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Dog Breeding

Grace Chang, Vanessa Orosco, Denisse Viera

Background
ancestor and closest
relative

domestication
o 14,000 years ago

selective breeding
o 200 years ago

Selective Breeding
artificial selection
inbreeding

hybridization
crossbred dog, dog hybrid,
designer dog

100 Years of Breeding


Breeds of All Nation
o

W.E. Mason, 1915

Bull Terrier - mutated skull, thick abdomen

Boxer - shorter face, muzzle upturned

Dachshund - back/neck longer, legs shrunk

German Shepherd - angulated, sloping back

Pug - high BP, heart, double curl = genetic defect

St. Bernard - oversized, face squished, abundant skin

PROS

CREATES FUTURE BREEDS


Can become basis for future breeds

dachshund golden retriever

Many of todays purebreds were


founded on crosses of different breeds
Unique look of dog

pomsky(pomeranian husky)

BREED TO IMPROVE
Motto of responsible breeders
Improves traits & characteristics
Creates a variety of breeds

THE DIRE WOLF PROJECT


Dire Wolf:large dog that lived during the
Pleistocene era. Went extinct 10,000 years
ago
The Project
Started in 1988
Goal: bring back the dire wolf look

DOG SHOWS
Most dogs that are bred are entered in
shows
categories for bred dogs
-Breed type
-Best of breed
By breeding, owners can create dogs
with the specific qualities and aspects
that judges are looking for

CONS
health concerns
inherit diseases
puppy mills
overcrowded dog shelters

Inherited Diseases
- Hip dysplasia
-

German Shepherds
Rottweiler
Golden Retrievers

- Patellar luxation
-

Pomeranian
Chihuahuas
Boston Terrier

Puppy Mills

Epilepsy
Deafness
Heart disease

Kidney Disease
Eye Problems
Respiratory Problems

Works Cited

Adams, Jill U. "Genetics of Dog Breeding." Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, 2008. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.

Elegans, Caen. "100 Years of Breed "Improvement"" Science and Dogs. 29 Sept. 2012. Web. 12 Jan. 2015.

"Genetic Engineering." Genetic Engineering. Oswego City School District Regents Exam Prep Center. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.

Kalter, Alan, dir. American Kennel Club; A Guide To Breeding Your Dog, January 18 2015. Web

Maldarelli, Claire. Scienceline. Although Purebred Dogs Can Be Best in Show, Are They Worst in Health?.
ScientificAmerica.com. Scientific America, 21 Feb. 2014. Web. 16 Jan. 2015.

National American Alsatian Breeder's Association. "Evolution Basics: Artificial Selection and the Origins of the Domestic
Dog." The Dire Wolf Project. Dire Wolf Project Founder, Web. 17 Jan. 2014.

Strand, Patti, pres. National Animal Interest Alliance; Policy Statement: Dogs, Jan. 2015 Web.