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Warm

Up 10.2
If csc

=
6 , nd the value of the 5 other trig functions. Leave

your answers in simplied radical form.


Solve the right triangle.
55o

You measure the angle of elevation of a kite to be 79o. If the kite


string is 500 feet long, how high is the kite?

Unit 10: Trigonometric


Ratios and Functions
Target 10.2
DEFINE GENERAL ANGLES AND
USE RADIAN MEASURE (13.2)

An angle is said to be in standard


position if its initial side lies on the
positive ______________, and its vertex
is at the ___________.

A positive angle tells you to rotate the


terminal side of the angle
_____________________. A negative angle
tells you to rotate ____________________.
Sketch the indicated angle in
standard position. Then state which
quadrant (or axis) it lies in (or on).
a) 240o

d) 1080o

b) 500o

e) -190o

c) -50o

Sketch the indicated angle in standard position.


a) 150o
b) -210o

These two angles are said to be coterminal (since they share a


terminal side). To nd coterminal angles, simply add or subtract a
multiple of __________.

Find one positive and one negative coterminal angle for each angle.
o
b)
3
95
o
a) -45

Radians are another way (as opposed to degrees) to measure an


angle. Radians are used frequently in trig.
One radian is the measure of an angle whose terminal side
intercepts an arc of length r.
If you go all the way around the circle,
how many radians would you have? In
other words, whats the circumference?

Thus, 360o is equal to ______ radians,


and 180o is equal to _____ radians.

We will use the fact that 180o = radians to convert angles back
and forth. At rst, it may be easier to always convert radians to
degrees (since degrees are much more familiar), but you should
start to get used to (i.e. memorize) the important radian
measures.
Convert to radians.
300o
540o

Convert to degrees.

7
6

Find one positive and one negative angle that is coterminal with
the given angle. (Instead of adding or subtracting multiples of 360,
add or subtract multiples of 2 when working with radians).

9
2

90o

Sketch the angle with the


given radian measure.

5
4

a)

180o

0o
2
o
360

3
2

270o

b) 9

c)
15

These 4 angles are called


quadrantal angles, and along
with 30o, 45o, and 60o, they are
very important to our study of
trigonometry.

This chart shows all the important angles in both degrees and
radians. (There is also a chart like this in your book on Page 861).
You dont need to memorize it (this year), but it will be very useful
to have as a reference.

Remember this chart from yesterday? Lets add the radian measures
to the chart as well.

30o

45o

60o

Sin

Cos

Tan

Csc

Sec

Cot

We can use this chart to nd exact values of the 6 trig functions (as
we did yesterday) for these special angles. If the angle is not one of
the three listed above, we will use our calculator to get an
approximate answer (make sure you are in radian mode!)

Evaluate. When possible, give exact answers.

cos

cot

tan

2
csc
9

Remember arc lengths and areas of sectors from geometry? We can


use radians to quickly calculate these values.

Arc Length = r
1 2
Sector Area = r
2
*Note: Your angle must be measured in radians!

A softball eld forms a sector with the dimensions shown. Find the
length of the outeld fence and the area of the eld.