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HUBUNGAN ANTARA INKLINASI INSISIF BAWAH

TERHADAP BIDANG MANDIBULA DAN GARIS ESTETIK


WAJAH
(Studi pada Populasi Jawa Mahasiswa Universitas Airlangga)

SKRIPSI

Oleh:
IYANDA VEMALA
NIM: 021011157

FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN GIGI


UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA BHMN
SURABAYA
2013
i

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN

HUBUNGAN ANTARA INKLINASI INSISIF BAWAH


TERHADAP BIDANG MANDIBULA DAN GARIS ESTETIK
WAJAH

SKRIPSI
Diajukan Sebagai Salah Satu Syarat Untuk Menyelesaikan Pendidikan Dokter
Gigi di Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga

Oleh :
IYANDA VEMALA
NIM: 021011157

Pembimbing Utama

Pembimbing Serta

Jusuf Sjamsudin, drg., Sp.Ort (K)

Dr. Ida Bagus Narmada,drg.,SpOrt.(K)

NIP. 195411261979011001

NIP. 195601071981031003

KATA PENGANTAR

ii

Puji syukur penulis panjatkan ke hadirat Allah Yang Maha Kasih atas segala
rahmat dam karuniaNya sehingga penulis dapat menyelesaikan skripsi ini dengan
judul Hubungan antara Inklinasi Insisif Bawah terhadap Bidang Mandibula dan
Garis Estetik Wajah.
Dalam penulisan skripsi ini, penulis telah banyak mendapat bantuan,
bimbingan, saran maupun ide dan masukan serta pengarahan dari berbagai pihak.
Oleh karena itu dalam kesempatan ini penulis ingin mengucapkan terimakasih
sedalam-dalamnya kepada kedua orangtua serta keluarga yang sudah memberikan
motivasi, doa, bimbingan, perhatian, serta kasih sayang yang selalu tercurah
selama ini.
Ungkapan terimakasih yang sebesar-besarnya saya ucapkan kepada Jusuf
Sjamsudin,drg.,Sp.Ort(K) selaku dosen pembimbing I dan Dr. Ida Bagus
Narmada,drg.,SpOrt.(K) selaku dosen pembimbing II yang telah meluangkan
waktu dan bersedia membimbing serta mengararahkan penulis di dalam
menyelesaikan penulisan skripsi ini dengan baik.
Terimakasih yang sebesar-besarnya kepada seluruh staf pengajar dan pegawai
Departemen Ortodonti Universitas Airlangga yang telah memberikan saran dan
bantuan dalam menyempurnakan skripsi ini. Tidak lupa saya ucapkan terimakasih
kepada

Dr.

I.G.A.

Sjafei,drg.,M.S.,Sp.Ort

Wahju
Prof.

Dr.

Ardani,drg.,M.Kes.,Sp.Ort;
Mieke

Sylvia

Achmad

A.R.,drg.,M.S.,Sp.Ort;

Ervina,drg.,Sp.Ort serta Daniel Haryono, drg., Sp. Ort yang turut serta
membimbing dalam penulisan skripsi.
Ucapan terimakasih sebesar-besarnya kepada Adithya Agung Winoto yang
telah membantu memberi semangat dan doa selama 1 tahun 3 bulan dan

iii

seterusnya, serta ungkapan terimakasih sebangga-bangganya kepada sahabat


tercinta, Dina Swasti Prihatini, Small Ainy Fitri, Amel Rihanna, Salma Nur Hijab
Damayanti, Princess Intan dan Frinta, Dii, Nia, Lilis, Ranti, Komting 2013 serta
teman-teman terbaik yang sudah memberikan waktu dan tenaganya untuk
membantu penulis serta dukungan melalui doa dan pesan moril yang menguatkan.
Akhirnya penulis mengucapkan banyak terimakasih kepada semua pihak
yang telah turut membantu terselesaikannya skripsi ini dan memohon maaf
apabila ada kesalahan selama penyusunan skripsi. Oleh karena itu kritik dan saran
sangat penulis harapkan demi perbaikan perbaikan ke depan.
Surabaya, Desember 2013
Penulis,
Iyanda Vemala

DAFTAR ISI

Halaman Judul............................................................................................................
i
Lembar Pengesahan...................................................................................................
ii
Kata Pengantar...........................................................................................................
iii
iv

Daftar Isi.....................................................................................................................
v
Daftar Tabel................................................................................................................
vii
Daftar Gambar............................................................................................................
viii
BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN.......................................................................................
1
1.1 Latar Belakang.....................................................................................................
1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah................................................................................................
4
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian..................................................................................................
4
1.4 Manfaat Penelitian...............................................................................................
5
BAB 2 TINJAUAN PUSTAKA...............................................................................
6
2.1 Inklinasi Insisif Bawah terhadap Bidang Mandibula........................................
6

2.2 Bibir......................................................................................................................
8

2.3 Radiografi Sefalometri.........................................................................................


9
2.4 Analisis Jaringan Lunak Wajah............................................................................
11
2.5 Analisis Menurut Ricketts....................................................................................
12
2.6 Suku Jawa.............................................................................................................
13
BAB 3 KERANGKA KONSEPTUAL......................................................................
15
3.1 Penjelasan Kerangka Konsep...............................................................................
16
BAB 4 METODE PENELITIAN...............................................................................
17
4.1 Jenis Penelitian.....................................................................................................
17
4.2 Lokasi Penelitian..................................................................................................
17
4.3 Waktu Penelitian..................................................................................................
17
4.4 Subjek Penelitian..................................................................................................
17

vi

4.5 Sampel..................................................................................................................
17
4.5.1 Kriteria Sampel.................................................................................................
17
4.5.2 Cara Pengambilan Sampel................................................................................
18
4.6 Variabel dan Definisi Operasional ......................................................................
18
4.6.1 Variabel Penelitian............................................................................................
18
4.6.2 Definisi Operasional Variabel...........................................................................
18
4.7 Bahan dan Alat Penelitian....................................................................................
19
4.8 Cara Kerja............................................................................................................
19
4.9 Analisis Data Hasil Penelitian..............................................................................
21
4.10 Alur Penelitian...................................................................................................
23
BAB 5 HASIL PENELITIAN ...................................................................................
24

vii

BAB 6 PEMBAHASAN ...........................................................................................


28
BAB 7 KESIMPULAN .............................................................................................
34
DAFTAR PUSTAKA.....................................................................................
ix
LAMPIRAN...............................................................................................................
xii

........................................................................................................................

BAB 7 KESIMPULAN .............................................................................................


34

DAFTAR TABEL

5.1 Pengukuran < L1 pada subyek laki-laki dan perempuan dengan uji t
berpasangan
24
5.2 Pengukuran Ls E line dan Li E line pada subyek laki-laki dan perempuan
dengan

uji

berpasangan

25
5.3 Hasil uji Kolmogorov-smirnov

......................................................................

26
5.4 Hubungan antara <L1 ; Ls- E line ; dan Li- E line menggunakan uji korelasi
Pearson
viii

26

DAFTAR GAMBAR

2.1

Sudut Inklinasi Insisif Bawah...........................................................................

7
2.2

Tweeds Triangle...............................................................................................

8
2.3

Sefalogram Frontal............................................................................................

10

ix

2.4

Sefalogram Lateral............................................................................................

11
2.5

Titik titik Analisis Jaringan Lunak.................................................................

12
2.6

Analisis Ricketts................................................................................................

13
5.1

Ukuran < L1 pada subyek laki-laki dan perempuan.........................................

24
5.2

Ukuran LsE line dan LiE line pada subyek laki-laki dan perempuan..........

25

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

A.Al-Tamimy, Ebtisam. The reliability of Ricketts Analysis Using Cephalometric


Tracing on Iraqi Sample Aged 8-10 Year. Mustansiria DJ. 2006; 3(2): 110.
Agha, Ne'am F et al. Correlation of Incisors Inclination and Position with Facial
Profile. Al Rafidain Dent J; 2011; 11(1): 154-160.
Arnett, G. William. Original Article: Soft Tissue Cephalometric Analysis:
Diagnosis and Treatment Planning of Dentofacial Deformitiy. Am J
Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1999; 116(3): 239-253.
Arrietta, Rr. Ratna., Mindya Yuniatuti., & Lakshmi A. Leepel. Rahang dan Gigi
Sebagai Saran Identifikasi Forensik untuk Menentukan Ras, Umur, dan
Jenis Kelamin. IJD. 2003; 13(2): 99-102.
Asad, Saad. et al. Assesment of Antero-Posterior Position of Lips E-Line S-Line.
Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal. 2011; 31(1): 84-87.
Bhattarai, P dan RM Shrestha. Tweeds analysis of Nepalese people. Nepal Med
Coll J. 2011; 13(2): 103-106.
Cumba Morn, Aracely. Comparative Analysis of Final Inclination of Incisors
After Space Closure. a Comparison between Sliding and Translation
Mechanical Techniques. Revista Odontolgica Mexicana. 2012; 16(3)3:
159-163.
D. Viazis, Anthony. Atlas of Orthodontics Principles and Clinical Applications.
USA: W.B.Saunders. 1993; p. 47-48.
Foster, T.D. Buku Ajar Ortodonsi. Jakarta: EGC. 1997; p. 17.
Ghaleb, Nathalie et al. Aesthetic Evaluation of Profile Incisor Inclination.
European Journal of Orthodontics. 2010; 33: 228235.
Hashim, Abdallah Hayder et al. Soft Tissue Profile Analysis between Two
Different Ethnic Groups: A Comparative Study. The journal of temporary
dental practice. 2003; 4(2): 1-9.
Heryumani, JCP. Profil wajah orang jawa dewasa berdasarkan proporsi hidung,
bibir dan dagu. Jakarta: IJD. 2006; 13(3): 148-152.
Heryumani, JCD. Proporsi Sagital Wajah Laki-Laki dan Perempuan Dewasa
Etnik Jawa. M.I Kedokteran Gigi. 2007. 22(1): 22-27.
Houston, W.J.B. Diagnosis Ortodonti. Jakarta: EGC. 1993; p. 59.

xi

Jacobson A. Radiographic Cephalometry from Basics To 3-D Imaging, 2nd


Edition. Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc. 2006; p. 33-125.
Jonas, Rio dan Hamilah D. Koesoemahardja. Peran Genetik pada kelainan
dentofasial. MIKG. 2005; 20(60): 89-93.
Kokich, Vincent O et al. Perceptions of Dental Professionals and Lay Persons to
Altered Dental Esthetics:Asymmetric and Symmetric Situations. American
Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2006; 130(2): 141151.
Korrodi A. The Use of
Model Templates for Class ii Treatment.
http://orthocj.com/2001/09 (mei 07.2013).
Kuramae, Mayury et al. Analysis of Tweeds Facial Triangle in Black Brazilian
Youngsters with Normal Occlusion. Braz J Oral Sci. 2004; 3: 401-403.
Q. Closs, Luciane. Changes in Lower Incisor Inclination and The Occurrenceo of
Gingival Recession. R Dental Press Ortodon Ortop Facial. 2009; 14(4):
66-73.
Quartana, Ira Rahmayani., Prihandini., & Pinandi Sri Pudyani. Hubungan Antara
Perubahan Kecembungan Profil Skeletal dan Jaringan Lunak Wajah pada
Pasien Bimaksilar Protrusif. J. Ked. Gigi. 2010; 1(3): 192-198.
R. Al-Labban, Yasir. A Cephalometric Lips Analysis and Its Relation to Other
Cephalometric Measurements in Iraqi Adult Individuals. J Bagh College
Dentistry. 2011; 23(3): 156-159.
Rahardjo, Pambudi. Diagnosis Ortodontik. Surabaya: AUP. 2011; p. 40-41.
Rahardjo, Pambudi. Ortodonsi Dasar. Surabaya: UAP. 2012; p. 14-34.
Singh, Gurkerat. Textbook of Orthodontics, 2nd edition. New Delhi: Jaypee. 2007;
p. 119.
Susilowati. Hubungan Antara Sudut Interinsisal dengan Derajat Konveksitas
Profil Haringan Lunak Wajah pada Suku bugis dan Makassar. Dentika
Dental Journal. 2009; 14(2): 125-128.
Walianto, Surwandi. Berbagai Macam Metode untuk mendapatkan Gambar
Sefalogram Digital. MIKG. 2005; 20(63); 146-153.
Yusra, Yohana., Widhayanti D., & Widijanto Sudana. Evaluasi Jaringan Lunak
Fasial Finalis Abang-None Jakarta 2002. M.I Kedokteran gigi. 2005; 59:
5-13.
Zen, Yuniar. Pola Hubungan Antara Konfeksitas, Posisi Gigi Insisivus, dan Posisi
bibir dalam Analisi Ricketts. M.I. Kedokteran gigi. 2003; 63: 160-168.

xii

LAMPIRAN
Lampiran 1
Hasil Analisis Statistik
T-Test
xiii

Group Statistics
Sex
L
P

Umur

Mean
20,0455
19,7143

22
42

Std. Deviation
1,52682
1,31197

Std. Error
Mean
,32552
,20244

Independent Samples Test


Levene's Test for
Equality of Variances

F
Umur

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

t-test for Equality of Means

Sig.
,503

,481

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Mean
Difference

Std. Error
Difference

95% Confidence
Interval of the
Difference
Lower
Upper

,906

62

,368

,33117

,36542

-,39929

1,06163

,864

37,511

,393

,33117

,38333

-,44518

1,10752

NPar Tests
One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test
N
Normal Parameters a,b
Most Extreme
Differences

Mean
Std. Deviation
Absolute
Positive
Negative

Kolmogorov-Smirnov Z
Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed)

Ls = E line 1
64
-1,6266
2,02715
,143
,143
-,107
1,145
,145

Ls = E line 2
64
-1,6478
1,99091
,152
,152
-,122
1,219
,103

Li = E line 1
64
-,6755
2,11146
,101
,101
-,096
,811
,527

Li = E line 2
64
-,6755
2,03984
,114
,078
-,114
,913
,375

a. Test distribution is Normal.


b. Calculated from data.

General Linear Model


Between-Subjects Factors
Sex

1,00
2,00

Value Label
L
P

N
22
42

Descriptive Statistics

Sex

Mean

Std. Deviation

Ls E line L
P
Total
Li E line L
p
Total

-.6000
-2.1643
-1.6266
.2068
-1.1376
-.6755

2.11086
1.78058
2.02715
2.28715
1.88008
2.11146

22
42

<L1

93.0727
95.1381
94.4281

5.63553
6.85395
6.49123

22
42

L
P
Total

xiv

22
42

< L1 1
64
94,4281
6,49123
,090
,090
-,050
,719
,679

< L1 2
64
94,6094
7,06122
,072
,072
-,062
,574
,897

Multivariate Testsb
Effect
Intercept

Sex

Pillai's Trace
Wilks' Lambda
Hotelling's Trace
Roy's Largest Root
Pillai's Trace
Wilks' Lambda
Hotelling's Trace
Roy's Largest Root

Value
1,000
,000
2E+008
2E+008
,586
,414
1,416
1,416

F
Hypothesis df
1E+009a
9,000
a
1E+009
9,000
1E+009a
9,000
a
1E+009
9,000
8,499a
9,000
8,499a
9,000
a
8,499
9,000
8,499a
9,000

Error df
54,000
54,000
54,000
54,000
54,000
54,000
54,000
54,000

a. Exact statistic
b. Design: Intercept+Sex

Total
T-Test
Paired Samples Statistics

Pair
1

FMA2

64

Std. Deviation
11,55761

FMA1

28,8313

64

7,08667

,88583

Pair
2

FMIA2

55,8672

64

5,40667

,67583

FMIA1

56,7422

64

5,87434

,73429

Pair
3

IMPA2

94,6094

64

7,06122

,88265

IMPA1

94,4281

64

6,49123

,81140

Pair
4

Ls = E line 2

-1,6478

64

1,99091

,24886

Ls = E line 1

-1,6266

64

2,02715

,25339

Pair
5

Li = E line 2

-,6755

64

2,03984

,25498

Pair
6

< L1 2

Li = E line 1

Std. Error
Mean
1,44470

Mean
30,9297

-,6755

64

2,11146

,26393

94,6094

64

7,06122

,88265

< L1 1

94,4281

64

6,49123

,81140

Pair
7

TAFH2

114,2413

64

7,87397

,98425

TAFH1

113,5080

64

7,37688

,92211

Pair
8

UAFH2

52,4022

64

3,07146

,38393

UAFH1

52,1875

64

2,96272

,37034

Pair
9

LAFH2

61,8397

64

6,46498

,80812

LAFH1

61,3209

64

5,67494

,70937

Pair
10

%2

,8542

64

,09273

,01159

%1

,8569

64

,07451

,00931

xv

Sig.
,000
,000
,000
,000
,000
,000
,000
,000

Paired Samples Test


Paired Differences

Pair 1
Pair 2
Pair 3
Pair 4
Pair 5
Pair 6
Pair 7
Pair 8
Pair 9
Pair 10

FMA2 - FMA1
FMIA2 - FMIA1
IMPA2 - IMPA1
Ls = E line 2 - Ls = E line 1
Li = E line 2 - Li = E line 1
< L1 2 - < L1 1
TAFH2 - TAFH1
UAFH2 - UAFH1
LAFH2 - LAFH1
%2-%1

Mean
2,09844
-,87500
,18125
-,02125
,00000
,18125
,73328
,21469
,51875
-,00266

Std. Error
Mean
1,51278
,56717
,50161
,06522
,06800
,50161
,58743
,21075
,63605
,01143

Std. Deviation
12,10226
4,53732
4,01287
,52175
,54397
4,01287
4,69947
1,68601
5,08837
,09143

95% Confidence
Interval of the
Difference
Lower
Upper
-,92462
5,12149
-2,00839
,25839
-,82114
1,18364
-,15158
,10908
-,13588
,13588
-,82114
1,18364
-,44061
1,90717
-,20647
,63584
-,75229
1,78979
-,02549
,02018

t
1,387
-1,543
,361
-,326
,000
,361
1,248
1,019
,816
-,232

Laki-laki
T-Test
Paired Samples Statistics

Pair
1
Pair
2
Pair
3
Pair
4
Pair
5
Pair
6
Pair
7
Pair
8
Pair
9
Pair
10

FMA2
FMA1
FMIA2
FMIA1
IMPA2
IMPA1
Ls = E line 2
Ls = E line 1
Li = E line 2
Li = E line 1
< L1 2
< L1 1
TAFH2
TAFH1
UAFH2
UAFH1
LAFH2
LAFH1
%2
%1

Mean
34,3636
28,2500
57,0227
58,6818
92,7045
93,0727
-,6823
-,6000
,1032
,2068
92,7045
93,0727
120,8468
120,3545
54,9432
54,2973
65,9045
66,0577
,8445
,8273

N
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22

xvi

Std. Deviation
17,14169
8,19807
7,04489
6,82877
7,07049
5,63553
2,10741
2,11086
2,14088
2,28715
7,07049
5,63553
6,85931
5,93276
2,76159
2,73120
6,94328
5,10046
,12550
,07376

Std. Error
Mean
3,65462
1,74783
1,50197
1,45590
1,50743
1,20150
,44930
,45004
,45644
,48762
1,50743
1,20150
1,46241
1,26487
,58877
,58229
1,48031
1,08742
,02676
,01572

df
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63

Sig. (2-tailed)
,170
,128
,719
,746
1,000
,719
,217
,312
,418
,817

Paired Samples Test


Paired Differences

Pair 1
Pair 2
Pair 3
Pair 4
Pair 5
Pair 6
Pair 7
Pair 8
Pair 9
Pair 10

FMA2 - FMA1
FMIA2 - FMIA1
IMPA2 - IMPA1
Ls = E line 2 - Ls = E line 1
Li = E line 2 - Li = E line 1
< L1 2 - < L1 1
TAFH2 - TAFH1
UAFH2 - UAFH1
LAFH2 - LAFH1
%2-%1

Mean
6,11364
-1,65909
-,36818
-,08227
-,10364
-,36818
,49227
,64591
-,15318
,01727

Std. Error
Mean
4,08989
1,11870
,80438
,08811
,13699
,80438
1,39867
,36022
1,54343
,02806

Std. Deviation
19,18328
5,24719
3,77288
,41328
,64256
3,77288
6,56036
1,68958
7,23933
,13163

95% Confidence
Interval of the
Difference
Lower
Upper
-2,39176 14,61903
-3,98556
,66738
-2,04098
1,30462
-,26551
,10096
-,38853
,18126
-2,04098
1,30462
-2,41643
3,40097
-,10321
1,39503
-3,36292
3,05656
-,04109
,07563

t
1,495
-1,483
-,458
-,934
-,757
-,458
,352
1,793
-,099
,616

Perempuan
T-Test
Paired Samples Statistics

Pair
1
Pair
2
Pair
3
Pair
4
Pair
5
Pair
6
Pair
7
Pair
8
Pair
9
Pair
10

FMA2
FMA1
FMIA2
FMIA1
IMPA2
IMPA1
Ls = E line 2
Ls = E line 1
Li = E line 2
Li = E line 1
< L1 2
< L1 1
TAFH2
TAFH1
UAFH2
UAFH1
LAFH2
LAFH1
%2
%1

Mean
29,1310
29,1357
55,2619
55,7262
95,6071
95,1381
-2,1536
-2,1643
-1,0833
-1,1376
95,6071
95,1381
110,7812
109,9217
51,0712
51,0824
59,7105
58,8398
,8593
,8724

N
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42

xvii

Std. Deviation
6,71643
6,51680
4,29014
5,10524
6,93131
6,85395
1,74744
1,78058
1,88422
1,88008
6,93131
6,85395
5,95746
5,22134
2,30445
2,45509
5,10102
4,22081
,07121
,07091

Std. Error
Mean
1,03637
1,00556
,66198
,78776
1,06953
1,05759
,26964
,27475
,29074
,29010
1,06953
1,05759
,91926
,80567
,35558
,37883
,78710
,65128
,01099
,01094

df
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21

Sig. (2-tailed)
,150
,153
,652
,361
,458
,652
,728
,087
,922
,545

Paired Samples Test


Paired Differences

Pair 1
Pair 2
Pair 3
Pair 4
Pair 5
Pair 6
Pair 7
Pair 8
Pair 9
Pair 10

FMA2 - FMA1
FMIA2 - FMIA1
IMPA2 - IMPA1
Ls = E line 2 - Ls = E line 1
Li = E line 2 - Li = E line 1
< L1 2 - < L1 1
TAFH2 - TAFH1
UAFH2 - UAFH1
LAFH2 - LAFH1
%2-%1

Mean
-,00476
-,46429
,46905
,01071
,05429
,46905
,85952
-,01119
,87071
-,01310

Std. Deviation
4,83594
4,12664
4,14802
,57251
,48417
4,14802
3,44151
1,65944
3,54574
,06038

Std. Error
Mean
,74620
,63675
,64005
,08834
,07471
,64005
,53104
,25606
,54712
,00932

95% Confidence
Interval of the
Difference
Lower
Upper
-1,51175
1,50222
-1,75024
,82167
-,82357
1,76166
-,16769
,18912
-,09659
,20516
-,82357
1,76166
-,21293
1,93197
-,52831
,50593
-,23422
1,97565
-,03191
,00572

t
-,006
-,729
,733
,121
,727
,733
1,619
-,044
1,591
-1,405

df
41
41
41
41
41
41
41
41
41
41

Sig. (2-tailed)
,995
,470
,468
,904
,472
,468
,113
,965
,119
,167

Correlations
< L1 1

< L1 2

Ls = E line 1

Ls = E line 2

Li = E line 1

Li = E line 2

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N

< L1 1
1
64
,828**
,000
64
-,111
,382
64
-,105
,409
64
-,046
,721
64
-,029
,823
64

< L1 2
Ls = E line 1 Ls = E line 2 Li = E line 1 Li = E line 2
,828**
-,111
-,105
-,046
-,029
,000
,382
,409
,721
,823
64
64
64
64
64
1
-,099
-,110
-,136
-,123
,435
,386
,283
,332
64
64
64
64
64
-,099
1
,966**
,827**
,783**
,435
,000
,000
,000
64
64
64
64
64
-,110
,966**
1
,845**
,817**
,386
,000
,000
,000
64
64
64
64
64
-,136
,827**
,845**
1
,966**
,283
,000
,000
,000
64
64
64
64
64
-,123
,783**
,817**
,966**
1
,332
,000
,000
,000
64
64
64
64
64

**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

xviii

Lampiran 2
Foto Profil Wajah

Foto Siluet

xix

Tracing Sefalometri

xx