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# contoh perhitungan osborne reynodls

Diketahui :
Diameter pipa (d)
:
Luas penampang (A) :
A = 1/4*3,14*d
Tempratur
:
T = 28 C
T = 30 C
T = 25 C
T = 30 C
T = 25 C

=
=

0.013 m
0.000132665

=
=
=
=

m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m.dtk

995.7
997.1
0.000894
0.000801

Penyelesaian
Untuk Volume Tetap
1. Waktu rt-rt
t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
n
26.13 + 26.28 + 26.18 + 26.00 + 26.22
=
5
= 26.162 dtk

tr =

2.

Q =
=

3.

m/dtk

## Kecepatan pengaliran (V) = Q/A

V =
=

4.

0.0003
26.162
0.000011467

0.000011467
0.000132665
0.0864358589 m/dtk

## Bilangan Reynolds (Re) = * V * d/

Interpolasi
t = 25 =
997.1
t = 30 =
995.7

=
=

Re

( 28
( 30
996.26 kg/m
997.1

kg/m
kg/m

25 )
25 )

( 28 - 25 )
( 30 - 25 )
= 0.0008382 kg/m.dtk
996.26
* 0.0864358589 *
=
0.0008382
= 1335.55673
=

0.000894

997.1

0.000894

995.7

0.000801

0.013

kelompok I

5.

64
f =
1335.557
= 0.04792

6.

## Tegangan geser (T) = 1/8 * f * * V

0.04792 *
T =

996.26 * 0.086435859
8
= 0.0445849458 kg/mdtk

## Untuk Waktu yang Tetap

1. vol rt-rt
Vr =
Vr =

v + v + v + v + v
n
0.00012 +
0.00012

= 0.000124
2.

0.000124
Q =
10
=
0.0000124

0.00013

m/dtk

## Kecepatan Pengaliran (V) = Q/A

0.0000124
V =
0.000132665
= 0.0934685109 m/dtk

4.

## Bilangan Reynolds (Re) = * V * d/

Interpolasi
t
= =
997.1 kg/m
t
= =
995.7 kg/m
( 28 - 25 )
=
997.1
*
( 30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
( 28 25 )
=
0.000894
( 30 25 )
= 0.0008382 kg/m.dtk
996.26 *
0.0934685109 *
Re =
0.0008382
= 1444.22119

997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

0.013

## Koefisien Geser ( f ) = 64/Re

64
1444.221192
= 0.044315
Tegangan Geser (T) = 1/8 f**V
0.044315 *
T =
f

6.

0.00013
5

3.

5.

996.26 *
8
= 0.0482124959 kg/m.dtk

0.0934685109

kelompok I

## PERHITUNGAN SELANJUTNYA DI TABELKAN

Untuk Volume Tetap
Volume
Waktu
No
(m)
dtk
1
26.162
2
23.37
3
21.458
0.0003
4
19.356
5
17.436

Q
m/dtk
0.000011467
0.000012837
1.3981E-005
1.5499E-005
1.7206E-005

V
m/dtk
0.086435859
0.0967623
0.105384236
0.116828629
0.129693447

Re
1335.556734
1495.114903
1628.336065
1805.168179
2003.947883

f
0.047920091
0.042806075
0.039303926
0.03545376
0.031936958

T
kg/mdtk
0.044584946
0.049911483
0.05435881
0.060262004
0.066897875

## Untuk Waktu Tetap

Volume
Waktu
No
(m)
dtk
1
0.000124
2
0.000152
3
0.00018
10
4
0.000218
5
0.000248

Q
m/dtk
0.0000124
0.0000152
0.000018
0.0000218
0.0000248

V
m/dtk
0.093468511
0.114574304
0.135680096
0.164323672
0.186937022

Re
f
1444.221192 0.044314542
1770.335654 0.036151337
2096.450117 0.030527795
2539.03403 0.025206436
2888.442383 0.022157271

T
kg/mdtk
0.048212496
0.059099189
0.069985881
0.084760678
0.096424992

kelompok I

## contoh perhitungan osborne reynodls

Diketahui :
Diameter pipa (d)
:
Luas penampang (A) :
A = 1/4*3,14*d
Tempratur
:
T = 28 C
T = 30 C
T = 25 C
T = 30 C
T = 25 C

=
=

0.013
0.000132665

m
m

=
=
=
=

Penyelesaian
Untuk Volume Tetap
1. Waktu rt-rt
t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
n
23.81 + 23.35 + 23.13 + 23.15
=
5
=
23.37 dtk

tr =

Q =
=

0.0003
23.37
0.000012837

m/dtk

## 3. Kecepatan pengaliran (V) = Q/A

V =
=

0.000012837
0.000132665
0.0967622996 m/dtk

## 4. Bilangan Reynolds (Re) = * V * d/

Interpolasi
t = 25 =
997.1
t = 30 =
995.7

=
=

0.000801

Re

997.1

( 28
( 30

kg/m
kg/m

25 )
25 )

997.1

996.26 kg/m

( 28 - 25 )
( 30 - 25 )
= 0.0008382 kg/m.dtk
996.26
* 0.0967622996 *
=
0.0008382
= 1495.1149
=

0.000894

0.000894

0.013

kelompok I

## 5. Koefisien Gesek ( f ) = 64/Re

64
f =
1495.115
= 0.042806
6. Tegangan geser (T) = 1/8 * f * * V
0.042806 *
T =

996.26 *
8
= 0.0499114828 kg/mdtk

0.0967623

## Untuk Waktu yang Tetap

1. vol rt-rt
Vr =
+

0.00012

Vr =

v + v + v + v + v
n
0.00015
+
0.00015

= 0.000152
2. Debit Pengaliran (Q) = Vr/t
0.000152
Q =
10
=
0.0000152

+
5

m/dtk

## 3. Kecepatan Pengaliran (V) = Q/A

0.0000152
V =
0.000132665
= 0.1145743037 m/dtk

0.000801

## 4. Bilangan Reynolds (Re) = * V * d/

Interpolasi
t
= =
997.1 kg/m
t
= =
995.7 kg/m
( 28 - 25 )
=
997.1
*
( 30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
( 28 25 )
=
0.000894
( 30 25 )
= 0.0008382 kg/m.dtk
996.26 *
0.1145743037 *
Re =
0.0008382
= 1770.33565

997.1

0.000894

0.013

## 5. Koefisien Geser ( f ) = 64/Re

64
1770.335654
= 0.036151
6. Tegangan Geser (T) = 1/8 f**V
0.036151 *
T =
f

996.26 *
8
= 0.0590991885 kg/m.dtk

0.1145743037

kelompok I

T
kg/mdtk
0.044584946
0.049911483
0.05435881
0.060262004
0.066897875

T
kg/mdtk
0.048212496
0.059099189
0.069985881
0.084760678
0.096424992

Ket
Laminer
Laminer
Laminer
Laminer
Transisi

Ket
Laminer
Laminer
Transisi
Transisi
Turbulen

kelompok I

0.013 m
0.000132665

## contoh perhitungan osborne reynodls

Diketahui :
Diameter pipa (d)
:
Luas penampang (A) :
A
Tempratur
:
T
T
T
T
T

m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m.dtk

995.7
997.1
0.000894
0.000801

Penyelesaian
Untuk Volume Tetap
1. Waktu rt-rt
tr =
23.15 + 23.41

t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 +
n
21.56

21.458

0.0003
21.458
= 1.3980800E-005

Q =

1.3980800E-005
0.000132665
= 0.1053842362

V =

## 4. Bilangan Reynolds (Re) = * V * d/

Interpolasi
t = 25 =
t = 30 =
997.1

0.000894

995.7

0.000801

(
(
996.26 kg/m

0.000894

997.1

=
Re

0.0008382 kg/m.dtk
996.26
* 0.1053842362
=
0.0008382
= 1628.33606

kelompok I

## 5. Koefisien Gesek ( f ) = 64/Re

64
f =
1628.336
= 0.039304
6. Tegangan geser (T) = 1/8 * f * * V
0.039304
T =

0.0967623

= 0.0543588104
Untuk Waktu yang Tetap
1. vol rt-rt
Vr =
0.00015
5

0.00015

0.00016

Vr =

v + v + v + v +
n
0.0001

= 0.00018
2. Debit Pengaliran (Q) = Vr/t
Q =
=

0.00018
10
0.000018

0.000018
V =
0.000132665
= 0.1356800965

997.1

995.7

0.000894

## 4. Bilangan Reynolds (Re) = * V * d/

Interpolasi
t
= =
t
= =
(
=
997.1
(
= 996.26 kg/m

0.000801

0.000894

=
Re

0.0008382 kg/m.dtk
996.26 *
0.1356800965
=
0.0008382
= 2096.45012

## 5. Koefisien Geser ( f ) = 64/Re

64
2096.450117
= 0.030528
6. Tegangan Geser (T) = 1/8 f**V
0.030528
T =
f

0.1145743037

= 0.0699858812

kelompok I

kelompok I

sborne reynodls

= 1/4*3,14*d
= 28 C
= 30 C
= 25 C
= 30 C
= 25 C

=
=

0.013 m
0.000132665

m
m

=
=
=
=

contoh perhitung
Diketahui :
Diameter pipa
Luas penampang
Tempratur

m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m.dtk

995.7
997.1
0.000894
0.000801

Penyelesaian

## Untuk Volume Teta

1. Waktu rt-rt
t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
n
+ 21.73 + 21.24 + 21.41 + 21.35
5
21.458 dtk

2. Debit Pengalira
0.0003
21.458
1.3980800E-005 m/dtk
(V) = Q/A

3. Kecepatan pen

1.3980800E-005
0.000132665
0.1053842362 m/dtk

e) = * V * d/

4. Bilangan Reyno

997.1
995.7
28
30

kg/m
kg/m

25 )
25 )

( 28 - 25 )
( 30 - 25 )
kg/m.dtk
0.1053842362 *
0.0008382

997.1

0.000894

995.7

0.000801

0.013

kelompok I

5. Koefisien Gesek
64
1628.336
0.039304

= 1/8 * f * * V
0.039304 *

6. Tegangan gese

996.26 * 0.105384236
8
0.0543588104 kg/mdtk
Untuk Waktu yang
1. vol rt-rt
v + v + v + v + v
n
0.0001
+
0.0002
0.00018

0.0002
5

0.0002

0.0002

2. Debit Pengalira
0.00018
10
0.000018

m/dtk

(V) = Q/A
0.000018
0.000132665
0.1356800965 m/dtk

3. Kecepatan Pen

e) = * V * d/

4. Bilangan Reyno

997.1 kg/m
995.7 kg/m
28 - 25 )
*
30 - 25 )
( 28 25 )
( 30 25 )
kg/m.dtk
0.1356800965 *
0.0008382

997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

0.013

5. Koefisien Geser

64
2096.450117
0.030528
= 1/8 f**V
0.030528 *

996.26 *
8
0.0699858812 kg/m.dtk

6. Tegangan Gese
0.1356800965

kelompok I

kelompok I

## contoh perhitungan osborne reynodls

Diketahui :
Diameter pipa (d)
:
Luas penampang (A) :
A = 1/4*3,14*d
Tempratur
:
T = 28 C
T = 30 C
T = 25 C
T = 30 C
T = 25 C

=
=

0.013 m
0.000132665

m
m

=
=
=
=

m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m.dtk

995.7
997.1
0.000894
0.000801

Penyelesaian
Untuk Volume Tetap
Waktu rt-rt
t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
n
19.31 + 19.65 + 19.15 + 19.25 + 19.42
=
5
= 19.356 dtk

tr =

## Debit Pengaliran (Q) = V/tr

0.0003
19.356
= 1.5499070E-005 m/dtk

Q =

## Kecepatan pengaliran (V) = Q/A

1.5499070E-005
0.000132665
= 0.1168286289 m/dtk

V =

## Bilangan Reynolds (Re) = * V * d/

Interpolasi
t = 25 =
997.1
t = 30 =
995.7

=
=

Re

( 28
( 30
996.26 kg/m
997.1

kg/m
kg/m

25 )
25 )

( 28 - 25 )
( 30 - 25 )
= 0.0008382 kg/m.dtk
996.26
* 0.1168286289 *
=
0.0008382
= 1805.16818
=

0.000894

997.1

0.000894

995.7

0.000801

0.013

kelompok I

## Koefisien Gesek ( f ) = 64/Re

64
f =
1805.168
= 0.035454
Tegangan geser (T) = 1/8 * f * * V
0.035454 *
T =

996.26 * 0.116828629
8
= 0.0602620042 kg/mdtk

## Untuk Waktu yang Tetap

vol rt-rt
Vr =
Vr =

v + v + v + v + v
n
0.00022
+
0.00022

= 0.000218
Debit Pengaliran (Q) = Vr/t
0.000218
Q =
10
=
0.0000218

0.00022
5

0.00022

m/dtk

## Kecepatan Pengaliran (V) = Q/A

0.0000218
V =
0.000132665
= 0.1643236724 m/dtk
Bilangan Reynolds (Re) = * V * d/
Interpolasi
t
= =
997.1 kg/m
t
= =
995.7 kg/m
( 28 - 25 )
=
997.1
*
( 30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
( 28 25 )
=
0.000894
( 30 25 )
= 0.0008382 kg/m.dtk
996.26 *
0.1643236724 *
Re =
0.0008382
= 2539.03403

997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

0.013

## Koefisien Geser ( f ) = 64/Re

64
2539.03403
= 0.025206
Tegangan Geser (T) = 1/8 f**V
0.025206 *
T =
f

996.26 *
8
= 0.0847606783 kg/m.dtk

0.1643236724

kelompok I

kelompok I

## contoh perhitungan osborne reynodls

Diketahui :
Diameter pipa (d)
:
Luas penampang (A) :
A = 1/4*3,14*d
Tempratur
:
T = 28 C
T = 30 C
T = 25 C
T = 30 C
T = 25 C

=
=

0.013
0.000132665

m
m

=
=
=
=

995.7
997.1
0.000894
0.000801

Penyelesaian
Untuk Volume Tetap
1. Waktu rt-rt
t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
n
17.75 + 17.43 + 17.22 + 17.35
=
5
= 17.436 dtk

tr =

## 2. Debit Pengaliran (Q) = V/tr

0.0003
17.436
= 1.7205781E-005 m/dtk

Q =

## 3. Kecepatan pengaliran (V) = Q/A

1.7205781E-005
0.000132665
= 0.129693447 m/dtk

V =

## 4. Bilangan Reynolds (Re) = * V * d/

Interpolasi
t = 25 =
997.1
t = 30 =
995.7

=
=

Re

( 28
( 30
996.26 kg/m
997.1

kg/m
kg/m

25 )
25 )

( 28 - 25 )
( 30 - 25 )
= 0.0008382 kg/m.dtk
996.26
*
0.129693447 *
=
0.0008382
= 2003.94788
=

0.000894

997.1

0.000894

0.013

kelompok I

## 5. Koefisien Gesek ( f ) = 64/Re

64
f =
2003.948
= 0.031937
6. Tegangan geser (T) = 1/8 * f * * V
0.031937 *
T =

996.26 * 0.129693447
8
= 0.0668978752 kg/mdtk

## Untuk Waktu yang Tetap

1. vol rt-rt
Vr =
+

0.00021

Vr =

v + v + v + v + v
n
0.00025
+
0.00025

= 0.000248
2. Debit Pengaliran (Q) = Vr/t
0.000248
Q =
10
=
0.0000248

0.00025
5

m/dtk

## 3. Kecepatan Pengaliran (V) = Q/A

0.0000248
V =
0.000132665
= 0.1869370218 m/dtk
4. Bilangan Reynolds (Re) = * V * d/
Interpolasi
t
= =
997.1 kg/m
t
= =
995.7 kg/m
( 28 - 25 )
=
997.1
*
( 30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
( 28 25 )
=
0.000894
( 30 25 )
= 0.0008382 kg/m.dtk
996.26 *
0.1869370218 *
Re =
0.0008382
= 2888.44238

997.1

0.000894

0.013

## 5. Koefisien Geser ( f ) = 64/Re

64
2888.442383
= 0.022157
6. Tegangan Geser (T) = 1/8 f**V
0.022157 *
T =
f

996.26 *
8
= 0.0964249918 kg/m.dtk

0.1869370218

kelompok I

kelompok I

m
0.000132665

m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m.dtk

995.7
997.1
0.000894
0.000801

+ 17.43

0.000894

995.7

0.000801

kelompok I

0.129693447

0.00025
5

995.7

0.000894

0.00025

0.00024

0.000801

0.1869370218

kelompok I

kelompok I

## contoh Perhitungan Untuk pintu Ukur

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Bukaan Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Muka Air di Atas Pelimpah (H)
Lebar Bukaan Pelimpah (b)
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

=
=
=
=
=
=

16
8
16
5
9.81
4

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter
=

4000

cm

## Untuk Pintu Ukur Berbentuk Segiempat

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
10.93
+
10.59
=

10.73

10.69
5

10.87

10.57

dtk

h

H - ( h - h )

=
=

16
8

16
cm

V
Q =
tr
4000
Q =
= 372.7866
10.73

m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

3.Q
Cd =
2.b2.g.h
3
x 372.7866
Cd = 2 x
5
x
2 x 9.81 x
= 1.115827
Perhitungan Selanjutnya Ditabelkan
No Volume
Waktu
Q
h
(cm )
(dtk)
(m/dtk)
( cm )
1
10.73 372.7865797
8
2
12.406 322.4246332
7.8
3
14.544 275.0275028
7.6
4000
4
15.354 260.5184317
7.4
5
17.518 228.3365681
7.2

Cd
1.115827
1.002439
0.889053
0.876522
0.800476

Log Q
cm/dtk
2.571460269
2.508428214
2.439376125
2.415838455
2.358575469

Log h
cm
0.90309
0.892095
0.880814
0.869232
0.857332

Q
cm/dtk
7197.645
5789.517
4561.043
4204.919
3450.35

## Tabel Hubungan H variasi vs Cd

No

Cd

H variasi

8.061159585
2.850050303
1.551370885
1.007644948
0.721012032
6.972129804
2.465020132
1.341787006
0.871516225
0.623606248
5.947211382
2.102656749
1.144541364
0.743401423
0.531934757
5.633466351
1.991731129
1.084161105
0.704183294
0.503872548
4.937563783
1.745692417
0.950234593
0.617195473
0.44162913

(m/dtk)

1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5

( cm )
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5

372.787

322.425

275.028

260.518

228.337

Cd =

3.Q
2.b2.g.h

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Bukaan Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Muka Air di Atas Pelimpah (H)
Lebar Bukaan Pelimpah (b)
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

=
=
=
=
=
=

16
8
10.7
5
9.81
3

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter
=

3000

cm

## Untuk Pintu Ukur Berbentuk Segitigat

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
6.68
+
6.53
=

6.578

6.73
5

6.42

6.53

dtk

h

H - ( h - h )

=
=

16
8

16
cm

## 3. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
3000
Q =
= 456.0657
6.578
4. Menghitung Koefisien Pengaliran
15 . Q
Cd =
8 tg /2 2 . g . h
15
Cd = 2 x
0.5
x
2
= 8.531869

m/dtk

( Cd )
Dimana :

x 456.0657
x 9.81 x

## Perhitungan Selanjutnya Ditabelkan

No Volume
Waktu
Q
h
(cm )
(dtk)
(m/dtk)
( cm )
1
6.578 456.0656735
8
2
7.608 394.3217666
7.8
3
9.708 309.0234858
7.6
3000
4
10.606 282.8587592
7.4
5
11.63 257.9535684
7.2

=
=
=

45
tg/2
0.5

Cd
8.531869
7.858796
6.572026
6.430313
6.27989

Log Q
cm/dtk
2.659027386
2.595850751
2.489991487
2.451569632
2.41154154

Log h
cm
0.90309
0.892095
0.880814
0.869232
0.857332

cm/dtk
4441896.7969
3087641.5530
1678721.7513
1345625.1012
1068695.1783

## Tabel Hubungan H variasi vs Cd

No

Cd

H variasi

123.2748969
21.79212889
7.908088325
3.852340529
2.205208396
106.5854721
18.84182753
6.837461225
3.330796004
1.906658889
83.52928224
14.76603048
5.358405954
2.61029007
1.494217226
76.45693683
13.51580463
4.904714784
2.389279276
1.367703265
69.72504488
12.32576301
4.472863715
2.178907653
1.247279521

(m/dtk)

1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5

( cm )
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5

456.066

394.322

309.023

282.859

257.954

Cd =

15 . Q
8 tg /2 2 . g . h

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Bukaan Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Muka Air di Atas Pelimpah (H)
Lebar Bukaan Pelimpah (b)
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

=
=
=
=
=
=

16
8
15.8
5
9.81
4

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter

## Untuk Pintu Ukur Berbentuk Segiempat

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
12.2
+
12.3
=

12.406

12.41
5

12.56

dtk

h

=
=

H - ( h - h )
15.8
7.8

16
cm

V
Q =
tr
4000
Q =
= 322.4246
12.406

m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

3.Q
Cd =
2.b2.g.h
3
x 322.4246
Cd = 2 x
5
x
2 x 9.81 x
= 1.002439

Q
cm/dtk
7197.645
5789.517
4561.043
4204.919
3450.35

7.8

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Bukaan Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Muka Air di Atas Pelimpah (H)
Lebar Bukaan Pelimpah (b)
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

=
=
=
=
=
=

16
8
10.5
5
9.81
3

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter

## Untuk Pintu Ukur Berbentuk Segitigat

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
7.32
+
7.47
=

7.608

7.59
5

7.72

dtk

h

=
=

H - ( h - h )
15.8
7.8

16
cm

V
Q =
tr
3000
Q =
= 394.3218
7.608

45
tg/2
0.5

Q
cm/dtk
4441896.796979
3087641.553077
1678721.751316
1345625.101241
1068695.178342

m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

15 . Q
Cd =
8 tg /2 2 . g . h
15
x 394.3218
Cd = 2 x
0.5
x
2 x 9.81 x
= 7.858796

7.8

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter
=

4000

cm

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Bukaan Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Muka Air di Atas Pelimpah (H)
Lebar Bukaan Pelimpah (b)
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Untuk Pintu Ukur Berbentuk Segiempat

12.56

12.56

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
14.52
+
14.31
=

14.544

dtk

h

=
=

H - ( h - h )
15.6
7.6

16
cm

## 3. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
4000
Q =
= 275.0275
14.544
4. Menghitung Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )
3.Q
Cd =
2.b2.g.h
3
Cd = 2 x
5
x
= 0.889053

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter
=

3000

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Bukaan Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Muka Air di Atas Pelimpah (H)
Lebar Bukaan Pelimpah (b)
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

cm

7.72

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
9.56
+
9.72

7.94

9.708

dtk

h

=
=

H - ( h - h )
15.6
7.6

16
cm

V
Q =
tr
3000
Q =
= 309.0235
9.708

Dimana :

=
=
=

45
tg/2
0.5

## 4. Menghitung Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

15 . Q
Cd =
8 tg /2 2 . g . h
15
Cd = 2 x
0.5
x
= 6.572026

=
=
=
=
=
=

s Pelimpah (H)

16
8
15.6
5
9.81
4

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter
=

4000

cm

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah
Tinggi Bukaan
Tinggi Muka Air
Lebar Bukaan P
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

entuk Segiempat

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
14.31

1. Menghitung

14.6
5

14.57

14.72

dtk

## Muka Air diatas Mercu ( h )

2. Menghitung

Pengaliran (Q)

275.0275

3. Menghitung

m/dtk

en Pengaliran ( Cd )
3.Q
2.g.h
3
x 275.0275
2 x 9.81 x

4. Menghitung

7.6

=
=
=
=
=
=

s Pelimpah (H)

16
8
10.3
5
9.81
3

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter
=

3000

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah
Tinggi Bukaan
Tinggi Muka Air
Lebar Bukaan P
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

cm

entuk Segitigat

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
9.72

1. Menghitung

9.8
5

9.88

9.58

dtk

## Muka Air diatas Mercu ( h )

2. Menghitung

Pengaliran (Q)

309.0235

3. Menghitung

m/dtk

en Pengaliran ( Cd )
15 . Q
/2 2 . g . h
15
x 309.0235
2 x 9.81 x

4. Menghitung
Dimana :

7.6

=
=
=

45
tg/2
0.5

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Bukaan Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Muka Air di Atas Pelimpah (H)
Lebar Bukaan Pelimpah (b)
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

=
=
=
=
=
=

16
8
15.4
5
9.81
4

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter
=

4000

## Untuk Pintu Ukur Berbentuk Segiempat

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
15.11
+
15.27
=

15.354

15.58
5

15.3

dtk

h

=
=

H - ( h - h )
15.4
7.4

16
cm

V
Q =
tr
4000
Q =
= 260.5184
15.354

m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

3.Q
Cd =
2.b2.g.h
3
x 260.5184
Cd = 2 x
5
x
2 x 9.81 x
= 0.876522

7.4

15.51

cm

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Bukaan Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Muka Air di Atas Pelimpah (H)
Lebar Bukaan Pelimpah (b)
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

=
=
=
=
=
=

16
8
10.1
5
9.81
3

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter
=

3000

cm

## Untuk Pintu Ukur Berbentuk Segitigat

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
10.56
+
10.67
=

10.606

10.43
5

10.81

10.56

dtk

h

=
=

H - ( h - h )
15.4
7.4

16
cm

V
Q =
tr
3000
Q =
= 282.8588
10.606

m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

15 . Q
Cd =
8 tg /2 2 . g . h
15
x 282.8588
Cd = 2 x
0.5
x
2 x 9.81 x
= 6.430313

Dimana :

7.4

=
=
=

45
tg/2
0.5

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Bukaan Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Muka Air di Atas Pelimpah (H)
Lebar Bukaan Pelimpah (b)
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

=
=
=
=
=
=

16
8
15.2
5
9.81
4

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter

## Untuk Pintu Ukur Berbentuk Segiempat

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
17.27
+
17.7
=

17.518

17.53
5

17.41

dtk

h

=
=

H - ( h - h )
15.2
7.2

16
cm

V
Q =
tr
4000
Q =
= 228.3366
17.518

m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

3.Q
Cd =
2.b2.g.h
3
x 228.3366
Cd = 2 x
5
x
2 x 9.81 x
= 0.800476

7.2

Diketahui:
Tinggi Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Bukaan Pelimpah (h)
Tinggi Muka Air di Atas Pelimpah (H)
Lebar Bukaan Pelimpah (b)
Gravitasi (g)
Volume (V)

=
=
=
=
=
=

16
8
9.9
5
9.81
3

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
liter

## Untuk Pintu Ukur Berbentuk Segitigat

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
11.72
+
11.34
=

11.63

11.68
5

11.59

dtk

h

=
=

H - ( h - h )
15.2
7.2

16
cm

V
Q =
tr
3000
Q =
= 257.9536
11.63

tg/2

m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

15 . Q
Cd =
8 tg /2 2 . g . h
15
x 257.9536
Cd = 2 x
0.5
x
2 x 9.81 x
= 6.27989

7.2

17.41

4000

17.68

cm

11.59

3000

cm

11.82

Dimana :

=
=
=

45
tg/2
0.5

## Contoh Perhitungan Untuk Tata Pipa A

Perhitungan Untuk Pipa Kasar
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
Volume Air (V)
=
4
liter
= 0.004
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
= 9.81 m/dtk
Luas Pipa (A)
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x
0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr = 9.34 + 9.22 +

9.4
5

9.41

m
m

9.37

= 9.348 dtk
2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)
V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
=
0.000427899
9.348
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.000427899
v =
=
0.0002404063

1.7799

m/dtk

m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28 C
Interpolasi
kg/m
T = 25 C

= 997.1

= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C

= 995.7
kg/m

= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
995.7
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
28 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.26
x
1.7799
x
0.0175
Re =
= 34727.8205868 Re >
0.0008935703

2800

kelompok xvII

1
2,0329 log d
=
f
2k
+ 1.6794
1
2.0329
x
log
=
f
0.0000015
+
1
= -2.126786
f
f = -0.470193

dimana :

d
2K

=
=

0.0175
0.0000015

0.0175
1.6794

## 6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )

f L v
HI =
d 2 g
-0.470193 x 1 x
1.7799
HI =
0.0175
x 2 x
9.81
= -4.338406
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
290
- 285
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.063

HO

## TABEL HASIL PERHITUNGAN PIPA KASAR

No Volume
Waktu
Q
v
( m )
(dtk)
(m/dtk)
(m/dtk)
1
9.348
0.000427899 1.779899715
2
10.514
0.0003804451 1.582509277
0.004
3
11.624
0.0003441156 1.431392166
4
12.768
0.0003132832 1.303140863

Re
34727.82059
30876.51387
27928.05117
25425.72579

f
2.0329
2.0329
2.0329
2.0329

## Tabel Perhitungan Garis LEAST SQUARE

kelompok xvII

No
1
2
3
4

HI Hitung
(X)
-4.33840588
-3.42950659
-2.80579789
-2.32552943
-12.8992398

HI ukur
(Y)
0.063
0.2142
0.063
0.315
0.6552
n (X.Y)
B =
n (X) 4 -1.91723 =
4 43.86387
= 0.086339 m

B.X
n
0.6552
- 0.086339 x
=
4
= 0.442228 m

A =

Y
X
Y

X
X.Y
-0.27332 18.82177
-0.7346 11.76152
-0.176765 7.872502
-0.732542 5.408087
-1.917227 43.86387
(X.Y)
(X)
-12.89924 x
0.6552
- -12.89924

-12.89924

= A+BxX
= 0.442228 + 0.086339 x X
0
1
2
3
4
0.442228 0.528567 0.614907 0.701246 0.787585

kelompok xvII

## Contoh Perhitungan Untuk Tata Pipa A

Perhitungan Untuk Pipa Kasar
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
Volume Air (V)
=
4
liter
= 0.004
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
= 9.81 m/dtk
Luas Pipa (A)
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
10.48
+
10.56
=

10.514

10.5
5

m
m

10.53

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0003804451 m/dtk
10.514
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003804451
v =
= 1.582509 m/dtk
0.0002404063

2800

Aliran Turbulen

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28 C
Interpolasi
kg/m
T = 25 C

= 997.1

= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C

= 995.7
kg/m

= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
28 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.26
x 1.582509 x 0.0175
Re =
= 30876.5138715
0.0008935703

kelompok xvII

0.0175
0.0000015

1
2,0329 log d
=
f
2k
+ 1.6794
1
2.0329
x
log
=
f
0.0000015
+
1
= -2.126786
f
f = -0.470193

dimana :
0.0175
1.6794

## 6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )

f L v
HI =
d 2 g
-0.470193 x 1 x 1.582509
HI =
0.0175 x 2 x
9.81
= -3.429507
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
297
- 280
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
= 0.2142

HO

kelompok xvII

kelompok xvII

## Contoh Perhitungan Untuk Tata Pipa A

Perhitungan Untuk Pipa Kasar
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
= 17.5
Volume Air (V)
=
4
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
= 9.81
Luas Pipa (A)
= 1/4 d
1
=
x
4
= 0.0002404063

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
11.62
+
11.67

10.5

5
=

11.624

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0003441156
11.624
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003441156
v =
=
0.0002404063

995.7

0.000801

30876.5138715 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C

T = 30 C

Maka:
(
28
=
997.1
(
30
= 996.26 kg/m
28
=
0.000894 30
= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.26
x 1.431392
Re =
0.0008935703

kelompok xvII

dimana :

d
2K

=
=

1
2,0329 log d
=
f
2k
+ 1.6794
1
2.0329
x
log
=
f
0.0000015
+
1
= -2.126786
f
f = -0.470193

0.0175
0.0000015

## 6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )

f L v
HI =
d 2 g
-0.470193 x 1 x
HI =
0.0175 x 2
= -2.805798
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
1000
290
- 285
HI =
x
1000
=
0.063

kelompok xvII

kelompok xvII

k Tata Pipa A

Contoh Perhitunga

= 0.0175
= 0.004

mm
liter
m/dtk
1/4 d
3.14

0.0175

Perhitungan Untuk
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g
Luas Pipa (A)

m
m

0.0002404063 m

1. Menghitung wak

11.67

11.65
5

11.6

11.58

aliran (Q)

2. Menghitung Deb

0.0003441156 m/dtk
Aliran (v)

3. Menghitung Kec

1.431392 m/dtk

eynolds (Re)

4. Menghitung Bila

=
=
=
=

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894

25 )
25 )

kg/m.dtk

25
x
25

1.431392 x
0.0008935703

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

0.0175

= 27928.0511739 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

kelompok xvII

5. Menghitung Koe
dimana :

d
2K

=
=

0.0175
0.0000015

0.0175
1.6794

energi ( HI hitung )

6. Menghitung keh

1.431392
x
9.81
3

n energi ( HI ukur )
Hg min
x Hg
000
13.6

7. Menghitung Keh
-

HO

kelompok xvII

kelompok xvII

## Contoh Perhitungan Untuk Tata Pipa A

Perhitungan Untuk Pipa Kasar
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
Volume Air (V)
=
4
liter
= 0.004
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
= 9.81 m/dtk
Luas Pipa (A)
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
12.77
+
12.73

12.8
5

m
m

12.76

12.78

= 12.77 dtk
2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)
V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0003132832 m/dtk
12.768
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003132832
v =
= 1.303141 m/dtk
0.0002404063
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
kg/m
T = 25 C

= 997.1

= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C

= 995.7
kg/m

= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
995.7
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
28 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.26
x 1.303141 x 0.0175
Re =
= 25425.7257867 Re >
0.0008935703

2800

Aliran Turbulen

kelompok xvII

1
2,0329 log d
=
f
2k
+ 1.6794
1
2.0329
x
log
=
f
0.0000015
+
1
= -2.126786
f
f = -0.470193

dimana :

d
2K

=
=

0.0175
0.0000015

0.0175
1.6794

## 6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )

f L v
HI =
d 2 g
-0.470193 x 1 x 1.303141
HI =
0.0175 x 2 x
9.81
= -2.325529
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
300
- 275
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.315

HO

kelompok xvII

kelompok xvII

## Contoh Perhitungan Untuk Tata Pipa A

Perhitungan Untuk Pipa Kasar
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
Volume Air (V)
=
4
liter
= 0.004
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
= 9.81 m/dtk
Luas Pipa (A)
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr = 9.34 + 9.22 +

9.4
5

9.41

m
m

9.37

= 9.348 dtk
2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)
V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
=
0.000427899
9.348

m/dtk

Q
v =
A
0.000427899
v =
= 1.7799 m/dtk
0.0002404063

Aliran Turbulen

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28 C
Interpolasi
kg/m
T = 25 C

= 997.1

= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C

= 995.7
kg/m

= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
995.7
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
28 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.26
x
1.7799
x 0.0175
Re =
= 34727.8205868
0.0008935703

kelompok xvII

1
2,0329 log d
=
f
2k
+ 1.6794
1
2.0329
x
log
=
f
0.0000015
+
1
= -2.126786
f
f = -0.470193

0.0175
0.0000015

dimana :
0.0175
1.6794

## 6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )

f L v
HI =
d 2 g
-0.470193 x 1 x
1.7799
HI =
0.0175 x 2 x
9.81
= -4.338406
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
290
- 285
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.063

HO

kelompok xvII

kelompok xvII

995.7

0.000801

34727.8205868 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

kelompok xvII

dimana :

d
2K

=
=

0.0175
0.0000015

kelompok xvII

kelompok xvII

## Contoh Perhitungan Untuk Tata Pipa A

Perhitungan Untuk Pipa Halus
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
Volume Air (V)
=
4
liter
= 0.004
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
= 9.81 m/dtk
Luas Pipa (A)
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr = 9.53 + 9.47 +

9.5
5

9.46

m
m

9.47

= 9.486 dtk
2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)
V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
=
0.000421674
9.486

m/dtk

## 3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)

Q
v =
A
0.000421674
v =
= 1.754006 m/dtk
0.0002404063
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
kg/m
T = 25 C

= 997.1

= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C

= 995.7
kg/m

= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
995.7
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
28 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

## 996.26 x 1.754006 x 0.0175

Re =
= 34222.6087756 Re >
0.0008935703

2800

kelompok xvii

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 34222.60878
= 0.023233
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
f L v
HI =
d 2 g
0.023233 x 1 x 1.754006
HI =
0.0175 x 2 x
9.81
= 0.208178
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
300 - 275
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.315
TABEL HASIL
No Volume
( m )
1
2
0.004
3
4

HO

## PERHITUNGAN PIPA KASAR

Waktu
Q
v
(dtk)
(m/dtk)
(m/dtk)
9.486
0.000421674 1.754006171
10.742
0.0003723701 1.548920363
11.91
0.0003358522 1.397019524
12.034
0.0003323916 1.382624442

Re
34222.60878
30226.00138
27261.77219
26980.86312

f
0.023233188
0.023965799
0.024592267
0.024656028

## Tabel Perhitungan Garis LEAST SQUARE

kelompok xvii

No
1
2
3
4

HI Hitung
HI ukur
(X)
(Y)
0.208177595
0.315
0.167460751
0.1386
0.139786896
0.1512
0.137275973
0.2646
0.652701215
0.8694
n (X.Y)
B =
n (X) 4 0.146245 =
4 0.109766
= 1.343117 m

B.X
n
0.8694
- 1.343117 x
=
4
= -0.00181 m

A =

Y
X
Y

X
X.Y
0.065576 0.043338
0.02321 0.028043
0.021136 0.01954
0.036323 0.018845
0.146245 0.109766
(X.Y)
(X)
0.652701 x 0.8694
- 0.652701

0.652701

= A+BxX
= -0.00181 + 1.343117 x X
0
1
2
3
4
-0.00181 1.341304 2.684421 4.027538 5.370655

kelompok xvii

## Contoh Perhitungan Untuk Tata Pipa A

Perhitungan Untuk Pipa Halus
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
Volume Air (V)
=
4
liter
= 0.004
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
= 9.81 m/dtk
Luas Pipa (A)
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
10.62
+
10.78
=

10.81
5

10.83

10.742 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0003723701 m/dtk
10.742
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003723701
v =
= 1.54892 m/dtk
0.0002404063

2800

Aliran Turbulen

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28 C
Interpolasi
kg/m
T = 25 C
= 997.1
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.000893427 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

Re =
= 30226.001380
0.0008934271

kelompok xvii

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 30226.00138
= 0.023966
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
f L v
HI =
d 2 g
0.023966 x 1 x 1.54892
HI =
0.0175 x 2 x
9.81
= 0.167461
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
294 - 283
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
= 0.1386

HO

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

## Perhitungan Untuk Pipa Halus

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
= 17.5
Volume Air (V)
=
4
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
= 9.81
Luas Pipa (A)
= 1/4 d
1
=
4
= 0.0002404063

m
m

10.83

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
11.88
+
11.9

10.67

11.91

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0003358522
11.91
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003358522
v =
0.0002404063
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
kg/m.dtk
T

= 30 C

kg/m.dtk
Maka:
-

995.7

0.000801

30226.0013802 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

(
(
996.26 kg/m

0.000894

997.1

= 0.000893427 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.26 x 1.39702
Re =
0.0008934271

kelompok xvii

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 27261.77219
= 0.024592

f L v
HI =
d 2 g
0.024592 x 1
HI =
0.0175 x
= 0.139787

Hg maks Hg min
HI =
1000
295 - 283
HI =
1000
= 0.1512

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

## ntuk Tata Pipa A

Contoh Perhitu

= 0.0175
= 0.004

17.5 mm
4
liter
9.81 m/dtk
1/4 d
x

3.14

0.0175

Perhitungan Unt
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa
Volume Air (V
Gravitasi Bum
Luas Pipa (A)

m
m

0.0002404063 m

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
11.9

1. Menghitung

11.94
5

11.91

11.92

Pengaliran (Q)

2. Menghitung

0.0003358522 m/dtk

## atan Aliran (v)

3. Menghitung

1.39702 m/dtk

an Reynolds (Re)

=
=
=
=

28 30 29 30 kg/m.dtk

4. Menghitung

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894
25 )
25 )

25
x
25

1.39702 x
0.0008934271

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

0.0175

= 27261.7721936 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

kelompok xvii

en Gesek ( f )

5. Menghitung

27261.77219

6. Menghitung

x 1.39702
2 x
9.81

Hg min
x Hg
1000
x

13.6

7. Menghitung
-

HO
3

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

## Contoh Perhitungan Untuk Tata Pipa A

Perhitungan Untuk Pipa Halus
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
Volume Air (V)
=
4
liter
= 0.004
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
= 9.81 m/dtk
Luas Pipa (A)
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
12.01
+
12.05
=

12.08
5

m
m

12

12.03

12.034 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0003323916 m/dtk
12.034
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003323916
v =
= 1.382624 m/dtk
0.0002404063
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
kg/m
T = 25 C
= 997.1
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
995.7
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.000893427 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

## 996.26 x 1.382624 x 0.0175

Re =
= 26980.8631233 Re >
0.0008934271

2800

kelompok xvii

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 26980.86312
= 0.024656
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
f L v
HI =
d 2 g
0.024656 x 1 x 1.382624
HI =
0.0175 x 2 x
9.81
= 0.137276
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
298 - 277
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
= 0.2646

HO

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

## Contoh Perhitungan Untuk Tata Pipa A

Perhitungan Untuk Pipa Halus
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
Volume Air (V)
=
4
liter
= 0.004
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
= 9.81 m/dtk
Luas Pipa (A)
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
12.77
+
12.73

12.8
5

m
m

12.76

= 12.77 dtk
2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)
V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0003132832 m/dtk
12.768
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003132832
v =
= 1.303141 m/dtk
0.0002404063

Aliran Turbulen

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28 C
Interpolasi
kg/m
T = 25 C
= 997.1
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.000893427 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

Re =
= 25429.8015998
0.0008934271

kelompok xvii

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x
25429.8016
= 0.025024
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
f L v
HI =
d 2 g
0.025024 x 1 x 1.303141
HI =
0.0175 x 2 x
9.81
= 0.123765

## 7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )

Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
300 - 275
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.315

HO

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

12.76

12.78

995.7

0.000801

25429.8015998 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

## Perhitungan Untuk Kontraksi

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa Besar (d)
Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)

=
= 17.5 mm
7
mm
=
=
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.0002404063
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.000038465
4
Liter =
=
= 28 C

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr = 8.37 + 8.97 +
=

8.774

8.91
5

8.75

0.0175 m
0.007 m
0.0175

0.007
0.004

8.87

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0004558924 m/dtk
8.774
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
0.0004558924
v =
v =
A
0.0002404063
= 1.896342 m/dtk
0.0004558924
v =
0.000038465
= 11.85214 m/dtk
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
28 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk

995.7

0.000801

kelompok xvii

Re =
Re =

.v.d

996.26

x 1.896342 x
0.0008935703

0.0175

= 36999.7340831 Re >

2800

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 36999.73408
= 0.022784
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
a) Untuk HI 0
v 1 - d/d
v
HI =
+ K
2g
2g
Dari Tabel k ( faktor kehilangan energi )
A/A
0
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.9
K
0.5
0.48 0.36 0.24 0.12 1.02
A
0.000038465
=
= 0.16
0.0002404063
A
Kemudian nilai K diinterpolasi:
0.16 0.1
K =
0.48
x
0.48
0.3
0.1
=
0.444
Sehingga:
v 1 - d/d
v
HI =
+ K
2g
2g
11.85214 1 0.007
0.0175
HI =
2 x 9.81
= 4.106798 m
b) Untuk HI= 0
v 1 - d/d
HI =
2g
11.85214 1 =
2 x
= 0.927896 m

0.007
9.81

0.36

0.444

11.85214
2 x 9.81

0.0175

Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
290 - 285
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.063

HO

## TABEL PERHITUNGAN UNTUK KONTRAKSI

kelompok xvii

No

Volume
( m )

1
2
3
4

0.004

Waktu
(dtk)
8.774
9.204
10.75
11.95

Q
(m/dtk)
1.896341752
0.000434594
0.000372093
0.000334728

Kecepatan
v m/dtk v m/dtk
1.896342 11.85214
1.807747 11.29842
1.547768 9.673548
1.392343 8.702146

Re
36999.73408
35271.15024
30198.66668
27166.16459

f
0.022784
0.023059
0.023971
0.024614

HI 0
(m)
4.106798
3.732033
2.735783
2.213925

## Tabel Perhitungan Garis LEAST SQUARE

No
HI 0
HI ukur
X.Y
X
(X)
(Y)
1 4.106798442
0.063
0.258728 16.86579
2 3.7320326
0.126
0.470236 13.92807
3 2.735783464
0.1512
0.41365 7.484511
4 2.213924662
0.063
0.139477 4.901462
12.78853917
0.4032
1.282092 43.17983
n (X.Y)
(X.Y)
B =
n (X) - (X)
4 1.282092 - 12.78854 x 0.4032
=
4 43.17983 - 12.78854
= -0.00305 m
A =
=

B.X

n
0.4032

-0.00305 x
4

12.78854

= 0.110549 m
Y
X
Y

= A+BxX
= 0.110549 + -0.00305 x X
0
1
2
3
4
0.110549 0.1075 0.10445 0.101401 0.098352

## Perhitungan Untuk Ekspansi

kelompok xvii

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa Besar (d)
Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

7
mm
=
=
=
= 17.5 mm
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.000038465
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.0002404063
4
Liter =
=
= 28 C

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr = 8.37 + 8.97 +
=

8.774

8.91
5

8.75

0.007 m
0.0175 m
0.007

0.0175
0.004

8.87

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0004558924 m/dtk
8.774
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
0.0004558924
v =
v =
A
0.000038465
= 11.85214 m/dtk
0.0004558924
v =
0.0002404063
= 1.896342 m/dtk
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
28 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

995.7

0.000801

kelompok xvii

Re =
Re =

996.26

x 11.85214 x
0.0008935703

0.007

= 92499.3352077 Re >

2800

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 92499.33521
= 0.01812
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
a) Untuk HI = 0
v - v
HI =
2g

11.85214 - 1.896342
=
= 5.051878 m
2
x 9.81
b) Untuk HI 0
v - v
HI =

v - v
2g
11.85214 1.896342
=
2

- 11.85214 x
9.81

1.896342

= 3.204146 m
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x HO
1000
290 - 285
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.005
TABEL PERHITUNGAN
No Volume
Waktu
( m )
(dtk)
1
8.774
2
9.204
0.004
3
10.75
4
11.95

UNTUK EKSPANSI
Q
Kecepatan (v)
(m/dtk)
v m/dtk v m/dtk
0.000455892 11.85214 1.896342
0.000434594 11.29842 1.807747
0.000372093 9.673548 1.547768
0.000334728 8.702146 1.392343

Re
92499.33521
88177.87561
75496.66671
67915.41147

f
0.01812
0.018338
0.019064
0.019575

HI = 0
(m)
5.051878
4.590869
3.365357
2.723405

## Tabel Perhitungan Garis LEAST SQUARE

No
HI = 0
HI ukur
X.Y
X

kelompok xvii

1
2
3
4

(X)
(Y)
5.051877581
0.005
4.590868554
0.01
3.365357065
0.011
2.723405233
0.005
15.73150843
0.031
n (X.Y)
B =
n (X) 4 0.121804 =
4 65.34011
= -3E-005 m
A =
=

n
0.031

0.025259 25.52147
0.045909 21.07607
0.037019 11.32563
0.013617 7.416936
0.121804 65.34011
(X.Y)
(X)
15.73151 x
0.031
- 15.73151

B.X
-

-3E-005 x
4

15.73151

= 0.007881 m
Y
X
Y

No
1
2
3
4

= A+BxX
= 0.007881 + -3E-005 x X
0
1
2
3
4
0.007881 0.007847 0.007814 0.007781 0.007748

HI 0
HI ukur
(X)
(Y)
3.204146329
0.005
3.439600736
0.01
3.912606137
0.011
4.040120556
0.005
14.59647376
0.031
n (X.Y)
B =
n (X) 4 0.113656 =
4 53.72847
= 0.001149 m
A =

n
0.031

X.Y
X
0.016021 10.26655
0.034396 11.83085
0.043039 15.30849
0.020201 16.32257
0.113656 53.72847
(X.Y)
(X)
14.59647 x
0.031
- 14.59647

B.X

- 0.001149 x
4
= 0.003557 m
=

Y
X
Y

14.59647

= A+BxX
= 0.003557 + 0.001149 x X
0
1
2
3
4
0.003557 0.004706 0.005855 0.007004 0.008153

kelompok xvii

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa Besar (d)
Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

=
= 17.5 mm
7
mm
=
=
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.0002404063
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.000038465
4
Liter =
=
= 28 C

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr = 9.31 + 9.18 +
=

9.204

9.22
5

0.0175
0.007
0.0175

0.007
0.004

9.31

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0004345937 m/dtk
9.204
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
0.0004345937
v =
v =
A
0.0002404063
= 1.807747 m/dtk
0.0004345937
v =
0.000038465
= 11.29842 m/dtk
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
=
=
T = 30 C
=
=
Maka:
(
28 =
997.1
(
30 kg/m
= 996.26
28 =
0.000894 30 = 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894
25 )
25 )
25
x
25

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
997.1

0.000894

kelompok xvii

Re =
2800

Aliran Turbulen

Re =

.v.d

996.26

x 1.807747 x
0.0008935703

0.0175

= 35271.150243

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 35271.15024
= 0.023059
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
a) Untuk HI 0
v 1 - d/d
v
HI =
+ K
2g
2g
Dari Tabel k ( faktor kehilangan energi )
A/A
0
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.9
k
0.5
0.48 0.36 0.24 0.12 1.02
A
0.000038465
=
= 0.16
0.0002404063
A
Kemudian nilai k diinterpolasi:
0.16 0.1
k =
0.48
x
0.48
0.3
0.1
=
0.444
Sehingga:
v 1 - d/d
v
HI =
+ K
2g
2g
11.29842 1 0.007
0.0175
HI =
2 x 9.81
= 3.732033 m
b) Untuk HI 0
v 1 - d/d
HI =
2g
11.29842 1 =
2 x
= 0.843221 m

0.007
9.81

0.0175

## 7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )

Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
293 - 283
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.126

HO

kelompok xvii

HI 0
(m)
4.106798
3.732033
2.735783
2.213925

HI = 0
(m)
0.927896
0.843221
0.618127
0.500217

HI ukur
(m)
0.063
0.126
0.1512
0.063

No
1
2
3
4

HI = 0
HI ukur
(X)
(Y)
0.927895882
0.063
0.843220755
0.126
0.618126808
0.1512
0.500217288
0.063
2.889460733
0.4032
n (X.Y)
B =
n (X) 4 0.289678 =
4 2.20431
= -0.0135 m
A =
=

X.Y
X
0.058457 0.860991
0.106246 0.711021
0.093461 0.382081
0.031514 0.250217
0.289678 2.20431
(X.Y)
(X)
2.889461 x 0.4032
- 2.889461

B.X

n
0.4032

-0.0135 x
4

2.889461

= 0.110549 m
Y
X
Y

= A+BxX
= 0.110549 + -0.0135 x X
0
1
2
3
4
0.110549 0.097053 0.083557 0.070061 0.056564

kelompok xvii

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa Besar (d)
Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

7
mm
=
=
=
= 17.5 mm
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.000038465
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.0002404063
4
Liter =
=
= 28 C

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr = 9.31 + 9.18 +
=

9.204

9.22
5

0.007
0.0175
0.007

0.0175
0.004

9.31

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0004345937 m/dtk
9.204
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
0.0004345937
v =
v =
A
0.000038465
= 11.29842 m/dtk
0.0004345937
v =
0.0002404063
= 1.807747 m/dtk
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
=
=
T = 30 C
=
=
Maka:
(
28 =
997.1
(
30 = 996.26 kg/m
28 =
0.000894 30 = 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894
25 )
25 )
25
x
25

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
997.1

0.000894

kelompok xvii

Re =
2800

Aliran Turbulen

Re =

996.26

x 11.29842 x
0.0008935703

0.007

= 88177.875609

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 88177.87561
= 0.018338
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
a) Untuk HI = 0
v - v
HI =
2g

11.29842 - 1.807747
=
= 4.590869 m
2
x 9.81
b) Untuk HI 0
v - v
HI =

v - v
2g
11.29842 1.807747
=
2

- 11.29842 x
9.81

= 3.439601 m
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x HO
1000
293 - 283
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.01

HI = 0
(m)
5.051878
4.590869
3.365357
2.723405

HI 0
(m)
3.204146
3.439601
3.912606
4.040121

HI ukur
(m)
0.005
0.01
0.011
0.005

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa Besar (d)
Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

0.0175 m
0.007 m
0.0175

## Luas Pipa Kecil (A)

0.007
0.004

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
10.77
+
10.72

10.75

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.000372093
10.75
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
v =
A
=
v =
=
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
kg/m.dtk
T

= 30 C

kg/m.dtk
Maka:
-

995.7

0.000801

(
(
kg/m
996.26

0.000894

997.1

= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
kelompok xvii

Re =
35271.1502439 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

Re =

.v.d

996.26

x 1.547768
0.0008935703

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 30198.66668
= 0.023971

## 6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitun

a) Untuk HI 0
v 1 - d/d
HI =
2g
Dari Tabel k ( faktor kehilangan energi )
A/A
0
0.1
0.3
k
0.5
0.48 0.36

0.36

0.444

11.29842
2 x 9.81

A
0.000038465
=
=
0.0002404063
A
Kemudian nilai k diinterpolasi:
0.16
k =
0.48
0.3
=
0.444
Sehingga:
v 1 - d/d
HI =
2g
9.673548 1 HI =
2 x
= 2.735783 m
b) Untuk HI 0
v 1 - d/d
HI =
2g
9.673548 1 =
2 x
= 0.618127 m
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
1000
295 - 283
HI =
1000
= 0.1512

kelompok xvii

4
0.056564

kelompok xvii

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa Besar (d)
Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

0.007 m
0.0175 m

0.007

## Luas Pipa Kecil (A)

0.0175
0.004

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
10.77
+
10.72

10.75

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.000372093
10.75
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
v =
A
=
v =
=
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
kg/m.dtk
T

= 30 C

kg/m.dtk
Maka:
-

995.7

0.000801

(
(
996.26 kg/m

0.000894

997.1

= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =
kelompok xvii

Re =
88177.8756098 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

Re =

996.26

x 9.673548
0.0008935703

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 75496.66671
= 0.019064

## 6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitun

a) Untuk HI = 0
v - v
HI =
2g
9.673548 - 1.547768
=
2
x 9.81
b) Untuk HI 0
v - v
HI =

v - v
2g
9.673548 1.547768

1.807747
=

= 3.912606 m
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
1000
295 - 284
HI =
1000
=
0.011

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

=
= 17.5 mm
7
mm
=
=
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.0002404063
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.000038465
4
Liter =
=
= 28 C

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
10.72

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa B
Diameter Pipa K
Luas Pipa Besa

0.0175 m
0.007 m
0.0175

0.007
0.004

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)
1. Menghitung

10.62
5

10.81

10.83

Pengaliran (Q)

2. Menghitung

0.000372093

m/dtk

## atan Aliran (v)

0.000372093
0.0002404063
1.547768 m/dtk
0.000372093
0.000038465
9.673548 m/dtk

3. Menghitung

an Reynolds (Re)

4. Menghitung

=
=
=
=

28 30 28 30 kg/m.dtk

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894
25 )
25 )
25
x
25

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

kelompok xvii

1.547768 x
0.0008935703

0.0175

= 30198.6666833 Re >

2800

en Gesek ( f )

Aliran Turbulen
5. Menghitung

30198.66668

## ngan energi ( HI hitung )

v
2g
or kehilangan energi )
0.5
0.6
0.24 0.12
+

6. Menghitung

0.9
1.02

0.16

iinterpolasi:
-

0.1
0.1

0.48

0.36

0.444

v
2g

0.007
9.81

0.0175

0.007
9.81

0.0175

Hg min
x Hg
1000
x

13.6

9.673548
2 x 9.81

7. Menghitung
-

HO

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

7
mm
=
=
=
= 17.5 mm
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.000038465
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.0002404063
4
Liter =
=
= 28 C

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
10.72

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa B
Diameter Pipa K
Luas Pipa Besa

0.007 m
0.0175 m

0.007

0.0175
0.004

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)
1. Menghitung

10.62
5

10.81

10.83

Pengaliran (Q)

2. Menghitung

0.000372093

m/dtk

## atan Aliran (v)

0.000372093
0.000038465
9.673548 m/dtk
0.000372093
0.0002404063
1.547768 m/dtk

3. Menghitung

an Reynolds (Re)

4. Menghitung

=
=
=
=

28 30 28 30 kg/m.dtk

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894
25 )
25 )
25
x
25

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

kelompok xvii

9.673548 x
0.0008935703

0.007

= 75496.6667082 Re >

en Gesek ( f )

2800

Aliran Turbulen
5. Menghitung

75496.66671

6. Menghitung

1.547768
= 3.365357 m
9.81

v - v

2g
1.547768
2

- 9.673548 x
9.81

## ngan energi ( HI ukur )

Hg min
x HO
1000
x

1.547768

7. Menghitung

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa Besar (d)
Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)

=
= 17.5 mm
7
mm
=
=
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.0002404063
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.000038465
4
Liter =
=
= 28 C

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
11.92
+
11.94
=

11.95

11.95
5

0.0175 m
0.007 m
0.0175

0.007
0.004

11.97

11.97

dtk

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.000334728
11.95

m/dtk

## 3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)

Q
0.000334728
v =
v =
A
0.0002404063
= 1.392343 m/dtk
0.000334728
v =
0.000038465
= 8.702146 m/dtk
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
28 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk

995.7

0.000801

kelompok xvii

Re =
Re =

.v.d

996.26

x 1.392343 x
0.0008935703

0.0175

= 27166.1645895 Re >

2800

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 27166.16459
= 0.024614
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
a) Untuk HI 0
v 1 - d/d
v
HI =
+ K
2g
2g
Dari Tabel k ( faktor kehilangan energi )
A/A
0
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.9
k
0.5
0.48 0.36 0.24 0.12 1.02
A
0.000038465
=
= 0.16
0.0002404063
A
Kemudian nilai k diinterpolasi:
0.16 0.1
k =
0.48
x
0.48
0.3
0.1
=
0.444
Sehingga:
v 1 - d/d
v
HI =
+ K
2g
2g
8.702146 1 0.007
0.0175
HI =
2 x 9.81
= 2.213925 m
b) Untuk HI 0
v 1 - d/d
HI =
2g
8.702146 1 =
2 x
= 0.500217 m

0.007
9.81

0.36

0.444

8.702146
2 x 9.81

0.0175

## 7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )

Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
290 - 285
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.063

HO

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa Besar (d)
Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)

7
mm
=
=
=
= 17.5 mm
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.000038465
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
= 0.0002404063
4
Liter =
=
= 28 C

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
11.92
+
11.94
=

11.95

11.95
5

0.007 m
0.0175 m
0.007

0.0175
0.004

11.97

11.97

dtk

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.000334728
11.95

m/dtk

## 3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)

Q
0.000334728
v =
v =
A
0.000038465
= 8.702146 m/dtk
0.000334728
v =
0.0002404063
= 1.392343 m/dtk
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
(
28 - 25 )
=
997.1
x
997.1
(
30 - 25 )
= 996.26 kg/m
28 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.00089357 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

995.7

0.000801

kelompok xvii

Re =
Re =

996.26

x 8.702146 x
0.0008935703

0.007

= 67915.4114739 Re >

2800

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 67915.41147
= 0.019575
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
a) Untuk HI = 0
v - v
HI =
2g

8.702146 - 1.392343
=
= 2.723405 m
2
x 9.81
b) Untuk HI 0
v - v
HI =

v - v
2g
8.702146 1.392343
=
2

- 8.702146 x
9.81

1.392343

= 4.040121 m
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x HO
1000
290 - 285
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.005

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

Aliran Turbulen

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

Aliran Turbulen

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

## Perhitungan Untuk Gate Valve dan Tikungan 90

Untuk Gate Valve
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
=
3
liter
= 0.003
= 9.81 m/dtk
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
6.75
+
6.22
=

6.46

6.53
5

m
m

6.4

6.4

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0004643963 m/dtk
6.46
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0004643963
v =
= 1.931715 m/dtk
0.0002404063
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
28.5 25
=
997.1
x
997.1
995.7
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

## 996.12 x 1.931715 x 0.0175

Re =
= 37687.62323724 Re >
0.0008934987

2800

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 37687.62324
= 0.02268
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
K.v
Dimana:
HI =
2g
1.15
x 1.931715
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 0.218718
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
290 - 285
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.063
Perhitungan Selanjutnya Ditabelkan
No Volume
Waktu
Q
( m )
(dtk)
(m/dtk)
1
6.46
0.0004643963
2
7.284
0.0004118616
0.003
3
8.79
0.0003412969
4
9.708
0.0003090235
No
1
2
3
4

HI Hitung
HI ukur
(X)
(Y)
0.218718139
0.063
0.172032288
0.1008
0.118133233
0.063
0.096847921
0.3528
0.605731581
0.5796
n (X.Y)
B =
n (X) 4 0.07273 =
4 0.100768
= -1.66372 m

Y
X
Y

1.15

HO

v
(m/dtk)
1.931714691
1.713190129
1.419667452
1.285422013

Re
37687.62324
33424.22379
27697.61617
25078.49672

X
X.Y
0.013779 0.047838
0.017341 0.029595
0.007442 0.013955
0.034168 0.00938
0.07273 0.100768
(X.Y)
(X)
0.605732 x 0.5796
- 0.605732

B.X
n
0.5796
- -1.66372 x
=
4
= 0.396842 m

A =

0.605732

= A+BxX
= 0.396842 + -1.66372 x X
0
1
2
3
4
0.396842 -1.26688 -2.9306 -4.59432 -6.25804

f
0.022679705
0.023370702
0.024494946
0.025110867

Untuk Tikungan 90
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

=
14 mm
= 0.014
=
4
liter
= 0.004
= 9.81 m/dtk
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x
0.014
4
=
0.00015386 m

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
6.75
+
6.22
=

6.46

6.53
5

m
m

6.4

6.4

dtk

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.000619195
6.46

m/dtk

v

2.g.H

Dimana :
Hg maks
h =

Hg min
x
1000
290 - 285
h =
x 13.6
1000
=
0.063
Sehingga :
v

=
=

9.81

Hg
-

HO

0.063

1.111782 m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
=
=
T = 30 C
=
=
Maka:
28.5 =
997.1
30
= 996.12 kg/m
29 =
0.000894 -

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894
25
25
25

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

0.000894

x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

## 996.12 x 1.111782 x 0.0175

Re =
= 21690.79866645 Re >
0.0008934987
5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )
f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 21690.79867
= 0.026039
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
K.v
Dimana:
HI =
2g
0.9
x 1.111782
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 0.0567

2800

0.9

## 7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )

Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x HO
1000
290 - 285
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.005
Perhitungan Selanjutnya Ditabelkan
No
1
2
3
4

Volume
( m )
0.004

Waktu
(dtk)
6.46
7.284
8.79
9.708

Q
v
Re
f
(m/dtk)
(m/dtk)
0.000619195 1.111782353 21690.79867 0.026038634
0.0005491488 1.406305799 27436.93122 0.024552923
0.0004550626 1.111782353 21690.79867 0.026038634
0.0004120313 2.63095724 51329.79819 0.020993976

## Tabel Perhitungan Garis LEAST SQUARE

No HI Hitung
HI ukur
X.Y

(X)
0.0567
0.098784
0.06174
0.345744
0.562968

(Y)
0.005
0.008
0.005
0.028
0.046
n (X.Y)
B =
n (X) 4 0.011063 =
4 0.136324
= 0.080384 m

1
2
3
4

A =

n
0.046

0.000284 0.003215
0.00079 0.009758
0.000309 0.003812
0.009681 0.119539
0.011063 0.136324
(X.Y)
(X)
0.562968 x
0.046
- 0.562968

B.X

- 0.080384 x
4
= 0.000187 m
=

Y
X
Y

0.562968

= A+BxX
= 0.000187 + 0.080384 x X
0
1
2
3
4
0.000187 0.080571 0.160954 0.241338 0.321722

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
=
3
liter
= 0.003
= 9.81 m/dtk
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
7.46
+
7.28
=

7.284

7.34
5

7.15

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0004118616 m/dtk
7.284
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0004118616
v =
= 1.71319 m/dtk
0.0002404063

2800

Aliran Turbulen

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
28.5 25
=
997.1
x
997.1
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

Re =
= 33424.223793
0.0008934987

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 33424.22379
= 0.023371
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
K.v
Dimana:
HI =
2g
1.15
x 1.71319
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 0.172032
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
292 - 284
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
= 0.1008

HO

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

=
14 mm
= 0.014
=
4
liter
= 0.004
= 9.81 m/dtk
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x
0.014
4
=
0.00015386 m

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
7.46
+
7.28
=

7.284

7.34
5

7.15

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0005491488 m/dtk
7.284
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
v

2.g.H

Dimana :
Hg maks
h =

Hg min
x
1000
292 - 284
h =
x 13.6
1000
= 0.1008
Sehingga :
v

=
=

9.81

Hg
-

HO

0.1008

1.406306 m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
T = 30 C
= 995.7
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
28.5 25
=
997.1
x
997.1
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894

2800

Aliran Turbulen

0.000894

x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

## 996.12 x 1.406306 x 0.0175

Re =
= 27436.931221
0.0008934987
5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )
f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 27436.93122
= 0.024553
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
K.v
Dimana:
HI =
2g
0.98
x 1.406306
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 0.098784
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x HO
1000
292 - 284
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.008

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

m
m

7.15

= 17.5
=
3
= 9.81
= 1/4 d
1
=
4
= 0.0002404063

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
8.9
+
8.97

7.19

8.79

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0003412969
8.79
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003412969
v =
0.0002404063
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
kg/m.dtk
T

= 30 C

kg/m.dtk
Maka:
-

995.7

0.000801

33424.2237936 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

28.5
30
996.12 kg/m

0.000894

997.1

= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.12 x 1.419667
Re =
0.0008934987

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 27697.61617
= 0.024495

1.15

## 6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitun

K.v
HI =
2g
1.15
x 1.419667
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 0.118133
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
1000
290 - 285
HI =
1000
=
0.063

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

m
m

7.15

7.19

=
14
=
4
= 9.81
= 1/4
1
=
4
=
0.00015386

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
8.9
+
8.97
=

8.79

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0004550626
8.79
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
v

2.g.H

Dimana :
Hg maks
h =

Hg min
1000
290 - 285
h =
1000
=
0.063
Sehingga :
v

=
=

9.81

1.111782 m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
kg/m.dtk
T

= 30 C

kg/m.dtk
Maka:
-

995.7

0.000801

28.5
30
996.12 kg/m

0.000894

997.1

0.000801

27436.9312217 Re >

0.98

2800

Aliran Turbulen

0.000894

= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.12 x 1.111782
Re =
0.0008934987
5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )
f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 21690.79867
= 0.026039

## 6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitun

K.v
HI =
2g
0.98
x 1.111782
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 0.06174
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
1000
290 - 285
HI =
1000
=
0.005

= 0.0175
= 0.003

17.5 mm
3
liter
9.81 m/dtk
1/4 d
x

3.14

0.0175

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa
Volume Air (V
Gravitasi Bum
Luas Pipa (A)

m
m

0.0002404063 m

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
8.97

1. Menghitung

8.78
5

8.59

8.71

dtk

Pengaliran (Q)

2. Menghitung

0.0003412969 m/dtk

## atan Aliran (v)

3. Menghitung

= 1.419667 m/dtk

an Reynolds (Re)

28.5
30

=
=
=
=
-

29 30 kg/m.dtk

4. Menghitung

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894
25
25

25
x
25

1.419667 x
0.0008934987

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

0.0175

= 27697.6161675 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

en Gesek ( f )

5. Menghitung

27697.61617

Dimana:

6. Menghitung
K

1.15

1.419667
9.81

## ngan energi ( HI ukur )

Hg min
x Hg
1000
x

13.6

7. Menghitung
-

HO

14 mm
4
liter
9.81 m/dtk
1/4 d
x

3.14

= 0.014
= 0.004

0.00015386

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
8.97

0.014

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi
Luas Pipa (A)

m
m

1. Menghitung

8.78
5

8.59

8.71

dtk

Pengaliran (Q)

2. Menghitung

0.0004550626 m/dtk

## atan Aliran (v)

3. Menghitung

Hg min

1000
x

Hg

13.6

HO

0.063

an Reynolds (Re)

28.5
30

=
=
=
=
-

29 -

4. Menghitung

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894
25
25
25

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

30 kg/m.dtk

25

1.111782 x
0.0008934987
en Gesek ( f )

0.000894

0.0175

0.000801

= 21690.7986665 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen
5. Menghitung

21690.79867

Dimana:

6. Menghitung
K

0.98

1.111782
9.81

## ngan energi ( HI ukur )

Hg min
x HO
1000
x

7. Menghitung

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
=
3
liter
= 0.003
= 9.81 m/dtk
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
9.72
+
9.72
=

9.708

9.63
5

m
m

9.88

9.59

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0003090235 m/dtk
9.708
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003090235
v =
= 1.285422 m/dtk
0.0002404063
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
28.5 25
=
997.1
x
997.1
995.7
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

## 996.12 x 1.285422 x 0.0175

Re =
= 25078.4967153 Re >
0.0008934987

2800

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 25078.49672
= 0.025111
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
K.v
Dimana:
HI =
2g
1.15
x 1.285422
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 0.096848
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
303 - 275
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
= 0.3528

HO

1.15

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

=
14 mm
= 0.014
=
4
liter
= 0.004
= 9.81 m/dtk
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x
0.014
4
=
0.00015386 m

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
9.72
+
9.72
=

9.708

9.63
5

m
m

9.88

9.59

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0004120313 m/dtk
9.708
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
v

2.g.H

Dimana :
Hg maks
h =

Hg min
x
1000
303 - 275
h =
x 13.6
1000
= 0.3528
Sehingga :
v

=
=

9.81

Hg
-

HO

0.3528

2.630957 m/dtk

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
T = 30 C
= 995.7
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
28.5 25
=
997.1
x
997.1
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
-

995.7

0.000801

0.000894

x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

## 996.12 x 2.630957 x 0.0175

Re =
= 51329.798188 Re >
0.0008934987
5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )
f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 51329.79819
= 0.020994
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
K.v
Dimana:
HI =
2g
0.98
x 2.630957
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 0.345744
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x HO
1000
303 - 275
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.028

0.98

2800

Aliran Turbulen

Aliran Turbulen

## Perhitungan Untuk Globe Valve

Untuk Globe Valve
Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
=
3
liter
= 0.003
= 9.81 m/dtk
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
6.44
+
6.43
=

6.506

6.5
5

m
m

6.81

6.35

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0004611128 m/dtk
6.506
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0004611128
v =
= 1.918057 m/dtk
0.0002404063
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
28.5 25
=
997.1
x
997.1
995.7
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

## 996.12 x 1.918057 x 0.0175

Re =
= 37421.1567957 Re >
0.0008934987

2800

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x
37421.1568
= 0.02272
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
K.v
Dimana:
HI =
2g
10
x 1.918057
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 1.875098
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
292 - 284
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
= 0.1008
Perhitungan Selanjutnya Ditabelkan
No Volume
Waktu
Q
( m )
(dtk)
(m/dtk)
1
6.506
0.0004611128
2
7.316
0.0004100601
0.003
3
8.878
0.0003379139
4
9.678
0.0003099814
No
1
2
3
4

HI Hitung
HI ukur
(X)
(Y)
1.87509761
0.1008
1.482875209
0.126
1.006982021
0.1638
0.847384982
0.252
5.212339822
0.6426
n (X.Y)
B =
n (X) 4 0.754337 =
4 7.446984
= -0.12678 m

Y
X
Y

10

HO

v
(m/dtk)
1.918056702
1.705696679
1.405595506
1.289406582

Re
37421.1568
33278.02708
27423.07345
25156.23539

X
X.Y
0.18901 3.515991
0.186842 2.198919
0.164944 1.014013
0.213541 0.718061
0.754337 7.446984
(X.Y)
(X)
5.21234 x 0.6426
- 5.21234

B.X
n
0.6426
- -0.12678 x
=
4
= 0.325859 m

A =

5.21234

= A+BxX
= 0.325859 + -0.12678 x X
0
1
2
3
4
0.325859 0.199076 0.072293 -0.05449 -0.18127

f
0.022719971
0.023396327
0.024556024
0.025091445

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
=
3
liter
= 0.003
= 9.81 m/dtk
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
7.34
+
7.25
=

7.316

7.3
5

7.47

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0004100601 m/dtk
7.316
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0004100601
v =
= 1.705697 m/dtk
0.0002404063

2800

Aliran Turbulen

## 4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
28.5 25
=
997.1
x
997.1
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

Re =
= 33278.027079
0.0008934987

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 33278.02708
= 0.023396
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
K.v
Dimana:
HI =
2g
10
x 1.705697
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 1.482875
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
293 - 283
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.126

HO

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

m
m

7.47

= 17.5
=
3
= 9.81
= 1/4 d
1
=
4
= 0.0002404063

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
8.91
+
8.99

7.22

8.878

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0003379139
8.878
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003379139
v =
0.0002404063
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
kg/m.dtk
T

= 30 C

kg/m.dtk
Maka:
-

995.7

0.000801

33278.0270794 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

28.5
30
996.12 kg/m

0.000894

997.1

= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.12 x 1.405596
Re =
0.0008934987

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 27423.07345
= 0.024556

10

## 6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitun

K.v
HI =
2g
10
x 1.405596
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 1.006982
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
1000
295 - 282
HI =
1000
= 0.1638

17.5 mm
3
liter
9.81 m/dtk
1/4 d
x

3.14

= 0.0175
= 0.003

0.0175

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa
Volume Air (V
Gravitasi Bum
Luas Pipa (A)

m
m

0.0002404063 m

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
8.99

1. Menghitung

8.94
5

8.75

8.8

dtk

Pengaliran (Q)

2. Menghitung

0.0003379139 m/dtk

## atan Aliran (v)

3. Menghitung

= 1.405596 m/dtk

an Reynolds (Re)

28.5
30

=
=
=
=
-

29 30 kg/m.dtk

4. Menghitung

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894
25
25

25
x
25

1.405596 x
0.0008934987

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk
997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

0.0175

= 27423.0734526 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

en Gesek ( f )

5. Menghitung

27423.07345

Dimana:

6. Menghitung
K

10

1.405596
9.81

## ngan energi ( HI ukur )

Hg min
x Hg
1000
x

13.6

7. Menghitung
-

HO

Diketahui:
Diameter Pipa (d)
Volume Air (V)
Gravitasi Bumi (g)
Luas Pipa (A)

= 17.5 mm
= 0.0175
=
3
liter
= 0.003
= 9.81 m/dtk
= 1/4 d
1

=
x 3.14 x 0.0175
4
= 0.0002404063 m

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
9.85
+
9.31
=

9.678

9.99
5

m
m

9.4

9.84

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0003099814 m/dtk
9.678
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003099814
v =
= 1.289407 m/dtk
0.0002404063
4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)
T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
kg/m
= 0.000801
kg/m.dtk
T = 30 C
= 995.7
kg/m
= 0.000894
kg/m.dtk
Maka:
28.5 25
=
997.1
x
997.1
995.7
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

## 996.12 x 1.289407 x 0.0175

Re =
= 25156.2353908 Re >
0.0008934987

2800

## 5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )

f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 25156.23539
= 0.025091
6. Menghitung kehilangan energi ( HI hitung )
K.v
Dimana:
HI =
2g
10
x 1.289407
HI =
2
x 9.81
= 0.847385
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x Hg
1000
299 - 279
HI =
x 13.6 - 1
1000
=
0.252

HO

10

Aliran Turbulen

## Perhitungan Untuk Orifice Meter

Deketahui:
Diameter Pipa Besar (d)
14 mm
=
=
Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
24
mm
=
=
Luas Pipa Besar (A)
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
0.00015386
=
Luas Pipa Kecil (A)
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
0.00045216
=
Volume (V)
3
Liter =
=
Suhu (T)
= 28,5 C
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
6.2
+
6.15
=

6.34

6.32
5

0.014
0.024
0.014

0.024
0.003

6.5

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0004731861 m/dtk
6.34
3. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x HO
1000
290 90
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.2
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
va =
=

2 . g .HI ukur
2

= 1.980909

9.81

0.2

m/dtk

## 5. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
= 0.000801
T = 30 C
= 995.7
= 0.000894
Maka:

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk

m
m

6.53

28.5 25
x
997.1
995.7
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.12 x 1.980909 x
0.024
Re =
= 53002.1466484 Re >
0.0008934987
6. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )
f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 53002.14665
0.020826
=

997.1

2800

## 7. Perhitungan Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

Cd =

Q
A . Va

dimana :

A =
=

0.0004731861
Cd =
0.000164 x 1.980909

A ( 1 - (A/A ))
0.00015386

0.00015386
0.00045216

= 0.000164

= 1.459889
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
HO maks
HOmin
HI =
1000
290 90
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.2

No
1
2
3
4

Volume
( m )
0.003

Waktu
(dtk)
6.34
7.166
8.83
9.252

HO

Q
v
Re
f
Cd
(m/dtk)
(m/dtk)
0.0004731861 1.980908882 53002.14665 0.020826377 1.459889
0.0004186436 2.28019736 61010.05247 0.020106512 1.122081
0.0003397508 2.14725406 57452.95789 0.020410751 0.967006
0.0003242542 1.930751149 51660.10232 0.020960337 1.026388

## Diameter Pipa Besar (d)

Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

14 mm
=
=
24
mm
=
=
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
0.00015386
=
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
0.00045216
=
3
Liter =
=
= 28,5 C

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
7.19
+
7.03
=

7.166

7.16
5

0.014
0.024
0.014

0.024
0.003

7.25

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0004186436 m/dtk
7.166
3. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x HO
1000
290 90
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.2
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
va =
=

2 . g .HI ukur
2

= 2.280197

9.81

0.265

m/dtk

## 5. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
= 0.000801
T = 30 C
= 995.7
= 0.000894
Maka:

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk

28.5 25
x
997.1
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.12 x 2.280197 x
0.024
Re =
= 61010.052473
0.0008934987
6. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )
f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 61010.05247
0.020107
=

2800

Aliran Turbulen

997.1

## 7. Perhitungan Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

Cd =
0.00015386
0.00045216

Q
A . Va

dimana :

Cd =

0.0004186436
0.000164 x 2.280197

A =

A ( 1 - (A/

0.00015386

= 0.000164

= 1.122081
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
HO maks
HOmin
HI =
1000
320 55
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.265

Cd
1.459889
1.122081
0.967006
1.026388

HI Ukur
0.2
0.265
0.235
0.19

HO

0.014
0.024
0.014

## Diameter Pipa Besar (d)

Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

m
m

0.024
0.003

7.25

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)

7.2

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
8.75
+
8.9
=

8.83

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0003397508
8.83
3. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur
Hg maks Hg min
HI =
1000
290 90
HI =
1000
=
0.2
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
va =
=

2 . g .HI ukur
2

= 2.147254

9.81
m/dtk

## 5. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)

T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
kg/m.dtk
T

= 30 C

kg/m.dtk
Maka:

995.7

0.000801

61010.0524739 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen

28.5
30
996.12 kg/m

0.000894

997.1

= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.12 x 2.147254
Re =
0.0008934987
6. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )
f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 57452.95789
0.020411
=
7. Perhitungan Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

A ( 1 - (A/A ))
0.00015386
0.000164

Cd =
0.00015386
0.00045216

Q
A . Va

Cd =

0.0003397508
0.000164 x 2.147254

= 0.967006
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur
HO maks
HI =
1000
305 70
HI =
1000
=
0.235

14 mm
=
=
24
mm
=
=
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
0.00015386
=
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
0.00045216
=
3
Liter =
=
= 28,5 C

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
8.9

0.014
0.024
0.014

Diameter Pipa
Diameter Pipa
Luas Pipa Besa

m
m

## Luas Pipa Kecil

0.024
0.003

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)
1. Menghitung

8.86
5

8.98

8.66

dtk

Pengaliran (Q)

2. Menghitung

0.0003397508 m/dtk

Hg min
x HO
1000
x

3. Menghitung

## atan Aliran (v)

4. Menghitung

0.235

m/dtk

an Reynolds (Re)

=
=
=
=

5. Menghitung

997.1
0.000801
995.7
0.000894

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk

28.5
30

25
25

29 30 kg/m.dtk

25
x
25

2.147254 x
0.0008934987
en Gesek ( f )

997.1

995.7

0.000894

0.000801

0.024

= 57452.9578914 Re >

2800

Aliran Turbulen
6. Menghitung

57452.95789

en Pengaliran ( Cd )

7. Perhitungan

dimana :

A =
=

003397508
2.147254

HOmin
1000
x

A ( 1 - (A/A ))
0.00015386

0.00015386
0.00045216

= 0.000164

7. Menghitung
x

HO

## Diameter Pipa Besar (d)

Diameter Pipa Kecil (d)
Luas Pipa Besar (A)

14 mm
=
=
24
mm
=
=
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
0.00015386
=
= 1/4 d
1
=
x 3.14 x
4
0.00045216
=
3
Liter =
=
= 28,5 C

Volume (V)
Suhu (T)

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
9.2
+
9.26
=

9.252

9.34
5

0.014
0.024
0.014

0.024
0.003

dtk

## 3. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )

Hg maks Hg min
HI =
x HO
1000
290 90
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.2
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)

2 . g .HI ukur
2

= 1.930751

9.81

0.19

m/dtk

T = 28.5 C
Interpolasi
T = 25 C
= 997.1
= 0.000801
T = 30 C
= 995.7
= 0.000894
Maka:

9.16

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0003242542 m/dtk
9.252

va =

m
m

kg/m
kg/m.dtk
kg/m
kg/m.dtk

9.3

28.5 25
x
997.1
995.7
30
25
= 996.12 kg/m
29 - 25
=
0.000894 x
0.000894
0.000801
30 - 25
= 0.000893499 kg/m.dtk
.v.d
Re =

996.12 x 1.930751 x
0.024
Re =
= 51660.1023215 Re >
0.0008934987
6. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek ( f )
f =
0.316 Re
f =
0.316 x 51660.10232
0.02096
=

997.1

2800

## 7. Perhitungan Koefisien Pengaliran ( Cd )

Cd =

Q
A . Va

dimana :

A =
=

0.0003242542
Cd =
0.000164 x 1.930751

0.00015386

= 0.000164

= 1.026388
7. Menghitung Kehilangan energi ( HI ukur )
HO maks
HOmin
HI =
1000
270 80
HI =
x
1
1000
=
0.19

A ( 1 - (A/A ))

HO

0.00015386
0.00045216

Aliran Turbulen

0.00015386
0.00045216

## contoh perhitungan Ambang lebar

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk Loncat 1
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

3500

8
22.22
10
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
=
19
10
=
=
9
cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3500
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.731636 cm

Y
3.5
-6.5 cm

t
10

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3500
=
152
= 23.02632 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 19
=
152

Maka:
23.02632
2
x
981
= 19.27024 cm

Es = 19 +

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3500
=
8
=
437.5 cm/dtk
q
Yc =
g

437.5
191406
Yc =
=
= 195.1134
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.800014 = 8.700021 cm
2
2

= 5.800014

cm

KELOMPOK I

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
23.02632
9 +
2 x 981
9.27024 cm

Hd = He +
=
Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

9
He/Hd ( L ) =
9.27024
= 0.970849
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.731636
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.032927
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
125
Fr =
981 x
3.5
= 2.133249

=
=
=

Q
A

A
3500
28
125

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
28

3.5

## TABEL PERHITUNGAN AMBANG LEBAR

Untuk grafik He vs Q dan C vs Q
Y
He
No
Q
t
(cm/dtk)
(cm) (cm) (cm)
1
19
9
2
18.8
8.8
3
18.2
8.2
3500
10
4
18.5
8.5
5
18.5
8.5
1
18
8
2
17.8
7.8
3
18
8
3300
10
4
18
8
5
17.8
7.8
1
17
7
2
16.5
6.5
3
16.5
6.5
3000
10
4
16.8
6.8
5
17
7

b
(cm)

C
( cm )
0.731636
0.756719
0.841275
0.797132
0.797132
0.823132
0.854993
0.823132
0.823132
0.854993
0.914249
1.021743
1.021743
0.954879
0.914249

Keterangan
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam

1
2

1
2

1
2

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk Loncat 1
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

3300

8
22.22
10
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
=
18
10
=
=
8
cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3300
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.823132

Y
2.8
-7.2 cm

t
10

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3300
=
144
= 22.91667 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 18
=
144

Maka:
22.91667
2
x
981
= 18.26767

Es = 18 +

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3300
=
8
=
412.5
q
Yc =
g

412.5
170156
Yc =
=
= 173.4518
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.576901 = 8.365352 cm
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )
v
Hd = He +

= 5.576901

cm

KELOMPOK I

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

2g
22.91667
= 8 +
2 x 981
= 8.267673 cm

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

8
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.267673
= 0.967624
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.823132
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.037045
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
147.3214
Fr =
981 x
2.8
= 2.810945

Q
A

3300
22.4
= 147.3214
=

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
2.8
22.4

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk Loncat 1
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

3000

8
22.22
10
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
=
17
10
=
=
7
cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3000
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.914249

Y
2.5
-7.5 cm

t
10

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3000
=
136
= 22.05882 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 17
=
136

Maka:
22.05882
2
x
981
= 17.24801 cm

Es = 17 +

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3000
=
8
=
375
q
Yc =
g

375
140625
Yc =
=
= 143.3486
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.233568 = 7.850351 cm
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )

= 5.233568

cm

KELOMPOK I

v
2g
22.05882
= 7 +
2 x 981
= 7.248008 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

7
He/Hd ( L ) =
7.248008
= 0.965783
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.914249
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.041145
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
150
Fr =
981 x
2.5
= 3.028913

=
=
=

Q
A

A
3000
20
150

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
20

2.5

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk Locat 2
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
10
981

3500

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 18.8 10
=
8.8 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3500
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.756719

8.8

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3500
=
150.4
= 23.27128 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x
=
150.4

Maka:
Es = 19 +

2
= 19.07602

cm

23.27128
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3500
=
8
=
437.5
q
Yc =
g
437.5
191406
Yc =
=
= 195.1134
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.800014 = 8.700021
2
2
KELOMPOK I

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
23.27128
= 9 +
2 x 981
= 9.076021 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

8.8
He/Hd ( L ) =
9.076021
= 0.969588
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.756719
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.034056

3.5

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
118.2432
Fr =
981 x
3.7
= 1.962641

Untuk grafik He vs He
Y
No
Q
(cm/dtk)
(cm)
1
19
2
18.8
3
18.2
3500
4
18.5
18.5
5
1
18
2
17.8
3
18
3300
4
18
17.8
5
1
17
2
16.5
3
16.5
3000
4
16.8
17
5

Y
(cm)
3.5
3.7
6.5
9
9.6
2.8
2.9
4.9
8.1
10.4
2.5
3
3.9
6.1
9.2

He
(cm)
9
8.8
8.2
8.5
8.5
8
7.8
8
8
7.8
7
6.5
6.5
6.8
7

He
(cm)
-6.5
-6.3
-3.5
-1
-0.4
-7.2
-7.1
-5.1
-1.9
0.4
-7.5
-7
-6.1
-3.9
-0.8

Q
A

3500
29.6
= 118.2432
=

Keterangan
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam

1
2

1
2

1
2

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk Locat 2
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

3300

8
22.22
10
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 17.8 10
=
7.8 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3300
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.854993

7.8

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A

3300
142.4
= 23.17416 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x
=
142.4

Maka:
23.17416
2
x
981
= 18.07372

Es = 18 +

cm

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3300
=
8
=
412.5
q
Yc =
g
412.5
170156
Yc =
=
= 173.4518
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.576901 = 8.365352
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )
v
Hd = He +
KELOMPOK I

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

2g
23.17416
= 8 +
2 x 981
= 8.073721 cm

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

7.8
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.073721
= 0.966097
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.854993
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.038479

2.8

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
142.2414
Fr =
981 x
2.9
= 2.666812

Q
A

3300
23.2
= 142.2414
=

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk Locat 2
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
10
981

3000

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 16.5 10
=
6.5 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3000
=
8 x 981 x
= 1.021743

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3000
=
132
= 22.72727 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x
=
132

Maka:
Es = 17 +

2
= 16.76327

cm

22.72727
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3000
=
8
=
375
q
Yc =
g
375
140625
Yc =
=
= 143.3486
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.233568 = 7.850351
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )

KELOMPOK I

v
2g
22.72727
= 7 +
2 x 981
= 6.763267 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

6.5
He/Hd ( L ) =
6.763267
= 0.961074
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
1.021743
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.045983

2.5

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Fr =
g.Y
125
Fr =
981 x
= 2.304172

Dimana:

=
=

Q
A
3000
24
125

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

Untuk debit
=
3500

He =
=
=

Y
3.7
-6.3 cm

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Amban

He = Y = 18.2
=
8.2

t
10

b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3500
=
8 x 981
= 0.841275
c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

18.8
150.4

Q
A
3500
=
145.6
= 24.03846
=

Maka:
Es = 18 +

2
= 18.49452

itis ( Ec )

195.1134

8.700021

cm

= 5.800014

cm

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3500
=
8
=
437.5
q
Yc =
g
437.5
Yc =
981
3
Ec =
Yc =
2
KELOMPOK I

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
24.03846
8 +
2
8.49452

Hd = He +
=
Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

8.2
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.49452
= 0.965328
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.841275
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.037861

A
3500
29.6
118.2432

eterangan

cat 1
at 2
alihan
ggelam
ggelam
cat 1
at 2
alihan
ggelam
ggelam
cat 1
at 2
alihan
ggelam
ggelam

1
2

1
2

1
2

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
29.6

3.7

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Fr =
g.Y
67.30769
Fr =
981 x
= 0.842895

## Untuk grafik hubungan antara Yc vs Es dan Yc

Y
No
Q
q
(cm/dtk)
(cm) cm/dtk
1
19
2
18.8
3
18.2
3500
437.5
4
18.5
18.5
5
1
18
2
17.8
3
18
3300
412.5
4
18
17.8
5
1
17
2
16.5
3
16.5
3000
375
4
16.8
17
5

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

Untuk debit
=
3300

He =
=
=

Y
2.9
-7.1 cm

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Amban

He = Y =
18
=
8

t
10

b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3300
=
8 x 981
= 0.823132
c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

17.8
142.4

Q
A

3300
144
= 22.91667
=
Maka:
Es = 18 +

2
= 18.26767

itis ( Ec )

173.4518

8.365352

cm

= 5.576901

cm

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3300
=
8
=
412.5
q
Yc =
g
412.5
Yc =
981
3
Ec =
Yc =
2
e. Harga ( Hd )
v
Hd = He +
KELOMPOK I

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

2g
22.91667
= 8 +
2
= 8.267673

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

8
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.267673
= 0.967624
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.823132
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.037045

A
3300
23.2
142.2414

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
2.9
23.2

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Fr =
g.Y
84.18367
Fr =
981 x
= 1.214214

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

Untuk debit
=
3000

He =
=
=

Y
3
-7

cm

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Amban

He = Y = 16.5
=
6.5

t
10

b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3000
=
8 x 981
= 1.021743
c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

16.5
132

Q
A
3000
=
132
= 22.72727
=

Maka:
Es = 17 +

2
= 16.76327

itis ( Ec )

143.3486

7.850351

cm

= 5.233568

cm

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3000
=
8
=
375
q
Yc =
g
375
Yc =
981
3
Ec =
Yc =
2
e. Harga ( Hd )

KELOMPOK I

v
2g
22.72727
= 7 +
2
= 6.763267

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

6.5
He/Hd ( L ) =
6.763267
= 0.961074
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
1.021743
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.045983

A
3000
24
125

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
24

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Fr =
g.Y
96.15385
Fr =
981 x
= 1.554533

KELOMPOK I

8
22.22
10
981

3500

Diketahui:
Lebar Amban
Nilai Kalibras
Tinggi Amba
Gravitasi ( g

cm
cm
cm/dtk

Perhitungan Un
Untuk deb

cm/dtk

t
He =
10
=
cm
=

Y
6.5
-3.5 cm

t
10

galiran ( C )

3500
981 x

v
2.g
A

= B x Y
=
8 x 18.2
=
145.6

cm/dtk
24.03846
x
981

## Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

437.5

3
2

191406
981

= 195.1134

x 5.800014 = 8.700021

= 5.800014

cm

cm

KELOMPOK I

24.03846
x 981
cm

rga He/Hd
8.2
8.49452
0.965328

arga C/Cd
0.841275
22.22
0.037861

Dimana:

67.30769
6.5

Q
A

3500
=
52
= 67.30769

tara Yc vs Es dan Yc vs Ec
Yc
Es
( cm )
( cm )
19.27024
19.07602
5.800014 18.49452
18.78505
18.78505
18.26767
18.07372
5.576901 18.26767
18.26767
18.07372
17.24801
16.76327
5.233568 16.76327
17.05395
18.07372

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
52

6.5

v
Ec
Keterangan
cm/dtk
( cm )
23.02632
Loncat 1
23.27128
loncat 2
24.03846 8.700021 peralihan
23.64865
Tenggelam 1
23.64865
Tenggelam 2
22.91667
Loncat 1
23.17416
loncat 2
22.91667 8.365352 peralihan
22.91667
Tenggelam 1
23.17416
Tenggelam 2
22.05882
Loncat 1
22.72727
loncat 2
22.72727 7.850351 peralihan
22.32143
Tenggelam 1
22.05882
Tenggelam 2

No
Q
(cm/dtk)
1
2
3
3500
4
5
1
2
3
3300
4
5
1
2
3
3000
4
5

KELOMPOK I

8
22.22
10
981

3300

Diketahui:
Lebar Amban
Nilai Kalibras
Tinggi Amba
Gravitasi ( g

cm
cm
cm/dtk

Perhitungan Un
Untuk deb

cm/dtk

He =
t
10
=
cm
=

Y
4.9
-5.1 cm

t
10

galiran ( C )

3300
981 x

v
2.g
A

= B x Y
=
8 x 18
=
144

cm/dtk
22.91667
x
981

## Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

412.5

3
2

170156
981

= 173.4518

x 5.576901 = 8.365352

= 5.576901

cm

cm

KELOMPOK I

22.91667
x 981
cm

rga He/Hd
8
8.267673
0.967624

arga C/Cd
0.823132
22.22
0.037045

Dimana:

84.18367
4.9

Q
A

3300
39.2
= 84.18367
=

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
4.9
39.2

KELOMPOK I

8
22.22
10
981

3000

Diketahui:
Lebar Amban
Nilai Kalibras
Tinggi Amba
Gravitasi ( g
Perhitungan Un

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

Untuk deb

He =
t
10
=
cm
=

Y
3.9
-6.1 cm

t
10

galiran ( C )

3000
981 x

v
2.g
A

= B x Y
=
8 x 16.5
=
132

cm/dtk
22.72727
x
981

## Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

375

3
2

140625
981

= 143.3486

x 5.233568 = 7.850351

= 5.233568

cm

cm

KELOMPOK I

22.72727
x 981
cm

rga He/Hd
6.5
6.763267
0.961074

arga C/Cd
1.021743
22.22
0.045983

Dimana:

96.15385
3.9

Q
A

3000
=
31.2
= 96.15385

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
31.2

3.9

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
10
981

Untuk debit
=
3500

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
= 18.5 10
=
=
8.5 cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3500
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.797132

Y
9
-1

cm

t
10

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3500
=
148
= 23.64865 cm/ctk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 18.5
=
148

Maka:
Es = 19 +

2
= 18.78505

23.64865
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3500
=
8
=
437.5
q
Yc =
g

437.5
191406
Yc =
=
= 195.1134
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.800014 = 8.700021 cm
2
2

= 5.800014

cm

KELOMPOK I

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
23.64865
= 9 +
2 x 981
= 8.785045 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

8.5
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.785045
= 0.967553
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.797132
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.035875
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
48.61111
Fr =
981 x
9
= 0.517344

## ntuk grafik hubungan He vs C dan He/Hd vs C/Cd

Q
He
Hd
C
Cd
(cm/dtk)
(cm)
(cm)
( cm )
( cm )
19
9.27024 0.731636
18.8 9.076021 0.756719
18.2 8.49452 0.841275 22.22
3500
18.5 8.785045 0.797132
18.5 8.785045 0.797132
18 8.267673 0.823132
17.8 8.073721 0.854993
18 8.267673 0.823132 22.22
3300
18 8.267673 0.823132
17.8 8.073721 0.854993
17 7.248008 0.914249
16.5 6.763267 1.021743
16.5 6.763267 1.021743 22.22
3000
16.8 7.053948 0.954879
17 7.248008 0.914249

Q
A

3500
=
72
= 48.61111

C/Cd

He/Hd

0.032927
0.034056
0.037861
0.035875
0.035875
0.037045
0.038479
0.037045
0.037045
0.038479
0.041145
0.045983
0.045983
0.042974
0.041145

0.970849
0.969588
0.965328
0.967553
0.967553
0.967624
0.966097
0.967624
0.967624
0.966097
0.965783
0.961074
0.961074
0.963999
0.965783

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
72

Keterangan
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam

1
2

1
2

1
2

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

Untuk debit
=
3300

8
22.22
10
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
=
18
10
=
=
8
cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3300
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.823132

Y
8.1
-1.9 cm

t
10

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A

3300
144
= 22.91667 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 18
=
144

Maka:
22.91667
2
x
981
= 18.26767

Es = 18 +

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3300
=
8
=
412.5
q
Yc =
g

412.5
170156
Yc =
=
= 173.4518
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.576901 = 8.365352 cm
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )
v
Hd = He +

= 5.576901

cm

KELOMPOK I

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

2g
22.91667
= 8 +
2 x 981
= 8.267673 cm

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

8
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.267673
= 0.967624
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.823132
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.037045
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
50.92593
Fr =
981 x
8.1
= 0.571297

Q
A

3300
64.8
= 50.92593
=

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
8.1
64.8

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
=
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd ) =
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
=
Gravitasi ( g )
=
Perhitungan Untuk Tenggelam 1
Untuk debit

8
22.22
10
981

3000

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
= 16.8 10
=
=
6.8 cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3000
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.954879

Y
6.1
-3.9 cm

t
10

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3000
=
134.4
= 22.32143 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 16.8
=
134.4

Maka:
Es = 17 +

2
= 17.05395

22.32143
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3000
=
8
=
375
q
Yc =
g

375
140625
Yc =
=
= 143.3486
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.233568 = 7.850351 cm
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )

= 5.233568

cm

KELOMPOK I

v
2g
22.32143
= 7 +
2 x 981
= 7.053948 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

6.8
He/Hd ( L ) =
7.053948
= 0.963999
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.954879
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.042974
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
61.47541
Fr =
981 x
6.1
= 0.794698

Q
A

3000
=
48.8
= 61.47541

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
48.8

6.1

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
10
981

Untuk debit
=
3500

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 18.5 10
=
8.5 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3500
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.797132

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3500
=
148
= 23.64865 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 18.5
=
148

Maka:
Es = 19 +

2
= 18.78505

23.64865
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3500
=
8
=
437.5
q
Yc =
g
437.5
191406
Yc =
=
= 195.1134
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.800014 = 8.700021
2
2
KELOMPOK I

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
23.64865
= 9 +
2 x 981
= 8.785045 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

8.5
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.785045
= 0.967553
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.797132
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.035875
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
45.57292
Fr =
981 x
9.6
= 0.469609

Q
A

3500
76.8
= 45.57292
=

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

Untuk debit
=
3300

8
22.22
10
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 17.8 10
=
7.8 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3300
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.854993

7.8

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A

3300
142.4
= 23.17416 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 17.8
=
142.4

Maka:
23.17416
2
x
981
= 18.07372

Es = 18 +

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3300
=
8
=
412.5
q
Yc =
g
412.5
170156
Yc =
=
= 173.4518
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.576901 = 8.365352
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )
v
Hd = He +
KELOMPOK I

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

2g
23.17416
= 8 +
2 x 981
= 8.073721 cm

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

7.8
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.073721
= 0.966097
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.854993
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.038479
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
39.66346
Fr =
981 x 10.4
= 0.392681

Q
A

3300
83.2
= 39.66346
=

KELOMPOK I

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
10
981

Untuk debit
=
3000

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
=
17
10
=
7
cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3000
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.914249

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3000
=
136
= 22.05882 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 17
=
136

Maka:
Es = 17 +

2
= 17.24801

22.05882
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3000
=
8
=
375
q
Yc =
g
375
140625
Yc =
=
= 143.3486
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.233568 = 7.850351
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )

KELOMPOK I

v
2g
22.05882
= 7 +
2 x 981
= 7.248008 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

7
He/Hd ( L ) =
7.248008
= 0.965783
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.914249
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.041145
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
40.76087
Fr =
981 x
9.2
= 0.429057

Q
A

3000
73.6
= 40.76087
=

KELOMPOK I

=
=
=

Y
9.6
-0.4 cm

t
10

18.5

195.1134

= 5.800014

cm

cm

KELOMPOK I

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
76.8

9.6

KELOMPOK I

Y
10.4 0.4 cm

=
=
=

t
10

17.8

173.4518

= 5.576901

cm

cm

KELOMPOK I

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x 10.4
83.2

KELOMPOK I

Y
9.2
-0.8 cm

=
=
=

t
10

17

143.3486

= 5.233568

cm

cm

KELOMPOK I

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
73.6

9.2

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

KELOMPOK I

## contoh perhitungan ambang tajam

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk Loncat 1
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

3000

8
22.22
11.5
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
= 19.2 - 11.5
=
=
7.7 cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3000
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.792457

7.7

Y
t
3.4
- 11.5
-8.1 cm

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3000
=
153.6
= 19.53125 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 19.2
=
153.6

Maka:
19.53125
2
x
981
= 19.39443 cm

Es = 19 +

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3000
=
8
cm/dtk
=
375
q
Yc =
g

375
140625
Yc =
=
= 143.3486
= 5.233568
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.233568 = 7.850351 cm
2
2

cm

kelompok xvii

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
19.53125
= 8 +
2 x 981
= 7.894429 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

7.7
He/Hd ( L ) =
7.894429
= 0.975371
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.792457
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.035664
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
110.2941
Fr =
981 x
3.4
= 1.909758

Q
A

3000
=
27.2
= 110.2941

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
27.2

3.4

## TABEL PERHITUNGAN AMBANG TAJAM

Untuk grafik He vs C
No
Q
He
(cm/dtk)
(cm)
1
7.7
2
7.8
3
7.9
3000
4
8
9.2
5
1
6.7
2
6.8
3
6.9
2900
4
7
8.1
5
1
5.7
2
5.6
3
5.7
2800
4
5.8
6.9
5

C
( cm )
0.792457
0.777266
0.762555
0.748302
0.606778
0.943792
0.92305
0.903056
0.883774
0.710004
1.161278
1.192522
1.161278
1.131375
0.871917

Keterangan
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam

1
2

1
2

1
2

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk Loncat 1
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

2900

8
22.22
11.5
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
= 18.2 - 11.5
=
=
6.7 cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
2900
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.943792

6.7

Y
t
3.2
- 11.5
-8.3 cm

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
2900
=
145.6
= 19.91758 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 18.2
=
145.6

Maka:
19.91758
2
x
981
18.4022 cm

Es = 18 +
=

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
2900
=
8
=
362.5 cm/dtk
q
Yc =
g

362.5
131406
Yc =
=
= 133.9513
=
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.11661 = 7.674915 cm
2
2

5.11661

cm

kelompok xvii

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
19.91758
= 7 +
2 x 981
= 6.902197 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

6.7
He/Hd ( L ) =
6.902197
= 0.970705
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.943792
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.042475
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
113.2813
Fr =
981 x
3.2
= 2.021848

Q
A

2900
=
25.6
= 113.2813

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
25.6

3.2

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk Loncat 1
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

2800

8
22.22
11.5
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
= 17.2 - 11.5
=
=
5.7 cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
2800
=
8 x 981 x
= 1.161278

5.7

Y
2.5
-9

t
- 11.5
cm

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
2800
=
137.6
= 20.34884 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 17.2
=
137.6

Maka:
20.34884
2
x
981
= 17.41105

Es = 17 +

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
2800
=
8
=
350
cm/dtk
q
Yc =
g
350
122500

Yc =
=
= 124.8726
=
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 4.9983 = 7.497451 cm
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )

4.9983

cm

kelompok xvii

v
2g
20.34884
= 6 +
2 x 981
= 5.911047 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

5.7
He/Hd ( L ) =
5.911047
= 0.964296
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
1.161278
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.052263
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
140
Fr =
981 x
2.5
= 2.826985

=
=
=

Q
A

A
2800
20
140

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
20

2.5

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk loncat 2
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
11.5
981

3000

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 19.3 - 11.5
=
7.8 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3000
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.777266

7.8

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3000
=
154.4
= 19.43005 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x
=
154.4

Maka:
Es = 19 +

2
= 19.49242

cm

19.43005
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3000
=
8
cm/dtk
=
375
q
Yc =
g
375
140625
Yc =
=
= 143.3486
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.233568 = 7.850351
2
2

kelompok xvii

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
19.43005
= 8 +
2 x 981
= 7.992419 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

7.8
He/Hd ( L ) =
7.992419
= 0.975925
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.777266
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.03498

3.4

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
104.1667
Fr =
981 x
3.6
= 1.752843

Untuk grafik He vs He
Y
No
Q
(cm/dtk)
(cm)
1
19.2
2
19.3
3
19.4
3000
4
19.5
20.7
5
1
18.2
2
18.3
3
18.4
2900
4
18.5
19.6
5
1
17.2
2
17.1
3
17.2
2800
4
17.3
18.4
5

Y
(cm)
3.4
3.6
7.8
9.3
13.4
3.2
3.5
3.8
9.2
13.3
2.5
4
6.8
8.5
12.9

t
(cm)

11.5

11.5

11.5

He
(cm)
7.7
7.8
7.9
8
9.2
6.7
6.8
6.9
7
8.1
5.7
5.6
5.7
5.8
6.9

Q
A

3000
28.8
= 104.1667
=

He
(cm)
-8.1
-7.9
-3.7
-2.2
1.9
-8.3
-8
-7.7
-2.3
1.8
-9
-7.5
-4.7
-3
1.4

Keterangan
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam

kelompok xvii

1
2

1
2

1
2

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk loncat 2
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
11.5
981

2900

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 18.3 - 11.5
=
6.8 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
2900
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.92305

6.8

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
2900
=
146.4
= 19.80874 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x
=
146.4

Maka:
Es = 18 +

2
= 18.49999

cm

19.80874
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
2900
=
8
=
362.5 cm/dtk
q
Yc =
g
362.5
131406
Yc =
=
= 133.9513
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.11661 = 7.674915
2
2

kelompok xvii

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
19.80874
= 7 +
2 x 981
= 6.999993 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

6.8
He/Hd ( L ) =
6.999993
= 0.97143
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.92305
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.041541

3.2

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
103.5714
Fr =
981 x
3.5
= 1.767549

Q
A

2900
28
= 103.5714
=

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )
Perhitungan Untuk loncat 2
Untuk debit
=

=
=
=
=

2800

8
22.22
11.5
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 17.1 - 11.5
=
5.6 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
2800
=
8 x 981 x
= 1.192522

5.6

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
2800
=
136.8
= 20.46784 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x
=
136.8

Maka:
20.46784
2
x
981
= 17.31352

Es = 17 +

cm

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
2800
=
8
=
350
cm/dtk
q
Yc =
g
350
122500
Yc =
=
= 124.8726
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 4.9983 = 7.497451
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )

kelompok xvii

v
2g
20.46784
= 6 +
2 x 981
= 5.813523 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

5.6
He/Hd ( L ) =
5.813523
= 0.963271
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
1.192522
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.053669

2.5

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Fr =
g.Y
87.5
Fr =
981 x
= 1.39683

Dimana:

=
=

Q
A
2800
32
87.5

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

Untuk debit
=
3000

He =
=
=

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang

He = Y = 19.4
=
7.9

Y
t
3.6
- 11.5
-7.9 cm

b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3000
=
8 x 981
= 0.762555
c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

19.3
154.4

Q
A
3000
=
155.2
= 19.3299
=

Maka:
Es = 19 +

2
= 19.59044

itis ( Ec )

143.3486

7.850351

cm

= 5.233568

cm

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3000
=
8
=
375
q
Yc =
g
375
Yc =
981
3
Ec =
Yc =
2

kelompok xvii

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
19.3299
= 8 +
2
= 8.090441

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

7.9
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.090441
= 0.976461
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.762555
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.034318

A
3000
28.8
104.1667

Keterangan
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam

1
2

1
2

1
2

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
28.8

3.6

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Fr =
g.Y
48.07692
Fr =
981 x
= 0.54961

## Untuk grafik He/Hd vs C/Cd

No
Q
He
Hd
(cm/dtk)
(cm)
(cm)
1
7.7 7.894429
2
7.8 7.992419
3
7.9 8.090441
3000
4
8
8.188493
9.2 9.367272
5
1
6.7 6.902197
2
6.8 6.999993
3
6.9 7.097825
2900
4
7
7.195692
8.1 8.274343
5
1
5.7 5.911047
2
5.6 5.813523
3
5.7 5.911047
2800
4
5.8 6.008615
6.9 7.084417
5

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

Untuk debit
=
2900

He =
=
=

Y
3.5
-8

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang

He = Y = 18.4
=
6.9

t
- 11.5
cm

b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
2900
=
8 x 981
= 0.903056
c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

18.3
146.4

Q
A
2900
=
147.2
= 19.70109
=

Maka:
Es = 18 +

2
= 18.59783

itis ( Ec )

133.9513

7.674915

cm

5.11661

cm

Dimana:
q = Q/b
2900
=
8
=
362.5
q
Yc =
g
362.5
Yc =
981
3
Ec =
Yc =
2

kelompok xvii

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
19.70109
= 7 +
2
= 7.097825

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

6.9
He/Hd ( L ) =
7.097825
= 0.972129
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.903056
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.040642

A
2900
28
103.5714

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
28

3.5

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Fr =
g.Y
95.39474
Fr =
981 x
= 1.562421

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

Untuk debit
=
2800

He =
=
=

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang

He = Y = 17.2
=
5.7

Y
t
4
- 11.5
-7.5 cm

b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
2800
=
8 x 981
= 1.161278
c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

17.1
136.8

Q
A
2800
=
137.6
= 20.34884
=

Maka:
Es = 17 +

2
= 17.41105

itis ( Ec )

124.8726

7.497451

cm

4.9983

cm

Dimana:
q = Q/b
2800
=
8
=
350
q
Yc =
g
350
Yc =
981
3
Ec =
Yc =
2
e. Harga ( Hd )

kelompok xvii

v
2g
20.34884
= 6 +
2
= 5.911047

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

5.7
He/Hd ( L ) =
5.911047
= 0.964296
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
1.161278
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.052263

A
2800
32
87.5

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
32

h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Fr =
g.Y
51.47059
Fr =
981 x
= 0.630188

kelompok xvii

8
22.22
11.5
981

3000

Diketahui:
Lebar Amban
Nilai Kalibras
Tinggi Amban
Gravitasi ( g )

cm
cm
cm/dtk

Perhitungan Unt
Untuk debi

cm/dtk

t
He =
- 11.5
=
cm
=

Y
t
7.8
- 11.5
-3.7 cm

galiran ( C )

3000
981 x

7.9

v
2.g
A

= B x Y
=
8 x 19.4
=
155.2

cm/dtk
19.3299
x
981

## Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

cm/dtk

375

3
2

140625
981

= 143.3486

x 5.233568 = 7.850351

= 5.233568

cm

cm

kelompok xvii

19.3299
x 981
cm

rga He/Hd
7.9
8.090441
0.976461

arga C/Cd
0.762555
22.22
0.034318

Dimana:

Q
A

3000
=
62.4
= 48.07692

48.07692
7.8

Hd
(cm)
7.894429
7.992419
8.090441
8.188493
9.367272
6.902197
6.999993
7.097825
7.195692
8.274343
5.911047
5.813523
5.911047
6.008615
7.084417

C/Cd

He/Hd

0.035664
0.03498
0.034318
0.033677
0.027308
0.042475
0.041541
0.040642
0.039774
0.031953
0.052263
0.053669
0.052263
0.050917
0.03924

0.975371
0.975925
0.976461
0.976981
0.982143
0.970705
0.97143
0.972129
0.972804
0.97893
0.964296
0.963271
0.964296
0.965281
0.973969

Keterangan
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam

1
2

1
2

1
2

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
62.4

7.8

Untuk grafik Y
No
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5

kelompok xvii

8
22.22
11.5
981

2900

Diketahui:
Lebar Amban
Nilai Kalibras
Tinggi Amban
Gravitasi ( g )

cm
cm
cm/dtk

Perhitungan Unt
Untuk debi

cm/dtk

t
He =
- 11.5
=
cm
=

Y
t
3.8
- 11.5
-7.7 cm

galiran ( C )

2900
981 x

6.9

v
2.g
A

= B x Y
=
8 x 18.4
=
147.2

cm/dtk
19.70109
x
981

cm/dtk

362.5

3
2

131406
981

5.11661

= 133.9513

= 7.674915

5.11661

cm

cm

kelompok xvii

19.70109
x 981
cm

rga He/Hd
6.9
7.097825
0.972129

arga C/Cd
0.903056
22.22
0.040642

Dimana:

95.39474
3.8

Q
A

2900
=
30.4
= 95.39474

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
30.4

3.8

kelompok xvii

8
22.22
11.5
981

2800

Diketahui:
Lebar Amban
Nilai Kalibras
Tinggi Amban
Gravitasi ( g )

cm
cm
cm/dtk

Perhitungan Unt
Untuk debi

cm/dtk

t
He =
- 11.5
=
cm
=

Y
t
6.8
- 11.5
-4.7 cm

galiran ( C )

2800
981 x

5.7

v
2.g
A

= B x Y
=
8 x 17.2
=
137.6

cm/dtk
20.34884
x
981

## Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

350

cm/dtk

3
2

122500
981

4.9983

= 124.8726

= 7.497451

4.9983

cm

cm

kelompok xvii

20.34884
x 981
cm

rga He/Hd
5.7
5.911047
0.964296

arga C/Cd
1.161278
22.22
0.052263

Dimana:

51.47059
6.8

Q
A

2800
=
54.4
= 51.47059

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
54.4

6.8

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
11.5
981

Untuk debit
=
3000

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
= 19.5 - 11.5
=
=
8
cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3000
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.748302

Y
t
9.3
- 11.5
-2.2 cm

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3000
=
156
= 19.23077 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 19.5
=
156

Maka:
Es = 20 +

2
= 19.68849

19.23077
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3000
=
8
cm/dtk
=
375
q
Yc =
g

375
140625
Yc =
=
= 143.3486
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.233568 = 7.850351 cm
2
2

= 5.233568

cm

kelompok xvii

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
19.23077
= 8 +
2 x 981
= 8.188493 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

8
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.188493
= 0.976981
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.748302
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.033677
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
40.32258
Fr =
981 x
9.3
= 0.422155

Untuk grafik Y vs Es
Y
Q
(cm/dtk)
(cm)
19.2
19.3
19.4
3000
19.5
20.7
18.2
18.3
18.4
2900
18.5
19.6
17.2
17.1
17.2
2800
17.3
18.4

b
(cm)

v
cm/dtk
19.53125
19.43005
19.3299
19.23077
18.11594
19.91758
19.80874
19.70109
19.59459
18.4949
20.34884
20.46784
20.34884
20.23121
19.02174

Q
A

3000
=
74.4
= 40.32258

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
74.4

9.3

Es
19.39443
19.49242
19.59044
19.68849
20.86727
18.4022
18.49999
18.59783
18.69569
19.77434
17.41105
17.31352
17.41105
17.50861
18.58442

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
11.5
981

Untuk debit
=
2900

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
= 18.5 - 11.5
=
=
7
cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
2900
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.883774

Y
t
9.2
- 11.5
-2.3 cm

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
2900
=
148
= 19.59459 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 18.5
=
148

Maka:
Es = 19 +

2
= 18.69569

19.59459
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
2900
=
8
=
362.5 cm/dtk
q
Yc =
g

362.5
131406
Yc =
=
= 133.9513
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.11661 = 7.674915 cm
2
2

5.11661

cm

kelompok xvii

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
19.59459
= 7 +
2 x 981
= 7.195692 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

7
He/Hd ( L ) =
7.195692
= 0.972804
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.883774
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.039774
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
39.40217
Fr =
981 x
9.2
= 0.414755

Q
A

2900
=
73.6
= 39.40217

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
73.6

9.2

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

Untuk debit
=
2800

8
22.22
11.5
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He =
= 17.3 - 11.5
=
=
5.8 cm
=
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
2800
=
8 x 981 x
= 1.131375

5.8

Y
8.5
-3

t
- 11.5
cm

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
2800
=
138.4
= 20.23121 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 17.3
=
138.4

Maka:
20.23121
2
x
981
= 17.50861

Es = 17 +

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
2800
=
8
=
350
cm/dtk
q
Yc =
g
350
122500

Yc =
=
= 124.8726
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 4.9983 = 7.497451 cm
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )

4.9983

cm

kelompok xvii

v
2g
20.23121
= 6 +
2 x 981
= 6.008615 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

5.8
He/Hd ( L ) =
6.008615
= 0.965281
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
1.131375
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.050917
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
41.17647
Fr =
981 x
8.5
= 0.450926

Q
A

2800
=
68
= 41.17647

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x
68

8.5

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
11.5
981

Untuk debit
=
3000

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 20.7 - 11.5
=
9.2 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
3000
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.606778

9.2

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
3000
=
165.6
= 18.11594 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 20.7
=
165.6

Maka:
Es = 21 +

2
= 20.86727

18.11594
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
3000
=
8
cm/dtk
=
375
q
Yc =
g
375
140625
Yc =
=
= 143.3486
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.233568 = 7.850351
2
2

kelompok xvii

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
18.11594
= 9 +
2 x 981
= 9.367272 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

9.2
He/Hd ( L ) =
9.367272
= 0.982143
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.606778
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.027308
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
27.98507
Fr =
981 x 13.4
= 0.244084

## Untuk grafik hubungan antara Yc vs Es dan Yc vs Ec

Y
No
Q
q
Yc
Es
(cm/dtk)
(cm) cm/dtk
( cm )
( cm )
1
19.39443
19.2
2
19.49242
19.3
3
19.4
3000
375
5.233568 19.59044
4
19.68849
19.5
20.7
5
20.86727
1
18.4022
18.2
2
18.49999
18.3
3
18.4
2900
362.5
5.11661 18.59783
4
18.69569
18.5
19.6
5
19.77434
1
17.41105
17.2
2
17.31352
17.1
3
17.2
2800
350
4.9983 17.41105
4
17.50861
17.3
18.4
5
18.58442

Q
A

3000
107.2
= 27.98507
=

v
Ec
cm/dtk
( cm )
19.53125
19.43005
19.3299 7.850351
19.23077
18.11594
19.91758
19.80874
19.70109 7.674915
19.59459
18.4949
20.34884
20.46784
20.34884 7.497451
20.23121
19.02174

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

8
22.22
11.5
981

Untuk debit
=
2900

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 19.6 - 11.5
=
8.1 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
2900
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.710004

8.1

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
2900
=
156.8
= 18.4949 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 19.6
=
156.8

Maka:
Es = 20 +

2
= 19.77434

18.4949
x
981

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
2900
=
8
=
362.5 cm/dtk
q
Yc =
g
362.5
131406
Yc =
=
= 133.9513
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 5.11661 = 7.674915
2
2

kelompok xvii

e. Harga ( Hd )
v
2g
18.4949
= 8 +
2 x 981
= 8.274343 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

8.1
He/Hd ( L ) =
8.274343
= 0.97893
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.710004
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.031953
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
27.25564
Fr =
981 x 13.3
= 0.238614

Q
A

2900
106.4
= 27.25564
=

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Lebar Ambang ( b )
Nilai Kalibrasi Alat ( cd )
Tinggi Ambang ( t )
Gravitasi ( g )

=
=
=
=

Untuk debit
=
2800

8
22.22
11.5
981

cm
cm
cm/dtk

cm/dtk

## a.Ketinggian Aliran di Atas Ambang ( He : He )

He = Y - t
He
= 18.4 - 11.5
=
6.9 cm
b. Koefisien Pengaliran ( C )
Q
C =
b g.H
2800
=
8 x 981 x
= 0.871917

6.9

c. Energi Spesifik ( Es )
Es = Y +

v
2.g

Dimana:
v

Q
A
2800
=
147.2
= 19.02174 cm/dtk
=

= B x Y
=
8 x 18.4
=
147.2

Maka:
19.02174
2
x
981
= 18.58442

Es = 18 +

## d.Tinggi Aliran Kritis ( Yc ) dan Energi Kritis ( Ec )

Dimana:
q = Q/b
2800
=
8
=
350
cm/dtk
q
Yc =
g
350
122500
Yc =
=
= 124.8726
981
981
3
3
Ec =
Yc =
x 4.9983 = 7.497451
2
2
e. Harga ( Hd )

kelompok xvii

v
2g
19.02174
= 7 +
2 x 981
= 7.084417 cm

Hd = He +

Hd (L)

## f. Penentuan Harga He/Hd

6.9
He/Hd ( L ) =
7.084417
= 0.973969
g. Penentuan Harga C/Cd
0.871917
C/Cd (L )
=
22.22
= 0.03924
h. Menentukan Nilai Fr
v
Dimana:
Fr =
g.Y
27.13178
Fr =
981 x 12.9
= 0.241184

Q
A

2800
103.2
= 27.13178
=

kelompok xvii

=
=
=

Y
t
13.4 - 11.5
1.9 cm

20.7

143.3486

= 5.233568

cm

cm

kelompok xvii

Ec
( cm )

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x 13.4
107.2

Keterangan

Loncat 1
loncat 2
7.850351 peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
7.674915 peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam
Loncat 1
loncat 2
7.497451 peralihan
Tenggelam
Tenggelam

1
2

1
2

1
2

kelompok xvii

=
=
=

Y
t
13.3 - 11.5
1.8 cm

19.6

133.9513

5.11661

cm

cm

kelompok xvii

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x 13.3
106.4

kelompok xvii

=
=
=

Y
t
12.9 - 11.5
1.4 cm

18.4

124.8726

4.9983

cm

cm

kelompok xvii

=
=
=

b . Y
8 x 12.9
103.2

kelompok xvii

## contoh perhitungan untuk tumbukan pancaran fluida

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

=
0.76
cm
=
0.0076 m
=
1.46
cm
=
0.0146 m
=
9.81
m/dtk
=
0.004 m
30C
=
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.534160E-05 m

Untuk Piringan 90
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
11.62
+
11.65
=

11.57

11.55
5

11.5

11.53

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0003457217 m/dtk
11.57
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003457217
v =
= 7.624823 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 7.624823
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0146
= 7.606016 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.28 x 9.81
= 2.7468 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 2.624732

Hitung )
= 995.7
x 4.53416E-005
kg.m/dtk

kg/m
x 7.624823

kelompok xvii

Fu
x 100 %
Fh
2.7468
EF =
x 100
2.624732
= 104.6507 %
EF =

## Perhitungan Selanjutnya Ditabelkan

No
1
2
3
4
5

Beban
( kg )
0.28
0.26
0.24
0.22
0.2

Volume
( m )

0.004

Waktu
( dtk )
11.57
12.098
13.52
14.742
14.742

Q
( m/dtk )
0.000345722
0.000330633
0.000295858
0.000271334
0.000256049

v
A
vs
EF
( m/dtk )
( m )
( m/dtk )
%
7.624823
7.606016 104.6507
7.292049
7.272381 106.2473
6.525089 4.5342E-005 6.503102 122.4847
5.984209
5.960227 133.4913
5.647113
5.621694 136.2764

## Tabel Perhitungan Last Quarts Piringan 90

No HI Hitung
HI ukur
X.Y
X
(X)
(Y)
1 2.624731785
2.7468
7.209613 6.889217
2 2.400625904
2.5506
6.123036 5.763005
3 1.922198638
2.3544
4.525624 3.694848
4 1.616734979
2.1582
3.489237 2.613832
5 1.43972114
1.962
2.824733 2.072797
8.564291308
9.81
24.17224 21.0337
n (X.Y)
(X.Y)
B =
n (X) - (X)
4 24.17224 - 8.564291 x
9.81
=
4 21.0337 - 8.564291
= 1.174789 m
A =

n
9.81

B.X

- 1.174789 x
4
= -0.06281 m
=

Y
X
Y

8.564291

= A+BxX
= -0.06281 + 1.174789 x X
0
1
2
3
4
-0.06281 1.11198 2.286769 3.461558 4.636347

kelompok xvii

## Untuk Piringan 120

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

=
0.76
cm
=
0.0076 m
=
1.66
cm
=
0.0166 m
m/dtk
=
9.81
=
0.004 m
=
30C
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

## Untuk Piringan 120

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
12.34
+
12.78
=

12.52
5

12.36

12.62

12.524 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0003193868 m/dtk
12.524
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003193868
v =
= 7.044012 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 7.044012
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0166
= 7.020856 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.3
x 9.81
=
2.943 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 3.360135

Hitung )
= 995.7
kg/m
1.5
x 4.53416E-005 x 7.044012
kg.m/dtk

1.5

kelompok xvii

Fu
x 100 %
Fh
2.943
EF =
x 100
3.360135
= 87.58575 %
EF =

## Perhitungan Selanjutnya Ditabelkan

No
1
2
3
4
5

Beban
( kg )
0.3
0.275
0.25
0.225
0.2

Volume
( m )

0.004

Waktu
( dtk )
12.524
13.422
14.652
15.592
15.592

Q
( m/dtk )
0.000319387
0.000298018
0.000273
0.000256542
0.000240558

v
A
vs
EF
( m/dtk )
( m )
( m/dtk )
%
7.044012
7.020856 87.58575
6.572732
6.547909 92.21324
6.020967 4.5342E-005 5.993859 99.89872
5.657979
5.629124 101.8151
5.305461
5.274678 102.9286

## Tabel Perhitungan Last Quarts Piringan 120

No HI Hitung
HI ukur
X.Y
X
(X)
(Y)
1 3.36013549
2.943
9.888879 11.29051
2 2.925556154
2.69775
7.892419 8.558879
3 2.454986383
2.4525
6.020854 6.026958
4 2.16790005
2.20725
4.785097 4.699791
5 1.906175467
1.962
3.739916 3.633505
10.90857808
10.3005
32.32717 34.20964
n (X.Y)
(X.Y)
B =
n (X) - (X)
4 32.32717 - 10.90858 x 10.3005
=
4 34.20964 - 10.90858
= 0.949744 m
A =

B.X

n
10.3005

- 0.949744 x
4
= -0.01496 m
=

Y
X
Y

10.90858

= A+BxX
= -0.01496 + 0.949744 x X
0
1
2
3
4
-0.01496 0.93478 1.884524 2.834268 3.784012

## Untuk Piringan 180

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)

=
=

0.76
1.66

cm
cm

=
=

0.0076 m
0.0166 m

kelompok xvii

m/dtk
=
9.81
=
0.003 m
=
30C
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

## Untuk Piringan 180

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
11.65
+
11.25
=

11.34
5

11.72

11.48

11.488 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0002611421 m/dtk
11.488
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0002611421
v =
= 5.759436 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 5.759436
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0166
= 5.731092 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.3
x 9.81
=
2.943 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 2.246346

Hitung )
= 995.7
kg/m
1.5
x 4.53416E-005 x 5.759436
kg.m/dtk

1.5

Fu
EF =
x 100 %
Fh
2.943
EF =
x 100 %
2.246346
= 131.0128 %
kelompok xvii

## Perhitungan Selanjutnya Ditabelkan

No
1
2
3
4
5

Beban
( kg )
0.3
0.28
0.26
0.24
0.22

Volume
( m )

0.003

Waktu
( dtk )
11.488
12.43
13.524
14.486
14.486

Q
( m/dtk )
0.000261142
0.000241352
0.000221828
0.000207097
0.000194932

v
A
vs
EF
( m/dtk )
( m )
( m/dtk )
%
5.759436
5.731092 131.0128
5.322961
5.292279 143.1541
4.89237 4.5342E-005 4.85897 157.3574
4.567472
4.531679 166.6525
4.299182
4.261135 172.4263

## Tabel Perhitungan Last Quarts Piringan 120

No HI Hitung
HI ukur
X.Y
X
(X)
(Y)
1 2.246345638
2.943
6.610995 5.046069
2 1.918771137
2.7468
5.270481 3.681683
3 1.620895849
2.5506
4.134257 2.627303
4 1.412760268
2.3544
3.326203 1.995892
5 1.251665249
2.1582
2.701344 1.566666
7.198772893
10.5948
22.04328 14.91761
n (X.Y)
(X.Y)
B =
n (X) - (X)
4 22.04328 - 7.198773 x 10.5948
=
4 14.91761 - 7.198773
= 1.516741 m
B.X
n
10.5948 - 1.516741 x
=
4
= -0.08097 m

A =

Y
X
Y

7.198773

= A+BxX
= -0.08097 + 1.516741 x X
0
1
2
3
4
-0.08097 1.435773 2.952513 4.469254 5.985995

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

=
0.76
cm
=
0.0076
=
1.46
cm
=
0.0146
=
9.81
m/dtk
=
0.004 m
30C
=
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

Untuk Piringan 90
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
12.04
+
12.1
=

12.2
5

12.1

12.098 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0003306332 m/dtk
12.098
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0003306332
v =
= 7.292049 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 7.292049
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0146
= 7.272381 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.26 x 9.81
= 2.5506 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 2.400626

Hitung )
= 995.7

kg/m

x 4.53416E-005
kg.m/dtk

x 7.292049

## 7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )

kelompok xvii

Fu
x 100 %
Fh
2.5506
EF =
x 100
2.400626
= 106.2473 %
EF =

EF
%
104.6507
106.2473
122.4847
133.4913
136.2764

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

=
0.76
cm
=
0.0076
=
1.66
cm
=
0.0166
m/dtk
=
9.81
=
0.004 m
=
30C
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

## Untuk Piringan 120

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
13.56
+
13.19
=

13.63
5

13.41

13.422 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0002980182 m/dtk
13.422
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0002980182
v =
= 6.572732 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 6.572732
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0166
= 6.547909 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
=
0.275
x
9.81
= 2.69775 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 2.925556

Hitung )
= 995.7
kg/m
1.5
x 4.53416E-005 x 6.572732
kg.m/dtk

## 7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )

kelompok xvii

Fu
x 100 %
Fh
2.69775
EF =
x 100
2.925556
= 92.21324 %
EF =

EF
%
87.58575
92.21324
99.89872
101.8151
102.9286

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)

=
=

0.76
1.66

cm
cm

=
=

0.0076
0.0166

kelompok xvii

m/dtk
=
9.81
=
0.003 m
=
30C
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

## Untuk Piringan 180

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
12.4
+
12.22
=

12.43

12.63
5

12.36

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0002413516 m/dtk
12.43
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0002413516
v =
= 5.322961 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 5.322961
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0166
= 5.292279 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.28 x 9.81
= 2.7468 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 1.918771

Hitung )
= 995.7
kg/m
1.5
x 4.53416E-005 x 5.322961
kg.m/dtk

## 7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )

Fu
EF =
x 100 %
Fh
2.7468
EF =
x 100 %
1.918771
= 143.1541 %
kelompok xvii

EF
%
131.0128
143.1541
157.3574
166.6525
172.4263

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

0.0076 m
0.0146 m

=
0.76
=
1.46
=
9.81
=
0.004
30
=
= 1/4
1
=
4
= 4.53416E-005

Untuk Piringan 90

12.1

12.05

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
13.44
+
13.56
=

13.52

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.000295858
13.52
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.000295858
v =
4.53416E-005

## 4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumb

vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 6.525089
= 6.503102 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.24 x
= 2.3544

7.292049

## 6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F Hitung )

T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 1.922199
7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )
kelompok xvii

Fu
x 100 %
Fh
2.3544
EF =
x 100
1.922199
= 122.4847 %
EF =

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

0.0076 m
0.0166 m

=
0.76
=
1.66
=
9.81
=
0.004
=
30
= 1/4
1
=
4
= 4.53416E-005

13.41

13.32

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
14.46
+
14.76
=

14.652 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0002730003
14.652
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0002730003
v =
4.53416E-005

## 4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumb

vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 6.020967
= 5.993859 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.25 x
= 2.4525

6.572732

1.5

## 6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F Hitung )

T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 2.454986
7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )
kelompok xvii

Fu
x 100 %
Fh
2.4525
EF =
x 100
2.454986
= 99.89872 %
EF =

0.0076 m
0.0166 m

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)

=
=

0.76
1.66

kelompok xvii

Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

=
9.81
=
0.003
=
30
= 1/4
1
=
4
= 4.53416E-005

12.36

12.54

## 1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)

t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
13.37
+
13.59
=

13.524 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0002218279
13.524
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0002218279
v =
4.53416E-005

## 4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumb

vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 4.89237
= 4.85897 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.26 x
= 2.5506

5.322961

1.5

## 6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F Hitung )

T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 1.620896
7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )
Fu
EF =
x 100 %
Fh
2.5506
EF =
x 100
1.620896
= 157.3574 %
kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

0.76
1.46
9.81
0.004
30C
1/4 d
x

cm
cm
m/dtk
m

3.14

=
=

Diketahui:
Diameter Noze
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

0.0076 m
0.0146 m

0.0076

4.53416E-005 m

Untuk Piringan 9

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
13.56

1. Menghitung

13.61
5

13.49

Pengaliran (Q)

13.5

2. Menghitung

0.000295858

m/dtk

3. Menghitung

= 6.525089 m/dtk

## atan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)

2

9.81

4. Menghitung

0.0146

Ukur ( F Ukur )

5. Menghitung

9.81
kg.m/dtk

Hitung ( F Hitung )
= 995.7
x 4.53416E-005
kg.m/dtk

nsi Gaya ( EF )

6. Menghitung
kg/m
x 6.525089

7. Menghitung
kelompok xvii

100

kelompok xvii

0.76
1.66
9.81
0.004
30C
1/4 d
x

cm
cm
m/dtk
m

3.14

=
=

Diketahui:
Diameter Noze
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

0.0076 m
0.0166 m

0.0076

4.53416E-005 m

Untuk Piringan 1

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
14.76

1. Menghitung

14.57
5

14.85

14.62

Pengaliran (Q)

2. Menghitung

0.0002730003 m/dtk

3. Menghitung

= 6.020967 m/dtk

## atan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)

2

9.81

4. Menghitung

0.0166

Ukur ( F Ukur )

5. Menghitung

9.81
kg.m/dtk

Hitung ( F Hitung )
= 995.7
kg/m
1.5
x 4.53416E-005 x 6.020967
kg.m/dtk

nsi Gaya ( EF )

6. Menghitung

1.5

7. Menghitung
kelompok xvii

100

0.76
1.66

cm
cm

=
=

0.0076 m
0.0166 m

Diketahui:
Diameter Noze
Jarak nozel (s)

kelompok xvii

m/dtk
m

9.81
0.003
30C
1/4 d
x

3.14

Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)
0.0076

4.53416E-005 m

Untuk Piringan 1

rata-rata (tr)
+ t + t + t
n
13.59

1. Menghitung

13.73
5

13.49

13.44

Pengaliran (Q)

2. Menghitung

0.0002218279 m/dtk

3. Menghitung

4.89237 m/dtk

## atan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)

2

9.81

4. Menghitung

0.0166

Ukur ( F Ukur )

5. Menghitung

9.81
kg.m/dtk

Hitung ( F Hitung )
= 995.7
kg/m
1.5
x 4.53416E-005 x 4.89237
kg.m/dtk

nsi Gaya ( EF )

100

6. Menghitung

1.5

7. Menghitung

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

=
0.76
cm
=
0.0076 m
=
1.46
cm
=
0.0146 m
=
9.81
m/dtk
=
0.004 m
30C
=
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

Untuk Piringan 90
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
14.83
+
14.74
=

14.61
5

14.72

14.81

14.742 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0002713336 m/dtk
14.742
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0002713336
v =
= 5.984209 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 5.984209
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0146
= 5.960227 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.22 x 9.81
= 2.1582 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 1.616735

Hitung )
= 995.7
x 4.53416E-005
kg.m/dtk

kg/m
x 5.984209

## 7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )

kelompok xvii

Fu
x 100 %
Fh
2.1582
EF =
x 100
1.616735
= 133.4913 %
EF =

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

=
0.76
cm
=
0.0076 m
=
1.66
cm
=
0.0166 m
m/dtk
=
9.81
=
0.004 m
=
30C
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

## Untuk Piringan 120

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
15.31
+
15.58
=

15.72
5

15.82

15.53

15.592 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0002565418 m/dtk
15.592
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0002565418
v =
= 5.657979 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 5.657979
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0166
= 5.629124 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
=
0.225
x
9.81
= 2.20725 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 2.1679

Hitung )
= 995.7
kg/m
1.5
x 4.53416E-005 x 5.657979
kg.m/dtk

1.5

## 7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )

kelompok xvii

Fu
x 100 %
Fh
2.20725
EF =
x 100
2.1679
= 101.8151 %
EF =

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)

=
=

0.76
1.66

cm
cm

=
=

0.0076 m
0.0166 m

kelompok xvii

m/dtk
=
9.81
=
0.003 m
=
30C
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

## Untuk Piringan 180

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
14.21
+
14.44
=

14.63
5

14.62

14.53

14.486 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0002070965 m/dtk
14.486
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0002070965
v =
= 4.567472 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 4.567472
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0166
= 4.531679 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.24 x 9.81
= 2.3544 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 1.41276

Hitung )
= 995.7
kg/m
1.5
x 4.53416E-005 x 4.567472
kg.m/dtk

1.5

## 7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )

Fu
EF =
x 100 %
Fh
2.3544
EF =
x 100 %
1.41276
= 166.6525 %
kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

=
0.76
cm
=
0.0076
=
1.46
cm
=
0.0146
=
9.81
m/dtk
=
0.004 m
30C
=
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

Untuk Piringan 90
1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
15.67
+
15.53
=

15.61
5

15.74

15.622 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0002560492 m/dtk
15.622
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0002560492
v =
= 5.647113 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 5.647113
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0146
= 5.621694 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.2
x 9.81
=
1.962 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 1.439721

Hitung )
= 995.7
x 4.53416E-005
kg.m/dtk

kg/m
x 5.647113

## 7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )

kelompok xvii

Fu
x 100 %
Fh
1.962
EF =
x 100
1.439721
= 136.2764 %
EF =

kelompok xvii

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)
Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

=
0.76
cm
=
0.0076
=
1.66
cm
=
0.0166
m/dtk
=
9.81
=
0.004 m
=
30C
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

## Untuk Piringan 120

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
16.66
+
16.5
=

16.72
5

16.58

16.628 dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.004
Q =
= 0.0002405581 m/dtk
16.628
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0002405581
v =
= 5.305461 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 5.305461
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0166
= 5.274678 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.2
x 9.81
=
1.962 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 1.906175

Hitung )
= 995.7
kg/m
1.5
x 4.53416E-005 x 5.305461
kg.m/dtk

## 7. Menghitung Efesiensi Gaya ( EF )

kelompok xvii

Fu
x 100 %
Fh
1.962
EF =
x 100
1.906175
= 102.9286 %
EF =

Diketahui:
Diameter Nozel (d)
Jarak nozel (s)

=
=

0.76
1.66

cm
cm

=
=

0.0076
0.0166

kelompok xvii

m/dtk
=
9.81
=
0.003 m
=
30C
= 1/4 d

1
=
x 3.14 x 0.0076
4
= 4.53416E-005 m

Grafitasi (g)
Volume (V)
Tempratur (T)
Luas nozel (A)

## Untuk Piringan 180

1. Menghitung waktu rata-rata (tr)
t + t + t + t + t
tr =
n
tr =
15.22
+
15.38
=

15.39

15.52
5

15.48

dtk

## 2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)

V
Q =
tr
0.003
Q =
= 0.0001949318 m/dtk
15.39
3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
v =
A
0.0001949318
v =
= 4.299182 m/dtk
4.53416E-005
4. Menghitung Kecepatan Pada Saat Tumbukan (v)
vs = v - 2.g.s
vs = 4.299182
- 2 x 9.81 x 0.0166
= 4.261135 m/dtk
5. Menghitung Gaya Ukur ( F Ukur )
F Ukur = p . g
= 0.22 x 9.81
= 2.1582 kg.m/dtk
6. Menghitung Gaya Hitung ( F
T = 30 C
F Hitung = . A . V
=
995.7
= 1.251665

Hitung )
= 995.7
kg/m
1.5
x 4.53416E-005 x 4.299182
kg.m/dtk

Fu
EF =
x 100 %
Fh
2.1582
EF =
x 100 %
1.251665
= 172.4263 %
kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

m
m

15.74

15.56

5.647113

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

m
m

16.58

5.305461

16.68

1.5

kelompok xvii

m
m

kelompok xvii

15.48

4.299182

15.35

1.5

kelompok xvii

kelompok xvii

## Perhitungan Pintu Sorong

Untuk Debit ( Q ) Tetap, Yg Berubah
Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Dengan Pintu ( Yg )
Tinggi Air Di Titik Air ( Y )
Tinggi Air Di Titik 1 ( Y )
Tinggi Air DI titik a ( Ya )
Tinggi Air DI titik b ( Yb )
Tinggi Air DI titik c ( Yc )
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

## 1. Perhitungan Air Normal

a. Menentukan nilai Yg/Y
Yg
2.2
=
= 0.115789
Y
19

Y
Y

2
19
1.7
1.9
5.8
6.7
981
2

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
lt/dtk
=

1.9
19

2000 cm/dtk

0.1

## b. Menghitung Koefisien Konstraksi ( Cc )

Y
Cc =
Yg
1.9
Cc =
= 0.863636
2.2
c. Menghitung Koefisien Kekentalan ( Cv )
Y/Y Cc + 1 + Q
Cv =
B . Y 2g.Y
Cv =

0.1

x
8

0.864
+
x
1.7

1
x

+ 2000
2 x 981

19

= 1.7433
d. Menghitung kecepatan air di hilir ( v ) dan kecepatan air di beakang pintu ( v )
Q
Q
v =
v =
b.Y
b.Y
2000
2000
v =
v =
8 x
19
8 x
1.7
= 13.15789 cm/dtk
= 147.0588 cm/dtk
e. Menghitung Harga Tinggi Saluran Rencana ( H dan H )
V
# H = Y +
2 . g
13.15789
H =
19
+
= 19.08824 cm
2
x
981
# H = Y +
H =

1.7

V
2 . g
147.0588
+
2
x
981

= 12.72258

cm

1
Y
.Q
Fg =
. g . Y
2
Y
B.Y
Fg =

1
2

x 10

= 80.32708

981

gr cm/ dtk

## g. Menghitung harga gaya hidrolis (Fh)

1

Fh =
. . g Y-Y
2
1
Fh =
x 10 x 981 x
2

1.7

Y
Y

19
1.7

10 x
8

2000
x

0.080327 kg cm / dtk

19

= 146.8017
h. Menghitung harga Fg/Fh
Fg
80.32708
=
= 0.547181
Fh
146.8017
Perhitungan Selanjutnya Ditabelkan
No
1
2
3
4
5

No
1
2
3
4
5

Q
(cm/dtk)

2000

H
(cm)
19.08824
15.53432
13.86972
12.70387
12.41402

Yg
(cm)
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8

H
(cm)
12.72258
11.63187
9.963812
7.069719
6.310864

Y
Cc
Yg/Y
v
v
(cm)
Y/Yg
cm/dtk
cm/dtk
19 0.863636 0.115789 13.15789 147.0588
15.4
0.875 0.145455 16.23377 138.8889
13.7 0.884615 0.185714 18.24818
125
12.5 0.892857 0.220472
20
92.59259
12.2
0.9
0.254237 20.4918 78.125

Fg
kg.m/dt
0.080327
0.031064
0.02067
0.061025
0.111138

Fh
kg.m/dt
146.8017
90.72288
67.14455
47.10762
39.7305

Fg/Fh
0.547181
0.342409
0.307837
1.295445
2.797291

Cv
1.7433161956
1.8001557031
1.7865891687
1.6351413703
1.567420608

## Untuk Debit ( Q ) Berubah, Yg Tetap

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Dengan Pintu ( Yg )
Tinggi Air Di Titik Air ( Y )
Tinggi Air Di Titik 1 ( Y )
Tinggi Air DI titik a ( Ya )
Tinggi Air DI titik b ( Yb )
Tinggi Air DI titik c ( Yc )
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

## 1. Perhitungan Air Normal

a. Menentukan nilai Yg/Y
Yg
2.8
=
= 0.147368
Y
19

Y
Y

2
19
2.4
2.9
5.8
7.3
981
2

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
lt/dtk
=

2.4
19

2000 cm/dtk

= 0.126

## b. Menghitung Koefisien Konstraksi ( Cc )

Y
Cc =
Yg
2.4
Cc =
= 0.857143
2.8
c. Menghitung Koefisien Kekentalan ( Cv )
Y/Y Cc + 1 + Q
Cv =
B . Y 2g.Y
Cv =
=

0.126

8
1.5312085201

0.857
+
x
2.4

1
x

+ 2000
2 x 981

19

## d. Menghitung kecepatan air di hilir ( v ) dan kecepatan air di beakang pintu ( v )

Q
Q
v =
v =
b.Y
b.Y
2000
2000
v =
v =
8 x
19
8 x
2.4
= 13.15789 cm/dtk
= 104.1667 cm/dtk
e. Menghitung Harga Tinggi Saluran Rencana ( H dan H )
V
# H = Y +
2 . g
13.15789
H =
19
+
= 19.08824 cm
2
x
981
# H = Y +
H =

2.4

V
. g
104.1667
+
2
x
981
2

= 7.930425

cm

Fg =
Fg =

1
2

1
2

x 10

221.863

. Y

Y
Y

981

gr cm/ dtk

## g. Menghitung harga gaya hidrolis (Fh)

1

Fh =
. . g Y-Y
2
1
Fh =
x 10 x 981 x
2

.Q
B.Y
2.4

Y
Y

19
1.7

10 x
8

2000
x

0.221863 kg cm / dtk

19

= 135.1622
h. Menghitung harga Fg/Fh
Fg
221.863
=
= 1.641457
Fh
135.1622
Perhitungan Selanjutnya Ditabelkan
No
1
2
3
4
5

No
1
2
3
4
5

Q
(cm/dtk)
2000
1920
2000
1900
1700

H
(cm)
19.08824
18.58578
18.09832
17.59388
17.07964

Yg
(cm)
2
2
2
2
2

H
(cm)
7.930425
7.197248
7.312315
6.643671
5.73564

Y
(cm)
19
18.5
18
17.5
17

Cc
Y/Yg
0.857143
0.928571
1.035714
1.142857
1.25

Fg
kg.m/dt
0.221863
0.238508
0.232707
0.250118
0.27894

Yg/Y
0.147368
0.148936
0.150538
0.152174
0.153846

Fh
kg.m/dt
135.1622
125.568
116.327
107.4391
98.90442

v
cm/dtk
13.15789
12.97297
13.88889
13.57143
12.5

Fg/Fh
1.641457
1.899433
2.000454
2.327997
2.820294

v
cm/dtk
104.1667
96
96.15385
87.96296
75.89286

Cv
1.5312085201
1.5367838024
1.6032766104
1.6222192899
1.61651465

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Dengan Pintu ( Yg )
Tinggi Air Di Titik Air ( Y )
Tinggi Air Di Titik 1 ( Y )
Tinggi Air DI titik a ( Ya )
Tinggi Air DI titik b ( Yb )
Tinggi Air DI titik c ( Yc )
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

## 1. Perhitungan Air Normal

a. Menentukan nilai Yg/Y
Yg
2.4
=
= 0.145455
Y
16.5

Y
Y

2.2
15.4
1.8
2
6
7.1
981
2

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
lt/dtk

2.1
16.5

## b. Menghitung Koefisien Konstraksi ( Cc )

Y
Cc =
Yg
2.1
Cc =
=
0.875
2.4
c. Menghitung Koefisien Kekentalan ( Cv )
Y/Y Cc + 1 + Q
Cv =
B . Y 2g.Y
Cv =

0.127

x
8

0.875
+
x
1.8

1
x

+ 2000
2 x

= 1.8002

## d. Menghitung kecepatan air di hilir ( v ) dan kecepatan air di beak

Q
v =
v =
b.Y
2000
v =
v =
8 x 15.4
= 16.23377 cm/dtk
=
e. Menghitung Harga Tinggi Saluran Rencana ( H dan H )
V
# H = Y +
2 . g
16.23377
H = 15.4 +
= 15.53432
2
x
981
# H = Y +
H =

1.8

V
2 . g
138.8889
+
2
x
981

= 11.63187

1
Y
.Q
Fg =
. g . Y
2
Y
B.Y
2000
1.7

Cv
433161956
001557031
865891687
351413703
567420608

1.7
19

Fg =

1
2

x 10

= 31.06437

981

gr cm/ dtk

## g. Menghitung harga gaya hidrolis (Fh)

1

Fh =
. . g Y-Y
2
1
Fh =
x 10 x 981 x
2

1.8

0.031064 kg cm / dtk

15.4

= 90.72288
h. Menghitung harga Fg/Fh
Fg
31.06437
=
= 0.342409
Fh
90.72288

## Tabel Perhitungan Last Quarts

No
1
2
3
4
5

Fg
Fh
(X)
(Y)
0.080327079 146.801745
0.031064373 90.72288
0.020669552 67.144545
0.061025314 47.10762
0.111137786
39.7305
0.193086318 351.77679
n (X.Y)
B =
n (X) 4 23.28857 =
4 0.02392
= 432.0441 m

B.X
n
351.7768 - 432.0441 x
=
4
= 67.08875 m

A =

Y
X
Y

X.Y
X
11.79216 0.006452
2.818249 0.000965
1.387848 0.000427
2.874757 0.003724
4.41556 0.012352
23.28857 0.02392
(X.Y)
(X)
0.193086 x 351.7768
- 0.193086

0.193086

= A+BxX
= 67.08875 + 432.0441 x X
0
1
2
3
4
67.08875 499.1328 931.1769 1363.221 1795.265

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Dengan Pintu ( Yg )
Tinggi Air Di Titik Air ( Y )
Tinggi Air Di Titik 1 ( Y )
Tinggi Air DI titik a ( Ya )
Tinggi Air DI titik b ( Yb )
Tinggi Air DI titik c ( Yc )
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

## 1. Perhitungan Air Normal

a. Menentukan nilai Yg/Y
Yg
2.8
=
= 0.148936
Y
18.8

Y
Y

2
18.5
2.5
3
5.9
7.4
981
1.92

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
lt/dtk

2.6
18.8

## b. Menghitung Koefisien Konstraksi ( Cc )

Y
Cc =
Yg
2.6
Cc =
= 0.928571
2.8
c. Menghitung Koefisien Kekentalan ( Cv )
Y/Y Cc + 1 + Q
Cv =
B . Y 2g.Y
Cv =
=

0.138

8
1.5367838024

0.929
+
x
2.5

1
x

+ 1920
2 x

## d. Menghitung kecepatan air di hilir ( v ) dan kecepatan air di beak

Q
v =
v =
b.Y
1920
v =
v =
8 x 18.5
= 12.97297 cm/dtk
=
e. Menghitung Harga Tinggi Saluran Rencana ( H dan H )
V
# H = Y +
2 . g
12.97297
H = 18.5 +
= 18.58578
2
x
981
# H = Y +
H =

2.5

2
+

V
. g
2

96
x

981

= 7.197248

Fg =
2000
2.4

Cv
312085201
367838024
032766104
222192899
61651465

2.4
19

Fg =

1
2

1
2

x 10

238.508

. Y

Y
Y

981

gr cm/ dtk

## g. Menghitung harga gaya hidrolis (Fh)

1

Fh =
. . g Y-Y
2
1
Fh =
x 10 x 981 x
2
=

.Q
B.Y
2.5

0.238508 kg cm / dtk

18.5

125.568

Fg
238.508
=
= 1.899433
Fh
125.568

## Tabel Perhitungan Last Quarts

No
1
2
3
4
5

Fg
(X)
0.221862967
0.238507956
0.232706727
0.250117972
0.2789395
0.943195623
n
B =

Fh
(Y)
135.16218
125.568
116.32698
107.43912
98.90442
484.49628
(X.Y)
n (X) 4 141.4673 =
4 0.300628
= 348.0242 m

A =

X.Y
X
29.98748 0.049223
29.94897 0.056886
27.07007 0.054152
26.87245 0.062559
27.58835 0.077807
141.4673 0.300628
(X.Y)
(X)
0.943196 x 484.4963
- 0.943196

B.X

n
484.4963 - 348.0242 x
=
4
= 39.06035 m

Y
X
Y

0.943196

= A+BxX
= 39.06035 + 348.0242 x X
0
1
2
3
4
39.06035 387.0845 735.1087 1083.133 1431.157

cm/dtk
=

2000 cm/dtk

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Dengan Pintu ( Yg )
Tinggi Air Di Titik Air ( Y )
Tinggi Air Di Titik 1 ( Y )
Tinggi Air DI titik a ( Ya )
Tinggi Air DI titik b ( Yb )
Tinggi Air DI titik c ( Yc )
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )
1. Perhitungan Air Normal
a. Menentukan nilai Yg/Y
Yg
2.6
=
= 0.185714
Y
14

0.127

Y
Cc =
Yg
2.3
Cc =
= 0.884615
2.6

Y/Y Cc +
Cv =
B . Y 2g.Y
2000
981

15.4

Cv =

0.164

x
8

= 1.7866

Q
b.Y
2000
8 x
1.8
138.8889 cm/dtk

## d. Menghitung kecepatan air di hilir ( v

Q
v =
b.Y
2000
v =
8 x 13.7
= 18.24818 cm/dtk

( H dan H )

V
# H = Y +
2 .

cm

H =

13.7

# H = Y +
cm

H =

V
2 .
+

15.4
1.7
kg cm / dtk

1
Fg =
. g
2

Y
Y
-

10 x
8

2000
x
1.8

1.8
15.4

Fg =

1
2

x 10

= 20.66955

gr cm/ dtk

1
Fh =
. .
2
1
Fh =
x 10
2
=

67.14455

## h. Menghitung harga Fg/Fh

Fg
20.66955
=
=
Fh
67.14455

4
1795.265

cm/dtk
=

1920 cm/dtk

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Dengan Pintu ( Yg )
Tinggi Air Di Titik Air ( Y )
Tinggi Air Di Titik 1 ( Y )
Tinggi Air DI titik a ( Ya )
Tinggi Air DI titik b ( Yb )
Tinggi Air DI titik c ( Yc )
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )
1. Perhitungan Air Normal
a. Menentukan nilai Yg/Y
Yg
2.8
=
= 0.150538
Y
18.6

0.138

Y
Cc =
Yg
2.9
Cc =
= 1.035714
2.8

Y/Y Cc +
Cv =
B . Y 2g.Y
1920
981

18.5

Cv =
=

0.156

8
1.6032766104

Q
b.Y
1920
8 x
2.5
96
cm/dtk

## d. Menghitung kecepatan air di hilir ( v

Q
v =
b.Y
2000
v =
8 x
18
= 13.88889 cm/dtk

( H dan H )

V
# H = Y +
2 .

cm

H =

18

# H = Y +
cm

H =

2.6

2
+

2
V
.
2

Y
Y

18.5
1.7
kg cm / dtk

Fg =

10 x
8

1920
x
2.5

2.5
18.5

Fg =

1
2

1
2

x 10

= 232.7067

gr cm/ dtk

1
Fh =
. .
2
1
Fh =
x 10
2
=

116.327

## h. Menghitung harga Fg/Fh

Fg
232.7067
=
=
Fh
116.327

4
1431.157

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.4
13.7
2
2.1
6.9
7.2
981
2

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
lt/dtk
=

2000 cm/dtk

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Deng
Tinggi Air Di Tit
Tinggi Air Di Tit
Tinggi Air DI tit
Tinggi Air DI tit
Tinggi Air DI tit
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )
1. Perhitungan

0.185714

Y
Y

2.3
14

= 0.164

efisien Konstraksi ( Cc )

0.884615

fisien Kekentalan ( Cv )
1 + Q
B . Y 2g.Y
0.885
x
2

x
8

1
x

+ 2000
2 x 981

13.7

66

Q
v =
b.Y
2000
v =
8 x
2
cm/dtk
=
125
cm/dtk

g
18.24818
x
981

= 13.86972

cm

= 9.963812

cm

g
125

x
981

Y
.Q
. Y
Y
B.Y
x

981

gr cm/ dtk

13.7
1.7

0.02067

kg cm / dtk

13.7

## ga gaya hidrolis (Fh)

g Y-Y
x

981

0.307837

Y
Y

10 x
8

2000
x
2

2
13.7

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2
18
2.6
3.1
6
7.5
981
2

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
lt/dtk
=

2000 cm/dtk

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Deng
Tinggi Air Di Tit
Tinggi Air Di Tit
Tinggi Air DI tit
Tinggi Air DI tit
Tinggi Air DI tit
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )
1. Perhitungan

0.150538

Y
Y

2.9
18.6

= 0.156

efisien Konstraksi ( Cc )

1.035714

fisien Kekentalan ( Cv )
1 + Q
B . Y 2g.Y
x

8
032766104

1.036
+
x
2.6

1
x

+ 2000
2 x 981

18

## epatan air di hilir ( v ) dan kecepatan air di beakang pintu ( v )

Q
v =
b.Y
2000
v =
8 x
2.6
cm/dtk
= 96.15385 cm/dtk

g
13.88889
x
981

g
96.15385
x
981

= 18.09832

cm

= 7.312315

cm

## ga gaya dorong pintu (Fg)

. Y

Y
Y

981

gr cm/ dtk

.Q
B.Y
2.6

18
1.7

981

2.000454

0.232707 kg cm / dtk

## ga gaya hidrolis (Fh)

g Y-Y
x

Y
Y

18

10 x
8

2000
x
2.6

2.6
18

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Dengan Pintu ( Yg )
Tinggi Air Di Titik Air ( Y )
Tinggi Air Di Titik 1 ( Y )
Tinggi Air DI titik a ( Ya )
Tinggi Air DI titik b ( Yb )
Tinggi Air DI titik c ( Yc )
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

## 1. Perhitungan Air Normal

a. Menentukan nilai Yg/Y
Yg
2.8
=
= 0.220472
Y
12.7

Y
Y

2.6
12.5
2.7
2.9
7.4
7.4
981
2

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
lt/dtk
=

2.5
12.7

2000 cm/dtk

= 0.197

## b. Menghitung Koefisien Konstraksi ( Cc )

Y
Cc =
Yg
2.5
Cc =
= 0.892857
2.8
c. Menghitung Koefisien Kekentalan ( Cv )
Y/Y Cc + 1 + Q
Cv =
B . Y 2g.Y
Cv =

0.197

x
8

0.893
+
x
2.7

1
x

+ 2000
2 x 981

12.5

= 1.6351
d. Menghitung kecepatan air di hilir ( v ) dan kecepatan air di beakang pintu ( v )
Q
Q
v =
v =
b.Y
b.Y
2000
2000
v =
v =
8 x 12.5
8 x
2.7
=
20
cm/dtk
= 92.59259 cm/dtk
e. Menghitung Harga Tinggi Saluran Rencana ( H dan H )
V
# H = Y +
2 . g
20

H = 12.5 +
= 12.70387 cm
2
x
981
# H = Y +
H =

2.7

V
2 . g
92.59259
+
2
x
981

= 7.069719

cm

1
Y
.Q
Fg =
. g . Y
2
Y
B.Y
Fg =

1
2

x 10

= 61.02531

981

gr cm/ dtk

1

Fh =
. . g Y-Y
2
1
Fh =
x 10 x 981 x
2
=

47.10762

## h. Menghitung harga Fg/Fh

Fg
61.02531
=
= 1.295445
Fh
47.10762

2.7

Y
Y

12.5
1.7

0.061025 kg cm / dtk

12.5

10 x
8

2000
x
2.7

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Dengan Pintu ( Yg )
Tinggi Air Di Titik Air ( Y )
Tinggi Air Di Titik 1 ( Y )
Tinggi Air DI titik a ( Ya )
Tinggi Air DI titik b ( Yb )
Tinggi Air DI titik c ( Yc )
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

## 1. Perhitungan Air Normal

a. Menentukan nilai Yg/Y
Yg
2.8
=
= 0.152174
Y
18.4

Y
Y

2
17.5
2.7
3.2
6.1
7.6
981
1.9

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
lt/dtk
=

3.2
18.4

1900 cm/dtk

= 0.174

## b. Menghitung Koefisien Konstraksi ( Cc )

Y
Cc =
Yg
3.2
Cc =
= 1.142857
2.8
c. Menghitung Koefisien Kekentalan ( Cv )
Y/Y Cc + 1 + Q
Cv =
B . Y 2g.Y
Cv =
=

0.174

8
1.6222192899

1.143
+
x
2.7

1
x

+ 1900
2 x 981

17.5

## d. Menghitung kecepatan air di hilir ( v ) dan kecepatan air di beakang pintu ( v )

Q
Q
v =
v =
b.Y
b.Y
1900
1900
v =
v =
8 x 17.5
8 x
2.7
= 13.57143 cm/dtk
= 87.96296 cm/dtk
e. Menghitung Harga Tinggi Saluran Rencana ( H dan H )
V
# H = Y +
2 . g
13.57143
H = 17.5 +
= 17.59388 cm
2
x
981
# H = Y +
H =

2.7

V
. g
87.96296
+
2
x
981
2

= 6.643671

cm

Fg =
Fg =

1
2

1
2

x 10

250.118

. Y

Y
Y

981

gr cm/ dtk

1

Fh =
. . g Y-Y
2
1
Fh =
x 10 x 981 x
2
=

107.4391

## h. Menghitung harga Fg/Fh

Fg
250.118
=
= 2.327997
Fh
107.4391

.Q
B.Y
2.7

Y
Y

17.5
1.7

0.250118 kg cm / dtk

17.5

10 x
8

1900
x
2.7

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Dengan Pintu ( Yg )
Tinggi Air Di Titik Air ( Y )
Tinggi Air Di Titik 1 ( Y )
Tinggi Air DI titik a ( Ya )
Tinggi Air DI titik b ( Yb )
Tinggi Air DI titik c ( Yc )
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

## 1. Perhitungan Air Normal

a. Menentukan nilai Yg/Y
Yg
3
=
= 0.254237
Y
11.8

Y
Y

2.8
12.2
3.2
3.5
7.6
7.5
981
2

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
lt/dtk

2.7
11.8

= 0.229

## b. Menghitung Koefisien Konstraksi ( Cc )

Y
Cc =
Yg
2.7
Cc =
=
0.9
3
c. Menghitung Koefisien Kekentalan ( Cv )
Y/Y Cc + 1 + Q
Cv =
B . Y 2g.Y
Cv =

0.229

x
8

0.9
+
x
3.2

1
x

+ 2000
2 x 981

= 1.5674

## d. Menghitung kecepatan air di hilir ( v ) dan kecepatan air di beakang

Q
Q
v =
v =
b.Y
b.Y
2000
2000
v =
v =
8 x 12.2
8
= 20.4918 cm/dtk
=
78.125
e. Menghitung Harga Tinggi Saluran Rencana ( H dan H )
V
# H = Y +
2 . g
20.4918
H = 12.2 +
= 12.41402 cm
2
x
981
# H = Y +
H =

3.2

V
2 . g
78.125
+
2
x
981

= 6.310864

cm

1
Y
.Q
Fg =
. g . Y
2
Y
B.Y

2.7

2.7
12.5

Fg =

1
2

x 10

= 111.1378

981

gr cm/ dtk

1

Fh =
. . g Y-Y
2
1
Fh =
x 10 x 981 x
2
=

39.7305

## h. Menghitung harga Fg/Fh

Fg
111.1378
=
= 2.797291
Fh
39.7305

3.2

12.2
1.7

0.111138 kg cm / dtk

12.2

Diketahui:
Tinggi Air Dengan Pintu ( Yg )
Tinggi Air Di Titik Air ( Y )
Tinggi Air Di Titik 1 ( Y )
Tinggi Air DI titik a ( Ya )
Tinggi Air DI titik b ( Yb )
Tinggi Air DI titik c ( Yc )
Gravitasi (g)
Debit ( Q )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

## 1. Perhitungan Air Normal

a. Menentukan nilai Yg/Y
Yg
2.8
=
= 0.153846
Y
18.2

Y
Y

2
17
2.8
3.3
6.2
7.7
981
1.7

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm/dtk
lt/dtk

3.5
18.2

= 0.192

## b. Menghitung Koefisien Konstraksi ( Cc )

Y
Cc =
Yg
3.5
Cc =
=
1.25
2.8
c. Menghitung Koefisien Kekentalan ( Cv )
Y/Y Cc + 1 + Q
Cv =
B . Y 2g.Y
Cv =
=

0.192

8
1.61651465

1.25
+
x
2.8

1
x

+ 1700
2 x 981

## d. Menghitung kecepatan air di hilir ( v ) dan kecepatan air di beakang

Q
Q
v =
v =
b.Y
b.Y
1700
1700
v =
v =
8 x
17
8
=
12.5
cm/dtk
= 75.89286
e. Menghitung Harga Tinggi Saluran Rencana ( H dan H )
V
# H = Y +
2 . g
12.5

H =
17
+
= 17.07964 cm
2
x
981
# H = Y +
H =

2.8

V
. g
75.89286
+
2
x
981
2

5.73564

cm

Fg =

2.7

2.7
17.5

Fg =

1
2

1
2

x 10

= 278.9395

. Y

Y
Y

981

gr cm/ dtk

1

Fh =
. . g Y-Y
2
1
Fh =
x 10 x 981 x
2
=

98.90442

Fg
278.9395
=
= 2.820294
Fh
98.90442

.Q
B.Y
2.8

0.27894

17

17
1.7

kg cm / dtk

2000 cm/dtk

0.229

981

12.2

Q
b.Y
2000
x
3.2
78.125 cm/dtk

cm

cm

Y
Y
12.2
1.7
kg cm / dtk

10 x
8

2000
x
3.2

3.2
12.2

1700 cm/dtk

0.192

981

17

Q
b.Y
1700
x
2.8
75.89286 cm/dtk

cm

cm

Y
Y
17
1.7

kg cm / dtk

10 x
8

1700
x
2.8

2.8
17

## Perhitungan Air Loncat

Untuk Debit ( Q ) Tetap, Yg Berubah
Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
=
2
lt/dtk
=
Gravitasi (g)
= 981 cm/dtk
Lebat Ambang (b) =
8
cm
( Ya )
= 2.5 cm
( Xa )
( Yb )
( Xb )
=
3
cm
( Yc )
= 5.4 cm
( Xc )
1. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
2000
va =
=
b x Ya
8
x
2.5
vb =

Q
=
b x Yb

vc =

Q
=
b x Yc

2000
x

2000
x
5.4

va
100

Fa =
=
g x Ya
981 x
2.5

2000 cm/dtk

=
=
=

38.6 cm
39 cm
45 cm

100

cm/dtk

= 83.33333

cm/dtk

cm/dtk

46.2963

= 201.9275

Fb =

vb
=
g x Yb

83.33333
981 x
3

= 128.0096

Fc =

vc
=
g x Yc

46.2963
981 x
5.4

= 29.44836

## 3. Menghitung Ya/Yb ukur dan Ya/Yb hitung

Yb/Ya hitung = 1/2 ( -1 + 1 + 8 Fa)
1
Yb/Ya hitung
=
x
-1 + 1
2
= 285.0691
Ya/Yb ukur

2.5
3
= 0.833333
=

## 4. Menghitung Tinggi Loncatan ( H )

Ya - Yb
H =
4 Ya . Yb
2.5
3

=
4 x
2.5
x
3
= 0.008333

cm

x 201.9275

5. Menghitung L / Yb
Xb
L / Yb =
Yb
39
L / Yb =
=
3

13

## 6. Menghitung debit ( q ) Persatuan Leabar

Q
q =
b
2000
q =
= 250 cm/dtk
8
7. Menghitung Energi Kritis ( E )
va
Ea = Ya +
= 2.5
2g

100

x 981

7.59684

cm

Eb = Yb +

vb
2g

83.33333
2
x 981

= 6.539472

cm

Ec = Yc +

vc
2g

5.4

46.2963
2
x 981

cm

6.49243

Yc' =
Yc' =
Ec' =

q
g
250
981
3
x
Yc'
2

63.7105

3
2

3.99396

3.99396

cm

= 5.990939

cm

No
1
2
3
4
5

Q
Xa
cm/s (cm)
38.6
30.4
24
2000
15
14.5

Xb
(cm)
39
31.9
25.6
15.5
15.1

Xc
(cm)
45
42.2
35
15.1
21

## Untuk grafik Yc' vs Ec'

No
Q
vb
vc
cm/dtk
cm/s cm/dtk
1
83.33333 46.2963
2
50
39.0625
3 2000 48.07692 37.31343
4
45.45455 35.21127
5
43.85965 33.78378

Ya
(cm)
2.5
3
3.1
3.4
3.7

Yb
(cm)
3
5
5.2
5.5
5.7

Ea
cm
7.59684
6.539472
6.414802
6.155644
6.026899

Yc
(cm)
5.4
6.4
6.7
7.1
7.4

Eb
cm
6.539472
6.27421
6.378079
6.553066
6.680463

va
cm/dtk
100
83.33333
80.64516
73.52941
67.56757

Fa
201.9275
128.0096
117.9346
93.6156
75.77766

Ya/Yb
( Ukur )
0.833333
0.6
0.596154
0.618182
0.649123

Yb/Ya
hitung
285.0691
180.5335
166.2855
131.8934
106.667

Ec
Yc'
Ec'
Fa
cm
cm
cm
6.49243
201.9275
7.177716
128.0096
7.409629 3.99396 5.990939 117.9346
7.731923
93.6156
7.981725
75.77766

## Untuk Debit ( Q ) Berubah, Yg Tetap

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
=
2
lt/dtk
=
Gravitasi (g)
= 981 cm/dtk
Lebat Ambang (b) =
8
cm
( Ya )
( Xa )
= 2.9 cm
( Yb )
= 5.8 cm
( Xb )
( Yc )
= 7.3 cm
( Xc )
1. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
2000
va =
=
b x Ya
8
x
2.9
vb =

Q
=
b x Yb

vc =

Q
=
b x Yc

2000 cm/dtk

=
=
=

32.7 cm
35.1 cm
46 cm

86.2069

cm/dtk

2000
x
5.8

= 43.10345

cm/dtk

2000
x
7.3

= 34.24658

cm/dtk

va
86.2069
Fa =
=
g x Ya
981 x
2.9

= 139.3319

Fb =

vb
=
g x Yb

43.10345
981 x
5.8

= 24.63063

Fc =

vc
=
g x Yc

34.24658
981 x
7.3

= 13.85921

## 3. Menghitung Ya/Yb ukur dan Ya/Yb hitung

Yb/Ya hitung = 1/2 ( -1 + 1 + 8 Fa)
1
Yb/Ya hitung
=
x
-1 + 1
2
= 196.5457
Ya/Yb ukur

=
=

2.9
5.8
0.5

## 4. Menghitung Tinggi Loncatan ( H )

Ya - Yb
H =
4 Ya . Yb
2.9
5.8
=
4 x
2.9
x
5.8
=

0.125

5. Menghitung L / Yb
Xb
L / Yb =

cm

x 139.3319

L / Yb =
L / Yb =

Yb
35.1
5.8

= 6.051724

## 6. Menghitung debit ( q ) Persatuan Leabar

Q
q =
b
2000
q =
= 250 cm/dtk
8
7. Menghitung Energi Kritis ( E )
va
Ea = Ya +
= 2.9
2g

86.2069
x 981

= 6.687782

cm

Eb = Yb +

vb
2g

5.8

43.10345
2
x 981

= 6.746946

cm

Ec = Yc +

vc
2g

7.3

34.24658
2
x 981

= 7.897772

cm

Yc' =
Yc' =
Ec' =

q
g
250
981
3
x
Yc'
2

63.7105

3
2

3.99396

3.99396

cm

= 5.990939

cm

No
1
2
3
4
5

Q
Xa
cm/s (cm)
2000 32.7
1900 32.7
20
1800
30
1700
1600
29

Xb
(cm)
35.1
34.6
35.5
36.7
39

Xc
(cm)
46
46.5
43
47.5
48

## Untuk grafik Yc' vs Ec'

No
Q
vb
vc
cm/dtk
cm/s cm/dtk
1 2000 43.10345 34.24658
2 1900 40.25424 32.09459
3 1800
37.5
4.787234
4 1700 34.83607 27.96053
5 1600 32.25806 25.97403

Ya
(cm)
2.9
3
3.1
3.2
3.3

Yb
(cm)
5.8
5.9
6
6.1
6.2

Ea
cm
6.687782
6.194374
5.78499
5.447599
5.172118

Yc
(cm)
7.3
7.4
47
7.6
7.7

Eb
cm
6.746946
6.725894
6.716743
6.718528
6.730368

va
cm/dtk
86.2069
79.16667
72.58065
66.40625
60.60606

Fa
139.3319
115.5286
95.52703
78.7061
64.5566

Ya/Yb
( Ukur )
0.5
0.508475
0.516667
0.52459
0.532258

Yb/Ya
hitung
196.5457
162.8829
134.5966
110.8084
90.79819

Ec
cm
7.897772
7.925007
47.01168
7.998466
8.043858

Yc'
cm
3.99396
3.859693
3.723048
3.583848
3.44189

Ec'
cm
5.990939
5.789539
5.584573
5.375772
5.162835

Fa
139.3319
115.5286
95.52703
78.7061
64.5566

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
=
2
lt/dtk
=
Gravitasi (g)
= 981 cm/dtk
Lebat Ambang (b) =
8
cm
( Ya )
=
3
cm
( Xa )
( Yb )
( Xb )
=
5
cm
( Yc )
= 6.4 cm
( Xc )
1. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
2000
va =
=
b x Ya
8
x

vb =

Q
=
b x Yb

vc =

Q
=
b x Yc

2000
x

2000
x
6.4

va
83.33333
Fa =
=
g x Ya
981 x
3

2000 cm/dtk

=
=
=

30.4 cm
31.9 cm
42.2 cm

= 83.33333

cm/dtk

50

cm/dtk

39.0625

cm/dtk

= 128.0096

Fb =

vb
=
g x Yb

50
981 x

= 35.69608

Fc =

vc
=
g x Yc

39.0625
981 x
6.4

= 19.25731

## 3. Menghitung Ya/Yb ukur dan Ya/Yb hitung

Ya/Yb hitung = 1/2 ( -1 + 1 + 8 Fa)
1
Ya/Yb hitung
=
x
-1 + 1
2
= 180.5335
Ya/Yb ukur

=
=

3
5
0.6

## 4. Menghitung Tinggi Loncatan ( H )

Ya - Yb
H =
4 Ya . Yb
3
5

=
4 x
3
x
5
= 0.066667

cm

x 128.0096

5. Menghitung L / Yb
Xb
L / Yb =
Yb
31.9
L / Yb =
=
5

6.38

## 6. Menghitung debit ( q ) Persatuan Leabar

Q
q =
b
2000
q =
= 250 cm/dtk
8
7. Menghitung Energi Kritis ( E )
va
Ea = Ya +
=
3
2g

83.33333
2
x 981

Eb = Yb +

vb
2g

Ec = Yc +

vc
2g

6.4

50
x

981

39.0625
2
x 981

## 8. Menghitung Kedalaman Kritis ( Yc )

Yc' =
Yc' =
Ec' =

Yb/Ya
hitung
285.0691
180.5335
166.2855
131.8934
106.667

L / Yb
H
( cm )
0.008333
13
0.066667
6.38
0.068393 4.923077
0.058957 2.818182
0.047416 2.649123

Fa
201.9275
128.0096
117.9346
93.6156
75.77766

Fb
128.0096
35.69608
32.36213
28.128
25.72518

Fc
29.44836
19.25731
17.17349
14.85592
13.39572

q
g
250
981
3
x
Yc'
2

63.7105

3
2

3.99396

3.99396

cm

= 5.990939

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
= 1.9 lt/dtk
=
Gravitasi (g)
= 981 cm/dtk
Lebat Ambang (b) =
8
cm
( Ya )
( Xa )
=
3
cm
( Yb )
= 5.9 cm
( Xb )
( Yc )
= 7.4 cm
( Xc )
1. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
1900
va =
=
b x Ya
8
x
vb =

Q
=
b x Yb

vc =

Q
=
b x Yc

1900 cm/dtk

=
=
=

32.7 cm
34.6 cm
46.5 cm

= 79.16667

cm/dtk

1900
x
5.9

= 40.25424

cm/dtk

1900
x
7.4

= 32.09459

cm/dtk

va
79.16667
Fa =
=
g x Ya
981 x
3

= 115.5286

Fb =

vb
=
g x Yb

40.25424
981 x
5.9

= 21.29917

Fc =

vc
=
g x Yc

32.09459
981 x
7.4

= 12.08964

## 3. Menghitung Ya/Yb ukur dan Ya/Yb hitung

Yb/Ya hitung = 1/2 ( -1 + 1 + 8 Fa)
1
Yb/Ya hitung
=
x
-1 + 1
2
= 162.8829
Ya/Yb ukur

3
5.9
= 0.508475
=

## 4. Menghitung Tinggi Loncatan ( H )

Ya - Yb
H =
4 Ya . Yb
3
5.9
=
4 x
3
x
5.9
= 0.118785

5. Menghitung L / Yb
Xb
L / Yb =

cm

x 115.5286

L / Yb =
L / Yb =

Yb
34.6
5.9

= 5.864407

## 6. Menghitung debit ( q ) Persatuan Leabar

Q
q =
b
1900
q =
= 237.5 cm/dtk
8
7. Menghitung Energi Kritis ( E )
va
Ea = Ya +
=
3
2g

79.16667
2
x 981

Eb = Yb +

vb
2g

5.9

40.25424
2
x 981

Ec = Yc +

vc
2g

7.4

32.09459
2
x 981

## 8. Menghitung Kedalaman Kritis ( Yc )

q
g
237.5
Yc' =
981
3
Ec' =
x
Yc'
2
Yc' =

Yb/Ya
hitung
196.5457
162.8829
134.5966
110.8084
90.79819

H
( cm )
0.125
0.118785
0.113038
0.10771
0.102761

L / Yb
6.051724
5.864407
5.916667
6.016393
6.290323

Fa
139.3319
115.5286
95.52703
78.7061
64.5566

Fb
24.63063
21.29917
18.32958
15.68768
13.34278

Fc
13.85921
12.08964
0.10673
9.054185
7.762447

= 57.49873
=

3
2

= 3.859693

cm

x 3.859693 = 5.789539

cm/dtk

cm
cm
cm

cm/dtk

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
=
2
Gravitasi (g)
= 981
Lebat Ambang (b) =
8
( Ya )
= 3.1 cm
( Yb )
= 5.2 cm
( Yc )
= 6.7 cm
1. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
2000
va =
=
b x Ya
8

cm/dtk

vb =

Q
=
b x Yb

cm/dtk

vc =

Q
=
b x Yc

2000
8
2000
8

va
80.64516
Fa =
=
g x Ya
981
Fb =

vb
=
g x Yb

48.07692
981

Fc =

vc
=
g x Yc

37.31343
981

128.0096

1
Ya/Yb hitung
=
x
2
= 166.2855
Ya/Yb ukur

3.1
5.2
= 0.596154
=

## 4. Menghitung Tinggi Loncatan ( H )

Ya - Yb
H =
4 Ya . Yb
3.1
5.2
=
4 x
3.1
x
5.2
= 0.068393

cm

5. Menghitung L / Yb
Xb
L / Yb =
Yb
25.6
L / Yb =
= 4.923077
5.2

## 6. Menghitung debit ( q ) Persatuan Leabar

Q
q =
b
2000
q =
= 250 cm/dtk
8
7. Menghitung Energi Kritis ( E )
va
Ea = Ya +
= 3.1
2g

6.539472

cm

6.27421

cm

Eb = Yb +

vb
2g

5.2

7.177716

cm

Ec = Yc +

vc
2g

6.7

## 8. Menghitung Kedalaman Kritis ( Yc )

Yc' =
cm

Yc' =
cm

Ec' =

q
g
250
981
3
x
Yc'
2

63.7105

3
2

cm/dtk

cm
cm
cm

cm/dtk

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
= 1.8
Gravitasi (g)
= 981
Lebat Ambang (b) =
8
( Ya )
= 3.1 cm
( Yb )
=
6
cm
( Yc )
=
47 cm
1. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
1800
va =
=
b x Ya
8

cm/dtk

vb =

Q
=
b x Yb

cm/dtk

vc =

Q
=
b x Yc

1800
8
1800
8

va
72.58065
Fa =
=
g x Ya
981
Fb =

vb
=
g x Yb

37.5
981

Fc =

vc
=
g x Yc

4.787234
981

115.5286

1
Yb/Ya hitung
=
x
2
= 134.5966
Ya/Yb ukur

3.1
6
= 0.516667
=

## 4. Menghitung Tinggi Loncatan ( H )

Ya - Yb
H =
4 Ya . Yb
3.1
6
=
4 x
3.1
x
6
= 0.113038

5. Menghitung L / Yb
Xb
L / Yb =

cm

L / Yb =
L / Yb =

Yb
35.5
6

= 5.916667

## 6. Menghitung debit ( q ) Persatuan Leabar

Q
q =
b
1800
q =
= 225 cm/dtk
8
7. Menghitung Energi Kritis ( E )
va
Ea = Ya +
= 3.1
2g

6.194374

cm

6.725894

cm

Eb = Yb +

vb
2g

7.925007

cm

Ec = Yc +

vc
2g

47

Yc' =
cm

Yc' =
cm

Ec' =

q
g
225
981
3
x
Yc'
2

51.6055

3
2

lt/dtk
=
cm/dtk
cm
( Xa )
( Xb )
( Xc )

2000
x
3.1

2000 cm/dtk

=
=
=

24 cm
25.6 cm
35 cm

1. Menghitung
= 80.64516

cm/dtk

2000
x
5.2

= 48.07692

cm/dtk

2000
x
6.7

= 37.31343

cm/dtk

an Frode ( F )
80.64516
x
3.1

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
Gravitasi (g)
Lebat Ambang
(Y
( Yb
( Yc

2. Perhitungan
= 117.9346

48.07692
x
5.2

= 32.36213

37.31343
x
6.7

= 17.17349

## ukur dan Ya/Yb hitung

3. Menghitung

( -1 + 1 + 8 Fa)
-1 +

x 117.9346

166.2855

0.596154

Loncatan ( H )

5.2

4. Menghitung

5. Menghitung

4.923077
q ) Persatuan Leabar

6. Menghitung

cm/dtk
Kritis ( E )

7. Menghitung

3.1

80.64516
2
x 981

= 6.414802

cm

5.2

48.07692
2
x 981

= 6.378079

cm

6.7

37.31343
2
x 981

= 7.409629

cm

man Kritis ( Yc )

63.7105
x

8. Menghitung

3.99396

3.99396

cm

= 5.990939

cm

lt/dtk
=
cm/dtk
cm
( Xa )
( Xb )
( Xc )

1800
x
3.1
1800
x

1800
x
47

an Frode ( F )
72.58065
x
3.1
37.5
x

4.787234
x
47

1800 cm/dtk

=
=
=

20 cm
35.5 cm
43 cm

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
Gravitasi (g)
Lebat Ambang
(Y
( Yb
( Yc
1. Menghitung

= 72.58065

cm/dtk

cm/dtk

37.5

= 4.787234

cm/dtk
2. Perhitungan

= 95.52703

= 18.32958

0.10673

## ukur dan Ya/Yb hitung

3. Menghitung

( -1 + 1 + 8 Fa)
-1 +

x 95.52703

134.5966

0.516667

Loncatan ( H )

4. Menghitung

5. Menghitung

5.916667
q ) Persatuan Leabar

6. Menghitung

cm/dtk
Kritis ( E )

7. Menghitung

3.1

72.58065
2
x 981

37.5

x 981

= 6.716743

cm

47

4.787234
2
x 981

= 47.01168

cm

5.78499

man Kritis ( Yc )

51.6055

cm

8. Menghitung

= 3.723048

cm

x 3.723048 = 5.584573

cm

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
=
2
lt/dtk
=
Gravitasi (g)
= 981 cm/dtk
Lebat Ambang (b) =
8
cm
( Ya )
= 3.4 cm
( Xa )
( Yb )
( Xb )
= 5.5 cm
( Yc )
= 7.1 cm
( Xc )
1. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
2000
va =
=
b x Ya
8
x
3.4
vb =

Q
=
b x Yb

vc =

Q
=
b x Yc

2000 cm/dtk

=
=
=

15 cm
15.5 cm
15.1 cm

= 73.52941

cm/dtk

2000
x
5.5

= 45.45455

cm/dtk

2000
x
7.1

= 35.21127

cm/dtk

va
73.52941
Fa =
=
g x Ya
981 x
3.4

93.6156

28.128

Fb =

vb
=
g x Yb

45.45455
981 x
5.5

Fc =

vc
=
g x Yc

35.21127
981 x
7.1

= 14.85592

## 3. Menghitung Ya/Yb ukur dan Ya/Yb hitung

Ya/Yb hitung = 1/2 ( -1 + 1 + 8 Fa)
1
Ya/Yb hitung
=
x
-1 + 1
2
= 131.8934
Ya/Yb ukur

3.4
5.5
= 0.618182
=

## 4. Menghitung Tinggi Loncatan ( H )

Ya - Yb
H =
4 Ya . Yb
3.4
5.5
=
4 x
3.4
x
5.5
= 0.058957

cm

93.6156

5. Menghitung L / Yb
Xb
L / Yb =
Yb
15.5
L / Yb =
= 2.818182
5.5
6. Menghitung debit ( q ) Persatuan Leabar
Q
q =
b
2000
q =
= 250 cm/dtk
8
7. Menghitung Energi Kritis ( E )
va
Ea = Ya +
= 3.4
2g

73.52941
2
x 981

= 6.155644

cm

Eb = Yb +

vb
2g

5.5

45.45455
2
x 981

= 6.553066

cm

Ec = Yc +

vc
2g

7.1

35.21127
2
x 981

= 7.731923

cm

## 8. Menghitung Kedalaman Kritis ( Yc )

Yc' =
Yc' =
Ec' =

q
g
250
981
3
x
Yc'
2

63.7105

3
2

3.99396

3.99396

cm

= 5.990939

cm

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
= 1.7 lt/dtk
=
Gravitasi (g)
= 981 cm/dtk
Lebat Ambang (b) =
8
cm
( Ya )
( Xa )
= 3.2 cm
( Yb )
= 6.1 cm
( Xb )
( Yc )
= 7.6 cm
( Xc )
1. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
1700
va =
=
b x Ya
8
x
3.2
vb =

Q
=
b x Yb

vc =

Q
=
b x Yc

1700 cm/dtk

=
=
=

30 cm
36.7 cm
47.5 cm

= 66.40625

cm/dtk

1700
x
6.1

= 34.83607

cm/dtk

1700
x
7.6

= 27.96053

cm/dtk

va
66.40625
Fa =
=
g x Ya
981 x
3.2

78.7061

Fb =

vb
=
g x Yb

34.83607
981 x
6.1

= 15.68768

Fc =

vc
=
g x Yc

27.96053
981 x
7.6

= 9.054185

## 3. Menghitung Ya/Yb ukur dan Ya/Yb hitung

Yb/Ya hitung = 1/2 ( -1 + 1 + 8 Fa)
1
Yb/Ya hitung
=
x
-1 + 1
2
= 110.8084
Ya/Yb ukur

=
=

3.2
6.1
0.52459

## 4. Menghitung Tinggi Loncatan ( H )

Ya - Yb
H =
4 Ya . Yb
3.2
6.1
=
4 x
3.2
x
6.1
=

0.10771

5. Menghitung L / Yb
Xb
L / Yb =

cm

78.7061

L / Yb =
L / Yb =

Yb
36.7
6.1

= 6.016393

## 6. Menghitung debit ( q ) Persatuan Leabar

Q
q =
b
1700
q =
= 212.5 cm/dtk
8
7. Menghitung Energi Kritis ( E )
va
Ea = Ya +
= 3.2
2g

66.40625
2
x 981

= 5.447599

cm

Eb = Yb +

vb
2g

6.1

34.83607
2
x 981

= 6.718528

cm

Ec = Yc +

vc
2g

7.6

27.96053
2
x 981

= 7.998466

cm

## 8. Menghitung Kedalaman Kritis ( Yc )

q
g
212.5
Yc' =
981
3
Ec' =
x
Yc'
2
Yc' =

= 46.03084
=

3
2

= 3.583848

cm

x 3.583848 = 5.375772

cm

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
=
2
lt/dtk
=
Gravitasi (g)
= 981 cm/dtk
Lebat Ambang (b) =
8
cm
( Ya )
= 3.7 cm
( Xa )
( Yb )
( Xb )
= 5.7 cm
( Yc )
= 7.4 cm
( Xc )
1. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
2000
va =
=
b x Ya
8
x
3.7
vb =

Q
=
b x Yb

vc =

Q
=
b x Yc

2000 cm/dtk

=
=
=

14.5 cm
15.1 cm
21 cm

= 67.56757

cm/dtk

2000
x
5.7

= 43.85965

cm/dtk

2000
x
7.4

= 33.78378

cm/dtk

va
67.56757
Fa =
=
g x Ya
981 x
3.7

= 75.77766

Fb =

vb
=
g x Yb

43.85965
981 x
5.7

= 25.72518

Fc =

vc
=
g x Yc

33.78378
981 x
7.4

= 13.39572

## 3. Menghitung Ya/Yb ukur dan Ya/Yb hitung

Ya/Yb hitung = 1/2 ( -1 + 1 + 8 Fa)
1
Ya/Yb hitung
=
x
-1 + 1
2
= 106.667
Ya/Yb ukur

3.7
5.7
= 0.649123
=

## 4. Menghitung Tinggi Loncatan ( H )

Ya - Yb
H =
4 Ya . Yb
3.7
5.7
=
4 x
3.7
x
5.7
= 0.047416

cm

x 75.77766

5. Menghitung L / Yb
Xb
L / Yb =
Yb
15.1
L / Yb =
= 2.649123
5.7
6. Menghitung debit ( q ) Persatuan Leabar
Q
q =
b
2000
q =
= 250 cm/dtk
8
7. Menghitung Energi Kritis ( E )
va
Ea = Ya +
= 3.7
2g

67.56757
2
x 981

= 6.026899

Eb = Yb +

vb
2g

5.7

43.85965
2
x 981

= 6.680463

Ec = Yc +

vc
2g

7.4

33.78378
2
x 981

= 7.981725

## 8. Menghitung Kedalaman Kritis ( Yc )

Yc' =
Yc' =
Ec' =

q
g
250
981
3
x
Yc'
2

63.7105

3
2

3.99396

3.99396

cm

= 5.990939

cm

Diketahui:
Debit ( Q )
= 1.6 lt/dtk
=
Gravitasi (g)
= 981 cm/dtk
Lebat Ambang (b) =
8
cm
( Ya )
( Xa )
= 3.3 cm
( Yb )
= 6.2 cm
( Xb )
( Yc )
= 7.7 cm
( Xc )
1. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (v)
Q
1600
va =
=
b x Ya
8
x
3.3
vb =

Q
=
b x Yb

vc =

Q
=
b x Yc

1600 cm/dtk

=
=
=

29
39
48

cm
cm
cm

= 60.60606

cm/dtk

1600
x
6.2

= 32.25806

cm/dtk

1600
x
7.7

= 25.97403

cm/dtk

va
60.60606
Fa =
=
g x Ya
981 x
3.3

64.5566

Fb =

vb
=
g x Yb

32.25806
981 x
6.2

= 13.34278

Fc =

vc
=
g x Yc

25.97403
981 x
7.7

= 7.762447

## 3. Menghitung Ya/Yb ukur dan Ya/Yb hitung

Yb/Ya hitung = 1/2 ( -1 + 1 + 8 Fa)
1
Yb/Ya hitung
=
x
-1 + 1
2
= 90.79819
Ya/Yb ukur

3.3
6.2
= 0.532258
=

## 4. Menghitung Tinggi Loncatan ( H )

Ya - Yb
H =
4 Ya . Yb
3.3
6.2
=
4 x
3.3
x
6.2
= 0.102761

5. Menghitung L / Yb
Xb
L / Yb =

cm

64.5566

L / Yb =
L / Yb =

Yb
39
6.2

= 6.290323

## 6. Menghitung debit ( q ) Persatuan Leabar

Q
q =
b
1600
q =
= 200 cm/dtk
8
7. Menghitung Energi Kritis ( E )
va
Ea = Ya +
= 3.3
2g

60.60606
2
x 981

= 5.172118

Eb = Yb +

vb
2g

6.2

32.25806
2
x 981

= 6.730368

Ec = Yc +

vc
2g

7.7

25.97403
2
x 981

= 8.043858

## 8. Menghitung Kedalaman Kritis ( Yc )

Yc' =
Yc' =
Ec' =

q
g
200
981
3
x
Yc'
2

= 40.77472
=

3
2

3.44189

3.44189

cm

= 5.162835

cm

cm/dtk

cm/dtk

cm/dtk

75.77766

6.026899

cm

6.680463

cm

7.981725

cm

cm

cm/dtk

cm/dtk

cm/dtk

64.5566

5.172118

cm

6.730368

cm

8.043858

cm

cm

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