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Whatarethechallenges?

Toknowhowtotranslatewordproblemsintoa
workablemathematicalequation.
Toknowwheretostartandhowtogoabout
figuringouttheanswer.
Toknowthestrategiesneededtobreakdowna
wordproblemsoitisclearandeasytosolve.

Studentsfearandhatedoingthem!

6Steps
for

Tackling
MathWordProblems

Step1
Convertthewordsintoanequation.
Readthroughtheentireproblemfirst.
Donttrytosolveitwhenyouveonlyreadone
sentence.
Readtheproblemcompletelyinordertoget
thewholepicture.
Effectivelytranslateandsolvetheproblem.

Step2
Gobacktothebeginning.
Rereadthefirstsentence.
Writedownwhatyouknowandwhatyoudontknow.
Usevariablestostandfortheunknownsandclearly
labelwhattheystandfor.
Dothesameforthesecondsentenceandeachfollowing
sentence.

Step3
LookforSignalWordsthatmean
certainmathematicaloperations.

SignalWords
Addition
Subtraction
Multiplication
Division
Equals

Addition
Addedto
Together
Combined
Altogether
Increasedby
Joined
Morethan
Deposit
Plus
Sum
Total

Subtraction

Decreasedby

Less

DifferencebetweenLessthan

Howmanymore
Fewerthan

Minus
Subtract(from)

HowmanyleftWithdraw
HowmuchchangeReduce
Amountremaining
Deducted
Howmuchgreater
Debt
Penalty

Multiplication
Multipliedby
Of
Productof
Times

Twice(2X)
Sameamount
Each(withall)

Division
Dividedby
Per
Quotientof
Each
Shareequally

Outof
Percent
Ratioof

Equals
Are
Gives
Is
Yields
Soldfor
Was
WereWillbe

Step4
Performtherequiredoperations.

Step5
Makesureyouareansweringthe
questionthatisbeingaskedofyou.
Onestepmayseemlikeitstheanswer,butitmay
takeseveralstepstoarriveatthefinalanswer.
Dontlosesightofwhatthewordproblemisaskingfor
oraskingyoutodo.
Labeltheanswerwiththeunitofmeasurementorwiththe
objectthequestionisrequesting.

Step6
Mentallyoronpapercheckyouranswerto
makesureitiscorrectandmakessense.
Replacethevariableineachstepwithyouranswer.
Calculatetheequationwiththenowknownvariabletoseeif
itsatisfiestheequation.

Ifitdoes,thenyouredone!

Practice,Practice,Practice!

Masteringwordproblems
requirespractice!

References

http://www.tutorfi.com/Math/challengingma
thwordproblems