Anda di halaman 1dari 9

PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT (POD)

UNIVERSITAS TRISAKTI
UNIVERSITAS
TRISAKTI

DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
KATA PENGANTAR...............................................................

DAFTAR ISI.................................................................................

iii

DAFTAR GAMBAR................................................................. .

ix

DAFTAR TABEL..

xii

BAB I EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...................................................

BAB II GEOLOGY FINDINGS AND REVIEW..............................

2.1 Geologi Regional............................................... ..

2.2 Stratigrafi Regional.

10

2.3 Petroleum System and Play..

12

2.4 Sejarah Sedimentasi..

18

2.5 Peta yang Terkait....

20

2.6 Interpretasi data sumur

32

BAB III RESERVOIR DESCRIPTION

53

3.1 Initial Condition.. 36


3.2 Rock Characteristic 40
3.3 Karakteristik Batuan ....................................................... 45
3.4 Karakteristik Fluida ........................................................ 50
BAB IV RESERVES AND PRODUCTION FORECAST

68

4.1 Hydrocarbon In Place

69

4.2 Recovery Factor.

71

4.3 Oil Production..

75

4.4 Production Forecast

79

BAB V DRILLING AND COMPLETION...

83

5.1 Well Program .......................

83

5.2 Rencana Penggunaan Peralatan Pemboran... ..

85

5.3 Casing Design.

89

5.4 Mud Program

93

PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT (POD)


UNIVERSITAS TRISAKTI
UNIVERSITAS
TRISAKTI

DAFTAR ISI
(lanjutan)
Halaman
5.5 Resiko Kegiatan Pemboran..........

96

5.6 Cementing

98

5.7 Rencana Pembuangan Limbah Pemboran.

101

5.8 Drilling Time............

105

5.9 Drilling Cost.

108

5.10 Komplesi.

110

BAB VI PRODUCTION FACILITIES..

113

6.1 Pengenalan Fasilitas Produksi..

113

6.2 Skema Fasilitas Produksi (Existing)..

116

6.3 Analisis Fasilitas Produksi (Existing).

117

6.4 Desain Separator

120

6.5 Analisis Storage Tank

123

6.6 Skema Baru Peralatan dan Proses adanya Gas Lift

125

6.7 Water Disposal

128

BAB VII HEALTH SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT 131


8.1 Tujuan dan Sasaran Health, Safety, Environment.... 131
8.2 Aplikasi Healthy, Safety, Environment. 133
8.2.1 Personal Protection Equipment (PPE).. 133
8.2.2. SOP (Standard Operating Procedure). 133
8.2.3. Aspek Lingkungan.. 135
8.2.3.1. Emisi Udara.. 135
8.2.3.2. Pembuangan Air Produksi.. 138
8.2.3.3. Pembuangan Fluida Pemboran
dan Cutting.. 138

PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT (POD)


UNIVERSITAS TRISAKTI
UNIVERSITAS
TRISAKTI

DAFTAR ISI
(lanjutan)
Halaman
8.2.3.4. Polusi Suara,,,,,,..........

139

8.2.3.5. Gas H2S dan CO2

141

8.3. Tahapan HSE pada BidangPemboran dan


Produksi..

144

8.3.1. Tahapan Konstruksi

145

8.3.2. Tahapan Operasi

150

8.3.3. Sarana dan Pra Sarana....

153

8.3.4. Tahapan Pemantauan

155

8.4. Pasca Operasi

159

8.5. Corporate Social Resposibility (CSR).

161

8.5.1. Tahapan CSR Awal.

165

8.5.2. Aplikasi Corporate Social


Responsibility (CSR)..

168

BAB VIII ABANDONMENT AND SITE RESTORATION PLAN

170

9.1. Proses Abandonment Pada Sumur

171

9.2. Proses Restorasi Pada Site Pemboran


dan Abandont Well..

172

BAB IX LOCAL CONTENT..............................................

173

BAB X COMMERCIL..........

174

12.1 Biaya Pengembangan Lapangan.

174

12.2 Project Economics .

175

12.2.1 Kontrak Migas Indonesia ..

176

12.2.1.1 Sistem Konsesi.

176

12.2.1.2 Sistem Kontrak Karya ( 1960 1963 )..

178

12.2.1.3 Sistem Kontrak Bagi Hasil (Production


Sharing Contract)

178

12.2.3

Harga Minyak..

179

12.2.4

Operating Cost

179

vii
3

PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT (POD)


UNIVERSITAS TRISAKTI
UNIVERSITAS
TRISAKTI

DAFTAR ISI
(lanjutan)
Halaman
12.2.5

First Tranche Petroleum

179

12.2.6

Gross Revenue..

179

12.2.7

Investment Credit..

181.

12.2.8

Cost Recover 181

12.2.6

12.2.4

Domestic Market Obligation (DM.......

182

12.2.5

Tax. .

183

Taxable Income ......183


12.2.7

Depresiasi..

183

12.2.8

Government Share

184

12.2.9

Government Share

185

12.2.10

Government Tak....

186

12.2.11 ContractorTake.... 186


12.3 Indicator Keekonomian.....

186

12.3.1

187

12.3.2

Net Present Value (NPV)


IRR (Internal Rate of Return) atau
ROR (Rate of Return) .

189

12.3.3

Pay Out Time (POT)

189

12.3.4

PIR (Profit to Investment Ratio) .

191

12.4 Perhitungan ke-Ekonomian Lapangan Expo

191

BAB XIII

CONCLUSION..

viii
4

192

PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT (POD)


UNIVERSITAS TRISAKTI
UNIVERSITAS
TRISAKTI

DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar

Halaman

2.1

Kerangka tektonik regional dan penampang.. 3

2.2

Peta Geologi Cekungan Tarakan.

2.3

Kolom Stratigrafi..

12

2.4

Sejarah sedimentasi dan Tektonik

18

2.5

Depth Structure Map J70

21

2.6

Peta Isopach J-70.

22

2.7

(a). Iso porositas map, (b). Iso water saturation map,


(c). Iso permeabilitas map J70

23

2.8

Iso Net Pay Map J70.

23

2.9

Depth Structure Map J71..

24

2.10

Peta Isopach J71.

25

2.11

(a). Iso porositas map, (b). Iso water saturation map,


(c). Iso permeabilitas map J71.....................

26

2.12

Iso Net Pay Map J71..

26

2.13

Depth Structure Map L70 27

2.14

Peta Isopach L70. 28

2.15

(a). Iso porositas map, (b). Iso water saturation map,


(c). Iso permeabilitas map L70..

29

2.16

Iso Net Pay Map L70..

29

2.17

Depth Structure Map M31..

30

2.18

Peta Isopach M31. 31

2.19

(a). Iso porositas map, (b). Iso water saturation map,


(c). Iso permeabilitas map M31.. 31

2.20

Iso Net Pay Map M31 32

2.21

Korelasi lapisan J-70 dan J-71 sumur Oil-1,

ix
5

PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT (POD)


UNIVERSITAS TRISAKTI
UNIVERSITAS
TRISAKTI

Oil-2, dan Oil-3.

34

2.22

Korelasi lapisan J-70 dan J-71sumur Oil-4 dan Oil-5.

37

3.1

Grafik P vs Bo

38

3.21 Grafik Ulah Produksi Oil-1 L70..

46

3.22 Grafik Ulah Produksi Oil-2 J70

47

3.23 Grafik Ulah Produksi Oil-3 M31..

47

3.24 Grafik Ulah Produksi Oil-45 J71.

48

4.1

Grafik Zona Decline Sumur L-70.

50

4.2

Grafik Zona Decline Sumur J-70.

51

4.3

Grafik Zona Decline Sumur M-31.

55

4.4

Grafik Zona Decline Sumur J-71.

56

4.5

Kurva IPR sumur M-31.

57

4.6

Kurva IPR sumur J-71..

58

5.1

Lintasan Pemboran Sumur OIL 7...

64

5.2

Casing Design.....

68

5.3

Grafik Time vs Depth... 74

6.1

Skema Peralatan dari Reservoir sampai


Separator... 85

6.2

Skema Alur Produksi dari Sumur-Storage Tank

6.3

Skema Alur Produksi dari SP-SPU. 86

6.4

Ukuran Desain Separator Horizontal.. 92

6.5

Skema Fasilitas Produksi Gas Lift System.. 93

7.1

Depth Structure L70 (Existing) .. 99

7.2

Depth Structure L70 (Sumur Pengembangan) 100

7.3

Inflow vs Outflow Gas Lift GLR....

104

7.4

Hubungan Q liquid vs Q injection

106

7.5

Design Gas Lift...

108

7.6

Peletakkan Gas Lift Valve

109

7.7

ESP dalam Sumur Oil 3 (Skenario 1) .

111

7.8

Grafik Reda Pump Performance Curve 113

86

PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT (POD)


UNIVERSITAS TRISAKTI
UNIVERSITAS
TRISAKTI

7.9

ESP dalam Sumur Oil 3 (Skenario 2) 116

7.10

Reda Pump Performance Curve 118

7.11

Chart Forecast L70 .. 121

7.12

Chart Forecast J70.. 122

7.13

Chart Forecast M31.. 123

7.14

Chart Forecast J71.. 124

8.1

Pembuangan Air Produksi.

127

12.1

Analisa Sensitivitas.

183

12.2

Analisa Sensitivitas.

189

xi x
7

PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT (POD)


UNIVERSITAS TRISAKTI
UNIVERSITAS
TRISAKTI

DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel

Halaman

2.1

Kedalaman Lapisan...

22

3.1

Data Reservoir Awal..

37

3.2

Correlation Method.

38

3.3

Perhitungan Densitas Air 39

3.4

Tsep vs Psep..

39

3.5

Correlation Zone

40

3.6

Cut Off..

41

3.7

Ketebalan Lapisan..

41

3.8

Porositas dan Saturasi Rata-rata.. 42

3.9

Net to Gross Ratio....

42

3.13

Jenis dan Tipe Reservoir..

43

3.14

Data Penentuan Tipe Fluida Reservoir..

44

3.15

Komposisi Hydrocarbon...

44

4.1

Reserves ...

49

4.2

Data Produksi Sumur L-70...

54

4.3

Data Produksi Sumur J-70...

55

4.4

Data Produksi Sumur M-31..

56

4.5

Data Produksi Sumur J-71...

56

4.6

Data Forecast Sumur L70....

59

4.7

Data Forecast Sumur J-70....

60

4.8

Data Forecast Sumur M-31...

61

4.9

Data Forecast Sumur J-71....

61

5.1

Profil Sumur OIL 7..

63

5.2

Bit Program..

65

5.3

Blow Out Preventer Program....

66

5.4

Casing Design.....

67

5.5

Mud Program.......

69

5.6

Kemungkinan Bahaya yang Dapat Terjadi..

69

PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT (POD)


UNIVERSITAS TRISAKTI
UNIVERSITAS
TRISAKTI

5.7

Slurry Type.. 70

5.8

Cementing Program... 71

5.9

Drilling Cost. 74

5.10

Well completion system types. 79

5.11

Hollow Carrier Gun vs Strip.. 84

5.12

Skenario 1 89

5.13

Skenario 2.. 94

6.1

Kapasitas Fasilitas Produksi (Exisiting) . 99

6.2

Retention Time .. 101

6.3

Laju Produksi Total 5 Sumur... 105

7.1

Skenario Pengembangan. 110

7.2

Analisis Tahap Lanjutan Penanganan 118

7.3

Produksi Gas Maksimal Per Hari Expo Field 119

7.4

Kedalaman dan Reservoir Oil 4 dan 5.. 122

7.5

Pwf vs Q Inflow.. 127

7.6

Parameter Design Gas Lift.. 130

7.7

Hasil Design Gas Lift 138

7.8

Efesiensi ESP Pada Oil 3 (Skenario 1) ..

7.9

Efesiensi ESP Pada Oil 3 (Skenario 2) 143

8.1

Uji TCLP ..... 150

8.2

Parameter dan Kadar Air Limbah 165

8.3

Regulasi Pengelolaan 173

10.1

Schedule and organization.. 176

12.1

Parameter Keekonomian..... 180

12.2

Perhitungan Keekonomian cashflow yang dihitung. 184

12.3

Hasil Perhitungan 187

xiii
xii
9

139