuatan Larutan Pereaksi........................................................... 55
Lampiran C Pengukuran Kadar Air Selulosa Mikrobial..................................... 56
Lampiran D Karakteristik Selulosa Asetat.......................................................... 57
Lampiran E Karakteristik Membran Komposit SA-PS-PEG.............................. 62
Lampiran F Foto Hasil Penelitian ....................................................................... 66

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