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Operasi tanpa anestesi = penjagalan

400 SM : Hipocrates Opium


200 M : Huang To Ganja
opium
1200 M : Nicolas Inhalasi uap
ganja
Ether
1846 M : Morton
Robinson J
1847 M : Snow J Buku Anestesiologi
resusitasi cairan
gawat darurat
PD II : Anestesi
klinik nyeri
penanggulangan bencana

1950: Prof. Kelan (Jakarta)


Prof. Haditopo (Semarang)

Prof. Karyadi (Surabaya)

An
Anestesi

hilang rasa
Esthesia
Inhalasi
Umum

Anestesi

Intravena
Lokal/Regional

TRIAS ANESTESIA

SEDASI
ANALGESI
RELAKSASI

PRE OP DURANTE OP

premedikasi

POST OP

recovery room

Compressed Gases

Colour

Cyclopropane (C3H6) Orange (silver WHO)


Ethylene (C2H4)
Red (violet WHO)
Nitrous oxide (N2O)
Blue
Helium (He)
Brown
Oxigen (O2)
Green (white WHO)
Carbon dioxide (CO2) Gray
Carbon dioxide oxygen Gray green
(gray white WHO)
Helium oxygen
Brown green
(brown white WHO)

Physical State
in Cylinder
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Gas
Gas
Liquid
Gas
Gas

Oral Endotracheal tube size guidelines


Age

Internal diameter
(mm)

Full term infant


Children
Adult
Female
Male

cut length
(cm)

3.5
4 + Age
4

12
14 + Age
2

7 7.5
7.5 8

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FIBEROPTIC BRONCHOSCOPE

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