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Wires & Cables

Larsen & Toubro Limited is among the major manufacturers of low voltage
switchgear in the world, with the scale, sophistication and range to meet global
benchmarks. In addition to its leadership position in the Indian market
established over a decade ago, L&T has a growing presence in international
markets.
As a leader in the switchgear industry, L&T views its role as a complete solutions
provider for power distribution and control in the low tension segment. L&T has
therefore set up full-fledged training centers at three locations around the
country to propagate good electrical practices and offer upgraded professional
skills in operation and maintenance of switchgear. Expert assistance in product
selection and specification as well as effective post-sales service is offered
through a wide network of service centers across the country.

The Company offers a range of Wires and Cables for varied applications.
These wires conform to IS : 694 - 1990.

FR (Flame Retardant) PVC Insulated House Wires

L &T House Wires are made of Electrolytic grade, bright, plain


annealed copper conductor, as per IS : 8130 - 1984. These
wires are suitable for all Commercial & Domestic wiring
applications.
For additional safety, the insulation is of Flame Retardant
- FR PVC compound. It has high oxygen and temperature index.
L&T House Wires are twin coated for superior insulation. The
House Wires have uniform diameter and are available in
standard lengths of 90 metre coils.

Single core, twin insulated wires in voltage grade 1100 V, conforming to IS : 694 - 1990 with additional FR properties.

Nominal
area of
conductor

Number / Nom. Thickness


of insulation
Dia of wire
(Nom)

Approx.
overall
Diameter

Current carrying capacity* 2 cables, single phase

Max Resistance
Unenclosed - clipped
per km at 200C
directly to surface or on cable tray
Amp.
Ohms

Sq. mm

mm

mm

mm

In conduit /
Trunking
Amp.

1.0

# 14 / .3

0.7

2.8

11

12

18.10

1.5

# 22 / .3

0.7

3.1

14

16

12.10

2.5

# 36 / .3

0.8

3.8

19

22

7.41

4.0

$ 56 / .3

0.8

4.4

26

29

4.95

6.0

$ 84 / .3

0.8

5.0

31

37

Standard Colour : Red, Yellow, Blue, Green, Black. * As per IS : 3961 (Part V) - 1968.
# Asper Conductor Class 2 of IS : 8130 - 1984. $ As per Conductor Class 5 of IS : 8130 - 1984.

3.30
Above data is indicative. L&T will not be liable for
damage arising out of incorrect applications

Special Insulation wires


L&T Flame Retardant Low Smoke (FRLS) wire - These wires
are made of special insulation material with higher oxygen and
temperature indices and lower smoke density rating and acid gas
generation. This insulation retards flame propagation and
generates low smoke under fire condition.
L&T Zero Halogen Flame Retardant (ZHFR) wire - The
insulation is free from halogen, thus preventing emission of
corrosive gases under conditions of fire. These wires are primarily
used where critical control supply is essential during a fire - lifts, fire
alarms, hospitals etc.
Oxygen Index is used as a measure of flame retardant property of
the insulating material. The oxygen index indicates percentage of
oxygen required for supporting combustion of insulating material at
room temperature. Higher oxygen index is desirable.

Electrolytic grade
copper conductor carries
specified current
without deterioration
Uniform and twin insulation
ensures safer protection
Centrally aligned
Copper conductor
with uniform diameter

Temperature Index indicates the temperature at which normal


oxygen content of 21 % in air will support combustion of insulating
material. Higher temperature index is better.
Smoke Density indicates the loss of light transmission from
insulation material under fire. Lower the Smoke Density, the better is
the visibility & efficacy of fighting operations.
Acid Gas Generation indicates the amount of hydrochloric acid
gas evolved from insulation of cable under fire. Lower Acid Gas
Generation is desirable.

Characteristics
Oxygen index
Temperature index
Smoke density rating
Acid gas generation

Standard
ASTM-D 2863
ASTM-D 2863
ASTM-D 2843
IEC 754-1

Typical value
More than 29%
0
More than 250 C
Less than 60%
Less than 20%

Flexible Wires
L&T Flexible wires are made of bright, plain multi-stranded annealed copper
conductor, as per Class 5 of IS : 8130 - 1984 with PVC insulation. These wires are
used for all industrial wiring applications and are available in single and multicores in
standard lengths of 100 metre and 300 metre coils.
Single unsheathed cable (Flexible) voltage grade 1100 V,
conforming to IS : 694-1990
Nominal
Number / Thickness of
area of
Nom.
insulation
conductor Dia of wire
(Nom)

Max
Approx. Current carrying
Resistance
Capacity
overall
per km
Diameter as per IS :3961
at 200C

Sq. mm

mm

mm

mm

Amp.

Ohms

0.5

16 / .2

0.6

2.20

04

39.00

0.75

24 / .2

0.6

2.40

07

26.00

1.0

32 / .2

0.6

2.060

11

19.50

1.5

30 / .25

0.6

2.90

14

13.30

2.5

50 / .25

0.7

3.50

19

7.98

4.0

56 / .3

0.8

4.30

26

4.95

6.0

84 / .3

0.8

4.80

31

3.30

10

140 / .3

1.0

6.10

42

1.91

16

126 / .4

1.0

7.00

57

1.21

25

196 / .4

1.2

8.70

71

0.78

35

276 / .4

1.2

10.00

91

0.55

50

396 / .4

1.4

12.00

120

0.38

360 / .5

1.6

14.30

160

0.27

70.0

Above data is indicative. L&T will not be liable for damage arising out of incorrect applications

Core Colours : 2 Cores - Red, Black 3 Cores - Red, Black, Yellow / Green 4 Cores - Red, Yellow, Blue, Yellow / Green
Sheath color : Black

Telephone & Switchboard Cables


L&T telephone cables can be used for switchboard and internal telephone wiring in
high - rise buildings and commercial premises. These cables are made of solid,
annealed, high conductivity bare copper conductor insulated with high density
polyethylene. The insulated cores are twisted to form pairs and are bunched to
minimize cross talk.
The cores are helically wrapped with polyester tape to form laid up cables. These laid
up cables are further jacketed with grey, High Oxygen index FR PVC. A nylon rip
cord enables one to safely peel off the jacket without damaging the cores.
These cables generally conform to ITD specifications S / WS 113C.
Characteristics : Low cross talk, Fire retardant jacket, Low attenuation

Telephone Cable as per ITD specification S / WS 113C


Construction Parameters

Cable Type
1 pair

2 pair

3 pair

4 pair

Conductor (Solid annealed bare copper)

0.4 mm diameter (nominal) and 0.5 mm diameter (Nominal)

Insulation Material (0.4 & 0.5 mm dia)

High density polyethylene

Insulation Thickness (Average)

0.4 mm dia. 0.20 mm

5 pair

0.5 mm dia. 0.20 mm

Diameter of insulated conductor (Maximum)

0.4 mm dia. 0.82 mm


0.5 mm dia. 0.92 mm

Rip cord (0.4 & 0.5 mm dia)

Nylon

PVC Jacket (0.4 & 0.5 mm dia)

FR PVC compound with high oxygen index

Approximate Outer Diameter


0.4 mm dia.

2.4

3.1

0.5 mm dia.

3.1

3.9

Packing length (0.4 & 0.5 mm dia)

3.5

3.9

4.3

4.2

5.1

5.6

100 meter

Co-Axial Cables
L&T Co-Axial Cables are used for transmission of audio and video signals in Cable TV network.
The center conductor is made of electrolytic grade solid copper and ensures better signal transmission. It is insulated with foam
dielectric made of polyethylene injected with nitrogen gas which is superior and more environment - friendly than chemical
foam.
The first shield is made of special composite type bonded aluminium foil. The second shield is of special-grade aluminium alloy
braiding and has 60% coverage. This ensures low loss in signal quality, additional mechanical strength and resistance to oxide
formation in tropical weather conditions.
The black color outer jacketing is made of special PVC which is ultraviolet and abrasion resistant.
L&T Co-Axial Cables are fully tested for all parameters by a computerized analyzer. State-of-the-art technology and worldclass design ensures the following salient features for these Co-Axial cables :
High-band width : allows network expansion 100+ channels
Low attenuation value : reduces electromagnetic interference
Minimum loss in signal quality : ensures better reception
Moisture proof : makes it ideal for tropical conditions

Construction of Co-Axial Cable

PVC Jacket

Electrical Parameters

RG 11F

Alu-Alloy
Braiding

RG 6F

Center Conductor
Max. resistance at 200C
0.85 ohm/100 mtr 2.14 ohm/100 mtr
Nom. Capacitance (PF / Mtrs.)
53 3
53 3
Characteristics
Impedance (Ohms)
75 3
75 3
85
85
Nom. Velocity Ratio (%)
0
Attenuation @ 20 C
(ab/100 Mtrs.) at 5 MHZ
1.25 db
1.95 db
55 MHZ
3.15 db
5.20 db
211 MHZ
6.23 db
9.50 db
250 MHZ
6.72 db
10.50 db
300 MHZ
7.38 db
11.50 db
350 MHZ
7.94 db
12.45 db
400 MHZ
8.53 db
13.30 db
450 MHZ
9.02 db
14.35 db
550 MHZ
9.97 db
15.70 db
600 MHZ
10.43 db
16.45 db
750 MHZ
11.97 db
18.35 db
865 MHZ
13.05 db
19.95 db
1000 MHZ
14.27 db
21.45 db

Alu-Foil Tape

Parameters

Foamed
PE Dielectric

RG 11F

Solid Bare
Copper
Conductor

RG 6F

Center Conductor Solid bare copper Solid bare copper


Nom. Dia (mm)
1.02
1.63

Foam PE
7.11

Foam PE
4.57

Outer Conductor
1st Shield
2nd Shield
Min. Coverage (%)

AI-Foil Bonded
AI-Alloy Braiding
60

AI-Foil Bonded
AI-Alloy Braiding
60

Jacket
Nom. Dia (mm)

PVC Black/White PVC Black/White


10.30
7.25

Dielectric
Nom. Dia (mm)

Bending Radius
(mm)

70

60

Some Useful Electrical Data*


The human bodys reaction to electric shock*

Capacities of PVC conduits*


Cable Size
Nominal
conductor
Size mm2

Conduit Size and Gauge

16 mm or
5/8

20 mm or
3/4

25 mm or
1

32 mm or
1

Electrical shock current, passing through the human


body, confuse its internal nervous system. This causes
the body to react to the passage of current through it
as follows :
3mA

Number of Cables (maximum)


1.0

19

30

1.5

15

24

2.5

11

17

13

10

10

16

25

35

- a tingling sensation is felt

10-15mA - muscle spasm and


tightening occurs
20-30mA - the heart may fibrillate;
severe shock is felt.
>50mA

- lethal. Fibrrillation of
the heart occurs

Selection chart for Typical Domestic Loads*


Sr. No

Items

01

Fan

02

Lamp, Tubelight

03

Room heater

04

Water Heater

Load / Wattage
60W

Max Short Circuit current as per Transformer kVA*

MCB Wrie size


rating Sq. mm

40W

200W

1A

1.5

Transformer Full Load Current Max. Short Circuit Current


at 415 V
Rating
KVA

25

35

0.875

0.7

40

56

1.4

1.1

(kA)
4% impedance 5% impedance

8 ltrs

1200- 2000W

10A

2.5

63

88

2.2

1.8

15 ltrs

3000-4000W

20A

100

139

3.5

2.8

60 ltrs

4000-6000W

32A

125

174

4.4

3.5

5.6

4.5

05

Immersion Heater

1000W

6A

1.5

160

223

06

Hot Plate - single

1000W

6A

1.5

200

278

5.6

07

Iron - non automatic

500W

3A

1.5

250

348

8.7

1000W

6A

1.5

315

438

11

8.8

560

14.2

11.3

automatic
08

Mixer / Juicer

300W

2A

1.5

400

09

TV / VCR

200W

1A

1.5

500

695

17.4

13.9

10

Music system

200W

1A

1.5

630

876

21.9

17.5

11

Refrigerator

800

1112

27.8

22.2

165 ltrs

400W

3A

1.5

1000

1390

34.8

27.8

285 ltrs

600W

4A

1.5

1250

1740

43.5

34.8

350

750W

6A

1.5

1600

2230

55.8

44.6

12

Toaster

500W

3A

1.5

2000

2780

69.5

55.6

13

Vacuum Cleaner

400W

3A

1.5

2500

3480

87

69.6

14

Washing machine
300-1300W

10A

2.5

5000-6300W

32A

without heater
with heater
15

Water cooler

700W

6A

1.5

Derating of Wires*
Ambient Temp.0C
Rating factor

30
1.09

35
1.04

40
1

45

50

0.85

0.77

Above data is indicative. L & T will not be liable for damage for damage arising out of incorrect applications.

16

Desert cooler

300W

2A

1.5

17

Oven

750W

6A

1.5

18

Electric Kettle

1500W

7.5A

1.5

19

Air Conditioner
1 ton

10A

2.5

1.5 ton

16A

2 ton

16A

7.5A

1.5

6A

1.5

20

Hair Dryer

1000W

21

Microwave

800W

Formula for Calculation :


Incomer Rating :

Single Phase =

Three Phase =

Total Load in watts


230 volts
Total Load in watts
3x230 volts

The above data is only for guidance and may vary for different manufacturers. The proper load of items should
be checked for current requirement and appropriate wire and MCB size should be accordingly chosen.

L&T Wire Range

FR House Wires
0.75 mm2 to 25 mm2

Telephone
Cables
1 to 5 Pair

Flexible Wires
0.5 mm2 to 1000 mm2

Co-Axial
Cables
RG 6 / RG 11
for Cable TV Network

Flat Cables
1.5 mm2 to 70 mm2

Electrical Standard Products

Larsen & Toubro Limited


Powai Campus, Mumbai 400 072
Tel: 022-6705 0505
Fax: 022-6705 1746
E-mail: esp@LNTEBG.com
Website: www.LNTEBG.com

SP 00000

040807