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BirthDefectsofWomenFortyandOver

BrandonWhite

EnglishIV
Mrs.Jones
19March2015

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BirthDefectsforWomenFortyandOver
Latepregnancieshavebeenaphenomenonformany
years.Today,womencanhavesuccessfulpregnanciesatthe
ageof40andover.Thesepregnanciescanbesuccessfulbut
alsocomewithsomedisadvantages.Amongthese
disadvantagesarephysicalandpsychologicalrisksforthe
momandpossiblehealthhazardsforthebaby.Toincrease
chancesofhavingahealthybabyyoushouldgetearlyor
regularprenatalcare.(Preparingforconceptionover40)

OnePhysicalriskforamotheroverfortyyearsoldis
Gestationaldiabetes.AccordingtoElizabethCohen,
"The
riskofgestationaldiabeteshasincreasedinwomenover

40".
Gestationaldiabetesstartswhenyourbodyisnotable
tomakeandusealltheinsulinitneedsduringthe
pregnancy.
"Attheageof40,84in1,000womenwillhave
gestationaldiabetesduringpregnancy.
"(Cohen)With
gestationaldiabetesyoucanstillbehealthy.Someways
youcanbehealthyaretoeataplanneddiet,andtakeany
medicinenecessary.Eatinghealthymaybechallenging
duringpregnancybecausewomenarealwayshungry.Ifyou
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talktoyourdoctorabouthealthierfoodsthatarefilling.
Gestationaldiabetesisacommonriskforwomenwithlate
pregnancies.

Unfortunatelydiabetesisnottheonlyhealthconcern
seriousforpregnantwomenfortyandover.Further
jeopardizingthepregnancycouldbeanothercondition

called

preeclampsia.AccordingtotheUniversityof
Maryland,
preeclampsiaandeclampsiaisgreaterinwomen
havingtheirfirstbabyatalaterage".
Preeclampsiaisa
pregnancycomplicationcharacterizedbyhighbloodpressure
andsignsofdamagetoanotherorganusuallythekidney.It
happenswhenpreeclampsiaisworsened.Itfollowsthe
preeclampsiacharacterizedbyhighbloodpressureor
proteinintheurinetodevelopseizuresTheserisksare
seriousandmotherfortyandovershouldbecautiousof
preeclampsiaandeclampsia.

Notonlydomothersfortyandoverhavephysicalrisk
buttherearephysiologicalhealthconcernsforthemother
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also.Womencanbeanxioushavingtheirfirstchild.
Therearelonglistofpregnancyriskfactorsforwomen
fortyandoverthatmayoverwhelmthemother.Oneformof
anxietyduringlatepregnancycanbepostpartumpanic
disorder.Postpartumpanicdisorderoccurswhenthemother

isscaredthebabywilldieorshewillbeabadmother.
AccordingtoChildcenterandAdultServices,Inc.,
About
oneintwentywomenexperienceacutepanicepisodesduring
thepostpartumperiod.Manyofthesewomenhaveahistory
ofpanicdisorderorgeneralizedanxietydisorder.

Additiontopostpartumpanicdepression,womenover
fortycanexperiencedepressionduring
pregnancy.
Depressionisamooddisorderthataffects1in
4womenatsometimeintheirlifetime.
(AmericanPregnancy
Association)Depressionduringpregnancycanbecalled
antepartumandprenataldepression.Somesymptomsof
depressionarealackofinterestinthebaby,possible
thoughtstohavethebabyandseveresadness.Antepartumis
temporaryandtreatable.Onethebabyisbornthisfeeling
cangoawaybutifitdoesnt,youcanalwaysgetmedical
helpSometreatmentsfordepressionduringpregnancyare
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supportgroups,privatepsychotherapy,medication,and
lighttherapy.Youshouldtalkwithahealthcareprovider
aboutthesymptomsyoustrugglewithtogetthebest

treatment.
Psychologicaldontjustoccurduringpregnancybut
alsoafterthebabyhasbeenborn.Womenatfortyhave
greaterriskofsufferingfromposttraumaticstress
disorderfollowingchildbirth.
Newdadsasvulnerableas
newmoms
(Park)Accordingto,Postpartumsupport
international
Approximately16%ofwomenexperience
postpartumposttraumaticstressdisorderfollowing
childbirth.
Thisillnesscanbecausedbyarealor
perceivedtraumaduringthedelivery.ATraumatic
childbirthexperiencecanhaveasignificantimpactonthe
physicalandmentalwellbeingofthemother.Sometraumas
thatcancausethisillnessare:unplannedCsection,a
prolapsedcord,andthebabygoingtotheNCIUjusttoname
afew.Posttraumaticstressdisorderisgrowingmore
common.
Posttraumaticstressdisorderisatypeofanxiety
disordercanoccurafteryouhavegonethroughanextreme
emotionaltraumathatinvolvedthethreatofinjuryor
death.
Anestimated7.8percentofAmericanswill

experiencePTSDatsomepointintheirlives,withwomen

(10.4%)twiceaslikelyasmen(5%)todevelop
PTSD.
PeoplewithPSTDcanexperienceavarietyof
symptoms.Womenexperiencethisduringpregnancythey
usuallyloseinterestinthebabyhavethoughtstohurtto
thebabyandseveresadness.Alsowomencanhavepanic
attacks,flashbacksandafeelingofdetachment
afterchildbirth.
WhenPTSDgoesuntreatedalcoholand
drugabuse,eatingdisorders,andcompulsivespendingmay
develop.
(PostpartumPTSDInformation)Thereis
PsychologicalhelpforanyonewhohasPTSD.Thereis
psychotherapyandmedicationsastreatment,yourdoctor
shouldfindwhatwillbebestforyoursymptoms.

Inadditiontothephysicalandpsychologicalriskfor
themothersfortyandovertherearehealthhazardsforthe
unbornbaby.Downsyndromeisthemostcommonbirthdefect
inchildrenbeingbornfromlatepregnancies.
If1,00040
yearoldwomenaretested25babieswillbebornwitha
chromosomeproblem.
(LaterAgePregnancy)Downsyndromeis
adisorderarisingfromachromosomedefect,causing
intellectualandphysicalabnormalities.Accordingto

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ElizabethCohen,
Attheagefortyfivetheriskif
givingbirthtoachildwithDownsyndromeisoneinthirty
women.
Manypeoplequestionwhyolderwomenhaveahigher
riskofgivingbirthtoachildwithachromosomalproblem.
Theanswertothisquestionisverysimple,aswomenage
theireggsage.Accordingtofemaleage,fertilityand
infertility,
Aswomenwaitlongertohavechildrenmore
coupleshavefertilityproblemsduetodecliningegg
quality.
Oldereggshaveagreaterriskofimproper
chromosomedivision.

AlongwithDownsyndrome,babiesbornfromlate
pregnanciesareusuallybornpremature.
Healthconditions
inthemother,suchasdiabetes,heartdisease,andkidney
disease,maycontributetopretermlabor.
(Premature
Infant:MedlinePlusMedicalEncyclopedia)Aprematurebirth
isabirththattakesplacemorethanthreeweeksbefore
thebabyisborn.Prematurebirthrateshaveincreasedover
theyears.Accordingto
Times.net
,
Onein10mothersaged
40andovergivesbirthtoprematurebaby,accordingto

officialfigures.
Prematurebabiesusuallyhavemedical
problems.Afewconditionsthatprematurebabiesfaceare
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anemia,infectionsandapnea.Prematurebabieshave
becomecommonastherateoflatepregnanciesincreased.

Lateragepregnanciesarenolongerunusual.With
moderndaytechnology,anythingispossible.Womenintheir
fortiescanhavesuccessfulpregnanciesbutanincreased
riskmaycomewiththesepregnancies.Therearephysical
andpsychologicalriskforthemotherandhealthconcerns
forthebaby.Justbecausethereareconcernswithlate
pregnanciesthatshouldn'tmakemotherslosehope.Women
overfortyshouldfocusonimprovingtheirhealthsothey
wouldn'thavetoworryabouttheriskthatcomeswithlate
pregnancies.Amotheroverfortyoncesaid,
Isnever
allowinganyonetodeterminewhereyoushouldbeinyour
personalorprofessionalseasonoflife.
(Wilson)

WorkSited

"PostpartumPTSDInformation."
PostpartumPTSD
Information
.N.p.,n.d.Web.14Oct.2014.
"HealingtheTrauma:EnteringMotherhoodwith
PosttraumaticStressDisorder(PTSD)byJennifer
JamisonGriebenow."
HealingtheTrauma:Entering
MotherhoodwithPosttraumaticStressDisorder(PTSD)
.
N.p.,n.d.Web.14Oct.2014.
"PrematureBirthRatesIncreaseamongOlder
Mothers."
NursingTimes
.N.p.,n.d.Web.14Oct.2014.
Cohen,ElizabethandSabriyarice.CNN.
cable
newsnetwork,
22Apr.2010.Web.12Sept.2014
HowAgeAffectsPregnancy
babycenter
.N.p.,n.d
Web.16Sept.2014
Femaleage,fertilityandinfertility.Ageand
femaleinfertility,fertilitytestsofeggsupply.

N.p.,n.dweb.16Sept.2014
Gettingpregnantinyour
40s
babycentre
.N.p.n.d,Web.12Sept2014
PreparingforconceptionOver40Natutral
fertility.N.p.,n.d.Web.16Sept2014
Park,Madison.CNN.cableNewsNetwork,08
feb.2010.Web15sept.2014
Whataretherisksofhavingababyifim35or
older?babycenter.N.p,n.dWeb.15Sept.2014