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ASSIGNMENT 5

BMM3513_1415/2

UMP

FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


BMM3513 HEAT TRANSFER
Assignment 5 (CO5)
NAME

/100

MATRIC NO.

1. How does the log mean temperature difference for a heat exchanger differ from the arithmetic mean
temperature difference (AMTD)? For specified inlet and outlet temperatures, which one of these two
quantities is larger?
2. The temperature difference between the hot and cold fluids in a heat exchanger is given to be T1 at
one end and T2 at the other end. Can the logarithmic temperature difference Tlm of this heat
exchanger be greater than both T1 and T2? Explain.
3. What does the effectiveness of a heat exchanger represent? Can effectiveness be greater than one? On
what factors does the effectiveness of a heat exchanger depend?
4. Water (Cp=4180 J/kg.C) is to be heated by solarheated hot air (Cp= 1010 J/kg.C) in a double-pipe
counterflow heat exchanger. Air enters the heat exchanger at 90C at a rate of 0.3 kg/s, while water
enters at 22C at a rate of 0.1 kg/s. The overall heat transfer coefficient based on the inner side of the
tube is given to be 80 W/m2.C. The length of the tube is 12 m and the internal diameter of the tube is
1.2 cm. Determine the outlet temperatures of the water and the air.
5. Air (Cp=1005 J/kg.C) enters a cross-flow heat exchanger at 10C at a rate of 3 kg/s, where it is
heated by a hot water stream (Cp= 4190 J/kg.C C) that enters the heat exchanger at 95C at a rate of 1
kg/s. Determine the maximum heat transfer rate and the outlet temperatures of the cold and the hot
water streams for that case.
6. A cross-flow air-to-water heat exchanger with an effectiveness of 0.65 is used to heat water (Cp=
4180 J/kg.C) with hot air (Cp=1010 J/kg.C). Water enters the heat exchanger at 20C at a rate of 4
kg/s, while air enters at 100C at a rate of 9 kg/s. If the overall heat transfer coefficient based on the
water side is 260 W/m2.C, determine the heat transfer surface area of the heat exchanger on the water
side. Assume both fluids are unmixed.