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LAMPIRAN A

LEMBAR PERHITUNGAN NERACA MASSA


Degumming Tank
Kode Alat

Nama Alat
Fungsi

T-103

Sebagai tempat untuk mengikat gum dalam CPO


dengan menggunakan asam fosfat (H3PO4).
H3PO4
85%
Kadar Air 15%
F5 = 60,3381 kg/jam

F4 = 60.338,09 kg/ jam


kg/jam
Trigliserida
ALB
5,00%
Kadar Air
Kadar Impurities

F6 = 60.398,4281

Degumming
Tank

94,75% Trigliserida
ALB
0,2%
Kadar Air
0,05% Gum
Karoten
Aldehid

Komponen Impurities :
Fosfatida 39% dari impurities
Karoten 19,50% dari impurities
Aldehid 41,50% dari impurities
Basis
= 1000 kg/jam
Kapasitas pabrik = 330.000 ton/tahun = 330.000.000 kg/tahun
Operasi pabrik
= 320 hari
Kapasitas per hari = 330.000.000 kg/tahun : 320 hari = 1.031.250 kg/hari
Kapasitas per jam
= 1.031.250 kg/hari : 24 jam = 42.968,75
kg/jam
Olein yang dihasilkan
= 72,4% = 0,724 = 0,724 x basis
= 0,724 x 1000 kg/jam = 724 kg/jam
Laju alir F4
= (42.968,75 kg/jam : 724 kg/jam) x 1000 kg/jam
= 59.349,10221 kg/ jam

Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

Untuk laju alir F4 = 59.349,10221 kg/ jam, olein yang dihasilkan sebesar
42.264,46 kg/jam sehingga tidak mencukupi nilai kapasitas per jam dari
pabrik sebesar 42.968,75 kg/jam. Sedangkan jika laju alir F 4 = 1000
kg/jam, akan menghasilkan 712,1331 kg/jam. Untuk mencukupi kapasitas
per jam dari pabrik, dapat dicari dengan cara trial.
(1000 : 712,1331) x 42.968,75 = 60.338,09 kg/jam
Jadi, laju alir F4 = 60.338,09 kg/jam
Jumlah H3PO4 yang digunakan adalah 0,1% dari CPO yang masuk
H3PO4 yang dibutuhkan = 0,1% x 60.338,09 kg/jam
Laju alir F5
= 60,3381 kg/jam
Neraca Massa Total :
F4 + F 5 = F 6
60.338,09 kg/ jam + 60,3381 kg/jam = 60.398,4281 kg/jam
Neraca Massa Komponen :
Trigliserida
: W4 trigliserida x F4 = W6 trigliserida x F6
94,75% x 60.338,09 kg/jam = 57.170,3403 kg/jam
Asam Lemak Bebas
: W4 ALB x F4 = W6 ALB x F6
5% x 60.338,09 kg/jam = 3.016,9045 kg/jam
H3PO4
: W5 H3PO4 x F5 = W6 H3PO4 x F6
85 % x 60.338,09 kg/jam = 51,2874 kg/jam
Kadar Air
: (W4 kadar air x F4) + (W5 kadar air x F5) = W6
kadar air x F6
= (0,2% x 60.338,09 kg/jam) + (15% x 60,3381
kg/jam)
= 120,6762 kg/jam + 9,0507 kg/jam
= 129,7269 kg/jam
Kadar Impurities
: W4 kadar impurities x F4 = W6 kadar impurities
x F6
0,05% x 60.338,09 kg/jam = 30,1690
kg/jam
Komponen Impurities :
Fosfatida : W4 fosfatida x F4 = W6 kadar fosfatida x F6 impurities
39% x 30,1690 kg/jam = 11,7659 kg/jam
Karoten
: W4 karoten x F4 = W6 kadar karoten x F6 impurities
19,5% x 30,1690 kg/jam = 5,8830 kg/jam
Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

Aldehid

: W4 aldehid x F4 = W6 kadar aldehid x F6 impurities


41,5% x 30,1690 kg/jam = 12,5202 kg/jam

Komposisi Aliran F6:


F6 Trigliserida = 57.170,3403 kg/jam
W6 Trigliserida
= 57.170,3403 kg/jam : 60.398,4281 kg/jam) x 100%
= 94,6553%
F6 ALB
= 3.016,9045 kg/ jam
W6 ALB
= (3.016,9045 kg/ jam : 60.398,4281 kg/jam) x 100%
= 4,9950%
F6 Kadar Air
= 129,7268935 kg/ jam
W6 Kadar Air
= (129,7269 kg/ jam : 60.398,4281 kg/jam) x 100% =
0,2148%
F6 Karoten
= 5,8830 kg/jam
W6 Karoten
= (5,8830 kg/jam : 60.398,4281 kg/jam) x 100% =
0,0097403%
F6 Aldehid
= 12,5202 kg/jam
W6 Aldehid
= (12,5202 kg/jam : 60.398,4281 kg/jam) x 100% =
0.02072927%
F6 Gum
= kadar fosfatida + kadar asam fosfat
= 11,7659 kg/jam + 51,2874 kg/jam = 63,0533 kg/jam
W6 Gum
= 63,0533 kg/ jam : 60.338,09 kg/jam) x 100% =
0,104395604%
Tabel Neraca Massa di Degumming Tank
Komponen
Trigliserida
Asam lemak bebas
Kadar air
H3PO4
Kadar impurities
Fosfatida
Karoten
Aldehid
Gum (Phospalipid)
TOTAL

Input (kg/jam)
F4
F5
57.170,3403
3.016,9045
120,6762
9,0507
51,2874
11,7659
5,8830
12,5202
60.398,4281

Output
(kg/jam)
F6
57.170,3403
3.016,9045
129,7269
5,8830
12,5202
63,0533
60.398,4281

Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

LEMBAR PERHITUNGAN NERACA MASSA


Bleacher Tank
Kode Alat

Nama Alat
Fungsi

T-104

Sebagai tempat untuk menghilangkan zat warna


yang tidak diinginkan dengan menggunakan
adsorben berupa kaolin
Kaolin

98,15%
Kadar air

1,85%
F7 = 724,0571
kg/jam

F6 = 60.398,4281 kg/ jam Bleacher


Trigliserida 57.170,3403 kg/jam
ALB
3.016,9045 kg/ jam
Kadar Air 143,1219 kg/ jam
Gum
Gum
Karoten
5,882963775 kg/jam
Aldehid
12,52015368 kg/jam

Tank

F9 = 61.122,4852 kg/jam
Trigliserida
Asam lemak bebas
Kadar Air
63,0533 kg/jam
Kaolin
Karoten
Aldehid

Jumlah kaolin yang digunakan adalah 1,2% dari CPO yang masuk
Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

Kaolin yang dibutuhkan = 1,2% x 60.398,4281 kg/jam


Laju alir F7
= 724,0571 kg/jam
Asumsi
= jumlah karoten yang terserap sebesar 36,36%
setelah masuk bleacher
Neraca Massa Total :
F6 + F 7 = F 9
60.398,4281 kg/ jam + 724,0571 kg/jam = 61.122,4852 kg/jam
Neraca Massa Komponen :
Trigliserida : W6 trigliserida x F6 = W9 trigliserida x F9
57.170,3403 kg/jam = 57.170,3403 kg/jam
ALB
: W6 ALB x F6 = W9 ALB x F9
3.016,9045 kg/jam = 3.016,9045 kg/jam
Kadar Air : (W6 kadar air x F6) + (W7 kadar air x F7) = W9 kadar air x F9
= (0,2148% x 60.398,4281 kg/jam) + (1,85% x
724,0571 kg/jam)
= 129,7269 kg/jam + 13,3951 kg/jam
= 143,1219 kg/jam
Karoten : W6 karoten x F6 = W9 karoten x F9
5,8830 kg/jam = 5,8830 kg/jam
Aldehid
: W6 aldehid x F6 = W9 aldehid x F9
12,5202 kg/jam = 12,5202 kg/jam
Kaolin
: W7 kaolin x F7 = W9 kaolin x F9
710,662 kg/jam = 710,662 kg/jam
Gum
: W6 gum x F6 = W9 gum x F9
63,0533 kg/jam = 63,0533 kg/jam
Komposisi Aliran F9:
F9 Trigliserida = 57.170,3403 kg/jam
W9 Trigliserida
= (57.170,3403 kg/jam : 61.122,4852 kg/jam) x 100%
= 93,5341%
F9 ALB
= 3.016,9045 kg/ jam
W9 ALB
= (3.016,9045 kg/ jam : 61.122,4852 kg/jam) x 100%
= 4,9358%
F9 Kadar Air
= 143,1219 kg/ jam
W9 Kadar Air
= (143,1219 kg/ jam : 61.122,4852 kg/jam) x 100% =
0,2342%
F9 Karoten
= 63,64% x 5,8830 kg/jam = 3,7439 kg/jam
Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

W9 Karoten
0,006125%
F9 Aldehid
W9 Aldehid
0.0205%
F9 Kaolin
W9 Kaolin
1,1662%
F9 Gum
W9 Gum
0,1032%

= (3,7439 kg/jam : 61.122,4852 kg/jam) x 100% =


= 12,5202 kg/jam
= (12,5202 kg/jam : 61.122,4852 kg/jam) x 100% =
= 98,15% x 724,0571 kg/jam = 710,6620 kg/jam
= (710,6620 kg/jam : 61.122,4825 kg/jam) x 100% =
= 63,0533 kg/jam
= (63,0533 kg/ jam : 61.122,4825 kg/jam) x 100% =

Tabel Neraca Massa di Bleaching Tank


Komponen
Trigliserida
Asam lemak bebas
Kadar air
Kadar impurities
Karoten
Aldehid
Gum (phospalipid)
Kaolin
TOTAL

Input (kg/jam)
F6
F7
57.170,3403
3.016,9045
129,7269
13,3951

Output
(kg/jam)
F9
57.170,3403
3.016,9045
143,1219

5,8830
12,5202
63,0533
710,6620
61.122,4852

3,7439
12,5202
63,0533
712,8011
61.122,4852

LEMBAR PERHITUNGAN NERACA MASSA


Niagara Filter
Kode Alat

Nama Alat
Fungsi

F-171

Memisahkan kaolin dan gum

F9 = 61.122.4852 kg/jam

F11
Niagar

Trigliserida 57.170,3403
Cgclon
Trigliserida
a Filter
kg/jam
e2
ALB
ALB
3.016,9045 kg/jam
Air
Air
143,1219 kg/jam
Karoten
Karoten
3,7439 kg/jam
Aldehid
Aldehid
12,5202 kg/jam
Kaolin
Pra-Rancangan
Pabrik
RBDkg/jam
Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/2014Kaolin
712,8011
Gum
2015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

F10
Kaolin
90%
Gum 90%

Laju alir F9 = 61.122,4852 kg/ jam


NMT : F9 = F10 + F11
61.122,4852 kg/ jam = F10 + F11 ....... (1)
Diasumsikan Kaolin dan gum yang terbuang sebesar 90%. Maka :
F10 = 0,9 W10 Kaolin F9a + 0,9 W10 gum F9a
= 0,9 (712,8011 kg/jam) + 0,9 (63,0533 kg/jam)
= 698,2689 kg/jam
Di substitusi ke pers (1), maka:
61.122,4852 kg/ jam = F10 + F11
61.122,4852 kg/ jam = 698,2689 kg/jam + F11
F11 = 60424,2162 kg/jam
NMK :
Trigliserida
Asam Lemak Bebas

Kadar Air
Kadar Karoten
Kadar Aldehid
Kadar Kaolin

: W9 trigliserida F9 = W11 trigliserida F11


57.170,3403 kg/jam = 57170,3403 kg/jam
: W9 ALB F9
= W11 ALB F11
3.016,9045 kg/jam = 3016,9045 kg/jam
: W9 Air F9
= W11 Air F11
143,1219 kg/jam = 143,1219 kg/jam
: W9 karoten F9
= W11 karoten F11
3,7439 kg/jam
= 3,7439 kg/jam
: W9 Aldehid F9
= W11 Aldehid F11
12,5202 kg/jam = 12,5202 kg/jam
: W9 Kaolin F9
= W11 Kaolin F11 + 0,9 W10 Kaolin F10
712,8011 kg/jam
= W11 Kaolin F11 + 641,5210

kg/jam
W11 Kaolin F11
: W9 gum F9

Kadar gum

= 71,28011 kg/jam
= W11 gum F11 + 0,9 W10 gum F10

Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

63,0533 kg/jam
W11 gum F11

= W11 gum F11 + 56,7480 kg/jam


= 6,3053 kg/jam

Komposisi Aliran F11:


F11 Trigliserida
= 57170,3403 kg/jam
W11 Trigliserida
= (57170,3403 kg/jam : 60424,2162 kg/jam) x 100% = 94,61%
F11 ALB
= 3016,9045 kg/jam
W11 ALB
= (3016,9045 kg/jam : 60424,2162 kg/jam) x 100% = 4,9928%
F11 Kadar Air
= 143,1219 kg/jam
W11 Kadar Air
= (143,1219 kg/jam : 60424,2162 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,2368%
F11 Kadar Karoten = 3,7439 kg/jam
W11 Kadar Karoten = (3,7439 kg/jam : 60424,2162 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,00619%
F11 Kadar Aldehid = 12,52015 kg/jam
W11 Kadar Aldehid = (12,5202 kg/jam : 60424,2162 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,0207%
F11 Kaolin
= 71,28011 kg/jam
W11 Kaolin
= (71,28011 kg/jam : 60424,2162 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,1179%
F11 gum
= 6,3053 kg/jam
W11 gum
= (6,3053 kg/jam : 60424,2162 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,0104351%
Komposisi Aliran F10 :
F10 Kaolin = 641,5210 kg/jam
W10 Kaolin = (641,5210 kg/jam : 698,2689 kg/jam) x 100% = 91,873%
F10 gum
= 56,7480 kg/jam
W10 gum = (56,7480 kg/jam : 698,2689 kg/jam) x 100% = 8,127%

Tabel Neraca Massa di Niagara Filter


Input
(kg/jam)
Komponen
F9
Trigliserida
57.170,3403
Asam lemak bebas
3.016,9045
Kadar air
143,1219
H3PO4
Kadar impurities
Fosfatida
-

Output (kg/jam)
F10
F11
57.170,3403
3.016,9045
143,1219
-

Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

Karoten
Aldehid
Gum (phospalipid)
Kaolin
TOTAL

Nama Alat
Fungsi

3,7439
12,5202
63,0533
712,8011
61.122,4852

3,7439
12,5202
56,7480
6,3053
641,5210
71,2801
61.122,4852

LEMBAR PERHITUNGAN NERACA MASSA


Polishing Filter
Kode Alat

F-181

Untuk memurnikan CPO dari impurities

F11 = 60.424,2162 kg/ jam

F13

Polishin
Trigliserida
Trigliserida 57.170,3403
Cgclon
ALB
kg/jam
g Filter
e2
Air
ALB
3.016,9045 kg/jam
Karoten
Pra-Rancangan
Pabrik
RBD
Palm
Olein
dari
CPO
Kelompok
8/S. Ganjil/2014Air
143,1219 kg/jam
2015 Karoten
Aldehid
3,7439 kg/jam
Aldehid
12,5202 kg/jamChecked
By
Approved
Dimas Nofriyan,
Fydel
Setiadi
Dimas
Nofriyan,
Fydel
Setiadi
Kaolin
71,2801 kg/jam
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi
Gum
6,3053 kg/jam

10

F12
Kaolin
Gum
Laju alir F11 = 60.424,2162 kg/ jam
NMT : F11 = F12 + F13
60.424,2162 kg/ jam = F12 + F13 ....... (1)
Diasumsikan Kaolin dan gum yang terbuang sebesar 100%, Maka :
F12 = W9b Kaolin F9b + W9b gum F9b
= (71,2801 kg/jam) + (6,3053 kg/jam)
= 77,5854 kg/jam
Di substitusi ke pers (1), maka:
60.424,2162 kg/ jam = F13 + F12
60.424,2162 kg/ jam = F13 + 77,5854 kg/jam
F13 = 60346,6308 kg/jam
NMK :
Trigliserida

: W 11 trigliserida F11
= W13 trigliserida F13
57.170,3403 kg/jam
=

57.170,3403 kg/jam
Asam Lemak Bebas
ALB F13
kg/jam
Kadar Air

: W11 ALB F11

: W11 Air F11

W13

3.016,9045 kg/jam =

3.016,9045

= W13 Air F13


143,1219 kg/jam =

143,1219

kg/jam
Kadar Karoten

: W11 karoten F11

= W13 karoten F13


3,7439 kg/jam
=

3,7439

kg/jam
Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

11

Kadar Aldehid
F13
kg/jam
Kadar Kaolin
71,2801 kg/jam
: W11 gum F11
6,3053 kg/jam

Kadar gum

Komposisi Aliran
F13 Trigliserida
W13 Trigliserida
= 94,7366%
F13 ALB
W13 ALB
4,9993%
F13 Kadar Air

: W11 Aldehid F11

= W13 Aldehid

12,5202 kg/jam

12,5202

: W11 Kaolin F11


= W12 Kaolin F12
= 71,2801 kg/jam
= W12 gum F12
= 6,3053 kg/jam

F13 :
= 57.170,3403 kg/jam
= (57.170,3403 kg/jam : 60.346,6308 kg/jam) x 100%
= 3016,905 kg/ jam
= (3016,9045 kg/ jam : 60346,6308 kg/jam) x 100% =

W13 Kadar Air


0,2372%
F13 Kadar Karoten
W13 Kadar Karoten
0,0062%
F13 Kadar Aldehid
W13 Kadar Aldehid
0,0207%

143,1219

kg/

jam

= (143,1219 kg/ jam : 60346,6308 kg/jam) x 100% =


= 3,743918 kg/ jam
= (3,7439 kg/ jam : 60346,6308

kg/jam) x 100% =

= 12,5202 kg/ jam


= 12,5202 kg/ jam : 60346,6308 kg/jam) x 100% =

Komposisi Aliran F12 :


F12 Kaolin = 71,2801 kg/jam
W12 Kaolin = (71,2801 kg/jam : 77,5854 kg/jam) x 100% = 91,873%
F12 gum
= 6,30533 kg/jam
W12 gum
= (6,3053 kg/jam : 77,5854 kg/jam) x 100% = 8,127%
Tabel Neraca Massa di Polishing Filter
Komponen
Trigliserida
Asam lemak bebas

Input
F11
Kg/ jam
57.170,3403
30.16,9045

Output
F12
Kg/ jam
-

F13
Kg/ jam
57.170,3403
3.016,9045

Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

12

Kadar air
Kadar impurities
Karoten
Aldehid
Gum (phospalipid)
Kaolin
TOTAL

143,1219

3,7439
12,5202
6,3053
71,2801
60.424,2162

143,1219

3,7439
12,5202
6,3053
71,2801
60.424,2162

LEMBAR PERHITUNGAN NERACA MASSA


Deodorizer Coloumn
Kode Alat

Nama Alat
Fungsi

K-131

Untuk menghilangkan warna, bau dan asam


lemak bebas.

Air
Aldehid
F16
F14 = 60346,6308 kg/jam
Trigliserida
ALB
Air
Karoten
Aldehid

Deodorizer
Coloumn

57.170,3403 kg/jam
3.016,9045 kg/jam
143,1219 kg/jam
3,7439 kg/jam
12,5202 kg/jam

F15
ALB

F17
Trigliserida
ALB
Air
Karoten

Laju alir F14 = 60346,6308 kg/ jam


NMT : F14 = F15 + F16 + F17
60346,6308 kg/ jam = F15 + F16 + F17....... (1)
Asam lemak bebas yang terbuang sebesar 4,5%w CPO, Maka :
F15 = 0,045 (60.338,09 kg/jam)
= 2.715,2141 kg/jam

Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

13

Air yang terbuang sebesar 60% dan Aldehid yang terbuang sebesar 100%, Maka :
F16 = 0,6 (143,1219 kg/jam) + (12,5202 kg/jam)
= 98,3933 kg/jam
Di substitusi ke pers (1), maka:
60.346,6308 kg/ jam = F17 + F15 + F16
60.346,6308 kg/ jam = F17 + 2715,214 kg/jam + 98,39332 kg/jam
F17 = 57533,0234 kg/jam
NMK :
Trigliserida
: W14 trigliserida F14 = W17 trigliserida F17
57.170,3403 kg/jam= 57170,3403 kg/jam
Asam Lemak Bebas : W14 ALB F14
= W15 ALB F15 + 4,5%w CPO
3.016,9045 kg/jam = W17 ALB F17 + 2.715,2141 kg/jam
W17 ALB F17
= 301,6905 kg/jam
Kadar Air
: W14 Air F14
= 0,4 W17 Air F17 + 0,6 W16 Air F16
143,1219 kg/jam = 57,2488 kg/jam + 85,8732 kg/jam
Kadar Karoten
: W14 karoten F14
= W17 karoten F17
3,7439 kg/jam
= 3,7439 kg/jam
Kadar Aldehid
: W14 Aldehid F14
= W16 Aldehid F16
12,5202 kg/jam
= 12,5202 kg/jam
Komposisi Aliran F17 :
F17 Trigliserida
= 57170,3403 kg/jam
W17 Trigliserida
= (57170,3403 kg/jam : 57533,0234 kg/jam)x 100% = 99,3696%
F17 ALB
= 301,6905 kg/ jam
W17 ALB
= (301,6905 kg/ jam : 57533,0234 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,5244%
F17 Kadar Air
= 57,2488 kg/ jam
W17 Kadar Air
= (57,2488 kg/ jam : 57533,0234 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,0995%
F17 Kadar Karoten = 3,7439 kg/ jam
W17 Kadar Karoten = (3,7439 kg/ jam: 57533,0234 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,00651%
Komposisi Aliran F15 :
F15 ALB
= 2.715,2141 kg/jam
W15 ALB
= (2.715,2141 kg/jam : 2.715,214 kg/jam) x 100% = 100%
Komposisi Aliran F16 :
F16 Kadar Air
= 85,8732 kg/ jam
Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

14

W16 Kadar Air


= (85,8732 kg/ jam : 98,3933 kg/jam) x 100% = 87,2754%
F16 Kadar Aldehid = 12,5202 kg/ jam
W16 Kadar Aldehid = (12,5202 kg/ jam : 98,3933 kg/jam) x 100% = 12,7246%

Tabel Neraca Massa di Deodorizer Coloumn


Input
(kg/jam)
Output (kg/jam)
Komponen
F16
F14
F15
F17
57.170,34
Trigliserida
57.170,3403
03
Asam lemak
bebas
3.016,9045
2.715,2141
301,6905
85,8732
Kadar air
143,1219
57,2488
H3PO4
Kadar
impurities
Fosfatida
Karoten
3,7439
3,7439
12,5202
Aldehid
12,5202
Gum
(phospalipid)
Kaolin
TOTAL
60346,6308
60346,6308

Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

15

LEMBAR PERHITUNGAN NERACA MASSA


Polishing Filter
Kode Alat

Nama Alat
Fungsi

P-182

Untuk memurnikan CPO dari asam lemak bebas.

F25 = 57.533,0234 kg/jam


Trigliserida
ALB
Air
Karoten

F27
Polishi
ng
Filter

57.170,34-3 kg/jam
301,6905 kg/jam
57,2488 kg/jam
3,7439 kg/jam

Trigliserida
ALB
Air
Karoten

F26
ALB
Laju alir F25 = 57.533,0234 kg/ jam
NMT : F25 = F26 + F27
57.533,0234 kg/ jam = F26 + F27 ....... (1)
Diasumsikan asam lemak bebas yang terbuang sebesar 80%, Maka :
F26 = 0,8 W26 ALB F26
= 0,8 (301,6905 kg/jam)
= 241,3524 kg/jam
Di substitusi ke pers (1), maka:
Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

16

57.533,0234 kg/ jam = F26 + F27


57.533,0234 kg/ jam = F27 + 241,3524 kg/jam
F27 = 57.291,6711 kg/jam
NMK :
Trigliserida

: W25 trigliserida F25


57.170,3403 kg/jam
Asam Lemak Bebas : W25 ALB F25
301,6905 kg/jam
Kadar Air
: W25 Air F25
57,2488 kg/jam

= W27 trigliserida F27


= 57.170,3403 kg/jam
= 0,8 W27 ALB F27 + 0,2 W26 ALB F26
= 241,3524 kg/jam + 60,3381 kg/jam
= W27 Air F27
= 57,2488 kg/jam

Kadar Karoten

= W27 karoten F27


= 3,743918 kg/jam

: W25 karoten F25


3,743918 kg/jam

Komposisi Aliran F27 :


F27 Trigliserida
= 57170,3403 kg/jam
W27 Trigliserida
= (57170,3403 kg/jam : 57291,6711 kg/jam) x 100% = 99,788%
F27 ALB
= 60,3381 kg/ jam
W27 ALB
= (60,3381 kg/ jam : 57291,6711 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,1053%
F27 Kadar Air
= 57,2488 kg/ jam
W27 Kadar Air
= (57,2488 kg/ jam : 57291,6711 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,09992%
F27 Kadar Karoten = 3,7439 kg/ jam
W27 Kadar Karoten = (3,7439 kg/ jam: 57291,6711 kg/jam) x 100% = 0,006534%
Komposisi Aliran F26 :
F26 ALB
= 241,3524 kg/jam
W26 ALB
= (241,3524 kg/jam : 241,3524 kg/jam) x 100% = 100%
Tabel Neraca Massa di Polishing Filter
Input
(kg/jam)
Komponen
F25
Trigliserida
57.170,3403
Asam lemak bebas
301,6905
Kadar air
57,2488
H3PO4
-

Output (kg/jam)
F26
F27
57.170,3403
241,3524
60,3381
57,2488
-

Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

17

Kadar impurities
Fosfatida
Karoten
Aldehid
Gum (phospalipid)
Bleaching Earth
TOTAL

3,7439
57533,0234

3,7439
57533,0234

LEMBAR PERHITUNGAN NERACA MASSA


Membrane Filter
Kode Alat

Nama Alat
Fungsi

P-182

Untuk memisahkan RBD Palm Olein dan RBD


Palm Stearin

F35 = 57.291,6711 kg/jam


kg/jam

Membrane
Filter

F36 = 14.332,9178

Trigliserida
57.170,3403
kg/jam
Trigliserida
ALB
60,3381 kg/ jam
ALB
Kadar Air
57,2488 kg/jam
Trigliserida
99,78%
Kadar Air
Karoten
3,7439 kg/jam
ALB 0,1
0,1%
Kadar Air
0.1%
Karoten
0,02%
F37 = 42.968,7533 kg/jam

Di membrane filter, akan terbentuk :


RBD Palm Olein 75% pada aliran F37 = 75% x 57.170,3403 kg/jam
= 42.968,75 kg/jam
RBD Palm Stearin 25% pada aliran F36 = 25% x 57.170,3403 kg/jam
= 14.332,92 kg/jam
Neraca Massa Total :
Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

18

F35 = F36 + F37


57.170,34028 kg/jam = 42.968,75 kg/jam + 14.322,92 kg/jam
Neraca Massa Komponen :
Trigliserida : W35 trigliserida x F35
57.170,3403 kg/jam
57.170,3403 kg/jam
W16 trigliserida x F16
ALB

Kadar Air

Karoten

= W36 trigliserida x F36 + W37 trigliserida x F17


= 99,78% x 42.968,75 + W16 trigliserida x F16
= 42.874,222 kg/jam + W16 trigliserida x F16
= 57.170,3403 kg/jam 42.874,222 kg/jam
=14.296,1182 kg/jam
: W35 ALB x F35
= W36 ALB x F36 + W37 ALB x F37
60,3381 kg/jam = (0,1% x 42.968,75) + (W36 ALB x F36)
60,3381 kg/jam = 42,96875 kg/jam + W36 trigliserida x F36
W36 ALB x F36 = 60,33809 kg/jam 42,96875 kg/jam
= 17,36934 kg/jam

: W35 air x F35


= W36 air x F36 + W37 air x F37
57,2488 kg/jam
= (0,1% x 42,96875 kg/jam) + (W36 air x F36)
57,2488 kg/jam = 42,96875 kg/jam + W36 air x F36
W36 air x F36
= 57,2488 kg/jam 42,96875 kg/jam
= 14,2800 kg/jam
: W35 karoten x F35 = W36 karoten x F36 + W37 karoten x F37
3,7439 kg/jam = (0,02% x 42,96875 kg/jam) + (W37 karoten x

F37)
3,743918 kg/jam = 0,000749 kg/jam + W36 karoten xF36
W36 karoten x F36 = 3,7439 kg/jam 0,0007 kg/jam
= 3,7439 kg/jam
Komposisi Aliran F36 :
F36 Trigliserida = 14.296,1182 kg/jam
W36 Trigliserida = (14.296,11182 kg/jam : 57.291,6711 kg/jam ) x 100% = 99,753%
F36 ALB
= 17,3693 kg/jam
W36 ALB
= (17,3693 kg/jam : 57.291,6711 kg/jam ) x 100% = 0,1212%
F36 Kadar Air = 14,2800 kg/jam
W36 Kadar Air = (14,2800kg/jam : 57.291,6711 kg/jam ) x 100% = 0,0996%
F36 Karoten
= 3,7439 kg/jam
Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved

19

W36 Karoten

= (3,7439 kg/jam : 57.291,6711 kg/jam ) x 100% = 0,0261%

Pra-Rancangan Pabrik RBD Palm Olein dari CPO Kelompok 8/S. Ganjil/20142015
By
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Checked
Dimas Nofriyan, Fydel Setiadi
Novebriantika, Rizka Aulia Hardi

Approved