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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.............................................................................................i
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN...................................................................................ii
LEMBAR PERSETUJUAN PUBLIKASI ILMIAH.............................................iii
FORM PERNYATAAN PLAGIARISME.............................................................iv
KATA PENGANTAR............................................................................................v
ABSTRAK............................................................................................................vii
DAFTAR ISI..........................................................................................................viii
DAFTAR TABEL..................................................................................................xi
DAFTAR GAMBAR.............................................................................................xiv
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN..........................................................................................xv
BAB I PENDAHULUAN.....................................................................................I-1
1.1..................................................................................................................Latar
Belakang..................................................................................................I-1
1.2..................................................................................................................Masalah
dan Batasan Masalah...............................................................................I-3
1.3..................................................................................................................Tujuan
.................................................................................................................I-3
1.4..................................................................................................................Manfaat
.................................................................................................................I-3
1.5..................................................................................................................Metodol
ogi............................................................................................................I-4
1.5.1. Metode Pengambilan Data......................................................................I-4
1.5.1.1..................................................................................................................Metode
Observasi.................................................................................................I-4
1.5.1.2..................................................................................................................Metode
Studi Literatur.........................................................................................I-4
1.5.1.3..................................................................................................................Metode
Wawancara..............................................................................................I-4
1.5.2. Metode Pengolahan Data........................................................................I-4
1.6..................................................................................................................Sistemat
ika Penulisan...........................................................................................I-5
BAB II LANDASAN TEORI...............................................................................II-1
2.1.
Jaringan Distribusi...................................................................................II.1
2.1.1. Jaringan Distribusi Primer.......................................................................II-2
2.1.2. Jaringan Distribusi Sekunder..................................................................II-5
2.2.
Saluran Distribusi....................................................................................II-5
2.2.1. Saluran Udara..........................................................................................II-5
2.2.2. Saluran Bawah Tanah..............................................................................II-6
2.3
Pengertian Pengaman..............................................................................II-7
2.3.1
Zona Proteksi...........................................................................................II-9
2.4.
Peralatan Proteksi....................................................................................II-10
2.4.1
Pemutus Beban........................................................................................II-10
2.4.1.1. Circuit Breaker (CB)...............................................................................II-10
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2.4.1.2.
2.4.1.4.
2.4.2.
2.4.2.1.
2.4.2.2.
2.4.2.3.
2.4.2.4.
2.5.
2.6.
2.7.
2.8.
2.8.1.
2.8.2.
2.8.3.
2.9.
2.9.1.
2.9.2.
2.10.

Saklar Pemutus Beban (Load Break Switch)...........................................II-11


Recloser...................................................................................................II-17
Pemutus Beban (Disconnecting Switch).................................................II-17
Air Break Switch (ABS)..........................................................................II-17
Sekering Pemisah (Fuse Cut Out)...........................................................II-17
Relay........................................................................................................II-18
Sectionalizer............................................................................................II-18
Pembumian..............................................................................................II-18
Pengertian Umum SCADA.....................................................................II-19
Fault Indicator (FI).................................................................................II-24
Gangguan pada Sistem Tenaga Listrik....................................................II-26
Tegangan Lebih (Over Voltage)..............................................................II-26
Hubung Singkat.......................................................................................II-27
Beban Lebih (Over Load).......................................................................II-28
Perhitungan Impedansi dan Arus Hubung Singkat.................................II-28
Perhitungan Impedansi............................................................................II-29
Perhitungan Arus Gangguan Hubung Singkat........................................II-33
Perhitungan Setting Arus Fault Indicator (FI)........................................II-34

BAB III PEMBAHASAN DAN ANALISA.........................................................III-1


3.1.
Data Teknis..............................................................................................III-1
3.1.1. Data Transformator III Gardu Induk Nusa Dua......................................III-1
3.1.2. Single Line Diagram Penyulang Kampus...............................................III-2
3.1.3. Data Penghantar di Penyulang Kampuus GI Nusa Dua..........................III-2
3.1.4. Data Setting Fault Indicator (FI) pada LBS Kampial dan LBS Kutuh. .III-4
3.2.
Pembahasan.............................................................................................III-4
3.2.1. Impedansi Sumber...................................................................................III-5
3.2.2. Perhitungan Impedansi Transformator Tenaga........................................III-5
3.2.2.1. Impedansi Urutan Positif dan Negatif (ZT1 = ZT2)....................................III-5
3.2.2.1. Impedansi urutan nol (ZT0).......................................................................III-6
3.2.3. Nilai Tahanan Pembumian (NGR)..........................................................III-6
3.2.4. Perhitungan Impedansi Penyulang..........................................................III-6
3.2.4.1 Impedansi Jaringan Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z1 = Z2)........................III-6
3.2.4.2. Impedansi Jaringan Urutan Nol (Z0).......................................................III-12
3.2.5. Perhitungan Impedansi Equivalent..........................................................III-17
3.2.5.1. Perhitungan Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif
(Z1eq = Z2eq)..............................................................................................III-17
3.2.5.2. Perhitungan Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Nol (Z0eq).............................III-22
3.2.6. Perhitungan Arus Gangguan Hubung Singkat........................................III-28
3.2.6.1. Perhitungan Arus Gangguan Hubung Singkat 3 Phasa...........................III-28
3.2.6.2. Perhitungan Arus Gangguan Hubung Singkat 2 Phasa...........................III-29
3.2.6.3. Perhitungan Arus Gangguan Hubung Singkat 1 Phasa ke Tanah............III-28
3.2.7. Pemeriksaan Kerja Fault Indicator (FI) sebelum Dilakukan Perhitungan
Setelan OC (Over Current), OCM (Over Current Moment), dan EF
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(Earth Fault)............................................................................................III-34
3.2.7.1. Pemeriksaan Kerja Fault Indicator (FI) sebelum Dilakukan
Perhitungan Setelan OC (Over Current), OCM (Over Current Moment),
dan EF (Earth Fault) pada LBS Kampial...............................................III-34
3.2.7.2. Pemeriksaan Kerja Fault Indicator (FI) sebelum Dilakukan
Perhitungan Setelan OC (Over Current) dan EF (Earth Fault) pada
LBS Kutuh...............................................................................................III-35
3.2.8. Perhitungan Setelan OC (Over Current), OCM (Over Current Moment),
dan EF (Earth Fault) Fault Indicator (FI)..............................................III-37
3.2.8.1. Perhitungan Setelan OC (Over Current), OCM (Over Current Moment),
dan EF (Earth Fault) Fault Indicator (FI) pada LBS Kampial...............III-37
3.2.8.2..................................................................................................................Perhitun
gan Setelan OC (Over Current), OCM (Over Current Moment),
dan EF (Earth Fault) Fault Indicator (FI) pada LBS Kutuh...................III-39
3.2.9. Pemeriksaan Kerja Fault Indicator (FI) setelah Dilakukan Perhitungan
Setelan OC (Over Current) OCM (Over Current Moment), dan EF
(Earth Fault) pada LBS Kampial dan LBS Kutuh..................................III-41
3.2.9.1. Pemeriksaan Kerja Fault Indicator (FI) setelah Dilakukan Perhitungan
Setelan OC (Over Current), OCM (Over Current Moment), dan EF
(Earth Fault) pada LBS Kampial............................................................III-41
3.2.9.2 Pemeriksaan Kerja Fault Indicator (FI) setelah Dilakukan Perhitungan
Setelan OC (Over Current) dan EF (Earth Fault) pada LBS Kutuh.......III-44
3.3.
Analisa Pemeriksaan Kerja Fault Indicator (FI) sebelum dan sesudah
Dilakukan Perhitungan Setelan OC (Over Current), OCM (Over Current
Moment), dan EF (Earth Fault) pada LBS Kampial dan LBS Kutuh....III-46
3.3.1. Analisa Pemeriksaan Kerja Fault Indicator (FI) sebelum Dilakukan
Perhitungan Setelan OC (Over Current), OCM (Over Current Moment),
dan EF (Earth Fault) pada LBS Kampial dan LBS Kutuh.....................III-46
3.3.2. Analisa Pemeriksaan Kerja Fault Indicator (FI) sesudah Dilakukan
Perhitungan Setelan OC (Over Current), OCM (Over Current Moment),
dan EF (Earth Fault) pada LBS Kampial dan LBS Kutuh.....................III-47
BAB IV KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN...............................................................IV-1
4.1.
Kesimpulan..............................................................................................IV-1
4.2
Saran........................................................................................................IV-2
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 3.1
Tabel 3.2
Tabel 3.3
Tabel 3.4
Tabel 3.5
Tabel 3.6
Tabel 3.7

Data Transformator III GI Nusa Dua.................................................III-1


Data Penghantar dari GI Nusa Dua sampai ke LBS Kampial
(Seksi I).............................................................................................III-2
Data Penghantar dari LBS Kampial sampai ke Recloser Feeder
STP (Seksi II)....................................................................................III-3
Data Penghantar dari Recloser Feeder STP sampai ke LBS Kutuh
(Seksi III)...........................................................................................III-3
Data Penghantar dari LBS Kutuh sampai ke LBS MIPA
(Seksi IV)...........................................................................................III-3
Data Penghantar dari LBS Kutuh sampai ke LBS Fakultas Sastra
(Seksi V)............................................................................................III-4
Data Setting Fault Indicator (FI) pada LBS Kampial dan LBS
Kutuh.................................................................................................III-4

Tabel 3.8

Impedansi Urutan Positif/Negatif (Z1 = Z2) dari GI Nusa Dua sampai


LBS Kampial (Seksi I).......................................................................III-7

Tabel 3.9

Impedansi Urutan Positif/Negatif (Z1 = Z2) dari LBS Kampial sampai


Recloser Feeder STP (Seksi II)..........................................................III-7

Tabel 3.10 Impedansi Urutan Positif/Negatif (Z1 = Z2) dari Recloser Feeder STP
sampai LBS Kutuh (Seksi III)............................................................III-7
Tabel 3.11 Impedansi Urutan Positif/Negatif (Z1 = Z2) dari LBS Kutuh sampai
LBS MIPA (Seksi IV).........................................................................III-7
Tabel 3.12 Impedansi Urutan Positif/Negatif (Z1 = Z2) dari LBS Kutuh sampai
LBS Fakultas Sastra (Seksi V)...........................................................III-8
Tabel 3.13 Impedansi Urutan Positif/Negatif (Z1 = Z2) dari GI Nusa Dua sampai
LBS Kampial (Seksi I) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang Jaringan....III-8
Tabel 3.14 Impedansi Urutan Positif/Negatif (Z1 = Z2) dari LBS Kampial sampai
Recloser Feeder STP (Seksi II) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang
Jaringan...............................................................
...................................................................III-9
Tabel 3.15 Impedansi Urutan Positif/Negatif (Z1 = Z2) dari Recloser Feeder STP
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sampai LBS Kutuh (Seksi III) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang


Jaringan...............................................................................................III-10
Tabel 3.16 Impedansi Urutan Positif/Negatif (Z1 = Z2) dari LBS Kutuh sampai
LBS MIPA (Seksi IV) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang Jaringan.....III-10
Tabel 3.17 Impedansi Urutan Positif/Negatif (Z1 = Z2) dari LBS Kutuh sampai
LBS Fakultas Sastra (Seksi V) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang
Jaringan...............................................................................................III-11
Tabel 3.18 Impedansi Urutan Nol (Z0) dari GI Nusa Dua sampai LBS Kampial
(Seksi I)..............................................................................................III-12
Tabel 3.19 Impedansi Urutan Nol (Z0) dari LBS Kampial sampai Recloser
Feeder STP (Seksi II).........................................................................III-12
Tabel 3.20 Impedansi Urutan Nol (Z0) dari Recloser Feeder STP sampai LBS
Kutuh (Seksi III).................................................................................III-12
Tabel 3.21 Impedansi Urutan Nol (Z0) dari LBS Kutuh sampai LBS MIPA
(Seksi IV)............................................................................................III-13
Tabel 3.22 Impedansi Urutan Nol (Z0) dari LBS Kutuh sampai LBS Fakultas
Sastra (Seksi V)..................................................................................III-14
Tabel 3.23 Impedansi Urutan Nol ( Z0 ) dari GI Nusa Dua sampai LBS Kampial
(Seksi I) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang Jaringan...........................III-13
Tabel 3.24 Impedansi Urutan Nol ( Z0 ) dari LBS Kampial sampai Recloser
Feeder STP (Seksi II) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang Jaringan......III-14
Tabel 3.25 Impedansi Urutan Nol ( Z0 ) dari Recloser Feeder STP sampai LBS
Kutuh (Seksi III) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang Jaringan.............III-15
Tabel 3.26 Impedansi Urutan Nol ( Z0 ) dari LBS Kutuh sampai LBS MIPA
(Seksi IV) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang Jaringan........................III-15
Tabel 3.27 Impedansi Urutan Nol ( Z0 ) dari LBS Kutuh sampai LBS Fakultas
Sastra (Seksi V) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang Jaringan...............III-16
Tabel 3.28 Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z1eq = Z2eq ) dari
GI Nusa Dua sampai LBS Kampial (Seksi I).....................................III-17
Tabel 3.29 Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z1eq = Z2eq ) dari
LBS Kampial sampai Recloser Feeder STP (Seksi II).......................III-18
Tabel 3.30 Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z1eq = Z2eq ) dari
Recloser Feeder STP sampai LBS Kutuh (Seksi III).........................III-19
Tabel 3.31 Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z1eq = Z2eq ) dari
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LBS Kutuh sampai LBS MIPA (Seksi IV).........................................III-21


Tabel 3.32 Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z1eq = Z2eq ) dari
LBS Kutuh sampai LBS Fakultas Sastra (Seksi V)............................III-22
Tabel 3.33 Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z0 ) dari GI Nusa
Dua sampai LBS Kampial (Seksi I) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang
Jaringan...............................................................................................III-23
Tabel 3.34 Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z0 ) dari LBS
Kampial sampai Recloser Feerder STP (Seksi II) Berdasarkan
Persentase Panjang Jaringan...............................................................III-24
Tabel 3.35 Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z0 ) dari Recloser
Feeder STP sampai LBS Kutuh (Seksi III) Berdasarkan Persentase
Panjang Jaringan.................................................................................III-25
Tabel 3.36 Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z0 ) dari LBS
Kutuh sampai LBS MIPA (Seksi IV) Berdasarkan Persentase Panjang
Jaring..................................................................................................III-26
Tabel 3.37 Impedansi Equivalent Urutan Positif dan Negatif (Z0 ) dari LBS
Kutuh sampai LBS Fakultas Sastra (Seksi V) Berdasarkan Persentase
Panjang Jaringan.................................................................................III-27
Tabel 3.38 Arus Gangguan Hubung Singkat 3 Phasa, 2 Phasa, dan 1 Phasa ke
Tanah dari GI Nusa Dua sampai LBS Kampial (Seksi I)...................III-31
Tabel 3.39 Arus Gangguan Hubung Singkat 3 Phasa, 2 Phasa, dan 1 Phasa ke
Tanah dari LBS Kampial sampai Recloser Feeder STP (Seksi II).....III-31
Tabel 3.40 Arus Gangguan Hubung Singkat 3 Phasa, 2 Phasa, dan 1 Phasa ke
Tanah dari Recloser Feeder STP sampai Kutuh (Seksi III)...............III-32
Tabel 3.41 Arus Gangguan Hubung Singkat 3 Phasa, 2 Phasa, dan 1 Phasa ke
Tanah dari LBS Kutuh sampai LBS MIPA (Seksi IV).......................III-33
Tabel 3.42 Arus Gangguan Hubung Singkat 3 Phasa, 2 Phasa, dan 1 Phasa ke
Tanah dari LBS Kutuh sampai LBS Fakultas Sastra (Seksi V)..........III-33
Tabel 3.43 Setelan OC (Over Current), OCM (Over Current Moment), dan EF
(Earth Fault) Fault Indicator (FI) pada LBS Kampial dan LBS
Kutuh..................................................................................................III-41

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DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar 2.1
Penyaluran Tenaga Listrik..........................................................II-1
Gambar 2.2
Jaringan Distribusi Primer..........................................................II-2
Gambar 2.3
Jaringan Distribusi Pola Radial..................................................II-3
Gambar 2.4
Jaringan Distribusi Pola Loop.....................................................II-3
Gambar 2.5
Jaringan Distribusi Pola Spindle.................................................II-4
Gambar 2.6
Jaringan Distribusi Pola Cluster.................................................II-4
Gambar 2.7
Jaringan distribusi sekunder.......................................................II-5
Gambar 2.8
Zona Proteksi..............................................................................II-9
Gambar 2.9
Main and Backup Protection......................................................II-10
Gambar 2.10
LBS (Load Break Switch) ...........................................................II-11
Gambar 2.11
LBS (Load Break Switch) Motorized..........................................II-11
Gambar 2.12
Konstruksi Pemasangan LBS Motorized....................................II-12
Gambar 2.13
Kontruksi Trafo Arus..................................................................II-13
Gambar 2.14 Trafo Arus...................................................................................II-14
Gambar 2.15
Lightning Arrester.......................................................................II-14
Gambar 2.16
Fuse Cut Out (FCO)...................................................................II-15
Gambar 2.17 Proses Komunikasi RTU.............................................................II-16
Gambar 2.18
Sistem Konfigurasi SCADA.......................................................II-20
Gambar 2.19 Aliran Sistem Telekomunikasi SCADA.....................................II-22
Gambar 2.20
Diagram Jaringan RTU...............................................................II-24
Gambar 2.21
Diagram kerja Fault Indicator (FI)............................................II-25
Gambar 2.22 (a) Gambar MMI FI LBS Motorized-Remote dalam Keadaan
Normal.......................................................................................II-26
Gambar 2.22 (b) Gambar MMI FI LBS Motorized-Remote dalam Keadaan
Gangguan...................................................................................II-26
Gambar 3.1.
Single Line Diagram Penyulang Kampus.................................III-2

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1 Single Line Diagram Penyulang Kampus.........................................L-1


Lampiran 2 Kapasitas Daya Trafo Distribusi.......................................................L-2
Lampiran 3 Data Impedansi Penghantar..............................................................L-5

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