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ANCIENT EGYPT

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

ANCIENT
EGYPT
was acivilization
ofancient Northeastern
Africa concentrated
along the lower reaches
of theNile Riverin what
is now the modern
country ofEgypt.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

HOW DOES EGYPTIANS WRITE THEIR


HISTORY?

hieroglyphic

the earliest form of


Egyptian script, and
also the longest-lived.

became confined to
religious and
monumental useage,
mostly carved in stone.

hieratic
is an adaptation of the
hieroglyphic script, the signs
being simplified to make their
writing quicker.

Hieratic was the administrative


and business script throughout
most of its history, and
recorded documents of a
literary, scientific and religious
nature.

hieroglyphic

hieratic

Demotic

comes from the Greek,


meaning "popular
script.
the only native script
in general daily use.

ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MATHEMATICS

is
themathematics
that was developed
and used
inAncient
Egyptcirca3000B
Cto c.300BC

ANCIENT
EGYPTIAN
TECHNOLOGY
The characteristics
ofancient Egyptian
technologyare
indicated by a set of
artifacts and customs
that lasted for
thousands of years

Ancient Egyptian depiction of women


engaged in mechanicalropemaking,
the first graphic evidence of the craft,
shown in the two lower rows of the illustration

ANCIENT EGYPTIAN TECHNOLOGY


TheEgyptiansinvente
d and used many
simple machines, such
as therampand
thelever, to aid
construction
processes.

They
usedropetrussesto
stiffen thebeamof
ships.

TECHNOLOGY IN
DYNASTIC EGYPT

Metallurgy
Metal-Workers' Workshop in Old Egypt

Metallurgy is the science of metal,


especially the science of separating metals
from their ores and preparing them for use, by smelting, refining, etc.

EGYPT
At an early period, the Egyptians learned how to
work metals, and all agree that 5,000 years ago
the Ancient Egyptians had already developed
the techniques of mining, refining, and
metalworking.
They produced large quantities of electrum (an
alloy of gold and silver), copper, and bronze
alloys.
The methods of metalworking: melting, forging,
soldering, and chasing of metal, were not only
much practiced, but also most highly
developed.

CHEMISTRY
The Egyptians possessed considerable knowledge
of chemistry and the use of metallic oxides.