Anda di halaman 1dari 10

Dik : Aseton (CH3COCH3) (99 % pure) = 1 ton

Isopropanol (CH3)2CHOH) (88 % grade) = 1,3 ton


Udara

= 1760 Nm

CH4

= 50 kg

Bahan baku: isopropanol 88% grade= 1,3 ton

(CH3)2CHOH (88%) = 1,144 ton x

1000kg
1ton

1
60,1kg/kmol

= 19,0349

kmol
H2O (12%)

= 0,156 ton x

Udara

= 1760 Nm x

1000kg
1ton
10 L
Nm

1
18kg/kmol

1 gmol
22,4 L

= 8,6667 kmol

1kmol
1000 gmol

78,57 kmol

21
100

O2

N2

CH4

= 50 kg x

79
100

x 78,57kmol x

x 78,57 kmol x28

1
16 kg/kmol

1. TUBULAR CATALYTIC REAKTOR


(CH3)2CHOH = 1144 kg
H2O

=156 kg

32

kg
mol

kg
kmol

= 527,9904 kg

= 1737,9684 kg

= 3,125 kmol

Total

= 1300kg

Turbular
catalytic
Reactor

CO2=.......kg

Fuel

O2 = ..... kg
N2

CH4 = 50 kg

Flue gas

O2 =527,9904 kg

=........kg
N2 = 1737,9684 kg

(CH3)2CHOH =.kg
CH3COCH3

=.....kg

H2

=.kg

H2O

=.kg

Total

= ...
90%

(CH3)2CHOH

CH3COCH3

H2

: 19,0349

kmol

: 17,1314

17,1314

17,1314 kmol

: 1,9035

17,1314

17,1314 kmol

BM

: 60,1

58,1

Berat

: 114,40035

995,33434

34,2628

kg/kmol
kg

Asumsi Konversi Reaksi 20%

20

(CH3)2CHOH +

O2

: 1,9035

16,4997

:0,3807

0,19035

: 1,5228

BM
Berat

CH3COCH3 + H2O
-

kmol

0,3807

0,3807

kmol

16,30935

0,3807

0,3807

kmol

: 60,1

32

58,1

18

: 91,52028

521,8992

22,11867

6,8526

CO2

2H2O

CH4

2O2

kg/kmol
kg

: 3,125

16,30935

kmol

: 3,125

6,25

3,125

6,25

kmol

: -

10,05935

3,125

6,25

kmol

BM

: 16

32

44

18

kg/kmol

Berat

:-

321,8992

137,5

112,5 kg

Neraca Massa Tubular Catalytic Reaktor

Komponen

Input (kg)

(CH3)2CHOH

91,52028
1143,99749

CH3COCH3

Output (kg)

O2

N2

1017,45301
321,8992
1737,9684

CO2

527,9904

H2
1737,9684

H2O
CH4

137,5
34,2628
275,3526
-

156
50

Total

3615,95629

3615,95629

(CH3)2CHOH = 1144 kg
H2O

= 156 kg

Total

= 1300 kg

CO2= 137,5 kg
O2 = 321,8992
kg

Flue

Turbular
catalytic
Reactor

CH4 = 50 kg
O2

= 527,9904 kg

N2

= 1737,9684 kg

Fuel

Total = 2315,9588 kg

N2 = 1737,9684
kg

(CH3)2CHOH= 91,52028 kg

CH3COCH3 = 1017,45301 kg
H2

= 34,2628 kg

H2O

= 275,3526kg

Total

= 1418,58869 kg

2. WATER SCRUBER
Pada water scruber diasumsi jumlah H20 = 1000 kg. jumlah ini bergantung dengan
jumlah acetone dan isopropanol yang ingin diserap.

H2=

H2= 1000

(CH3)2CHOH = 91,52028kg
CH3COCH3

= 1017,45301 kg

H2

= 34,2628 kg

(CH3)2CHO

=.kg

CH3COCH3

=..kg

Pada Scrubber, terjadi proses penyerapan dengan menggunakan air sebagai media
penyerap. Pada water scrubber, gas H2 yang tidak terserap keluar pada light ends.
Asumsi bahwa semua gas H2 keluar pada bagian top.
Jumlah air yang masuk ke dalam water scrubber adalah 1000 kg

Neraca Massa Pada Water Scruber


Komponen

Input (kg)

Output (kg)
Top
Bottom
91,52028

(CH3)2CHOH 91,52028
CH3COCH3
H2

1017,45301
34,2628
1275,3526

34,2628
-

1017,45301
1275,3526

H2H
O=
1000kg
2= 34,2628 kg

H2O= 1000kg

H2O
34,2628 2384,32589
2418,58869
2418,58869

Total

(CH3)2CHOH = 91,52028kg
CH3COCH3

= 1017,10kg

H2

= 34,2628 kg

(CH3)2CHOH = 91,52028kg
CH3COCH3

= 1017,45301kg

3. ACETONE COLUMN

(CH3)2CHOH = 91,52028 kg
CH3COCH3

= 1017,45301 kg

CETONE COLUMN

Pada acetone column, terjadi pemisahan berdasarkan titik didih (distilasi). Acetone
(99% pure) yang memiliki titik didih paling rendah yaitu 56.5 oC keluar pada bagian top
serta sebagian dari isopropanol (1%) terikut karena mempunyai titik didih yang
berdekatan dan isopropanol,air sebagai bottom produk.

CH3COCH3 = ...........kg
(CH3)2CHOH = .. kg

(CH3)2CHOH = .. kg
H2O

= .. kg

TOP karena jumlah CH3COCH3= 1017,45301 kg, maka


CH3COCH3= 99%
1017,45301 kg
(CH3)2CHOH=

1
99

x 1017,45301= 10,2773 kg

Bottom
(CH3)2CHOH= 91,52028 10,2773= 81,24298kg
H2O
= 1275,3526 Kg

Neraca Massa Pada Acetone Column


Komponen

Input (kg)

(CH3)2CHOH

91,52028

CH3COCH3

1017,45301

1017,4530

H2O

1275,3526

1275,3526

1027,7303

1356,59558

Total
2384,32589

Output (kg)
Top
Bottom
10,2773
81,24298

1
2384,32589

CH3COCH3

= 1017,45301 kg

(CH3)2CHOH =10,2773 kg

CH3COCH3 = 1017,45301 kg
H2O

= 1275,3526 kg

ACETONE COLUMN

(CH3)2CHOH = 91,52028 kg

(CH3)2CHOH = 81,24298 kg
H2O

= 1275,3526 kg

(CH3)2CHOH = 81,24298 kg
H2O

= 1275,3526 kg

Isopropanol Column

4. Isopropanol Column

(CH3)2CHOH =....kg
H2O

=kg

H2O = ...?

TOP karena (CH3)2CHOH 88 % maka;


(CH3)2CHOH 88%
81,24298 kg

12
88

H2O

x 81,24298 kg = 11,0786 kg

Bottom
H2O = 1275,3526 kg 11,0786 kg = 1264,274 kg

Pada isopropanol column, terjadi pemisahan antara isopropanol (88%) dan air.
Pada column ini bottom produk nya isopropanol karena titik didih nya lebih rendah yaitu
860C.

Komponen

Input (kg)

(CH3)2CHO

81,24298

1275,3526

1264,274

1356,5955

11,0786
92,3215

1264,274

Isopropanol coloumn

8
1356,59558

Isopropanol Column

H2O
Total

Output (kg)
Top
Bottom
81,2429
-

(CH3)2CHOH = 81,24298kg

(CH3)2CHOH = 81,24298 kg

H2O

H2O

= 1275,3526 kg

= 11,0786 kg