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Mean, Median, Mode, and Range Notes

Resources:
BrainPop
baltcops,brainpop
MathisFun
TheMeanMachine

SampleStatisticalQuestionandData
question:
Whatisyourfavoriteicecreamflavor.
answerchoices:
Mintchocolate,Oreo,CookieDough,Vanilla,None,Other,orAll.

datatable:(inserttablebelow)


Mintchocolate

Oreo

CookieDough

Vanilla

5votes

3votes

3votes

3votes

Followupquestions:

Whydoyoulikethaticecreamflavor?
Howmuchwouldyoupayforthaticecreamflavor?
Wouldpeoplethatyouknowbuyit?
Whatotherflavorswouldyouprefer

Mean

Themean(average)weightofthreedogsis38pounds.Oneofthedogs,Sparky,weighs46pounds.
Theothertwodogs,EddieandSandy,havethesameweight.FindEddie'sweight.

definition:
The"
mean
,or"average"iswhenyouaddupallthenumbersandthendividebythe
numberofnumbers.

workbookex:
question:
Themeanofasetofdatais45years.Findthemissingmissingnumbersinthedataset
{40,45,48,?,54,?,45}.
explanation:
SofirstImultiplied45(themean)times7(numberstotal)andgot315.ThenIadded
40+45+48+54+45andgot232.OnceIdidthat,Idid315232=83.FinallyIfound2numbersthat=83
andthatwerentonthechartandtheywere41and42.

KhanAcademyex:

question:
ScarlettSquirrelteachesahuladancingclasstoyoungsquirrels.14squirrelsshowedup
toclassonMonday,10squirrelsonTuesday,8squirrelsonWednesday,10squirrelsonThursday,
and12squirrelsonFriday.

explanation:Step1:
14+10+8+10+12=54
Step2:
54/5=10.8

resourcelink:
http://www.mathsisfun.com/mean.html
example:

Example 1: What is the Mean of these numbers?


6,11,7

Add the numbers: 6 + 11 + 7 = 24. Divide by


how many
numbers (there are 3 numbers):
24 / 3 = 8

The Mean is 8

Why Does This Work?

It is because 6, 11 and 7 added together is the same as 3 lots of 8:

Median

definition:
Themedianisthevaluethatsinthemiddleofthesetofnumbers.Ifthereare2values
inthemiddle,findthemeanofthose2numbers.

workbookex:
question:
Findthemedianforeachsetofdata;hoursspentstudying4,2,5,7,1
explanation:
Ilookedatthenumberinthemiddleandsaw5so5isthemediansincemedianmeans
findthenumberinthemiddle.

KhanAcademyex
question:
findthe
Median
of{13,23,11,16,15,10,26}.
explanation:
Themiddlenumberis15,sothe
median
is15.

resourcelink:
http://www.mathsisfun.com/median.html
example:

Example:
3,13,7,5,21,23,39,23,40,23,14,12,56,23,29
When we put those numbers in order we have:

3,5,7,12,13,14,21,23,23,23,23,29,39,40,56
There are fifteen numbers. Our middle number will be the eighth number:

3,5,7,12,13,14,21,
23
,23,23,23,29,39,40,56
The median value of this set of numbers is 23.

Mode

definition:
Modeisthemostfrequentvalueinthesetofdata.

workbookex:
question:
Findthemode;heightofbuildingsinfeet:35,40,40,25,42.
explanation:
40isshowmostfrequentlysoitisthemode.

KhanAcademyex
question:Thesizesofnewridesintoonytown(infeet)are40,45,60,20.45,45,60.
explanation:
Wellsince45isshown3timesandalltheothersarenot,thismakesitthemodeofthe
setofdata.

resourcelink:
http://www.mathsisfun.com/mode.html
example:

3, 7, 5, 13, 20, 23, 39, 23, 40, 23, 14, 12, 56, 23, 29
In order these numbers are:

3, 5, 7, 12, 13, 14, 20, 23, 23, 23, 23, 29, 39, 40, 56
This makes it easy to see which numbers appear most often.
In this case the mode is

23.

Range

definition:
Therangeisthedifferencebetweenthelowestandthehighestvalue.

workbookexample
question:
Findtherangeofthesetofdata.0,1,4,3,2,9,7.
explanation:
SofirstwhatIlookforisthelowestandthehighestnumbers.SothelowestnumberIs
0andthehighestnumberis9.Sowhatyoudois90=0.Therangeofthedatais0

KhanAcademyquestions
question:
Kennyrodeon5differentrollercoastersinLandaSwing.Theheightsoftherideswere
20,45,50,68,and75feet.Whatistherange?
explanation:
WellfirstofallIwaslookingforthelowestvalueandthehighestvalueandIfound20
and75.ThenIsubtracted7520andgot55.Sotherangeofthedatais55.

resourcelink:
http://www.mathsisfun.com/definitions/rangestatistics.html
example:

The difference between the lowest and highest values.


In {4, 6, 9, 3, 7} the lowest value is 3, and the highest is 9, so the range is 9 3 =
6.