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IntroductiontoMasteringPhysics

IntroductiontoMasteringPhysics
Due:11:59pmonFriday,January30,2015
Youwillreceivenocreditforitemsyoucompleteaftertheassignmentisdue.GradingPolicy

Amessagefromyourinstructor...
Thepurposeofthefollowingexercisesistofamiliarizeyouwiththesystemyouwillbeusingfortherestofyourcourse.Theseexercisesarenotintendedto
teachortestyourknowledgeofanyspecificsubjectmaterial.Therefore,youwillnotbepenalizedforusinghintsorsubmittingincorrectanswers.

Welcome!
Masteringpresentshomeworkitemsassignedbyyourinstructorandworkswithyoutoanswerthem.Homeworkitemstypicallyhaveanintroduction,possibly
figures,andoneormorepartsforyoutoanswer.

Typeofhelpoffered
Masteringtellsyouimmediatelywhetherornotyouranswersarecorrect.Usually,youwillhavemultiplechancestoarriveatthecorrectanswer.
Yourinstructorwilldeterminehowmanytriesyouhaveavailable.
Inmanyitems,hintsareavailabletohelpyouifyougetstuck.Ifyoudon'tneedthehintstosolvetheproblem,youcanstillusethemforreview
lateron.
Ifyousubmitanincorrectanswer,Masteringoftenrespondswithspecific,helpfulfeedback.
Masteringisforgivingofmanytyposandformattingmistakes.Ifitcan'tfigureoutwhatyouentered,itwillletyouknowandgiveyouanother
chance.
TheseexerciseswerechosenspecificallytoleadyouthroughthekeyfeaturesofMasteringandarenotintendedtotestyourknowledgeofanyspecific
subjectmaterial.Therefore,onthisitemyouwillnotbepenalizedforusinghintsandsubmittingincorrectanswers.Infact,youshouldsubmitincorrect
answersandusethehintstoseewhathappens!

PartA
Howmanysquaresareinthis2 2grid?Notethatthefigurelinkletsyouknowthatafiguregoesalongwiththispart.Thisfigureisavailabletotheleft.
EnteryouranswerasanumberintheboxbelowandthensubmityouranswerbyclickingSubmit.

Typesettingmath:100%

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ANSWER:
Numberofsquares= 5

Correct
Whatyouarereadingnowiscalleda"followupcomment."Thesecommentstypicallyoffermoreinformationorprovideaninterpretationofthe
answeryoujustobtained.
Beforeyoumoveontoaslightlymorechallengingquestion,haveaquicklookattheotherbuttonsavailablearoundtheanswerbox.
GiveUpallowsyoutocompletethequestionifyoucan'tsolveitonyourown.Yourinstructorcontrolswhetherornotthecorrect
answerisdisplayedtoyou.
MyAnswersbringsupanewwindowthatlistsalloftheanswersyouhavesubmittedforthisquestion,alongwithanyhelpfulfeedback
youreceivedforincorrectsubmissions.

Grading
SeethehelpfileavailablebyclickingtheHelp
linkatthetoprightcorner,ifyouwanttoknowmoreabouthowgradingworksingeneral.Hereisthemost
importantinformationyou'llneed.
Youmustcompleteeveryparttogetcreditforanitem.Tocompleteapart,eitheranswerthemainpartquestioncorrectlyorclicktheGiveUpbutton.
Inagradedhomeworkitem,eachpartcountsequallytowardyourscoreontheoverallitem.Ifyougetfullcreditoneachpart,youwillreceivefullcreditforthe
problem.Youmayloseafractionofthecreditforapartwhenyousubmitanincorrectanswer.Whetheryoudolosecreditandhowmuchyoulosearesetby
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yourinstructor.However,youwon'tlosecreditformosttypesofformattingmistakesorforsubmittingablankanswer.
Asyoumightexpect,youwillreceivenocreditforapartifyouusetheGiveUpbutton.Ifyoujustcan'tfigureoutaquestion,thereisawaytogetpartial
creditbyusinghints,asthefollowingpartwillillustrate.

PartB
Whatisthemagicnumber?
Notethatthereisafigurealsoassociatedwiththispart.However,thefigureforPartAmaystill
bevisibleontheleft.ToviewthefigureassociatedwithPartB,clickonthefigurelink.Anew
figureshouldappearontheleft.
Youcouldtrytoguessthemagicnumberbutyouwouldprobablyuseupallyourtries
beforegettingtheanswer.NoticethenewHintsbuttonunderneaththeanswerboxforthis
question.Clickingthisbuttonwillopenupalistofhintsthatwillguideyoutothecorrect
number.

Hint1.Differenttypesofhintsandtheirimpactongrading
Noticethattherearethreehintsforthisquestion.Youarenotrequiredtouseallofthehintsortousetheminorder.Eachhinthasataglinethat
describesitscontents.Basedonthetaglineyoucandecidewhetherornotaparticularhintwillbeusefultoyou.
Therearetwokindsofhints.Somehints,suchasHint2below,justprovideyouwithinformation.Otherhints,suchasHint3below,giveyouan
opportunitytoanswerasimplerquestionthatisrelatedtothemainquestionyouaresolving.Thesehintseitherhavequestionsinthetaglineortell
youtodosomething(e.g.,Find...,Determine...,Identify...,etc.).Therearetwowaysthatthistypeofhintcanhelpyou:
Answeringthesimplerquestiongivesyouachancetocheckthatyouareontherighttrack.
Ifyoucorrectlyanswerthesimplerquestion,youwillreceivepartialcreditforthepartevenifyouareunabletoanswerthemain
question.
Yourinstructormaychoosetogiveyouabonusfornotusinghintsortodeductasmallpenaltyforusinghints.Ifyouarestuck,usingthehintswill
usuallyresultinahigherscorethansimplytryingtoguessbecauseyoumaylosefewerpointsforopeningahintthanforgettingtheanswertothe
mainquestionincorrect.ThereisamoredetailedexplanationofhowhintsaregradedinthehelpavailablebyclickingtheHelplinkatthetopright
cornerofyourscreeninthemainMasteringwindow.Inthisproblem,however,youwillnotloseanycreditforusingthehints.
Now,openupthesecondhintforsomehelpfindingthemagicnumber.
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Hint2.Howtoapproachtheproblem
Althoughyoucouldtrytoguessthemagicnumberyouwouldmostlikelyexhaustyourtriesbeforegettingthecorrectanswer.Tohelpyou,the
magicnumberis15 x,wherexisanumberbetween1and10.

Hint3.Whatisx?
Recallthattheprevioushintstatedthatthemagicnumberis15 x,wherexisanumberbetween1and10.Specificallyxisanevennumber
between1and10.Trytoguessthevalueofx.
Youmaysubmitasmanyguessesasyouneed.Entereachguessintotheanswerboxthatfollows.
ANSWER:
x

= 4

Allattemptsusedcorrectanswerdisplayed
Nowthatyouhavedeterminedx,compute15 4 tofindthemagicnumber.

ANSWER:
magicnumber= 60

Correct
Yourinstructormaychoosetogiveyouabonusfornotusinghintsortodeductasmallpenaltyforusinghints.Ifyouarestuck,usingthehintswill
usuallyresultinahigherscorethansimplytryingtoguessbecauseyoumaylosefewerpointsforopeningahintthanforgettingtheanswertothe
mainquestionincorrect.Notethatyouareneverrequiredtousethehintsifyouwanttofigurethequestionoutonyourown,goahead!
Noticethatanewbutton,ReviewPart,appearswhenyoucorrectlyanswerapartwithhints.Thisbuttonallowsyoutoreviewallofthehintsforthat
part,evenifyoudidn'tneedthemtogettheanswer.Thisisausefulwaytoreviewthequestionwhenstudyingforatest.Youdonotloseanycredit
forreviewingthehintsafteryouhaveansweredthequestion.Ifyoudidn'tlookatallofthehintswhileansweringthelastquestion,youshouldread
throughthemnowforsomeimportantinformationabouthintsandhintgrading.

PartC
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Multiplechoicequestionshaveaspecialgradingruledeterminedbyyourinstructor.Assumethatyourinstructorhasdecidedtogradethesequestionsin
thefollowingway:Ifyousubmitanincorrectanswertoamultiplechoicequestionwithn options,youwilllose1/(n 1)ofthecreditforthatquestion.
Justlikethesimilarmultiplechoicepenaltyonmoststandardizedtests,thisruleisnecessarytopreventrandomguessing.
Ifamultiplechoicequestionhasfiveanswerchoicesandyousubmitonewronganswerbeforegettingthequestioncorrect,howmuchcreditwillyoulose
forthatpartofthequestion?
ANSWER:
100%
50%
33%
25%
20%

Correct
Yourinstructormaychoosenottodeduct1/(n 1)ofthecreditforamultiplechoicequestionwithn options.Toseehowyourinstructorisgrading
you,clickyourinstructor'sGradingPolicyonyourassignmentpage.
IfyouclickontheContinuebuttonbeforefinishingalltheParts,youwillseeamessageremindingyouthatyouneedtocompleteeachParttoget
credit.Ifyouhavecompletedtheitem,clickingContinuewilltakeyoutothenextitemontheAssignment.Atanytimeyoumayclickonthe
ProvideFeedbacklinktoaccessasurveypagewithoutlosingyourwork.
Onceyouhavecompletedanitem,youmayaccessyourscorefromtheassignment.Yourscorewilldisplaybelowtheitemtitle.

IntroductiontoNumericAnswers
Thisexerciseisnotintendedtotestyourknowledgeofanyspecificsubjectmaterial.Therefore,onthisproblemyouwillnotbepenalizedforusinghintsor
submittingincorrectanswers.

Overview
Whenanassignmentquestionrequiresthatyouenteranumericanswer,youwillseeananswerboxliketheoneillustratedhere.

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Toanswerthistypeofquestion,youwillneedtotypethenumericvaluefordistanceintherectanglebetweenthequantityyouaresolvingfor(distance)and
theunits(meters).
Inadditiontotypingalphanumericvaluesfromyourkeyboard,youcanenternonnumericinformationbyusingeither
themenutabsabovetherectangularanswerbox(formoreinformationclick
theequivalentkeystrokes.(click

(Help)button)or

(Keyboardshortcuts)buttonforthelist)

Grading
Tolerance
Forgrading,yournumericanswersoften(butnotalways)canbewithinatolerancerangeoftheofficialanswer.Forexample,iftheanswertoa
numericproblemwithatoleranceof2%were105,answersbetween103and107wouldbegradedascorrect.
Ifyousubmitananswerthatisroundedtowithinthegradingtolerancebutisnottheexactanswer,youwillreceivefullcredit.Ifthisvalueis
neededinfuturepartsusethefullprecisionvalueforsubsequentparts.
Significantfigures
Mostquestionswithnumericanswerswillrequireyouranswertobegiventoatleastthreedigitsorsignificantfigures.
Youranswermaybegradedasincorrectifyouhavecalculatedcorrectlybutthenroundedyourfinalanswertotoofewdigits.Ifadifferent
numberofsignificantfiguresisrequired,thiswillbepartofthequestion'sanswerinstructions.
Whenyouneedtodomultiplecalculationstogetananswer,usemoresignificantfiguresthanrequiredineachcalculationandroundattheend
only.Roundingtooearlycancauseyourfinalanswertobeoutsidethetolerancerange.

PartA
Formostanswers,youwillsimplyenteryournumericanswerdirectlyintothespaceprovidedtotherightoftheequalsign.Answerthefollowingquestion
bytypingthenumericanswerintotheanswerbox.
Ifyouhaveagrossofitems,youhave144items.Ifyoubuyagrossofeggs,howmanydozeneggsdoyouhave?
Expressyouranswerindozens.Donotentertheunitstheyareprovidedtotherightoftheanswerbox.

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Hint1.Howmanyitemsareinadozen?
Ifyouhaveadozenitems,howmanyitemsdoyouhave?
ANSWER:
6items
12items
13items

ANSWER:
numberofeggs= 12 dozen

Correct

PartB
Whenenteringlargenumbersintheanswerbox,donotusecommas.Forexample,enter1276400forthenumber1,276,400.Donotenter1,276,400.If
youaccidentallyentercommas,youwillgetamessagethatyouranswerhasthewrongnumberofterms.Answerthefollowingquestionbytypingthe
numericanswerintotheanswerbox.
Whatisthesumof9260and3240?
Expressyouranswernumericallytoatleastthreesignificantfigures.

Hint1.Howtocomputethesum
Recallthatthesumoftwonumbersistheresultyouobtainbyaddingthetwonumberstogether.
ANSWER:
sum= 12500
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Correct
NotethatyoucanalwaysreviewexactlywhatyoutypedintheanswerboxbyclickingMyAnswers.

Scientificnotation
Youmaywanttoenter367,000,000inscientificnotationas3.67 10 8 .Therearetwowaystodothis.

Touseatemplate,clickthe

buttonfoundunderthe

menu.

Tousethekeyboard,
Insteadofthe symbol,useamultiplicationdot( )bytypingthekeyboardmultiplicationsymbol*(Shift+8).
Toinputtheexponentfornumberswritteninscientificnotation,doeitherofthefollowing:

Clickthe
buttonfoundunderthe
Type^(Shift+6)fromyourkeyboard.

menu.

Forexample,3.67 10 8 canbeenteredintheanswerboxbytyping3.67*10^8.

PartC
Practiceenteringnumbersthatincludeapowerof10byenteringthediameterofahydrogenatominitsgroundstate,dH
answerbox.

= 10.6 10

11

,intothe

Expressthediameterofagroundstatehydrogenatominmetersusingapowerof10.Donotentertheunitstheyareprovidedtotherightof
theanswerbox.
ANSWER:
dH

= 1.061010 m

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Correct
Insomecomputerprogramminglanguagesandsoftware,ashorthandscientificnotationforanumbersuchas3.0 10 12 wouldbe3.0E12.This
notationshouldbeavoidedwhenusingthemathanswerbox,becausetheEwillbeinterpretedasavariable.Tocorrectlyenter3.0 10 12 asan
answer,followtheadvicegivenabove.

PartD
Ifyouareaskedtoprovideasetoftwoormorenumericanswers,separatethemwithcommas.Forexample,toprovidetheyearthatSputnik(thefirst
satellitetobesentintoorbitaroundtheEarth)waslaunchedandtheyearhumansfirstwalkedontheMoon,youwouldenter1957,1969intheanswer
box.
Arectanglehasalengthof5.50m andawidthof12.0m .Whataretheperimeterandareaofthisrectangle?
Entertheperimeterandareanumericallyseparatedbyacomma.Theperimetershouldbegiveninmetersandtheareainsquaremeters.Do
notentertheunitstheyareprovidedtotherightoftheanswerbox.

Hint1.Howtofindtheperimeter
Theperimeterofatwodimensionalshapeisthedistancearoundtheoutsideedgeoftheshape.Inthecaseofarectangle,therearetwosidesof
lengthLandtwosidesofwidthW .Therefore,ifyouweretowalkaroundtheoutsideofarectangle,youwouldwalkadistanceof2L + 2W or
2(L + W ).

Hint2.Howtofindthearea
TheareaAofarectangleisgivenbytheproductofitslengthLandwidthW :A

= LW

ANSWER:
perimeter,area= 35.0,66.0 m ,m 2

Correct

IntroductiontoSignificantFigures
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ManyquestionsinMasteringrequireyoutoenteryouranswertoaspecifiednumberofsignificantfigures.Forgradingpurposes,somenumericanswersmust
beexact.Supposeyouareasked"Howmanydaysareinaweek?"Theanswermustbe"7."Othernumericanswersmaybegradedascorrectnotonlywhen
theymatchtheexactanswerbutalsoiftheyfallwithinanacceptablerangeoftheexactanswer.Thisrangeisknownasthegradingtolerance.Supposeyou
areasked"Howmanydaysareinayear?"Thepreciseansweris365.24days.However,acalendarcontains365days,sotheMasteringsystemwillalso
acceptthatascorrect.
AnanswerthatfallswithintheMasteringgradingtolerancewillalsobemarkedascorrectandyouwillbegivenfullcredit.Youwillseeafeedbackboxthat
looksliketheonebelow:

Becauseyouroundeddifferentlythanthesystemdid,yourroundedanswermightaffectyourworkonfurthercalculationsinthesameitemandcouldcause
yournextanswertofalloutsideofthetolerance.Topreventthis,youwillbeaskedtousetheunroundedanswerforallfutureparts.

PartA
Supposeyouareaskedtofindtheareaofarectanglethatis2.1cmwideby5.6cmlong.Yourcalculatoranswerwouldbe11.76cm 2 .Nowsuppose
youareaskedtoentertheanswertotwosignificantfigures.(Notethatifyoudonotroundyouranswertotwosignificantfigures,youranswerwillfall
outsideofthegradingtoleranceandbegradedasincorrect.)
Enteryouranswertotwosignificantfiguresandincludetheappropriateunits.
ANSWER:
12cm 2

Correct
Thisisyourfinalanswer,roundedtotwosignificantfigures.

Tocalculateananswertothecorrectnumberofsignificantfigures,youmustcompleteallcalculationsfirstandthenroundyourfinalanswerastheverylast
step.InPartC,youareaskedtocalculatethevolumeofarectangularprismthathasalengthof5.6cm,awidthof2.1cm,andaheightof6.6cm.Youcan
calculatethevolumeofaprismbymultiplyingtheareaofthebasetimestheheight.Youalreadycalculatedtheareaofthebaseas2.1 cm 5.6 cminPart
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A.

PartB
WhatvalueshouldyouuseastheareaofthebasewhencalculatingtheanswertoPartC?
ANSWER:
11.76cm 2
12cm 2
11.8cm 2

Correct
11.76cm 2 isthecorrect,unroundedvalueoftheareaofthebase.ItiscorrecttoroundtotherequestednumberofsignificantfiguresinPartA
becausecalculatingtheareaisyourfinalstep.Ifyouwanttousethatinformationinfurthercalculationsyoumustusetheunroundedvalue.

PartC
UsingthecorrectanswerfromPartB,calculatethevolumeofarectangularprismwithalengthof5.6cm,awidthof2.1cm,andaheightof6.6cm.

Enteryouranswertotwosignificantfiguresandincludetheappropriateunits.
ANSWER:
78cm 3

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Correct

PartD
Wouldananswerthatgeneratedtheresponsebelowbeconsideredcorrectandgiveyoufullcredit?

ANSWER:
Yes.
No.
Itisimpossibletotell.

Correct

IntroductiontoSymbolicAnswers
Thisexerciseisnotintendedtotestyourknowledgeofanyspecificsubjectmaterial.Therefore,onthisproblemyouwillnotbepenalizedforsubmitting
incorrectanswers.

Overview
Thetypeofanswerboxillustratedhereletsyoubuildasymbolicexpressionjustasitwouldlookinyourtextbookorasyoumightwriteitbyhand.

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Youusethesameanswerboxandmenutabstoenternumericandsymbolicanswers.

Toinsertaformattingtemplate,suchasanexponent,squareroot,orfraction,click
ToinsertGreekletters, (hbar)and (EMF),click
Toundoyourwork,click

.Toredoyourwork,click

Toclearyourwork(restart),click

andthenselecttheappropriatetemplate.

andthenselecttheletteryouwant.
.

Toviewalistofkeyboardshortcuts,click

.Herearesomeofthemostcommonshortcuts:

Subscript:Type_(anunderscore).
Exponent:Type^(Shift+6).
Fraction:Type/(aforwardslash).
Squareroot:Type\sqrt.
Greekletters:Typeabackslash(\)andthenameoftheGreekcharacter.Forexample,todisplay,youwouldtype\delta.For
uppercaseGreekletters,beginthenamewithacapitalletter.Forexample,youwouldtype\Deltatodisplay .
Formoreinformation,click(

showingtheGreekletterOmega:

).Toidentifythepurposeofanyicon,simplyplaceyourcursoroverit.Forinstance,hereisanexample

Grading
Youranswersaregradedaccordingtothestandardorderofoperationsconventionsforevaluatingmathematicalexpressions,asfollows:
1. Performanycalculationsinsideparentheses.
2. Performallmultiplicationsanddivisions,workingfromlefttoright.
3. Performalladditionsandsubtractions,workingfromlefttoright.
Forexample,intheexpressiona + b c,firstyoushouldmultiplybbycandthenadda tothetotal.Inotherwords,thecorrectexpressionis
+

=
+( ) ( + )
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a + b c = a + (b c) (a + b) c

PartA
Similartowhatyouseeinyourtextbook,youcangenerallyomitthemultiplicationsymbolasyouanswerquestionsonline,exceptwhenthesymbolis
neededtomakeyourmeaningclear.Forexample,1 10 5 isnotthesameas110 5 .Whenyouneedtobeexplicit,type*(Shift+8)toinsertthe
multiplicationoperator.Youwillseeamultiplicationdot( )appearintheanswerbox.Donotusethesymbol .Forexample,fortheexpressionma ,
typingm awouldbecorrect,butmxawouldbeincorrect.
Entertheexpressionma .
ANSWER:
ma

ma

Correct
Whenenteringalgebraicexpressions,suchasma,youcanenteritusingexplicitmultiplicationm aorimpliedmultiplicationma.Bothwillbe
acceptedascorrect.

Alltrigonometricfunctionsassumeanglesareinradiansbydefault,unlesstheuseofdegreesisspecified.

PartB
Entertheexpression2cos2 () 1,where isthelowercaseGreeklettertheta.
ANSWER:
2

2cos () 1

2cos () 1

Correct
Toidentifyavariabledisplayedinaspecificpart,placeyourcursoroverit.Forinstance,hereisanexampleshowingtheGreekletterthetausedin

thisproblem:

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PartC
Entertheexpressionasin(x) + 15,whereasin(x)istheinversesinefunction.
ANSWER:
asin(x) + 15

asin(x) + 15

Correct
Usethesamenotationtoenterotherinversetrigonometricfunctions,forexampleacos(x)andatan(x) fortheinversecosineandtangentfunctions
respectively.

PartD

Entertheexpression

2gy
m

,where istheuppercaseGreekletterDelta.

ANSWER:

2gy

2gy
m

Correct

PartE
EntertheexpressionN 0 et ,whereN 0 isNnaught(anNwithasubscriptzero)and isthelowercaseGreekletterlambda.
ANSWER:
t

N0 e

N0 e

Correct
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IntroductiontoSortingQuestions
Thisexerciseisnotintendedtotestyourknowledgeofanyspecificsubjectmaterial.Therefore,onthisquestionyouwillnotbepenalizedforusingthehintor
submittingincorrectanswers.

Overview
1. Sortingquestionsrequireyoutoplaceobjectsintodifferentcategoriesorbins.Therewillalwaysbeatleasttwobinsandeachbinislabeled
accordingtothecategoryitrepresents.
2. Anobjectcanonlybelongtoonebin.
3. Abincanremainempty.
4. Beforeananswerissubmitted,itispossibletorearrangetheobjectsbydraggingthemtonewlocations.Tostartover,clickReset.
5. Onceyou'resatisfiedwithyoursorting,clickSubmit.

PartA
Correctlyclassifythegivenfooditemsaseitherafruitoravegetable.Ifyouneedhelp,lookatthehintavailablebyclickingHints.
Dragthefoodsintotheappropiatebins.Fruitsshouldbeplacedintheleftbin.Vegetablesshouldbeplacedintherightbin.

Hint1.Howtodistinguishfruitsfromvegetables
Botanicallyspeaking,anythingthatgrowsfromaflowerandbearsseedsisconsideredafruit.Forexample,oranges,grapes,andstrawberriesare
allfruits.Truevegetablesarethosethatcomefromapartoftheplantthatisnottheflower,suchasleaves,stems,androots.Thuslettuce,
cabbage,andradishesareallvegetables.
ANSWER:

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Correct
Atomatocomesfromaflowerandcontainsseeds,soitisafruitandisclassifiedasaberry.Anavocadocontainsalargeseedinitscentersimilar
topeaches,apricots,andmangos.Plantssuchascucumbers,squash,greenbeans,peppers,andeggplantsarealsofruitsbythisdefinition,
althoughtheyareusuallyusedasvegetablesincooking.
KeepinmindthatyoucanrefertothisquestionorconsulttheHelpifyouhavedifficultyusingthisanswertypelateron.

IntroductiontoRankingQuestions
Thisexerciseisnotintendedtotestyourknowledgeofanyspecificsubjectmaterial.Therefore,onthisquestionyouwillnotbepenalizedforsubmitting
incorrectanswers.
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Overview
1. Rankingsareusuallyorderedfromlefttoright.Checktheprobleminstructionstobesure.
2. Toranktwo(ormore)objectsthatareequivalent,dragoneobjectintotherankingbinthendragthesecondobjecttooverlapit.Theseobjects
willthenautomaticallyaligntobeslightlyoffset(soyoucanseebothofthematonce).Youwillknowtheyareequalbecauseaverticalgraybar
willappearbehindthemtoindicateanequivalentrankinggroup.
3. Sometimes,itwillbeimpossibletoranktheobjectsbasedontheinformationgiven.Insuchacase,clickontheboxlabeled"Thecorrect
rankingcannotbedetermined"belowtherankingwindow.
4. Beforeananswerissubmitted,itispossibletorearrangetheobjectsbydraggingthemtonewlocations.Tostartover,clickReset.
5. Onceyou'resatisfiedwithyourranking,clickSubmit.

PartA
Eachofthesegeometricshapeshasadifferentnumberofsides.Arrangetheshapesinorderfromtheshapewiththegreatestnumberofsidestothe
shapewiththefewestnumberofsides.
Ranktheseshapesfromgreatesttofewestnumberofsides.Torankitemsasequivalent,overlapthem.
ANSWER:

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Correct
Notethatwhentwoormoreobjectsareequivalenttheyareplacedoneatopanother.Theywillappearslightlyoffset,butthebackgroundcolorbehind
themwillchangetolightgraytoindicatethattheitemsareinthesameequivalentrankinggroup.
KeepinmindthatyoucanrefertothisquestionorconsulttheHelpifyouhavedifficultyusingthisanswertypelateron.

IntroductiontoGraphingQuestions
Thisexerciseisnotintendedtotestyourknowledgeofanyspecificsubjectmaterial.Therefore,onthisquestionyouwillnotbepenalizedforsubmitting
incorrectanswers.
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Overview
Whenanassignmentquestionrequiresthatyouanswerbyplottingagraph,youwillseethefollowingbuttons:

Toaddanewgraph,click
.Youwillfirstbepromptedtoselectalabel.Thenyoucanaddpoints.(Afteraddingyourfirstpoint,the
toolautomaticallychangestoaddpointsmode.)Youcancreateasmany"unlabeledgraphs"asyoulikethesewillnotbegraded.
Toaddoreditpointsonagraph,select

or

.Thisbuttontogglesbetweenthesetwomodes.

Aboutaddingpoints:
Yourcursorappearsasacrosshairwith+(x, y)coordinatesnexttoit.Toaddapoint,clickalocation.Toaddmultiplepointsatatime,click
anddragyourmouse.
Abouteditingagraph:
Usingamouse:Tomoveapoint,clicktoselectthepointandthendragittothenewlocation.Tomovetheentiregraphtoanewlocation,click
betweenpointsonthegraphandthendrag.
Usingyourkeyboard:Withapointorgraphselected,pressanyarrowkeytoreposition.
Aboutselecting/deselectingpointsandgraphs:Clickonanypointtoselectit.Toselectagraph,clickbetweenpoints.Activelyselected
pointsandgraphsarehighlighted.Todeselectapointorgraph,clickanemptyareaoftheworkspace.
Todeleteaselectedpointorgraph,click
selectingapointorselectingagraph.
Tochangethegraphlabelfortheactivegraph,click

or

.Todeleteusingyourkeyboard,pressDeleteorBackspaceafter
.

Toresetyourgraphstothemostrecentlysubmittedanswer(restart),click
Forhelpwithgraphing,click

PartA
Createagraphofy

= 2x 6

Constructagraphcorrespondingtothelinearequationy

= 2x 6

Hint1.Identifyapointtograph
Youneedtocreateaplotof
y = 2x 6.
Toidentifypointsonthisgraphyoumustsolveforthevaluesofywhenxtakesondifferentvalues.Whatisywhenx

= 5

Expressyouranswernumerically.
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ANSWER:
y =

ANSWER:

Correct
Nowthatyouhavesomeexperiencewithgraphingtaskquestiontypesyoucantacklehardergraphs.

IntroductiontoVectorDrawingQuestions
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Whenanassignmentquestionrequiresthatyouanswerbydrawingvectorsormoments,youwillseethefollowingbuttons.

Todrawanewvector,click
andselectthelabelforthevectorthatyouwanttodraw.Youcandrawthevectorbyclickingonthe
startpointanddraggingyourmousetotheendpoint.
Toeditanexistingvector,clicktoselecteitherthevector,itsstartpoint,oritsendpoint.Dragtheselectedvectororpointtoanewlocation.
Somequestionswillaskyoutomarkmoments.Tomarkamoment,clickoncetoaddaclockwisearrow,againtoaddcounterclockwisearrow,
andathirdtimetoreturntoastateofnomoment/torqueaction(nodirectionalarrow).
Todeselectavectorormoment,clickonanyemptyareaoftheworkspace.
Toviewthesumofallthevectorsinyourdrawing,click

.Thisoptionisnotavailableineveryproblem.

Todeleteaselectedvectorormoment,click
.Todeleteusingyourkeyboard,pressDeleteorBackspaceafterselectinga
vectorormoment.
Tochangealabel,getinformationaboutavectorormoment,tochangethelengthandangleofavectorusingthekeyboardorto
changethedirectionofamoment,click

todisplayattributewindowssuchasthefollowing:

Hereyoucanchangealabelbyselectinganothervectorormoment.Vectorproperties(LengthandAngle)willdisplayorthemomentdirection,if
theyarerequiredforyoutocompletethedrawing.
Toresetyourvectorsormomentstothemostrecentlysubmittedanswer(restart),click
Forhelpwithdrawingvectorsormoments,click

PartA
EverymorningAnnwalksherdogthroughthepark,shownasagreensquareonthediagrambelow.Theystartatpoint1,walkoneblockupthestreet,
takeaturnatthecornerlabeled2,andwalkdiagonallythroughtheparktopoint3.Toreturnhome,theywalktwoblocksdownthestreetandturnrightat
thecornerlabeled4.Drawthepath12341 takenbyAnnasshewalksherdog.RepresenteachsegmentofAnna'swalkwithavector.
Thevectorsshouldstartandendatthecentersofthereddotslocatedontheimage.
ANSWER:

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Correct
Besidesdrawingvectorsbyconnectingtwogivendots,youwilloftenhavetodrawvectorsofagivenlengthorataspecificangle.Inthesecases,
click

,thenadjustthevectorfromthepropertieswindowtothedesiredlengthorangle.

PartB
Nowimaginethatinsteadofwalkingalongthepath12341 ,Annwalks80metersonastraightline33 northofeaststartingatpoint1.Draw
Ann'spath.RepresentAnn'swalkwithavectoroflength80meters.
Drawthevectorstartingatpoint1.ThelengthdisplayedintheVectorInfopropertieswindowisgiveninmeters.
ANSWER:

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Correct
Youcanusethe

buttontoadjustthelength,andorientationofavector:

1. Clickonthebuttontodisplaythepropertieswindow.
2. Dragthepropertieswindowtoalocationwhereitwillnotpreventyoufromseeingandmanipulatingthevector.
3. Drawthevectoratthedesiredlocation.Asyoudrawthevector,noticetheinformationdisplayedinthepropertieswindow(lengthand
angle).Dependingonthequestion,someinformationmaynotbeavailableinthepropertieswindow.Whenanangleisdisplayed,itis
theangle,measuredcounterclockwise,thatthevectormakeswithrespecttothepositivexaxispointingtowardtheright(east).
4. Adjustthevectoruntilthedesiredlengthandanglearedisplayedinthepropertieswindoworjustmanuallyenterthem.

PartC
Thediagrambelowshowsaforcebeingappliedonabeam.MarkthedirectionofmomentatthefulcrumbyclickingonthedotindicatedbyM .
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Clickoncetoaddaclockwisearrow,againtoaddcounterclockwisearrow,andathirdtimetoreturntoastateofnomoment/torqueaction(no
directionalarrow).
ANSWER:

Correct

ReviewingtheFundamentals
Trythisfinalitemtoreviewsomeofthekeyconceptsyou'velearned.

PartA
Youarestartinganewitemandafterreadingthefirstpartyourealizeyouhavenoideahowtogoaboutansweringit.Whatshouldyoudo?
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ANSWER:
Usetheavailablehints.
Requestthesolutionimmediately.
Guessrandomlyandhopeforsomeusefulfeedback.

Correct
Thehintsaredesignedforexactlythisreason:togiveyousomethingtoworkwithifyouareabsolutelystuck.Youwillmostlikelyscorehigher(and
learnmore!)ifyouusethehintswhenyouneedthemratherthanguessingorgivingup.

PartB
Youhavebeenworkingonanitemforawhileandafterafewmisstepsyou'vecomeupwithananswer.However,thereisoneparticularthingthatyou're
not100% sureof.Whatshouldyoudo?
Selectallthatapply.
ANSWER:
Returntothequestionafteryou'vespokenwithaninstructororclassmate.
Checkforanyhintsthataddressthepartofthecalculationyou'reunsureabout.
Submityouranswerandthenadjustitaccordingtoanyfeedbackyoureceive.
Noneoftheabove.

Correct
Thereisnosinglerightwaytoproceedifyou'vemadesomeprogressonanitembutarenot100% sureofyourwork.Ifyousubmittheanswer,you
mightberightandthereisagoodchanceyouwillgetsomeusefulfeedback.Thereisalsoagoodchancethatthehintsaddresswhateverissueyou
areunsureabout.Finally,ifyourinstructorallowsit,talkingoveryoursolutionwithsomeoneelsecouldbeagoodwaytogo.Youshoulddowhatever
youfindworksbestforyou.

PartC
You'vejustsolvedaproblemandtheansweristhemassofanelectron,m e
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= 9.11 10

31

.Howwouldyouenterthisnumberintothe

kilograms

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answerbox?
Enteryouranswerinkilogramsusingthreesignificantfigures.Notethattheunitsareprovidedforyoutotherightoftheanswerbox.

Hint1.Multiplicationandsuperscripts
Youmayusethescientificnotationtemplate

toenteryouranswer,ortypethefollowing:9.11*10^31.

Thekeyboardmultiplicationsymbol*(Shift+8)willappearasamultiplicationdot,andthecaratsymbol^(Shift+6)willallowsuperscript.
Anotherwaytogetanexponentisbyclicking

inthe

menu.

ANSWER:
me

= 9.111031 kilograms

Correct

PartD
AfriendinyourclasstellsyouthatsheneveruseshintswhendoingherMasteringhomework.Shesaysthatshefindsthehintshelpful,butwhenthehint
asksanotherquestionitincreasesthechancethatherscoreontheproblemwillgodown.Shefeelslikeitisn'tworththerisk.Youreassureherthatthere
isnothingtofearaboutopeningahintthatasksaquestion.Whichofthefollowingaregoodreasonsforyourfriendnottoworry?
Selectallthatapply.
ANSWER:
Gettingthecorrectanswertothequestioninahintactuallygivesyousomepartialcredit,evenifyoustillcan'tanswertheoriginalquestion.
Asanincentiveforthinkinghardabouttheproblem,yourinstructormaychoosetoapplyasmallhintpenalty,butthispenaltyisthesame
whetherthehintsimplygivesinformationorasksanotherquestion.
Theonlywaytoloseadditionalpartialcreditonahintisbyusingthe"giveup"buttonorenteringincorrectanswers.Leavingthequestionblank
willnotcostyouanycredit.
Noneoftheabove.

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Correct
That'sit!You'redone!WehopeyouenjoyusingMastering.

ScoreSummary:
Yourscoreonthisassignmentis100%.
Youreceived8outofapossibletotalof8points.

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