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LCS 703 PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE OF OFFENDERS

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P SYCHOLOGICAL P ROFILE OF O FFENDERS


I NVOLVED IN A C OMMON C RIME
U SING C RIME S CENE C HARACTERISTICS &
O FFENCE R ELATED E MPIRICAL D ATA
(ROBBERY :ACASE STUDY OF OGUN STATE)

A T ER M P A P E R P R E S E N T E D B Y

A B O Y A D E -C O L E B. O
Report Work

M A T R I C N O .: 146350

IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT

MS C

IN

L EGAL C RIMINOLOGY
(U N I V E R S I T Y

AND

OF

S ECURITY P SYCHOLOGY

OF IBADAN)

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TH

14 MAY 2009

APPLIED LEGAL PSYCHOLOGY((LCS708)

GENERAL OUTLINE:
1. Introduction
2. Operational Definitions
i. Crime
ii. Crime Scene Characteristics
iii.
iv.

Criminology
Police

v.
vi.

Offence
Recidivist

3. Psychological Profiling
4. Features & Character of Offenders
5. Crime Scene Actions
6. Victimology
7. Goals of Profiling
8. Dissents
9. Approaches to Psychological Profiling of Offenders
i.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)s Approach

ii.

Inductive & Deductive Approaches

iii.

Molar Approach

10.Psychological Profile of Robbery Offenders in Ogun State


i. Physical Features & Intelligence of Offenders
ii. Motive & Criminal Antecedence
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ii.
iii.
iv.

Motive & Criminal Antecedence


Planning & Organization
Victimology

11.Reliability & Validity


12.Conclusion & Suggestions
13.References & Bibliography
APPLIED LEGAL PSYCHOLOGY((LCS708)

1. INTRODUCTION:
i.

A psychological profile is built through evidence from the scene of the crime
which is integrated into psychological theory; (WORLD OF FORENSIC SCIENCE WEBSITE).
Profiling or criminal investigation assessment is an educated attempt to
provide investigative agencies with specific information as to the type of
individual(s) who committed a certain crime, GEBERTH, (1981). The practice of
psychological profiling remains very much a virgin area and largely unpopular
amongst law enforcement agencies in Nigeria particularly by the Nigeria Police
Force in the course of their various investigations. Contrary to this, the practice
has become trendy in unravelling crimes by counterpart law enforcement
agencies in developed nations particularly the Federal Investigations Bureau
(FBI), USA and other western nation sister agencies. Criminal psychological
profiling is gradually being incorporated into police procedures and operations
despite a dearth of empirical research to proclaim its validity and thus
admissibility as evidence in courts of law. Offender profiling is quite different
from geographic profiling which is an investigative aid that predicts the
offender's most likely location (i.e., home, work, social venues and travel
routes).

ii.

166 & 107 recorded cases of robbery was one of the ten most prevalent crimes

recorded in Ogun State Police Command area of responsibility in 2006 and


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2007 respectively; NIGERIA POLICE ANNUAL REPORT (2007, 177). This represented 12% &
10% correspondingly in the years under reference. The concept of victimology,

an important part of psychological profiling was embraced to shed light on the


motivation for the crime which revealed the desires driving the perpetrators.
Such questions as whether perpetrators were known to the victims, the degree
of the perpetrators aggressiveness or hostility and if offenders had a prior
knowledge of their victims neighbourhood were asked from both sets of

respondents.
APPLIED LEGAL PSYCHOLOGY((LCS708)

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