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Nursing 250 Online Submission: Leadership Refection

Student Name: Mathota Samaraweera
Student Number: 823 069 448
College: Humber College
Course Name and Code: 15025.201530: Practical Nursing Leadership - NURS-250-0NE
Professor's Name: Paul Jeffery
Date Submitted: January 24, 2015


Reflection on Leadership Theory with my Experience

Leadership is an integral part of nursing role at all levels. It is defined as a process of
influence in which the leader influences others toward goal achievement ( Yukl, 1998). In today's
world nurses are called upon to be leaders within their respective fields, thereby contributing to
excellence in nursing and ensuring that quality client outcomes are achieved (Registered Nurses
Association of Ontario, 2006). Nurses perform leadership roles by using their knowledge,
judgement, skills, and clinical experience. Formal and informal leadership are two forms of
leadership and a person in a position of authority such as managers and nurse practitioners are
described as formal leaders, whereas person who demonstrates leadership outside the scope of a
formal leadership role such as a member of a group is described as informal leaders (Kelly &
Crawford, 2013). Three approaches for leadership theories are behavioral, contingency and
contemporary and three main styles of behavioral approach are autocratic, democratic, and
laissez-fiare (Kelly & Crawford, 2013) . I believe democratic style leadership is the most
appropriate with my ideas and in this short discussion, I describe my life experience as a
reflection of democratic leader and how I plan to meet the attributes of that style in my pregraduate clinical experience.
An experience where I have demonstrated democratic style of leadership is at my
previous career as a nurse in my back home Sri-Lanka. Democratic leadership is participatory,
with authority delegated to others (Kelly & Crawford, 2013). I had a great opportunity to provide
health education to different kinds of patients such as those with diabetes, hypertension, heart
diseases and renal failure. In practicing my career, I delegated more interventions to unregulated
care providers (UCPs) and taught them how to do that and supervised their work. As a health
team we had a common goal to provide better care to patients and restore their healthy life.


During some shifts I had to work as a team leader and prepare patients to special tests and send
them to different departments with UCPs. So, as a democratic leader, I established a good interprofessional relationship with my junior nurses and UCPs. I have demonstrated a close, personal
relationship with my team members by participating in their family events such as weddings and
funerals and sometimes contributing financially to these events. As a good team, we were always
appreciated by patients, families and director of the hospital.
As a student, in my pre-graduation experience at The Village of Sandalwood Park long
term care facility, I expect to meet the attributes of a democratic leader by building a good
relationship with my patients, preceptor, nurses and other staff. I can participate with my
preceptor to delegate some duties to UCPs and evaluate the outcomes. I am planning to perform
tasks and take on responsibilities that suit my strengths and needs of the unit. Building a good
therapeutic relationship with seniors in my long term care is significant to identify their cultural
diversity and individual health needs. I can provide appropriate health teaching to my clients and
their families in order to achieve disease prevention, promotion, treatment and rehabilitation. For
instance, I will educate my patients about importance of hand hygiene and eating a well balance
diet. Further, I plan to start my clinical days on time and behave as a responsible student, thereby
building a better relationship with my staff and clients.
To summarize, although there are different styles of leadership theories associated with
nursing, my previous leadership role mainly resonates with democratic style leadership from
behavioral approach. In this regard, I have a fair amount of experience as a leader in my previous
career and it would be very important to my nursing profession at present and in future. Also, it
will be more helpful for me to meet my attributes as a student nurse and a good leader in my pregraduate clinical experience.



Kelly, P., & Crawford, H. (2013). Nursing Leadership and Management (2nd Canadian ed., pp.
160-174). Toronto: Nelson Education.
Registered Nurses Association of Ontario. (2006). Developing and sustaining nursing leadership
(Healthy work environments best practice guidelines). Toronto: Author.
Yukl, G. (1998). Leadership in organisations (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.